Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 69,013 100.0 60,943 100.0 16,978 100.0 1,008
Single modes 61,510 89.1 57,984 95.1 16,461 97.0 350
Truck 56,777 82.3 45,906 75.3 10,625 62.6 227
For-hire truck 42,527 61.6 16,021 26.3 8,444 49.7 965
Private truck 14,129 20.5 29,527 48.5 2,159 12.7 57
Rail 1,009 1.5 5,238 8.6 4,036 23.8 1,274
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3,252 4.7 20 38 0.2 1,665
Pipeline3 472 0.7 6,822 11.2 S S S
Multiple modes 6,623 9.6 316 0.5 306 1.8 1,541
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,535 9.5 190 0.3 200 1.2 1,541
Truck and Rail 86 0.1 S S 104 0.6 1,200
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,465
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 880 1.3 2,643 4.3 211 1.2 154

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 144 100.0 S S S S 2,099
Single modes 82 57.0 S S S S 2,207
Truck 82 57.0 S S S S 2,207
For-hire truck 72 49.9 S S S S 2,205
Private truck S S S S S S 2,539
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,399
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 62 43.0 2 1.4 5 1.3 2,090
Parcel, USPS or courier 60 41.7 S S S S 2,090
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,807
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,356
Single modes S S S S S S 1,713
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,713
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,362
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,362
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,900 100.0 7,978 100.0 2,214 100.0 333
Single modes 4,813 98.2 7,974 100.0 2,213 100.0 315
Truck S S S S S S 313
For-hire truck S S S S S S 309
Private truck 566 11.6 217 2.7 60 2.7 296
Rail S S S S S S 709
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 882 18.0 2 1 320
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 82 1.7 2 1 366
Parcel, USPS or courier 82 1.7 2 1 366
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 201

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 288 100.0 102 100.0 171 100.0 1,735
Single modes 237 82.5 89 87.9 149 87.1 1,525
Truck 191 66.3 65 64.0 101 59.1 1,506
For-hire truck 182 63.3 64 62.6 99 57.8 1,506
Private truck S S S S S S 1,524
Rail S S S S S S 1,977
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,359
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,870
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,870
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,762

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15,025 100.0 9,551 100.0 2,897 100.0 459
Single modes 12,905 85.9 9,378 98.2 2,832 97.8 723
Truck 12,102 80.6 7,797 81.6 2,343 80.9 288
For-hire truck 9,406 62.6 5,253 55.0 1,684 58.2 327
Private truck 2,669 17.8 2,529 26.5 656 22.7 246
Rail S S S S S S 548
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 275 1.8 1 S S 1,993
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,925 12.8 74 0.8 25 0.9 327
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,925 12.8 74 0.8 25 0.9 327
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 195 1.3 S S S S 303

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 527 100.0 658 100.0 541 100.0 841
Single modes 451 85.5 657 99.8 540 99.8 1,069
Truck 387 73.4 126 19.2 100 18.4 823
For-hire truck 369 70.0 119 18.0 92 16.9 820
Private truck S S S S S S 864
Rail 48 9.2 530 80.5 440 81.3 1,066
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,162
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 74 14.1 1 0.2 1 0.2 808
Parcel, USPS or courier 74 14.1 1 0.2 1 0.2 808
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,065

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 90 100.0 12 100.0 33 100.0 2,583
Single modes 55 60.7 8 67.2 23 68.5 2,695
Truck 53 58.8 8 66.0 23 67.2 2,698
For-hire truck 16 17.5 S S S S 2,699
Private truck 37 41.3 5 38.2 13 38.8 2,698
Rail S S S S S S 2,944
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,624
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 35 39.3 S S S S 2,583
Parcel, USPS or courier 35 39.3 S S S S 2,583
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,558
Single modes S S S S S S 2,634
Truck S S S S S S 2,511
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,511
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,657
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,492
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,492
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,485
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,485
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,485
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 71 100.0 185 100.0 2,597
Single modes S S 68 96.2 178 96.2 2,743
Truck S S 67 94.9 176 94.8 2,705
For-hire truck S S 67 94.4 175 94.3 2,736
Private truck S S S S S S 2,298
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,855
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 103 8.6 2 3.5 6 3.5 2,577
Parcel, USPS or courier 103 8.6 2 3.5 6 3.5 2,577
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,568

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,130
Single modes S S S S S S 2,163
Truck 87 6.6 S S S S 2,022
For-hire truck 83 6.3 S S S S 2,052
Private truck S S S S S S 1,991
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,388
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 41 3.1 S S S S 2,105
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 2.9 1 1.3 2 1.4 2,104
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,136
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,118

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8 100.0 S S S S 3,264
Single modes 2 24.1 S S S S 3,823
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 24.1 S S S S 3,823
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,032
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 5.9 3,049
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,868
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 545 100.0 684 100.0 262 100.0 590
Single modes 481 88.3 682 99.7 261 99.6 628
Truck 401 73.5 S S 244 93.3 341
For-hire truck 146 26.8 230 33.6 133 50.8 545
Private truck 255 46.7 S S S S 265
Rail S S S S S S 1,342
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,189
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 544
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 544
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,251 100.0 262 100.0 470 100.0 1,888
Single modes 1,130 90.3 246 93.6 440 93.5 2,028
Truck 1,051 84.0 213 81.2 375 79.7 1,832
For-hire truck 1,051 84.0 213 81.2 375 79.7 1,832
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,956
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,351
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 120 9.6 10 3.9 19 4.1 1,806
Parcel, USPS or courier 97 7.8 6 2.5 12 2.6 1,806
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,992
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,681

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 358 100.0 52 100.0 102 100.0 1,797
Single modes 241 67.3 42 80.4 81 79.5 2,069
Truck 239 66.7 42 80.3 81 79.3 1,988
For-hire truck 218 61.0 38 73.4 74 72.2 1,987
Private truck S S S S S S 1,998
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,319
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 97 27.1 9 16.5 18 17.6 1,794
Parcel, USPS or courier 86 24.1 4 6.8 6 6.3 1,794
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,287
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,906

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 183 100.0 S S S S 1,463
Single modes 133 72.8 S S S S 1,571
Truck 89 48.9 S S S S 1,546
For-hire truck 86 47.0 30 16.2 47 15.1 1,545
Private truck S S S S S S 1,708
Rail S S S S S S 1,717
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 47 25.5 S S 4 1.2 1,458
Parcel, USPS or courier 47 25.5 S S 4 1.2 1,458
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,685

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 228 100.0 65 100.0 93 100.0 2,011
Single modes 198 86.8 65 98.9 91 98.4 2,086
Truck 176 77.3 63 96.9 89 96.1 1,876
For-hire truck 176 77.3 63 96.9 89 96.1 1,883
Private truck S S S S S S 1,326
Rail S S S S S S 1,596
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,421
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 30 13.2 S S S S 1,983
Parcel, USPS or courier 30 13.2 S S S S 1,983
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 291 100.0 55 100.0 112 100.0 1,959
Single modes 264 90.5 51 94.3 105 93.7 2,062
Truck 257 88.1 49 89.1 99 87.8 1,985
For-hire truck 250 85.8 45 82.8 91 81.1 1,977
Private truck S S S S S S 2,149
Rail S S S S S S 2,374
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 1.2 0.1 0.1 2,156
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 28 9.5 S S S S 1,941
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 7.6 S S S S 1,941
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,420
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 80 100.0 70 100.0 138 100.0 1,789
Single modes 61 76.1 62 88.7 120 87.2 1,894
Truck 56 70.3 43 61.5 80 58.5 1,880
For-hire truck 56 70.1 40 56.9 75 54.5 1,886
Private truck S S S S S S 1,735
Rail S S S S S S 2,071
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,176
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,783
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,782
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,296
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 74 100.0 S S S S 2,902
Single modes 67 91.3 S S S S 2,950
Truck 23 30.8 S S S S 2,969
For-hire truck 16 22.4 S S S S 2,922
Private truck S S S S S S 3,021
Rail S S S S S S 2,748
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.1 0.2 2,896
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.1 0.2 2,896
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,448
Single modes 111 45.0 S S S S 2,491
Truck 110 44.6 S S S S 2,500
For-hire truck 71 28.6 S S S S 2,503
Private truck S S S S S S 2,445
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,487
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 2.6 1 2.5 2,408
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 2.6 1 2.5 2,408
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 382 100.0 41 100.0 114 100.0 2,808
Single modes 303 79.3 36 89.2 102 89.1 2,789
Truck 287 75.1 36 88.9 101 88.9 2,799
For-hire truck 287 75.1 36 88.7 101 88.7 2,799
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,655
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 68 17.7 2 4.6 5 4.5 2,814
Parcel, USPS or courier 68 17.7 2 4.6 5 4.5 2,814
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,795

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 666 100.0 285 100.0 568 100.0 2,084
Single modes 557 83.7 282 98.9 562 98.9 2,070
Truck 494 74.2 S S 535 94.3 2,047
For-hire truck 449 67.4 S S S S 2,026
Private truck 46 6.8 S S S S 2,088
Rail S S S S S S 2,239
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,326
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,091
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,091
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,854

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 478 100.0 104 100.0 199 100.0 1,737
Single modes 339 71.1 101 96.9 193 97.2 1,881
Truck 295 61.7 45 43.8 79 39.7 1,759
For-hire truck 252 52.8 38 36.8 66 33.5 1,761
Private truck S S S S S S 1,707
Rail 34 7.1 55 52.9 114 57.3 2,084
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,400
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 3.1 6 2.8 1,720
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 3.1 6 2.8 1,720
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,673

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 122 100.0 S S S S 1,911
Single modes 111 91.1 S S S S 1,813
Truck 111 91.1 S S S S 1,813
For-hire truck 111 91.1 S S S S 1,813
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,986
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,986
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 398 100.0 78 100.0 127 100.0 1,585
Single modes 251 63.1 46 59.3 S S 1,507
Truck 251 63.0 46 59.2 S S 1,503
For-hire truck 210 52.7 39 50.1 S S 1,503
Private truck S S S S S S 1,482
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,388
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 109 27.3 3 3.3 4 3.2 1,603
Parcel, USPS or courier 109 27.3 3 3.3 4 3.2 1,603
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,609

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 87 100.0 S S S S 1,150
Single modes 58 67.6 S S S S 1,405
Truck 35 39.9 S S 107 30.3 863
For-hire truck 34 39.7 S S 106 29.9 864
Private truck S S S S S S 825
Rail S S S S S S 1,314
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,603
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 25.5 S S S S 975
Parcel, USPS or courier 18 21.3 975
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,076
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,199

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 210 100.0 S S S S 1,200
Single modes 187 89.3 S S S S 1,281
Truck 121 57.7 S S S S 1,247
For-hire truck 121 57.6 S S S S 1,247
Private truck S S S S S S 1,240
Rail S S S S S S 1,339
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,143
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 10.7 S S S S 1,167
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 10.7 S S S S 1,167
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,957 100.0 31,540 100.0 906 100.0 34
Single modes 10,896 91.1 29,000 91.9 871 96.1 23
Truck 10,810 90.4 28,929 91.7 812 89.6 21
For-hire truck 1,319 11.0 3,859 12.2 131 14.5 100
Private truck 9,416 78.7 24,742 78.4 673 74.3 16
Rail S S S S S S 878
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 451
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 588 4.9 S S 4 0.4 136
Parcel, USPS or courier 588 4.9 16 3 0.3 136
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 19
Truck and water S S S S S S 6
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 473 4.0 2,451 7.8 31 3.4 31

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 55 100.0 5 100.0 13 100.0 2,780
Single modes 39 71.4 4 86.2 11 86.2 2,868
Truck 39 71.4 4 86.2 11 86.2 2,871
For-hire truck 28 50.6 4 83.8 11 84.0 2,874
Private truck S S S S S S 2,703
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,661
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 16 28.5 3.6 3.5 2,765
Parcel, USPS or courier 16 28.5 3.6 3.5 2,765
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,863

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 54 100.0 140 100.0 2,589
Single modes S S S S S S 2,621
Truck S S S S S S 2,552
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,552
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,899
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 185 1.4 4 8.3 11 8.2 2,585
Parcel, USPS or courier 185 1.4 4 8.3 11 8.2 2,585
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 15 100.0 10 100.0 696
Single modes S S 14 92.4 9 93.0 611
Truck S S 13 88.0 8 86.6 611
For-hire truck S S 6 43.0 4 45.5 692
Private truck S S S S S S 589
Rail 0.3 1 4.4 1 6.4 942
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 724
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1.4 1.5 826
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1.4 1.5 826
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 735

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 964 100.0 S S S S 2,578
Single modes 432 44.8 S S S S 2,488
Truck 389 40.3 S S S S 2,482
For-hire truck 387 40.1 S S S S 2,482
Private truck S S S S S S 2,494
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,641
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 2.2 7 2.1 2,598
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 2.2 7 2.1 2,598
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,541

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 916 100.0 81 100.0 191 100.0 2,306
Single modes 855 93.4 78 96.4 184 96.5 2,394
Truck 854 93.3 78 96.4 184 96.5 2,394
For-hire truck 849 92.7 77 94.3 180 94.2 2,394
Private truck S S S S S S 2,512
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,314
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 61 6.6 3 3.6 7 3.5 2,285
Parcel, USPS or courier 60 6.5 3 3.5 7 3.4 2,284
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,838
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,569
Single modes S S S S S S 1,500
Truck S S S S S S 1,500
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,535
Private truck S S S S S S 1,488
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,572
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,572
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 593 100.0 227 100.0 479 100.0 2,081
Single modes 367 62.0 222 97.7 469 97.7 2,080
Truck 327 55.2 194 85.8 404 84.2 2,070
For-hire truck 305 51.5 192 84.7 398 83.1 2,067
Private truck S S S S S S 2,158
Rail S S S S S S 2,428
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,252
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 225 38.0 5 2.3 11 2.3 2,082
Parcel, USPS or courier 225 38.0 5 2.3 11 2.3 2,082
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 203 100.0 36 100.0 49 100.0 1,409
Single modes 166 81.9 31 84.8 42 86.7 1,482
Truck 94 46.6 24 66.9 31 64.4 1,255
For-hire truck 94 46.6 24 66.9 31 64.4 1,255
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,669
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,999
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,383
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,383
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,113

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 721 100.0 454 100.0 338 100.0 878
Single modes 577 80.0 439 96.7 320 94.7 1,146
Truck 362 50.3 283 62.5 160 47.5 658
For-hire truck 264 36.6 211 46.4 128 37.9 669
Private truck 98 13.6 S S 32 9.6 633
Rail 42 5.8 155 34.1 159 47.1 1,025
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 1,318
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 131 18.2 S S S S 669
Parcel, USPS or courier 124 17.2 3 0.7 3 0.8 668
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,295
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 601

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 88 100.0 211 100.0 2,384
Single modes S S 81 91.3 193 91.2 2,436
Truck S S 80 91.2 192 91.0 2,442
For-hire truck S S 80 90.8 191 90.6 2,425
Private truck S S S S S S 2,672
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,387
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,380
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,380
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11 100.0 S S S S 2,742
Single modes S S S S S S 2,767
Truck S S S S S S 2,767
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,767
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 55.2 S S S S 2,741
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 55.2 S S S S 2,741
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 286 100.0 S S S S 2,398
Single modes 256 89.4 S S S S 2,383
Truck 245 85.6 S S S S 2,483
For-hire truck 221 77.3 S S S S 2,486
Private truck S S S S S S 2,425
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,130
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 28 9.9 S S S S 2,407
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 3.8 1 0.5 1 0.4 2,404
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,838
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,162

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 35 100.0 40 100.0 1,446
Single modes S S 35 98.9 40 98.7 1,564
Truck S S 35 98.9 40 98.7 1,543
For-hire truck S S 35 98.9 40 98.7 1,543
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,800
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,394
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,394
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,498

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 677 100.0 157 100.0 321 100.0 1,991
Single modes 580 85.7 144 92.1 293 91.3 2,124
Truck 501 74.0 92 59.0 188 58.5 2,029
For-hire truck 500 73.9 92 58.8 187 58.4 2,032
Private truck S S S S S S 1,818
Rail S S 52 33.1 105 32.6 2,202
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2,350
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 69 10.3 2 1.2 4 1.2 1,953
Parcel, USPS or courier 69 10.3 2 1.2 4 1.2 1,953
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 27 4.1 10 6.7 24 7.6 2,320

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 820 100.0 339 100.0 380 100.0 1,437
Single modes 445 54.3 328 96.8 365 96.1 1,507
Truck 378 46.0 S S 290 76.2 1,316
For-hire truck 365 44.6 S S 282 74.2 1,314
Private truck 10 1.2 S S S S 1,497
Rail S S S S S S 2,155
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,077
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 371 45.3 3 1.0 5 1.4 1,412
Parcel, USPS or courier 371 45.3 3 1.0 5 1.4 1,412
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,554

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,667 100.0 5,659 100.0 2,251 100.0 382
Single modes 1,453 87.2 5,635 99.6 2,242 99.6 343
Truck 1,372 82.3 2,494 44.1 768 34.1 332
For-hire truck 681 40.8 1,209 21.4 413 18.3 362
Private truck 684 41.0 1,281 22.6 354 15.7 303
Rail 75 4.5 3,141 55.5 1,474 65.5 385
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 6 0.4 S
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 204 12.2 10 0.2 4 0.2 395
Parcel, USPS or courier 204 12.2 10 0.2 4 0.2 395
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 508

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23 100.0 12 100.0 32 100.0 2,748
Single modes 12 51.7 S S S S 2,650
Truck 12 51.7 S S S S 2,653
For-hire truck 12 51.7 S S S S 2,653
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,558
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 48.3 S S S S 2,753
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 48.3 S S S S 2,753
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 368 100.0 102 100.0 245 100.0 2,414
Single modes 319 86.7 102 99.2 242 99.2 2,433
Truck 318 86.4 101 99.1 242 99.1 2,416
For-hire truck 308 83.6 89 86.8 211 86.4 2,418
Private truck S S S S S S 2,388
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,483
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 49 13.3 1 0.8 2 0.8 2,413
Parcel, USPS or courier 49 13.3 1 0.8 2 0.8 2,413
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,593

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 517 100.0 166 100.0 181 100.0 981
Single modes 239 46.2 160 96.5 176 97.2 999
Truck 204 39.5 50 30.1 47 26.1 912
For-hire truck 186 36.0 46 27.5 43 23.5 867
Private truck S S S S S S 1,116
Rail S S S S S S 1,166
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,287
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 278 53.8 6 3.5 5 2.8 978
Parcel, USPS or courier 278 53.8 6 3.5 5 2.8 978
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 2 100.0 4 100.0 2,284
Single modes S S 2 95.5 4 95.7 2,250
Truck S S 2 95.5 4 95.7 2,250
For-hire truck 3 22.6 1 46.2 2 46.3 2,243
Private truck S S S S S S 2,359
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2 13.3 4.5 4.3 2,295
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 13.3 4.5 4.3 2,295
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 188 100.0 26 100.0 49 100.0 1,847
Single modes 129 68.9 21 81.6 39 79.7 1,892
Truck 123 65.4 21 81.5 39 79.6 1,885
For-hire truck 117 62.3 20 79.0 38 77.2 1,863
Private truck S S S S S S 1,950
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,503
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 58 31.1 S S S S 1,837
Parcel, USPS or courier 55 29.3 2 8.9 4 8.9 1,837
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,274
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 99 100.0 499 100.0 374 100.0 859
Single modes 71 71.6 498 99.9 374 99.9 747
Truck 56 57.0 400 80.3 285 76.2 728
For-hire truck 39 39.5 247 49.5 180 48.1 734
Private truck S S S S S S 718
Rail S S S S S S 896
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 856
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 856
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 959

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.