Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 31,191 30,669 1.7 33,751 34,546 −2.3 4,773 5,428 −12.1 795 586 35.6
Single modes 21,714 21,396 1.5 31,556 33,734 −6.5 3,843 4,823 −20.3 373 204 82.9
Truck 19,541 18,848 3.7 30,651 33,046 −7.2 3,711 4,459 −16.8 337 146 130.9
Rail S 71 S S S S S S S 1,600 646 147.6
Water S S S S S S 226
Air (including truck and air) 1,887 2,477 −23.8 9 28 −69.8 10 S S 1,555 1,618 −3.9
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 8,361 8,287 0.9 163 134 21 143 176 −18.9 1,043 1,014 2.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 8,341 8,024 4 159 110 43.8 131 101 30.1 1,043 1,014 2.9
Truck and Rail S S S S 24 S S 71 S 3,035 2,810 8
Other multiple modes 3 S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,115 986 13.1 S 677 S S 428 S 392 171 129.7

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 713 S S 149 S S 50 31 59 S S S
Single modes 712 S S 149 S S 50 31 61.4 S S S
Truck 712 S S 149 S S 50 31 61.4 S S S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 1 S S S S S S 816 605 34.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S 1 S S S S S S 816 605 34.7
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,559 1,454 7.2 1,812 2,057 −11.9 428 339 26.2 134 159 −15.6
Single modes 1,550 1,454 6.6 1,810 2,057 −12 427 339 26 105 159 −33.9
Truck 1,550 1,454 6.6 1,810 2,057 −12 427 339 26 105 152 −31.2
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,727
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S 1 S S S S S 876 87 909.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S 876 87 909
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,459
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S 220 S S S S 329 477 −31 26 65 −59.7
Single modes S 196 S S S S S 350 S 30 47 −36.1
Truck S 196 S S S S S 329 S 30 46 −35
Rail S S S S S S 111
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,485
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 167 790 −78.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 167 790 −78.9
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S 127 S 4 523 −99.2

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,332 373 257 5,844 2,079 181.1 S 118 S 558 27 S
Single modes 1,241 372 233.4 5,575 2,078 168.3 491 118 317.9 S 27 S
Truck 1,241 372 233.4 5,575 2,078 168.3 491 118 317.9 S 27 S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,310 233 462.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,310 233 462.6
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 1,270 7 S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,327 1,880 23.7 584 14,605 −96 186 S S 507 S S
Single modes 1,557 1,417 9.8 555 14,575 −96.2 174 S S 427 S S
Truck 1,506 1,386 8.7 554 14,551 −96.2 173 S S 339 S S
Rail S S S S S S 2,521
Water
Air (including truck and air) 51 S S 1 98.7 1 165.2 1,666 1,968 −15.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 716 359 99.6 23 17 32.6 11 S S 608 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 716 358 99.8 23 17 37 11 5 127.8 608 S S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 8,148
Other and unknown modes 54 S S 6 S S 1 S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 4,804 4,000 20.1 3,418 1,738 96.7 1,006 932 8 1,056 926 14.1
Single modes 3,347 2,841 17.8 3,277 1,649 98.7 832 816 1.9 665 347 91.9
Truck 3,316 2,791 18.8 3,251 1,552 109.5 824 742 11 667 309 115.6
Rail 37 96 73 792
Water S S S S S S 224
Air (including truck and air) 16 14 12.6 S 1 S S 1 S 556 1,250 −55.5
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,319 1,099 20 42 56 −24.8 44 98 −55.6 1,173 1,181 −0.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,316 1,079 22 39 39 0.7 34 47 −26 1,173 1,181 −0.6
Truck and Rail S 18 S S S S S S S 2,799 3,144 −11
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,190 8,047 −85.2
Other and unknown modes 138 60 131.7 S 33 S S 18 S S 386 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,976 4,577 −13.1 7,236 4,753 52.2 1,212 1,012 19.7 572 451 26.9
Single modes 3,023 3,361 −10.1 7,161 S S 1,137 S S 331 226 46.4
Truck 2,886 3,247 −11.1 7,153 3,963 80.5 1,114 509 118.8 301 200 50.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S 3,295 S S
Water S S S S S S 375
Air (including truck and air) 134 91 47.1 2 S S 2 S S 1,275 1,245 2.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 838 933 −10.3 14 25 −45.1 11 S S 932 648 43.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 836 897 −6.7 13 20 −31.5 11 14 −23.5 932 647 44
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,379
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 680
Other and unknown modes S 283 S 61 217 −71.8 64 261 −75.6 S 437 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 10,709 15,582 −31.3 471 211 123.6 S 191 S 922 599 54
Single modes 5,882 9,982 −41.1 312 181 72.2 191 164 16.9 748 S S
Truck 3,953 7,648 −48.3 294 173 70.5 186 148 25.5 541 S S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 3
Air (including truck and air) 1,666 2,334 −28.6 3 8 −64.5 5 15 −67 1,787 1,712 4.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,499 5,270 −14.6 51 21 146.6 48 25 91.6 967 1,174 −17.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,485 5,063 −11.4 50 19 161 47 23 109.2 967 1,174 −17.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 3,267 2,358 38.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 152
Other and unknown modes S 330 S S 9 S S 3 S 1,092 S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 5,438 2,163 151.5 1,442 871 65.6 251 177 41.8 835 938 −11.1
Single modes 4,075 1,420 187 1,292 831 55.4 208 151 37.8 288 360 −20
Truck 4,055 1,404 188.9 1,290 831 55.3 207 150 37.9 282 208 36
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 16 S S S S S S S 1,044 1,676 −37.7
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 946 558 69.6 28 14 94.7 23 11 116.4 1,026 1,099 −6.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 945 558 69.4 28 14 93.2 22 11 105.1 1,026 1,099 −6.7
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 5,528
Other and unknown modes 416 S S 122 25 382.3 20 S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S S S S S S S S S S 957 S
Single modes S 45 S S S S S S S S S S
Truck S 44 S S S S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,158 1,758 −34.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 1,639 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S S 1,639 S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.