Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 31,191 100.0 33,751 100.0 4,773 100.0 795
Less than 50 lbs 6,804 21.8 74 0.2 60 1.3 984
50 to 99 lbs 2,281 7.3 54 0.2 29 0.6 520
100 to 499 lbs 4,225 13.5 281 0.8 125 2.6 455
500 to 749 lbs 1,264 4.1 136 0.4 32 0.7 238
750 to 999 lbs 839 2.7 123 0.4 33 0.7 267
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 7,386 23.7 2,200 6.5 774 16.2 381
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 6,664 21.4 11,662 34.6 2,146 45.0 205
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,251 4.0 8,983 26.6 857 18.0 103
100,000 lbs or more S S S S 717 15.0 S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 21,714 100.0 31,556 100.0 3,843 100.0 373
Less than 50 lbs 1,846 8.5 18 10 0.3 586
50 to 99 lbs 922 4.2 26 10 0.3 369
100 to 499 lbs 2,374 10.9 214 0.7 74 1.9 353
500 to 749 lbs 975 4.5 118 0.4 25 0.7 214
750 to 999 lbs 704 3.2 113 0.4 26 0.7 230
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 6,890 31.7 1,938 6.1 471 12.3 267
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 6,321 29.1 10,901 34.5 1,761 45.8 160
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,220 5.6 8,130 25.8 757 19.7 98
100,000 lbs or more S S S S 708 18.4 S

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 19,541 100.0 30,651 100.0 3,711 100.0 337
Less than 50 lbs 919 4.7 17 8 0.2 499
50 to 99 lbs 423 2.2 25 9 0.2 333
100 to 499 lbs 2,211 11.3 212 0.7 73 2.0 346
500 to 749 lbs 958 4.9 118 0.4 25 0.7 213
750 to 999 lbs 630 3.2 113 0.4 25 0.7 223
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 6,685 34.2 1,935 6.3 467 12.6 264
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 6,299 32.2 10,868 35.5 1,734 46.7 159
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,220 6.2 8,130 26.5 757 20.4 98
100,000 lbs or more 197 1.0 S S S S S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 11,937 100.0 11,531 100.0 2,925 100.0 907
Less than 50 lbs 566 4.7 7 8 0.3 1,195
50 to 99 lbs 310 2.6 8 9 0.3 1,046
100 to 499 lbs 1,405 11.8 61 0.5 61 2.1 1,085
500 to 749 lbs 690 5.8 32 0.3 19 0.7 618
750 to 999 lbs 341 2.9 32 0.3 19 0.6 587
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 4,419 37.0 596 5.2 355 12.1 670
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 3,512 29.4 4,277 37.1 1,378 47.1 370
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 592 5.0 3,479 30.2 563 19.3 S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 7,590 100.0 19,114 100.0 781 100.0 63
Less than 50 lbs 353 4.6 10 1 55
50 to 99 lbs 113 1.5 17 1 38
100 to 499 lbs 806 10.6 151 0.8 12 1.5 73
500 to 749 lbs 268 3.5 86 0.4 5 0.7 63
750 to 999 lbs 289 3.8 80 0.4 6 0.8 77
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,260 29.8 1,337 7.0 111 14.3 86
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,778 36.6 6,587 34.5 352 45.0 53
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 628 8.3 4,651 24.3 194 24.8 43
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 16

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,600
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,295
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 111

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 226
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 228
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 3

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 226
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 228
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 3

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,887 100.0 9 100.0 10 100.0 1,555
Less than 50 lbs 927 49.1 1 15.1 2 19.0 1,558
50 to 99 lbs 499 26.4 1 8.1 1 11.8 1,720
100 to 499 lbs 162 8.6 1 16.7 2 17.1 1,242
500 to 749 lbs 17 0.9 2.3 S S 1,363
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,875
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 3 35.4 4 37.4 1,408
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 258
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 8,361 100.0 163 100.0 143 100.0 1,043
Less than 50 lbs 4,900 58.6 53 32.8 50 34.9 1,080
50 to 99 lbs 1,344 16.1 27 16.4 18 12.9 690
100 to 499 lbs 1,756 21.0 59 36.3 50 35.3 783
500 to 749 lbs 233 2.8 12 7.3 S S 520
750 to 999 lbs 109 1.3 S S S S 844
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,703
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,305
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,799
100,000 lbs or more

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 8,341 100.0 159 100.0 131 100.0 1,043
Less than 50 lbs 4,899 58.7 53 33.7 50 38.1 1,080
50 to 99 lbs 1,344 16.1 27 16.8 18 14.1 690
100 to 499 lbs 1,756 21.1 59 37.3 50 38.5 783
500 to 749 lbs 232 2.8 12 7.4 S S 518
750 to 999 lbs 109 1.3 S S S S 845
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 3,035
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,267
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,799
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3 100.0 S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 648
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 401
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 401
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,902
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,305
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,115 100.0 S S S S 392
Less than 50 lbs 58 5.2 S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs 15 1.3 S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs 95 8.5 8 0.4 1 S
500 to 749 lbs 56 5.1 6 0.3 S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S 2 0.1 1 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 481 43.1 S S S S 1,176
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 343 30.7 S S S S 789
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.