Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 6.3 22.5 10.6 7.0
Single modes 7.3 2.1 22.9 2.2 10.9 0.6 10.9
Truck 8.5 2.4 23.9 3.0 16.0 6.3 12.7
For-hire truck 12.6 2.9 24.7 5.7 21.8 6.9 12.0
Private truck 5.9 1.8 27.7 5.6 12.3 2.2 9.1
Rail 25.3 0.2 27.9 2.3 28.9 6.3 15.4
Water S S S S S S 29.9
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 29.9
Air (including truck and air) 45.0 1.6 29.3 27.9 13.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 12.9 2.3 14.7 0.2 20.1 0.5 6.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 13.5 2.3 15.6 0.2 11.2 0.3 6.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 27.7 0.5 S S 28.0 0.4 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.9 36.8 34.7 2.2
Single modes 35.9 10.0 37.2 7.7 35.1 7.8 2.2
Truck 36.3 9.9 38.9 8.0 37.0 8.3 2.2
For-hire truck 41.0 10.1 46.5 9.9 44.5 10.2 2.2
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.9 S S S S 10.6
Single modes S S S S S S 21.2
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.9 13.4 28.4 19.2 28.3 19.3 14.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.9 13.4 28.4 19.2 28.3 19.3 14.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 48.1 S S S S 1.0
Single modes 48.7 10.6 S S S S 10.6
Truck S S S S S S 10.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 10.6
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.2 S S S S 0.8
Single modes S S S S S S 1.2
Truck S S S S S S 0.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 0.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 10.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.8 12.0 37.3 9.6 38.6 9.7 0.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.5 12.0 37.9 9.2 38.4 9.2 0.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.2 39.3 40.3 1.0
Single modes 45.6 13.8 42.7 14.6 42.5 14.6 15.0
Truck 45.8 8.6 42.8 14.5 42.5 14.5 14.9
For-hire truck S S 44.3 15.4 43.9 15.4 18.3
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.5 13.8 S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.5 13.8 S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.9 17.6 19.4 2.2
Single modes 24.5 5.9 18.2 1.1 20.1 1.1 4.2
Truck 24.5 5.9 18.2 1.1 20.1 1.1 3.2
For-hire truck 39.4 7.9 24.8 6.0 27.7 5.9 5.2
Private truck 24.3 6.3 22.2 6.7 24.1 6.5 3.3
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.3 5.4 18.3 0.5 17.9 0.5 3.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.3 5.4 18.3 0.5 17.9 0.5 3.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.1

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.1 38.9 40.3 5.3
Single modes 33.4 7.0 39.0 1.7 40.3 1.8 7.6
Truck 34.7 7.3 30.6 4.6 31.6 4.8 1.6
For-hire truck 36.2 9.3 35.3 9.9 35.8 10.1 1.8
Private truck S S 42.4 9.4 41.8 9.5 21.2
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 46.0 1.7 45.8 1.8 3.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 46.0 1.7 45.8 1.8 3.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.5 35.2 36.9 1.5
Single modes 32.2 8.2 41.0 6.7 42.9 6.9 2.2
Truck 34.5 7.9 44.0 8.3 45.8 8.4 2.4
For-hire truck 36.5 8.2 49.4 10.9 S S 2.4
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.8 7.8 40.6 4.0 40.8 3.9 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.8 7.8 40.6 4.0 40.8 3.9 1.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.3 26.3 27.1 1.4
Single modes 28.3 7.2 29.4 6.3 30.4 6.4 1.4
Truck 28.4 7.2 29.4 6.3 30.4 6.4 1.4
For-hire truck 32.8 10.3 37.4 11.8 38.5 11.9 1.4
Private truck S S S S S S 21.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 36.7 36.1 23.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.3 6.2 23.4 2.6 23.1 2.5 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.3 6.2 23.4 2.6 23.1 2.5 1.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 23.6
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.0 35.6 35.7 1.4
Single modes 49.5 15.0 36.1 17.1 36.2 17.1 15.0
Truck S S 44.2 15.9 44.3 16.0 18.3
For-hire truck S S 44.2 15.9 44.3 16.0 18.3
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.8 14.7 S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.8 14.7 S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 1.2
Single modes S S S S S S 1.5
Truck S S S S S S 1.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1.2
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.9 10.3 30.5 6.6 34.0 6.5 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.0 10.4 35.2 6.6 36.4 6.5 1.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.0 34.4 33.8 6.9
Single modes 38.2 12.6 40.4 12.3 39.9 12.2 17.0
Truck 42.5 13.1 37.2 14.7 36.3 14.7 1.7
For-hire truck 42.5 13.0 37.2 14.7 36.3 14.7 1.7
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.3 S S S S 2.2
Single modes 48.5 12.8 S S S S 3.0
Truck 49.8 12.4 40.4 16.5 39.2 17.1 11.0
For-hire truck 49.8 12.4 40.5 16.6 39.2 17.2 11.1
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.7 S S S S 2.8
Single modes 47.3 10.8 S S S S 2.2
Truck 47.6 14.9 S S S S 1.5
For-hire truck 46.0 13.9 S S S S 1.5
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.9 11.5 S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.9 11.5 S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 37.0 35.1 3.2
Single modes S S 38.2 6.3 36.1 6.3 4.8
Truck S S 38.2 6.3 36.1 6.3 5.1
For-hire truck S S 39.9 6.9 37.7 7.0 5.4
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.9 13.3 40.1 6.3 39.4 6.3 3.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.9 13.3 40.1 6.3 39.4 6.3 3.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.4 48.2 49.0 2.0
Single modes 41.2 14.1 48.3 14.9 49.0 14.9 15.0
Truck S S S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.3
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 18.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.0 16.1 16.0 3.8
Single modes 24.8 4.7 16.4 1.0 16.7 1.8 4.5
Truck 25.0 4.9 17.2 2.2 18.4 6.1 4.6
For-hire truck 23.2 4.6 37.9 7.3 33.7 7.2 7.6
Private truck 28.6 6.9 21.8 7.4 23.2 7.8 5.3
Rail 37.2 0.4 36.0 1.4 36.2 4.9 23.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.9 4.3 39.3 0.1 S S 11.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.4 4.3 26.2 0.1 28.7 0.1 11.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 32.9

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.4 47.3 48.2 3.1
Single modes 26.6 6.6 48.8 2.8 49.5 2.9 5.3
Truck 29.2 7.8 49.0 3.0 S S 2.6
For-hire truck 31.7 8.8 S S S S 1.8
Private truck 47.0 6.1 S S S S 18.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.9 6.6 43.2 2.8 40.8 2.9 3.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.9 6.6 43.2 2.8 40.8 2.9 3.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.7 27.0 24.0 3.6
Single modes 11.6 3.2 27.8 1.7 25.1 1.9 5.4
Truck 11.6 3.2 27.8 1.7 25.1 1.9 6.2
For-hire truck 30.1 4.0 S S S S 8.8
Private truck 11.5 5.1 26.6 7.4 21.3 7.8 6.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.0 3.1 47.9 1.7 S S 4.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.0 3.1 47.9 1.7 S S 4.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 39.1 0.3 S S S S 17.1

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 34.8 32.6 2.0
Single modes 14.8 14.8 39.5 9.0 36.1 8.2 4.2
Truck 15.3 14.2 39.5 9.0 36.2 8.2 2.0
For-hire truck 15.5 14.3 39.8 9.2 36.4 8.4 2.2
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.8 8.1 S S S S 2.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.3 30.7 31.7 1.3
Single modes 43.2 10.4 32.8 13.5 33.7 13.6 10.8
Truck 46.7 12.1 48.1 14.5 S S 15.1
For-hire truck 46.8 12.1 48.1 14.5 S S 15.1
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.8 10.3 34.7 13.5 34.9 13.6 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.8 10.3 34.7 13.5 34.9 13.6 1.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.3 39.5 37.0 1.9
Single modes 41.0 12.8 40.2 12.1 37.8 12.1 10.8
Truck 46.1 14.9 43.9 17.0 44.1 16.4 15.1
For-hire truck 48.4 13.7 39.9 15.9 39.8 15.6 15.1
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S 49.6 1.4
Single modes S S S S S S 3.1
Truck S S S S S S 2.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2.5
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.8 11.5 32.0 8.8 30.8 8.5 1.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.8 11.5 32.0 8.8 30.8 8.5 1.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 10.6
Single modes S S S S S S 25.9
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 11.0
Single modes S S S S S S 21.7
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 47.6 S S S S 14.9
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.7 10.3 S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.7 10.3 S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 6.9 34.1 26.2 6.9
Single modes 7.2 2.3 35.6 3.2 26.5 1.1 7.2
Truck 8.9 4.6 35.7 3.2 26.5 1.1 7.2
For-hire truck 24.9 4.1 49.7 7.2 43.7 8.4 10.9
Private truck 9.6 4.9 35.7 7.2 28.9 8.0 8.3
Rail
Water S S S S S S 29.9
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 29.9
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.5 2.0 20.8 0.1 24.4 0.1 6.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.5 2.0 20.8 0.1 24.4 0.1 6.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 28.4 1.6 S S S S 25.7

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.5 21.5 22.3 3.4
Single modes 39.8 8.0 25.0 6.9 25.8 6.9 8.6
Truck 40.5 8.0 25.1 7.1 26.0 7.4 2.1
For-hire truck 32.3 6.8 34.0 10.1 34.4 10.1 2.9
Private truck S S 35.9 11.3 37.8 11.4 15.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.2 7.2 23.5 1.5 22.7 1.6 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.2 7.2 23.5 1.5 22.7 1.6 3.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.2

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 23.6
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.6 23.1 24.3 22.7
Single modes 16.9 6.4 23.2 0.3 24.4 0.3 15.5
Truck 17.2 6.3 22.9 1.0 23.4 1.7 8.2
For-hire truck 28.7 12.4 36.9 12.9 36.9 12.7 9.5
Private truck 45.1 6.7 34.7 12.7 39.2 12.6 11.5
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 44.6 0.9 S S S S 19.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 27.4 0.3 22.8 0.3 24.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 27.4 0.3 22.8 0.3 24.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.2 43.3 44.7 2.4
Single modes 30.8 8.1 43.2 1.4 44.5 1.6 2.3
Truck 29.8 7.0 43.2 1.4 44.5 1.6 1.0
For-hire truck 32.1 8.2 46.1 7.4 47.6 7.2 0.8
Private truck 37.0 1.7 44.6 6.8 43.5 6.6 18.4
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 46.9 47.2 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.1 6.7 18.6 0.2 18.3 0.2 2.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.1 6.7 18.6 0.2 18.3 0.2 2.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 48.9 49.1 21.1
Single modes S S 49.0 14.9 49.3 14.9 25.8
Truck S S 49.0 14.9 49.3 14.9 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.9 20.1 20.6 2.4
Single modes 26.6 8.5 20.9 5.8 21.7 6.5 5.4
Truck 26.8 8.7 21.1 5.7 22.0 6.4 2.2
For-hire truck 25.0 8.2 19.2 8.4 20.7 8.9 2.6
Private truck S S S S S S 11.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.3 8.5 S S S S 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.7 7.5 27.7 0.5 28.8 0.6 2.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.1

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.3 49.3 48.4 0.6
Single modes 31.8 14.0 S S S S 10.6
Truck 39.5 16.7 S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck 39.5 16.7 S S S S 18.3
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.9 S S S S 0.7
Single modes 32.5 13.1 S S S S 10.6
Truck S S 30.6 18.7 30.7 18.9 10.6
For-hire truck S S 30.6 18.7 30.7 18.9 10.6
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.2 13.1 47.2 14.0 46.9 14.0 0.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.2 13.1 47.2 14.0 46.9 14.0 0.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 23.6 25.9 7.0
Single modes S S 23.9 0.9 26.1 1.1 2.4
Truck S S 31.5 12.8 25.7 15.4 2.3
For-hire truck S S 35.9 10.9 29.2 12.9 2.7
Private truck 25.3 4.8 32.7 5.1 34.2 5.6 16.6
Rail 42.0 1.2 33.6 13.5 33.4 16.3 21.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.5 5.7 23.8 0.8 26.9 1.0 7.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.5 5.7 23.8 0.8 26.9 1.0 7.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.7

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.2 24.2 25.9 3.8
Single modes 22.5 4.5 24.2 0.4 25.9 0.4 5.0
Truck 22.5 4.5 24.2 0.4 25.9 0.4 5.0
For-hire truck 14.2 4.2 39.0 10.0 41.2 10.3 5.8
Private truck 30.9 7.5 29.8 10.0 31.7 10.3 7.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 22.7 5.1 14.4 0.4 16.6 0.5 3.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 22.7 5.1 14.4 0.4 16.6 0.5 3.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 0.9
Single modes S S S S S S 0.8
Truck S S S S S S 0.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 0.9
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.8 9.4 35.5 2.0 35.3 2.1 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.8 9.4 35.5 2.0 35.3 2.1 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 36.9 36.4 1.5
Single modes S S 38.7 16.5 37.9 16.3 18.4
Truck S S 39.5 17.4 38.7 17.2 18.4
For-hire truck S S 41.6 18.5 40.7 18.3 21.2
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.1 47.2 48.7 2.7
Single modes 31.1 10.3 48.5 12.1 S S 10.7
Truck 32.5 9.6 S S S S 10.7
For-hire truck 33.0 9.4 S S S S 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.9 10.6 S S S S 3.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.9 10.6 S S S S 3.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 35.9 38.0 0.9
Single modes S S 37.0 7.0 39.2 7.0 2.8
Truck S S 41.4 13.1 41.0 13.5 15.0
For-hire truck S S 42.7 13.1 42.4 13.4 15.0
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 49.9 4.0 48.1 4.1 15.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.9 11.3 S S S S 1.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.9 11.3 S S S S 1.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.9 S S S S 0.5
Single modes S S S S S S 1.4
Truck S S S S S S 10.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 10.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.7 11.9 33.1 15.1 33.3 15.1 0.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.7 11.9 33.1 15.1 33.3 15.1 0.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.9 30.1 33.3 14.6
Single modes 17.1 6.0 31.5 7.7 34.3 8.1 15.9
Truck 17.1 6.0 31.5 7.7 34.3 8.1 14.5
For-hire truck 31.6 5.0 31.1 8.9 36.9 10.3 7.7
Private truck 18.5 5.9 46.3 11.9 S S 15.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.6 4.7 43.1 0.3 41.7 0.2 9.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.6 4.7 43.1 0.3 41.7 0.2 9.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.0 45.9 48.8 2.0
Single modes 25.0 6.3 46.0 1.4 48.9 1.3 3.2
Truck 27.9 5.2 S S S S 3.1
For-hire truck 30.6 5.8 45.2 19.6 S S 3.6
Private truck 42.3 3.0 44.2 8.2 44.4 8.1 15.2
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.6 6.3 36.0 1.4 36.5 1.3 2.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.6 6.3 36.0 1.4 36.5 1.3 2.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.4 35.7 35.2 1.2
Single modes 36.9 15.5 S S S S 10.6
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.5 15.5 S S S S 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.8 16.0 48.9 18.2 48.9 18.1 15.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 44.3 42.4 43.3 11.4
Single modes 45.3 10.3 43.0 10.8 43.9 10.7 15.1
Truck 45.5 10.3 45.7 11.2 47.9 11.6 15.1
For-hire truck S S 40.8 14.9 42.1 14.8 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 26.1
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.1 10.4 46.2 10.5 49.6 10.5 24.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.1 10.4 46.2 10.5 49.6 10.5 24.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.5 33.5 34.5 1.5
Single modes 22.9 11.2 37.5 7.7 38.5 7.6 3.1
Truck 24.5 11.3 38.6 9.2 40.1 9.5 1.9
For-hire truck 26.2 9.7 39.2 9.5 40.6 9.7 1.9
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 28.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.2 11.2 44.6 7.4 44.4 7.3 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.2 11.2 44.6 7.4 44.4 7.3 1.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.7 S S S S 18.6
Single modes S S S S S S 29.8
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.