Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 31,191 100.0 33,751 100.0 4,773 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,248 26.4 23,417 69.4 535 11.2
50 to 99 miles 3,461 11.1 5,472 16.2 535 11.2
100 to 249 miles 5,547 17.8 2,118 6.3 415 8.7
250 to 499 miles 2,744 8.8 677 2.0 289 6.1
500 to 749 miles 1,935 6.2 447 1.3 345 7.2
750 to 999 miles 2,977 9.5 770 2.3 818 17.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,035 6.5 340 1.0 471 9.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,096 3.5 171 0.5 340 7.1
2,000 miles or more 3,148 10.1 338 1.0 1,026 21.5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 21,714 100.0 31,556 100.0 3,843 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,530 30.1 21,927 69.5 525 13.7
50 to 99 miles 2,846 13.1 5,412 17.1 530 13.8
100 to 249 miles 3,744 17.2 1,989 6.3 385 10.0
250 to 499 miles 1,797 8.3 610 1.9 261 6.8
500 to 749 miles 1,319 6.1 396 1.3 300 7.8
750 to 999 miles 1,813 8.4 657 2.1 697 18.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,253 5.8 269 0.9 367 9.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 668 3.1 111 0.4 223 5.8
2,000 miles or more 1,745 8.0 186 0.6 556 14.5

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 19,541 100.0 30,651 100.0 3,711 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,258 32.0 21,893 71.4 524 14.1
50 to 99 miles 2,796 14.3 4,562 14.9 435 11.7
100 to 249 miles 3,164 16.2 1,985 6.5 383 10.3
250 to 499 miles 1,456 7.5 609 2.0 260 7.0
500 to 749 miles 1,250 6.4 389 1.3 295 8.0
750 to 999 miles 1,718 8.8 656 2.1 697 18.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,092 5.6 269 0.9 366 9.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 548 2.8 110 0.4 222 6.0
2,000 miles or more 1,259 6.4 178 0.6 530 14.3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 11,937 100.0 11,531 100.0 2,925 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,929 16.2 5,470 47.4 176 6.0
50 to 99 miles 1,085 9.1 2,604 22.6 256 8.8
100 to 249 miles 2,221 18.6 1,400 12.1 275 9.4
250 to 499 miles 1,277 10.7 561 4.9 243 8.3
500 to 749 miles 1,145 9.6 365 3.2 278 9.5
750 to 999 miles 1,554 13.0 599 5.2 633 21.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,024 8.6 258 2.2 351 12.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 524 4.4 105 0.9 211 7.2
2,000 miles or more 1,178 9.9 169 1.5 502 17.2

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 7,590 100.0 19,114 100.0 781 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,329 57.0 16,423 85.9 348 44.5
50 to 99 miles 1,711 22.5 1,957 10.2 178 22.9
100 to 249 miles 936 12.3 582 3.0 107 13.7
250 to 499 miles 178 2.3 47 0.2 17 2.2
500 to 749 miles 101 1.3 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 164 2.2 57 0.3 64 8.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 11 14 1.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 24 0.3 5 11 1.4
2,000 miles or more 79 1.0 8 24 3.1

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,887 100.0 9 100.0 10 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S 1.2 S S
100 to 249 miles 578 30.6 4 43.6 2 16.1
250 to 499 miles 341 18.1 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 63 3.3 2.8 2.6
750 to 999 miles 95 5.1 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 161 8.5 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 119 6.3 5.0 1 7.6
2,000 miles or more 484 25.7 2 21.4 5 50.5

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 8,361 100.0 163 100.0 143 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,372 16.4 31 18.8 1 0.9
50 to 99 miles 444 5.3 15 9.3 1 1.0
100 to 249 miles 1,577 18.9 33 20.2 7 5.1
250 to 499 miles 881 10.5 15 9.4 6 4.5
500 to 749 miles 597 7.1 10 6.0 8 5.4
750 to 999 miles 1,077 12.9 13 7.8 14 9.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 754 9.0 18 11.2 26 18.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 374 4.5 7 4.1 13 9.2
2,000 miles or more 1,284 15.4 21 13.2 66 46.3

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 8,341 100.0 159 100.0 131 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,372 16.5 31 19.3 1 0.9
50 to 99 miles 444 5.3 15 9.5 1 1.1
100 to 249 miles 1,576 18.9 33 20.7 7 5.6
250 to 499 miles 881 10.6 15 9.7 6 4.9
500 to 749 miles 597 7.2 10 6.2 8 5.9
750 to 999 miles 1,077 12.9 13 8.0 14 10.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 754 9.0 18 11.3 25 19.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 374 4.5 7 4.2 13 10.1
2,000 miles or more 1,266 15.2 18 11.1 55 41.9

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,115 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 346 31.0 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 171 15.4 45 2.2 4 0.5
100 to 249 miles 226 20.3 96 4.7 23 2.9
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.