Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 31,191 100.0 33,751 100.0 4,773 100.0 795
Single modes 21,714 69.6 31,556 93.5 3,843 80.5 373
Truck3 19,541 62.7 30,651 90.8 3,711 77.7 337
For-hire Truck 11,937 38.3 11,531 34.2 2,925 61.3 907
Private Truck 7,590 24.3 19,114 56.6 781 16.4 63
Rail S S S S S S 1,600
Water S S S S S S 226
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 226
Air (including truck and air) 1,887 6.0 9 10 0.2 1,555
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 8,361 26.8 163 0.5 143 3.0 1,043
Parcel, USPS or courier 8,341 26.7 159 0.5 131 2.7 1,043
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,035
Truck and water 3 S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,115 3.6 S S S S 392

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 93
Single modes S S S S S S 93
Truck3 S S S S S S 93
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 93
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 676 100.0 117 100.0 48 100.0 S
Single modes 676 99.9 117 100.0 48 100.0 S
Truck3 676 99.9 117 100.0 48 100.0 S
For-hire Truck 404 59.8 51 43.9 38 79.0 819
Private Truck 271 40.1 S S 10 21.0 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 816
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 816
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 4 100.0 S S S
Single modes S S 4 100.0 S S S
Truck3 S S 4 100.0 S S S
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S 4 100.0 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 703 100.0 850 100.0 181 100.0 189
Single modes 694 98.7 848 99.8 181 99.6 S
Truck3 694 98.7 848 99.8 181 99.6 S
For-hire Truck 316 44.9 314 36.9 111 61.4 769
Private Truck 378 53.8 534 62.9 69 38.2 76
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 898
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 898
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,459
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 838 100.0 958 100.0 S S S
Single modes 838 100.0 958 100.0 S S S
Truck3 838 100.0 958 100.0 S S S
For-hire Truck 515 61.5 677 70.6 S S 384
Private Truck 323 38.5 281 29.4 S S 25
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 64
Single modes S S S S S S 64
Truck3 S S S S S S 64
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 67
Private Truck S S S S S S 45
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 3,496 100.0 S S 16
Single modes S S 2,588 74.0 S S 20
Truck3 S S 1,738 49.7 S S 19
For-hire Truck S S 135 3.9 S S 34
Private Truck S S 1,603 45.8 S S 18
Rail S S S S S S 111
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 14
Single modes S S S S S S 16
Truck3 S S S S S S 16
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 17
Private Truck S S S S S S 15
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 448
Single modes S S S S S S 467
Truck3 S S S S S S 467
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 467
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 167
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 167
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 45
Single modes S S S S S S 45
Truck3 S S S S S S 45
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 42
Private Truck S S S S S S 45
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 984 100.0 4,674 100.0 S S 50
Single modes 984 100.0 4,674 100.0 S S 50
Truck3 984 100.0 4,674 100.0 S S 50
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 71
Private Truck 605 61.5 2,573 55.0 115 43.3 40
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 982
Single modes S S 576 68.2 S S 367
Truck3 S S 576 68.2 S S 367
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 830
Private Truck S S 255 30.2 S S 50
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,310
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,310
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,270

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 71 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 69 96.4 S S S S S
Truck3 69 96.4 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 621
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 166
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 166
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 119

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 895
Single modes S S S S S S 66
Truck3 S S S S S S 66
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 66
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 897
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 897
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 76
Single modes S S S S S S 76
Truck3 S S S S S S 76
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 128
Private Truck S S S S S S 37
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 383 100.0 122 100.0 43 100.0 S
Single modes 224 58.5 111 90.9 40 94.3 414
Truck3 223 58.4 111 90.9 40 94.3 410
For-hire Truck 124 32.4 32 26.6 34 80.0 1,120
Private Truck 99 25.9 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,245
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 2 5.7 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 2 5.7 S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,830 100.0 322 100.0 111 100.0 698
Single modes 1,229 67.2 305 94.7 102 91.6 518
Truck3 1,179 64.4 304 94.4 101 90.7 381
For-hire Truck 816 44.6 207 64.4 85 76.6 857
Private Truck 363 19.8 97 30.1 16 14.0 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 50 2.7 1 0.3 1 0.9 1,674
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 552 30.2 12 3.8 8 7.6 938
Parcel, USPS or courier 552 30.2 12 3.8 8 7.6 938
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 49 2.7 5 1.5 1 0.8 S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 242 100.0 S S 698
Single modes S S 182 75.3 S S S
Truck3 S S 182 75.3 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 742
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,069

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,347 100.0 2,666 100.0 422 100.0 181
Single modes 1,321 98.1 2,635 98.8 411 97.5 156
Truck3 1,306 96.9 2,609 97.9 406 96.2 156
For-hire Truck 777 57.7 2,132 79.9 361 85.6 309
Private Truck 527 39.1 475 17.8 41 9.7 61
Rail
Water S S S S S S 226
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 226
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 5 0.4 S S S S 1,184
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,170
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,799
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 28 1.1 1 0.1 S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 469 100.0 226 100.0 181 100.0 S
Single modes 440 93.8 222 98.5 180 99.5 S
Truck3 438 93.4 222 98.4 179 99.3 S
For-hire Truck 316 67.5 169 75.2 171 94.5 762
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,413
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.2 0.3 848
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.2 0.3 848
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 201 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 190 94.6 S S S S S
Truck3 190 94.6 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 353
Private Truck S S S S S S 45
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 932
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 7 3.7 1 0.6 1 1.4 S
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 3.7 1 0.6 1 1.4 S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 891 100.0 133 100.0 81 100.0 S
Single modes 598 67.2 111 83.3 68 84.0 314
Truck3 592 66.5 110 82.9 67 82.6 306
For-hire Truck 468 52.5 99 74.4 62 76.4 726
Private Truck 124 13.9 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,401
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 245 27.5 S S 9 11.1 580
Parcel, USPS or courier 245 27.5 S S 9 11.1 580
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 401
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 375

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,837 100.0 61 100.0 67 100.0 1,271
Single modes 767 41.8 38 62.8 42 61.8 1,412
Truck3 759 41.3 38 62.3 42 61.7 1,435
For-hire Truck 601 32.7 29 47.9 37 54.2 1,583
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 2
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,038 56.5 20 32.5 24 35.2 1,262
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,037 56.5 20 32.5 24 35.1 1,262
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,606
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 32 1.8 3 4.7 S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,063 100.0 6,662 100.0 S S 250
Single modes 1,025 96.4 6,619 99.4 S S S
Truck3 1,024 96.3 6,612 99.3 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 639
Private Truck 424 39.9 S S S S 48
Rail S S S S S S 3,295
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 792
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 27 2.5 1 1 1,096
Parcel, USPS or courier 27 2.5 1 1 1,096
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 42 0.6 44 4.7 S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 590 100.0 273 100.0 40 100.0 404
Single modes 403 68.2 269 98.6 38 93.6 209
Truck3 374 63.5 269 98.6 37 93.0 196
For-hire Truck 169 28.7 77 28.4 22 54.1 495
Private Truck 204 34.6 190 69.7 15 37.7 68
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,099
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 0.7 2 4.5 779
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 0.7 2 4.2 778
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,902
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 745 100.0 177 100.0 73 100.0 620
Single modes 616 82.6 170 96.4 70 95.2 363
Truck3 604 81.1 170 96.2 69 94.5 337
For-hire Truck 445 59.7 98 55.6 60 82.0 873
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,983
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 110 14.8 5 3.1 3 4.5 902
Parcel, USPS or courier 110 14.8 5 3.1 3 4.5 902
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,578 100.0 125 100.0 S S 786
Single modes 980 62.1 103 82.4 S S 544
Truck3 883 56.0 102 81.6 S S 487
For-hire Truck 704 44.6 93 74.6 S S 913
Private Truck 179 11.3 9 7.0 1 0.7 S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 375
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 375
Air (including truck and air) 94 6.0 1 0.6 S S 1,226
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 539 34.2 5 4.2 5 3.3 991
Parcel, USPS or courier 538 34.1 5 4.2 5 3.3 992
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 628
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,720 100.0 267 100.0 S S 965
Single modes 3,719 48.2 114 42.5 98 30.4 841
Truck3 2,306 29.9 97 36.4 95 29.5 732
For-hire Truck 2,069 26.8 80 29.9 80 24.7 924
Private Truck S S S S S S 148
Rail
Water S S S S S S 3
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 3
Air (including truck and air) 1,150 14.9 2 0.8 3 0.9 1,497
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3,690 47.8 47 17.5 45 13.9 974
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,676 47.6 46 17.4 44 13.5 974
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,267
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,371

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 705 100.0 192 100.0 84 100.0 265
Single modes 677 96.0 190 98.5 83 98.3 229
Truck3 676 95.9 190 98.5 83 98.3 224
For-hire Truck 486 69.0 97 50.3 77 91.4 720
Private Truck 190 26.9 93 48.2 6 6.9 63
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,561
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 12 1.7 0.2 S S 558
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 1.7 0.2 S S 558
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 370 100.0 100.0 S S 998
Single modes 240 65.0 48.1 19.2 375
Truck3 211 56.9 41.4 9.6 103
For-hire Truck 197 53.3 30.9 S S S
Private Truck 13 3.6 10.5 1.5 146
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 6.7 9.5 1,481
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 130 35.0 S S S S 1,368
Parcel, USPS or courier 130 35.0 S S S S 1,368
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,914 100.0 S S 13 100.0 1,054
Single modes 1,246 65.1 S S S S 1,611
Truck3 S S S S S S 752
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 952
Private Truck S S S S S S 324
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 486 25.4 1 7.8 S S 2,110
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 668 34.9 3 27.8 3 22.7 928
Parcel, USPS or courier 668 34.9 3 27.8 3 22.7 928
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 215

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 137 100.0 S S S S 426
Single modes 133 97.4 S S S S S
Truck3 133 97.4 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 410
Private Truck S S 6 42.1 1 7.6 44
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 866
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,528
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,430 100.0 173 100.0 76 100.0 1,010
Single modes 1,643 67.6 150 86.5 58 77.2 501
Truck3 1,642 67.6 150 86.4 58 77.1 486
For-hire Truck 1,066 43.9 74 42.7 38 50.0 842
Private Truck 577 23.7 76 43.7 20 27.1 181
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,291
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 754 31.0 18 10.2 12 15.3 1,066
Parcel, USPS or courier 754 31.0 18 10.2 12 15.3 1,066
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 6 3.3 6 7.5 S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 284 100.0 S S 99
Single modes S S 284 100.0 S S 99
Truck3 S S 284 100.0 S S 99
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 381
Private Truck S S 202 70.8 10 25.8 29
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,753 100.0 970 100.0 128 100.0 464
Single modes 2,181 79.2 844 87.0 104 81.1 214
Truck3 2,162 78.5 842 86.8 104 80.6 213
For-hire Truck S S 22 2.3 24 18.3 777
Private Truck 2,019 73.3 820 84.5 80 62.3 70
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 492
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 189 6.9 10 1.0 10 7.7 834
Parcel, USPS or courier 189 6.9 10 1.0 10 7.7 834
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 383 13.9 116 12.0 14 11.2 93

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 35
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,158
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.