Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 40,756 100.0 44,210 100.0 8,695 100.0 536
Single modes 30,165 74.0 41,420 93.7 8,452 97.2 316
Truck 27,748 68.1 37,957 85.9 5,477 63.0 172
For-hire truck 16,286 40.0 10,243 23.2 3,843 44.2 769
Private truck 11,305 27.7 27,289 61.7 1,472 16.9 36
Rail 484 1.2 3,444 7.8 2,924 33.6 1,528
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,931 4.7 19 S S 2,296
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 9,879 24.2 285 0.6 194 2.2 865
Parcel, USPS or courier 9,854 24.2 160 0.4 131 1.5 864
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,155
Truck and water 16 S S S S 2,586
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 711 1.7 2,504 5.7 49 0.6 133

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 103 100.0 S S S S 2,211
Single modes S S S S S S 2,144
Truck S S S S S S 2,134
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,260
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,248
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,987
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 37 35.9 S S S S 2,239
Parcel, USPS or courier 37 35.9 S S S S 2,239
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,844

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,030
Single modes S S S S S S 3,365
Truck S S S S S S 962
For-hire truck S S S S S S 962
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,519
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2.9 1.6 1,496
Parcel, USPS or courier 27 10.5 S S S S 1,340
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,570
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,765 100.0 1,892 100.0 593 100.0 687
Single modes 1,019 57.7 1,882 99.4 586 98.8 465
Truck 1,003 56.8 1,760 93.0 487 82.1 433
For-hire truck 752 42.6 S S 233 39.2 495
Private truck S S S S S S 405
Rail S S S S S S 707
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 8 0.4 S S S S 876
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 10 0.6 7 1.2 735
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 10 0.6 7 1.2 735
Truck and rail S S S S S S 821
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 370

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 63 100.0 S S S S 1,775
Single modes S S S S S S 2,029
Truck 3 4.7 0.9 0.8 1,820
For-hire truck 3 4.2 S S S S 1,817
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,068
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,534
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 47 74.0 S S S S 1,761
Parcel, USPS or courier 47 74.0 S S S S 1,761
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,591 100.0 5,895 100.0 2,059 100.0 353
Single modes 8,082 69.7 5,763 97.8 2,003 97.3 406
Truck 7,787 67.2 4,824 81.8 1,541 74.8 310
For-hire truck 6,331 54.6 3,758 63.7 1,260 61.2 344
Private truck 1,452 12.5 S S S S 230
Rail S S 937 15.9 461 22.4 455
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 170 1.5 2 2 0.1 1,441
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3,402 29.3 100 1.7 S S 333
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,396 29.3 63 1.1 22 1.1 332
Truck and rail S S S S S S 642
Truck and water S S S S S S 257
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 107 0.9 32 0.5 10 0.5 270

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,071 100.0 S S S S 1,188
Single modes S S S S S S 1,746
Truck S S S S S S 998
For-hire truck S S S S S S 999
Private truck S S S S S S 786
Rail S S S S S S 938
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,261
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 383 35.8 5 0.8 5 0.8 1,022
Parcel, USPS or courier 383 35.8 5 0.8 5 0.8 1,022
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 54 100.0 1 100.0 4 100.0 2,764
Single modes 23 41.6 1 76.0 3 76.8 2,763
Truck 21 38.0 1 52.1 2 51.6 2,791
For-hire truck 19 35.5 30.2 1 29.9 2,792
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,964
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,729
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 32 58.3 S S S S 2,764
Parcel, USPS or courier 32 58.3 S S S S 2,764
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,670

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 1 100.0 2 100.0 2,593
Single modes S S S S S S 2,699
Truck S S S S S S 2,693
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,693
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,800
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,617
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,505
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,505
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,606
Single modes S S S S S S 2,611
Truck S S S S S S 2,611
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,611
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,589
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,589
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 181 100.0 S S S S 2,673
Single modes 69 38.0 S S S S 2,763
Truck 48 26.7 S S S S 2,735
For-hire truck 48 26.5 S S S S 2,734
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 3,212
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 18 10.2 1.4 1 1.3 2,753
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 105 58.1 2 11.3 5 9.7 2,678
Parcel, USPS or courier 105 58.1 2 11.3 5 9.7 2,678
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,152

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 289 100.0 69 100.0 148 100.0 2,233
Single modes 231 80.0 67 96.2 142 95.9 2,336
Truck 228 79.1 65 93.5 138 92.7 2,299
For-hire truck 226 78.3 64 92.7 136 91.9 2,299
Private truck S S S S S S 1,970
Rail S S S S S S 2,747
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,631
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 56 19.6 2 3.6 6 3.9 2,212
Parcel, USPS or courier 56 19.3 S S S S 2,212
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,662
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,106

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 187 100.0 15 100.0 43 100.0 3,139
Single modes S S 3 22.7 11 26.9 3,273
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 3 22.7 11 26.9 3,273
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,743
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,744
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,723
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 189 100.0 163 100.0 90 100.0 723
Single modes 79 41.7 159 97.2 88 97.1 1,055
Truck 68 35.8 112 68.8 60 66.4 497
For-hire truck 67 35.4 111 68.1 59 65.7 497
Private truck S S S S S S 458
Rail S S S S S S 597
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,539
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 110 57.9 3 1.6 2 1.7 582
Parcel, USPS or courier 110 57.9 3 1.6 2 1.7 582
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 527

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 452 100.0 66 100.0 120 100.0 1,880
Single modes 254 56.1 62 95.1 114 95.0 1,931
Truck 210 46.4 46 70.2 82 68.2 1,816
For-hire truck 208 46.0 46 69.7 81 67.7 1,816
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,903
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,318
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 4.8 6 4.9 1,865
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,864
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,003
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,841

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 670 100.0 39 100.0 73 100.0 2,028
Single modes 604 90.3 37 94.2 69 94.1 2,168
Truck S S 31 81.2 58 79.4 1,966
For-hire truck S S 31 81.0 58 79.2 1,966
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,120
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,365
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 64 9.5 S S S S 1,939
Parcel, USPS or courier 64 9.5 S S S S 1,939
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,830

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 70 100.0 8 100.0 14 100.0 1,653
Single modes 57 81.4 8 95.8 13 95.9 2,247
Truck S S 6 77.0 10 75.9 1,574
For-hire truck S S 6 77.0 10 75.9 1,574
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,716
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,529
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 13 18.6 4.2 1 4.1 1,586
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 18.6 4.2 1 4.1 1,586
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 121 100.0 10 100.0 14 100.0 1,802
Single modes 53 44.0 8 80.7 12 82.4 2,498
Truck S S 6 61.4 8 60.0 1,544
For-hire truck S S 6 61.4 8 60.0 1,544
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,616
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.6 1.1 2,731
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,469
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,469
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 12 100.0 25 100.0 2,084
Single modes S S 10 88.5 22 89.2 2,162
Truck S S 7 58.4 14 57.3 2,044
For-hire truck S S 7 57.4 14 56.2 2,041
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,326
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,170
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 53 18.9 1 10.6 2 10.0 2,038
Parcel, USPS or courier 53 18.9 1 10.6 2 10.0 2,038
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,967

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 43 100.0 87 100.0 1,960
Single modes S S 42 98.1 86 98.5 2,182
Truck S S 12 27.2 21 24.5 1,847
For-hire truck S S 12 27.2 21 24.5 1,847
Private truck
Rail 2 1.7 S S S S 1,989
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,737
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 25 20.5 S S S S 1,676
Parcel, USPS or courier 25 20.5 S S S S 1,676
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,674

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,034
Single modes S S S S S S 2,984
Truck S S S S S S 3,072
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,072
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,781
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,954
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,036
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,036
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 12 100.0 30 100.0 2,585
Single modes 76 27.4 S S S S 2,616
Truck 40 14.6 S S S S 2,581
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,579
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,691
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,581
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,578
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3.2 1 3.2 2,578
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,839
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 660 100.0 41 100.0 112 100.0 2,887
Single modes 604 91.5 41 99.2 111 99.2 2,886
Truck 342 51.8 41 98.9 111 98.9 2,806
For-hire truck 340 51.5 40 97.9 109 97.8 2,806
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,978
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,958
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.8 1 0.8 2,887
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.8 1 0.8 2,887
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 162 100.0 23 100.0 52 100.0 2,156
Single modes 79 48.6 22 93.0 S S 2,210
Truck 52 32.0 S S S S 2,212
For-hire truck 52 32.0 S S S S 2,212
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,215
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,202
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 83 51.4 2 7.0 3 6.3 2,144
Parcel, USPS or courier 83 51.4 2 7.0 3 6.3 2,144
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 8 100.0 14 100.0 1,768
Single modes S S 6 73.8 10 73.5 2,001
Truck S S 5 58.8 8 57.3 1,747
For-hire truck S S 5 56.7 8 55.3 1,758
Private truck S S S S S S 1,742
Rail S S S S S S 1,847
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,731
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 25.4 4 25.7 1,751
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 25.4 4 25.7 1,751
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,684

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 139 100.0 S S S S 1,931
Single modes S S S S S S 2,124
Truck S S S S S S 2,101
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,091
Private truck S S S S S S 2,211
Rail S S S S S S 2,444
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,531
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 5.8 1 5.1 1,796
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 5.8 1 5.1 1,796
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,640

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 228 100.0 79 100.0 125 100.0 1,820
Single modes 201 88.1 78 99.3 124 99.2 1,957
Truck 190 83.3 78 99.2 124 99.1 1,662
For-hire truck 184 80.9 75 95.1 118 94.8 1,662
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,743
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,489
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 27 11.7 1 0.7 1 0.8 1,707
Parcel, USPS or courier 27 11.7 1 0.7 1 0.8 1,707
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,384

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 273 100.0 90 100.0 82 100.0 1,115
Single modes S S 87 97.2 79 96.8 1,199
Truck S S 87 97.2 79 96.8 874
For-hire truck S S 78 86.3 71 86.3 867
Private truck 3 1.1 S S S S 974
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,662
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 2.8 3 3.2 1,076
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 2.8 3 3.2 1,076
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,051
Single modes S S S S S S 2,788
Truck 9 9.1 S S S S 1,268
For-hire truck 9 8.7 S S S S 1,264
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.4 1.0 2,927
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3.8 4.1 1,433
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3.8 4.1 1,433
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,957 100.0 31,540 100.0 906 100.0 34
Single modes 10,896 91.1 29,000 91.9 871 96.1 23
Truck 10,810 90.4 28,929 91.7 812 89.6 21
For-hire truck 1,319 11.0 3,859 12.2 131 14.5 100
Private truck 9,416 78.7 24,742 78.4 673 74.3 16
Rail S S S S S S 878
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 451
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 588 4.9 S S 4 0.4 136
Parcel, USPS or courier 588 4.9 16 3 0.3 136
Truck and rail S S S S S S 19
Truck and water S S S S S S 6
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 473 4.0 2,451 7.8 31 3.4 31

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 26 100.0 S S S S 2,875
Single modes S S S S S S 2,842
Truck S S S S S S 2,865
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,865
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,594
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 25 97.9 S S S S 2,875
Parcel, USPS or courier 25 97.9 S S S S 2,875
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 236 100.0 14 100.0 36 100.0 2,664
Single modes 182 77.2 13 95.7 34 95.6 2,698
Truck 180 76.5 13 93.3 33 93.0 2,678
For-hire truck 180 76.3 13 92.7 33 92.4 2,678
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,857
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 0.4 S S 0.2 2,634
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 51 21.7 1 4.0 1 4.0 2,656
Parcel, USPS or courier 51 21.7 1 4.0 1 4.0 2,656
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,669

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 317 100.0 S S S S 1,106
Single modes 124 39.1 S S S S 1,247
Truck 110 34.7 S S S S 979
For-hire truck 106 33.6 S S S S 995
Private truck 4 1.2 S S S S 857
Rail S S S S S S 1,419
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,780
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.5 2 0.6 1,042
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.5 2 0.6 1,042
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 812

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 15 100.0 38 100.0 2,681
Single modes S S 14 91.2 34 90.7 2,641
Truck S S S S 30 78.3 2,611
For-hire truck S S S S 29 77.2 2,615
Private truck S S S S S S 2,598
Rail S S S S S S 2,820
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4 0.5 S S S S 2,712
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 112 14.6 1 7.2 3 7.6 2,693
Parcel, USPS or courier 112 14.6 1 7.2 3 7.6 2,693
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,693

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 211 100.0 S S 74 100.0 2,546
Single modes S S S S S S 2,570
Truck S S S S S S 2,546
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,620
Private truck S S S S S S 2,193
Rail S S S S S S 2,898
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,619
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 98 46.2 2 5.7 5 6.1 2,547
Parcel, USPS or courier 98 46.2 2 5.7 5 6.1 2,547
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,255

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,591
Single modes S S S S S S 3,032
Truck 2 4.0 S S S S 1,569
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,580
Private truck S S S S S S 1,397
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,268
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 21.3 S S S S 1,480
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 21.3 S S S S 1,480
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,578

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 103 100.0 24 100.0 51 100.0 2,189
Single modes 59 57.5 23 96.5 50 96.6 2,232
Truck 45 43.9 S S 35 68.6 2,225
For-hire truck 45 43.6 S S 35 68.3 2,225
Private truck
Rail S S 6 25.9 14 27.5 2,294
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 1.5 S S S S 2,185
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 44 42.5 1 3.5 2 3.4 2,177
Parcel, USPS or courier 44 42.5 1 3.5 2 3.4 2,177
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 81 100.0 38 100.0 62 100.0 1,677
Single modes 36 43.9 38 99.3 61 99.4 2,126
Truck 26 32.4 S S S S 1,453
For-hire truck 26 32.4 S S S S 1,453
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,720
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,773
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.7 0.6 1,573
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.7 0.6 1,573
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,217

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 455 100.0 S S S S 637
Single modes 277 60.8 S S S S 890
Truck 245 53.7 201 31.0 S S 564
For-hire truck 224 49.1 127 19.6 S S 563
Private truck S S S S S S 571
Rail S S S S S S 942
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,282
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 178 39.0 5 0.7 3 0.5 553
Parcel, USPS or courier 178 39.0 5 0.7 3 0.5 553
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 498

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 289 100.0 41 100.0 102 100.0 2,564
Single modes 208 72.0 40 97.3 100 97.3 2,592
Truck 203 70.0 34 83.8 85 82.7 2,570
For-hire truck 202 69.9 34 83.7 84 82.5 2,570
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,737
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,646
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 76 26.3 1 1.9 2 1.9 2,538
Parcel, USPS or courier 76 26.3 1 1.9 2 1.9 2,538
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,565

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,864
Single modes S S S S S S 2,829
Truck S S S S S S 2,708
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,708
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,871
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,921
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,921
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 69 100.0 2 100.0 5 100.0 2,485
Single modes S S 1 77.3 4 77.4 2,512
Truck S S 1 76.1 3 76.2 2,303
For-hire truck S S 1 56.8 3 55.5 2,295
Private truck S S S S S S 2,375
Rail S S S S S S 2,983
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,416
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 22.7 1 22.6 2,479
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 22.7 1 22.6 2,479
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,785
Single modes S S S S S S 1,913
Truck S S S S S S 1,534
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,534
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,759
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,429
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,429
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 197 100.0 S S S S 2,183
Single modes 121 61.4 S S S S 2,411
Truck 81 41.0 S S S S 2,114
For-hire truck 80 40.8 S S S S 2,113
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,160
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,485
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 1.1 2 1.2 2,061
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 1.1 2 1.2 2,061
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,393 100.0 S S S S 1,679
Single modes 1,340 56.0 S S S S 1,778
Truck 725 30.3 S S S S 1,494
For-hire truck 698 29.1 S S S S 1,505
Private truck
Rail S S 60 13.8 115 19.7 1,732
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,724
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 7 1.5 11 1.9 1,659
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 1.2 8 1.4 1,659
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,994
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,331

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,159 100.0 883 100.0 S S 479
Single modes 852 73.5 S S S S 530
Truck 840 72.5 424 48.0 175 42.4 480
For-hire truck 746 64.3 333 37.7 144 34.8 508
Private truck 95 8.2 91 10.3 31 7.6 365
Rail S S S S S S 530
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,404
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 212 18.3 6 0.7 3 0.7 460
Parcel, USPS or courier 212 18.3 6 0.7 3 0.7 460
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 496

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,803
Single modes S S S S S S 2,831
Truck S S S S S S 2,785
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,785
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,876
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,802
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,802
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 107 100.0 17 100.0 42 100.0 2,570
Single modes 57 53.2 16 92.5 39 92.5 2,575
Truck 53 49.7 16 92.4 39 92.4 2,548
For-hire truck 53 49.7 16 92.4 39 92.4 2,548
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,911
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 0.1 2,525
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 50 46.8 S S S S 2,567
Parcel, USPS or courier 50 46.8 S S S S 2,558
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,771
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,952 100.0 S S S S 802
Single modes 1,517 77.7 S S S S 891
Truck 1,178 60.3 282 40.1 257 35.4 814
For-hire truck 1,123 57.5 252 35.9 228 31.5 821
Private truck S S S S S S 786
Rail S S S S S S 1,104
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,104
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 435 22.3 9 1.2 7 0.9 770
Parcel, USPS or courier 435 22.3 9 1.2 7 0.9 770
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 650

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,327
Single modes S S S S S S 2,289
Truck S S S S S S 2,252
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,252
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,637
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,341
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,341
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 127 100.0 25 100.0 46 100.0 1,974
Single modes 55 43.1 24 95.9 44 95.8 2,067
Truck 51 40.1 24 94.6 43 94.2 1,861
For-hire truck 51 40.1 24 94.6 43 94.2 1,861
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,091
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 2.6 0.1 0.2 2,515
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 4.1 2 4.2 1,958
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 4.1 2 4.2 1,958
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 74 100.0 128 100.0 74 100.0 861
Single modes 38 51.1 126 98.8 73 98.3 1,032
Truck S S 53 41.2 28 37.3 835
For-hire truck S S 52 41.1 28 37.2 846
Private truck S S S S S S 689
Rail 4 4.8 73 57.6 45 61.0 616
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,235
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 36 48.9 1 1.2 1 1.7 813
Parcel, USPS or courier 36 48.9 1 1.2 1 1.7 813
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.