Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 32,191 100.0 34,240 100.0 6,871 100.0 680
Single modes 25,926 80.5 32,476 94.8 6,647 96.7 303
Truck 24,506 76.1 30,564 89.3 4,437 64.6 258
For-hire truck 13,612 42.3 10,920 31.9 3,378 49.2 709
Private truck 10,815 33.6 19,584 57.2 1,047 15.2 77
Rail 257 0.8 1,884 5.5 2,196 32.0 1,509
Water S S S S S S 3
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 3
Air (including truck and air) 900 2.8 11 14 0.2 1,388
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5,544 17.2 203 0.6 157 2.3 880
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,357 16.6 164 0.5 107 1.6 880
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 8,180
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 721 2.2 S S 66 1.0 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 98 100.0 45 100.0 57 100.0 1,221
Single modes 77 78.5 45 99.3 56 99.3 1,179
Truck 75 77.0 43 94.8 53 93.7 1,178
For-hire truck 66 67.5 36 78.9 44 77.0 1,177
Private truck S S S S S S 1,208
Rail S S S S S S 1,514
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,233
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,233
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,171

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23 100.0 S S S S 2,701
Single modes S S S S S S 2,659
Truck S S S S S S 2,728
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,728
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,346
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 52.8 14.4 1 14.2 2,709
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 52.8 14.4 1 14.2 2,709
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 55 100.0 S S S S 1,498
Single modes 55 99.1 S S S S 1,495
Truck S S S S S S 1,494
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,494
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,657
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,515
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,515
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,137 100.0 S S S S 3,085
Single modes S S S S S S 3,002
Truck S S S S S S 3,046
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,047
Private truck S S S S S S 2,953
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,771
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 420 19.6 12 10.6 39 11.1 3,098
Parcel, USPS or courier 415 19.4 8 6.6 23 6.7 3,098
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,302
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,989

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 92 100.0 9 100.0 18 100.0 2,047
Single modes 25 27.6 5 54.6 10 52.5 2,021
Truck 14 15.0 5 54.5 10 52.3 1,980
For-hire truck S S 1 13.3 2 12.6 1,980
Private truck S S S S S S 1,980
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,252
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 67 72.4 S S S S 2,047
Parcel, USPS or courier 67 72.4 S S S S 2,047
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,232

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 926 100.0 267 100.0 41 100.0 144
Single modes 746 80.5 257 96.3 39 96.6 155
Truck 746 80.5 257 96.3 39 96.6 152
For-hire truck 358 38.6 83 31.0 13 31.3 164
Private truck 388 41.9 174 65.3 26 65.3 147
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,450
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 167 18.0 6 2.1 1 1.9 139
Parcel, USPS or courier 167 18.0 6 2.1 1 1.9 139
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 162

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 53 100.0 26 100.0 12 100.0 390
Single modes 41 78.1 26 99.0 12 99.1 446
Truck 39 73.5 22 84.4 10 83.5 417
For-hire truck 24 44.6 16 61.7 7 61.9 422
Private truck S S 6 22.6 3 21.6 410
Rail S S S S S S 476
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 723
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1.0 0.9 389
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1.0 0.9 389
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,084
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,084
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,084
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 275 100.0 53 100.0 77 100.0 1,456
Single modes 129 47.0 45 85.2 66 85.4 1,509
Truck 122 44.4 43 80.3 62 80.9 1,526
For-hire truck 115 41.7 39 72.5 S S 1,530
Private truck S S S S S S 1,301
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,361
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 123 44.7 6 10.4 8 10.3 1,451
Parcel, USPS or courier 123 44.7 6 10.4 8 10.3 1,451
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,480

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 550 100.0 131 100.0 153 100.0 1,154
Single modes 454 82.6 116 88.4 135 88.1 1,145
Truck 454 82.5 116 88.4 135 88.1 1,144
For-hire truck 400 72.8 96 73.4 112 73.5 1,142
Private truck S S S S S S 1,155
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,283
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 89 16.3 3 2.2 3 2.1 1,161
Parcel, USPS or courier 89 16.3 3 2.2 3 2.1 1,161
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,222

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,493
Single modes S S S S S S 5,278
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,278
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,549
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,416
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 8,180
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 32 100.0 6 100.0 17 100.0 2,604
Single modes 23 71.5 6 97.3 17 97.3 2,579
Truck S S 5 72.6 13 72.7 2,676
For-hire truck S S 5 72.6 13 72.7 2,676
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,692
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,537
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 27.7 S S S S 2,596
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 27.7 S S S S 2,596
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,823

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,028
Single modes S S S S S S 1,056
Truck S S S S S S 1,033
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,039
Private truck S S S S S S 997
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,099
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 146 9.2 7 0.9 6 0.9 1,017
Parcel, USPS or courier 135 8.5 6 0.8 6 0.9 1,017
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 426
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 979

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 271 100.0 39 100.0 37 100.0 980
Single modes 110 40.7 35 88.5 32 88.2 1,586
Truck 100 36.7 22 55.3 20 55.2 938
For-hire truck 99 36.6 22 55.3 20 55.1 937
Private truck S S S S S S 1,089
Rail S S S S S S 933
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,307
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 968
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 968
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 935

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 180 100.0 S S S S 1,268
Single modes 135 74.8 S S S S 1,365
Truck 126 70.1 19 37.3 24 33.9 1,366
For-hire truck 126 70.1 19 37.3 24 33.9 1,371
Private truck S S S S S S 1,159
Rail S S S S S S 1,429
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,358
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,254
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,254
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 118 100.0 S S S S 1,498
Single modes 103 86.7 S S S S 1,666
Truck 88 74.6 S S S S 1,576
For-hire truck 57 48.2 S S S S 1,570
Private truck S S S S S S 1,635
Rail S S S S S S 1,804
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,685
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 7.5 S S S S 1,477
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 7.5 S S S S 1,477
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,619

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 58 100.0 59 100.0 958
Single modes S S 56 96.8 57 97.0 910
Truck S S 56 96.8 57 97.0 905
For-hire truck S S 53 92.0 54 92.3 900
Private truck S S S S S S 984
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,032
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 46 12.8 2 3.2 2 3.0 970
Parcel, USPS or courier 46 12.8 2 3.2 2 3.0 970
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 78 100.0 101 100.0 182 100.0 1,630
Single modes 66 84.2 101 99.9 182 99.9 1,690
Truck S S S S S S 1,634
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,626
Private truck S S S S S S 1,674
Rail S S S S S S 1,829
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,624
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,624
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,444 100.0 1,504 100.0 182 100.0 110
Single modes 2,232 91.3 1,484 98.7 176 97.1 102
Truck 2,219 90.8 1,440 95.8 156 86.1 101
For-hire truck 281 11.5 388 25.8 53 29.0 136
Private truck 1,930 79.0 1,050 69.8 103 56.9 94
Rail 13 0.5 44 2.9 20 11.0 468
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 119 4.9 6 0.4 S S 120
Parcel, USPS or courier 118 4.8 4 0.2 0.3 120
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 425
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 84

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 329 100.0 107 100.0 51 100.0 490
Single modes 261 79.2 103 96.5 49 96.6 506
Truck 241 73.3 103 96.1 S S 489
For-hire truck 202 61.3 S S S S 469
Private truck 39 11.9 S S S S 496
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,176
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 68 20.8 4 3.5 2 3.4 488
Parcel, USPS or courier 68 20.8 4 3.5 2 3.4 488
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,012 100.0 2,769 100.0 186 100.0 79
Single modes 4,187 83.5 2,701 97.5 180 96.6 76
Truck 4,182 83.4 2,701 97.5 180 96.6 74
For-hire truck 1,043 20.8 S S S S 83
Private truck 3,097 61.8 1,767 63.8 111 59.5 71
Rail S S S S S S 179
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,334
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 799 15.9 52 1.9 S S 82
Parcel, USPS or courier 799 15.9 52 1.9 S S 82
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 26 0.5 S S S S 75

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 94 100.0 78 100.0 932
Single modes 100 39.1 84 89.9 72 91.8 1,023
Truck 96 37.4 84 89.7 71 91.5 899
For-hire truck 95 37.0 84 89.3 71 91.1 902
Private truck S S S S S S 807
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,155
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 898
Parcel, USPS or courier 28 10.9 S S S S 906
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 634
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 851

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 182 100.0 71 100.0 109 100.0 1,440
Single modes 121 66.2 68 95.4 104 95.7 1,441
Truck 114 62.7 39 55.3 S S 1,441
For-hire truck 114 62.6 39 55.3 S S 1,443
Private truck S S S S S S 1,238
Rail S S S S S S 1,511
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,436
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 61 33.4 3 4.5 5 4.2 1,440
Parcel, USPS or courier 61 33.4 3 4.5 5 4.2 1,440
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,379

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 126 100.0 53 100.0 68 100.0 1,347
Single modes 104 82.9 52 98.9 67 98.7 1,339
Truck 95 75.5 21 39.8 29 43.5 1,339
For-hire truck 85 67.9 16 30.2 22 32.5 1,338
Private truck S S S S S S 1,513
Rail S S S S S S 1,193
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,376
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,376
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,426

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 46 100.0 1,320
Single modes S S S S S S 1,311
Truck S S S S S S 1,315
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,308
Private truck S S S S S S 1,412
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,290
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 10.4 1 2.2 1 2.3 1,323
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 10.4 1 2.2 1 2.3 1,323
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,405
Single modes S S S S S S 2,433
Truck S S S S S S 2,420
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,420
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,609
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,401
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,401
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,547
Single modes S S S S S S 1,635
Truck S S S S S S 1,483
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,505
Private truck S S S S S S 1,429
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,336
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,533
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,533
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 26 100.0 S S S S 2,875
Single modes S S S S S S 2,842
Truck S S S S S S 2,865
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,865
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,594
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 25 97.9 S S S S 2,875
Parcel, USPS or courier 25 97.9 S S S S 2,875
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,263 100.0 22,452 100.0 612 100.0 28
Single modes 4,547 86.4 20,987 93.5 603 98.6 27
Truck 4,284 81.4 20,970 93.4 603 98.6 27
For-hire truck 925 17.6 5,782 25.8 247 40.3 41
Private truck 3,359 63.8 15,189 67.7 356 58.3 26
Rail
Water S S S S S S 3
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 3
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 460 8.7 13 1 44
Parcel, USPS or courier 460 8.7 13 1 44
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 257 4.9 S S S S 14

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 960 100.0 260 100.0 84 100.0 313
Single modes 645 67.2 236 90.9 77 90.9 345
Truck 634 66.1 236 90.8 76 90.6 300
For-hire truck 245 25.5 125 48.1 39 46.8 295
Private truck S S 111 42.7 37 43.8 304
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 855
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 303 31.6 9 3.7 3 3.2 303
Parcel, USPS or courier 303 31.6 9 3.7 3 3.2 303
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 324

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,221
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,221
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,221
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,223 100.0 1,050 100.0 297 100.0 378
Single modes 1,575 70.9 1,046 99.6 296 99.7 356
Truck 1,550 69.7 1,025 97.7 284 95.8 245
For-hire truck 895 40.3 618 58.8 164 55.1 239
Private truck 638 28.7 404 38.4 119 40.0 258
Rail S S S S S S 553
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 21 1.0 S S S S 1,253
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 4 0.4 1 0.3 385
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 4 0.4 1 0.3 385
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 709 100.0 283 100.0 235 100.0 824
Single modes 538 75.8 276 97.3 228 96.9 881
Truck 486 68.6 276 97.3 228 96.9 850
For-hire truck 464 65.4 234 82.8 195 83.1 845
Private truck 22 3.2 41 14.5 32 13.8 896
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,233
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 109 15.4 1 0.5 1 0.5 813
Parcel, USPS or courier 109 15.4 1 0.5 1 0.5 813
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 871

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 19 100.0 32 100.0 1,697
Single modes S S 19 99.8 32 99.8 1,653
Truck S S 19 99.8 32 99.8 1,653
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,668
Private truck S S S S S S 1,642
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,709
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,709
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,009 100.0 203 100.0 153 100.0 799
Single modes 676 67.0 178 87.7 132 85.9 851
Truck 629 62.4 177 87.1 130 85.1 725
For-hire truck 559 55.4 149 73.5 110 72.0 721
Private truck S S S S S S 747
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,078
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 331 32.9 S S S S 785
Parcel, USPS or courier 291 28.9 3 1.5 2 1.6 785
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 883
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 629

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 27 100.0 8 100.0 13 100.0 1,671
Single modes 21 79.1 S S S S 1,688
Truck 18 66.9 S S S S 1,692
For-hire truck 18 66.9 S S S S 1,692
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,679
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,668
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,668
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 209 100.0 S S S S 3,113
Single modes 196 93.8 S S S S 3,109
Truck S S 10 15.1 32 14.1 3,108
For-hire truck S S 10 15.1 32 14.1 3,108
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 3,377
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,980
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 13 6.2 0.7 1 0.6 3,113
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 6.2 0.7 1 0.6 3,113
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 1,381 100.0 928 100.0 384
Single modes S S 1,367 99.0 922 99.3 419
Truck S S 569 41.2 226 24.4 416
For-hire truck S S 498 36.0 198 21.3 424
Private truck 157 5.6 61 4.4 25 2.7 385
Rail 38 1.4 797 57.7 695 74.9 844
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,200
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 294 10.4 9 0.7 4 0.4 381
Parcel, USPS or courier 294 10.4 9 0.7 4 0.4 381
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 420

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 237 100.0 187 100.0 23 100.0 126
Single modes 178 75.0 184 98.6 23 98.8 123
Truck 178 75.0 184 98.6 23 98.8 123
For-hire truck 48 20.1 27 14.4 3 13.1 118
Private truck 130 54.9 158 84.2 20 85.7 124
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 54 22.6 1 0.5 0.6 128
Parcel, USPS or courier 54 22.6 1 0.5 0.6 128
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 123

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 984
Single modes S S S S S S 1,003
Truck S S S S S S 1,001
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,003
Private truck S S S S S S 915
Rail S S S S S S 1,068
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,143
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 4.8 0.2 0.2 981
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 4.8 0.2 0.2 981
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 977

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 2 100.0 3 100.0 1,648
Single modes S S 2 89.3 2 88.4 1,710
Truck S S 1 86.5 2 85.4 1,672
For-hire truck S S 1 80.2 2 79.2 1,675
Private truck S S S S S S 1,610
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,741
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,641
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,641
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 295 100.0 123 100.0 147 100.0 1,247
Single modes 210 71.3 118 96.3 S S 1,134
Truck 202 68.5 S S S S 1,144
For-hire truck 199 67.5 S S S S 1,144
Private truck S S S S S S 1,182
Rail S S S S S S 1,261
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,117
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 79 26.7 S S S S 1,268
Parcel, USPS or courier 79 26.7 S S S S 1,268
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,061

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 54 100.0 108 100.0 1,874
Single modes S S 51 94.9 103 95.3 1,859
Truck S S 34 62.5 63 58.9 1,876
For-hire truck S S 31 57.1 58 53.8 1,875
Private truck S S S S S S 2,006
Rail S S S S S S 2,238
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 0.1 1,706
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 112 9.6 S S S S 1,883
Parcel, USPS or courier 112 9.6 S S S S 1,883
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,842

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 81 100.0 S S S S 2,359
Single modes S S S S S S 2,340
Truck S S S S S S 2,374
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,374
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,314
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 46.5 2.5 1 2.5 2,360
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 46.5 2.5 1 2.5 2,360
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 526 100.0 719 100.0 93 100.0 75
Single modes 404 76.6 694 96.5 90 97.5 66
Truck 403 76.5 694 96.5 90 97.5 65
For-hire truck 111 21.0 192 26.7 26 28.6 135
Private truck 282 53.6 462 64.2 S S 60
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,402
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 100 18.9 2 0.3 0.3 103
Parcel, USPS or courier 100 18.9 2 0.3 0.3 103
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 264 100.0 672 100.0 672 100.0 640
Single modes 206 77.7 670 99.8 671 99.9 632
Truck 186 70.3 S S S S 629
For-hire truck 170 64.2 88 13.1 S S 629
Private truck 16 6.1 17 2.5 11 1.6 630
Rail S S S S S S 1,070
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,221
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 58 22.0 2 0.2 1 0.1 642
Parcel, USPS or courier 58 22.0 2 0.2 1 0.1 642
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 581

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 73 100.0 14 100.0 42 100.0 3,057
Single modes 26 35.7 S S S S 3,076
Truck S S S S S S 3,074
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,074
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,908
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,088
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 47 64.3 S S S S 3,056
Parcel, USPS or courier 47 64.1 1 7.3 3 7.5 3,056
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,274
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 61 100.0 43 100.0 30 100.0 628
Single modes 59 97.2 43 99.0 30 99.0 689
Truck 59 97.0 40 93.7 28 91.3 688
For-hire truck S S 24 55.0 16 52.9 703
Private truck S S S S S S 625
Rail S S S S S S 1,043
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1 1.4 586
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 1.4 586
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 651

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 456 100.0 69 100.0 86 100.0 1,200
Single modes 181 39.7 62 89.7 77 90.2 1,243
Truck 157 34.4 58 84.3 72 84.2 1,129
For-hire truck 152 33.3 58 83.5 72 83.5 1,130
Private truck S S S S S S 1,112
Rail S S S S S S 1,421
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,209
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 272 59.7 7 9.8 8 9.3 1,199
Parcel, USPS or courier 272 59.7 7 9.8 8 9.3 1,199
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,176

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9 100.0 S S S S 1,905
Single modes S S S S S S 2,087
Truck S S S S S S 2,070
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,070
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,256
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,904
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,904
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.