Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 40,756 20,921 94.8 44,210 24,412 81.1 8,695 5,129 69.5 536 650 −17.6
Single modes 30,165 15,303 97.1 41,420 23,809 74 8,452 4,778 76.9 316 175 80
Truck 27,748 14,646 89.5 37,957 21,614 75.6 5,477 2,981 83.7 172 95 80.9
Rail 484 181 166.8 3,444 2,182 57.9 2,924 S S 1,528 972 57.2
Water
Air (including truck and air) 1,931 476 305.5 19 13 45.9 S 19 S 2,296 1,804 27.3
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 9,879 4,878 102.6 285 178 60.2 194 248 −21.8 865 1,154 −25
Parcel, USPS or courier 9,854 4,826 104.2 160 69 130.7 131 67 94.9 864 1,153 −25.1
Truck and Rail S S S S 108 S S S S 1,155 1,498 −22.9
Other multiple modes 16 S S S S S S S S 2,425 2,814 −13.8
Other and unknown modes 711 740 −3.9 2,504 425 489.3 49 103 −52.1 133 S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 985 804 22.5 559 357 56.9 S S S S 24 S
Single modes 977 752 29.9 558 267 108.8 S S S S S S
Truck 944 702 34.5 514 216 138.5 S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 2,087 2,340 −10.8
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 297
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 1,066 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 480 1,066 −54.9
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,860
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,851 2,706 42.3 2,594 2,148 20.8 719 529 35.8 88 38 127.9
Single modes 3,713 2,701 37.5 2,507 2,147 16.8 694 529 31.1 39 37 5.7
Truck 3,703 2,701 37.1 2,503 2,147 16.6 685 529 29.3 39 37 5.3
Rail S S S S S S 2,338
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,525
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 56 1 S S S S S S 764 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 45 1 S S S S 1 S 760 S S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,299
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,775
Other and unknown modes 82 S S S S S S S S 57 22 160.2

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 481 1,037 −53.6 18,856 4,696 301.5 1,604 784 104.6 S S S
Single modes 366 719 −49.2 16,536 4,637 256.6 1,572 696 125.9 S S S
Truck 336 691 −51.3 15,854 3,967 299.6 975 382 155.2 S S S
Rail 29 15 96.4 682 669 2 597 314 90.5 1,125 612 83.9
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 299
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 18 2,044 −99.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 706
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 19 2,325 −99.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6
Other and unknown modes S S S 2,247 S S 31 S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S 1,148 S S 3,127 S S 344 S S 86 S
Single modes S 1,107 S S 2,955 S S 311 S S 59 S
Truck S 1,107 S S 2,955 S S 311 S S 59 S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 676 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S S 677 S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 44
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 6 S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 10,973 3,317 230.8 3,233 1,106 192.3 1,033 593 74.1 491 1,076 −54.4
Single modes 7,733 980 689.2 3,198 1,047 205.5 1,021 568 79.6 285 126 126.4
Truck 6,963 932 646.7 2,685 736 265 620 386 60.6 194 S S
Rail 63 S S 511 S S 396 S S 769 577 33.3
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S 2 S S 5 S S 1,938 1,158 67.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 2,251 S 17 14 15.8 11 17 −32.4 798 1,185 −32.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S 2,250 S 17 14 15.5 11 17 −32.9 798 1,185 −32.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 34
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,288 2,646 −51.3
Other and unknown modes 27 86 −68.5 S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 5,984 2,262 164.5 S 502 S S 194 S 696 686 1.4
Single modes 4,457 1,742 155.9 S 443 S S 174 S 357 S S
Truck 4,410 1,704 158.8 S 430 S 762 146 423.5 232 S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,121 2,073 −45.9
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1 S S 1 S 2,510 2,144 17.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,412 434 225.5 65 43 50.6 60 18 237.1 815 1,075 −24.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,409 416 238.7 60 19 218.6 46 13 243 815 1,076 −24.3
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 98
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,314
Other and unknown modes 114 S S S S S 6 2 236.2 58 S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,923 2,452 60 11,887 11,245 5.7 2,882 2,172 32.7 445 308 44.2
Single modes 3,125 2,006 55.8 11,797 11,135 5.9 2,829 2,039 38.8 278 86 221.9
Truck 3,005 1,905 57.8 10,417 10,043 3.7 1,791 923 94 211 72 191.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S 823 1,199 −31.4
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 34 S S S S 2 1 148.6 2,346 1,385 69.4
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 698 284 146 S 42 S S 97 S 728 1,019 −28.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 692 269 157.4 26 10 152.4 S 10 S 728 1,014 −28.3
Truck and Rail S 8 S S 31 S S 85 S 642 2,671 −76
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,645 2,828 −41.8
Other and unknown modes 100 163 −38.5 27 68 −60.7 S 37 S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 7,993 2,701 196 313 187 67.3 206 75 176.2 876 450 94.5
Single modes 3,884 2,064 88.2 263 169 55.9 171 62 175.8 740 S S
Truck 3,145 1,702 84.7 248 161 53.7 130 47 177.7 354 S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,769
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 361 S S 7 S S 15 S 2,323 1,741 33.4
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,944 514 666.9 34 10 236 33 12 169 1,064 1,348 −21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,944 514 666.9 34 10 234.5 33 12 165.8 1,063 1,348 −21.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,801
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,717
Other and unknown modes S 123 S S 8 S 2 498.6 S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 5,891 4,451 32.4 1,879 1,038 81.1 S 301 S 410 717 −42.8
Single modes 5,245 3,190 64.4 1,832 1,002 82.8 S 270 S S 414 S
Truck 4,578 3,158 45 1,408 954 47.6 235 247 −4.9 S 366 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 805 638 26.1
Water
Air (including truck and air) 640 27 S 1 1 −17.6 1 2 −47.3 2,754 1,451 89.8
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 543 1,141 −52.4 21 18 13.3 17 22 −20.7 735 1,029 −28.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 542 1,128 −51.9 21 15 34.4 17 15 15.9 730 1,026 −28.9
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,588
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 2,602 2,811 −7.4
Other and unknown modes 103 120 −14.4 S 17 S S 9 S 317 S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 46 S S 104 S S S S 475 259 83.2
Single modes 35 S S 104 S S S S S 532 S S
Truck 33 S S 103 S S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,349
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 10 S S S S S S 420 785 −46.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 S S S S S S 420 785 −46.6
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 4 S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.