Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 286,580 100.0 237,847 100.0 41,341 100.0
Less than 50 miles 93,642 32.7 162,279 68.2 3,386 8.2
50 to 99 miles 24,442 8.5 27,516 11.6 2,732 6.6
100 to 249 miles 35,701 12.5 19,790 8.3 4,325 10.5
250 to 499 miles 23,845 8.3 10,034 4.2 4,537 11.0
500 to 749 miles 40,756 14.2 6,223 2.6 4,912 11.9
750 to 999 miles 14,097 4.9 2,709 1.1 2,782 6.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 19,641 6.9 5,289 2.2 8,598 20.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,342 1.9 1,271 0.5 2,388 5.8
2,000 miles or more 29,114 10.2 2,736 1.2 7,682 18.6

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 225,159 100.0 232,243 100.0 35,149 100.0
Less than 50 miles 81,364 36.1 160,104 68.9 3,344 9.5
50 to 99 miles 20,369 9.0 27,280 11.7 2,709 7.7
100 to 249 miles 29,560 13.1 19,437 8.4 4,251 12.1
250 to 499 miles 16,801 7.5 9,729 4.2 4,397 12.5
500 to 749 miles S S 5,935 2.6 4,686 13.3
750 to 999 miles 9,466 4.2 2,540 1.1 2,609 7.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 11,767 5.2 4,146 1.8 5,708 16.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,111 0.9 1,112 0.5 2,037 5.8
2,000 miles or more S S 1,961 0.8 5,409 15.4

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 210,095 100.0 180,400 100.0 26,997 100.0
Less than 50 miles 75,472 35.9 128,952 71.5 2,979 11.0
50 to 99 miles 18,624 8.9 19,537 10.8 1,713 6.3
100 to 249 miles 27,908 13.3 12,341 6.8 2,393 8.9
250 to 499 miles 15,201 7.2 7,003 3.9 2,986 11.1
500 to 749 miles S S 3,947 2.2 3,012 11.2
750 to 999 miles 9,029 4.3 2,392 1.3 2,437 9.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 11,101 5.3 3,576 2.0 4,874 18.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,953 0.9 815 0.5 1,572 5.8
2,000 miles or more S S 1,836 1.0 5,031 18.6

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 146,644 100.0 89,824 100.0 21,175 100.0
Less than 50 miles 32,372 22.1 54,419 60.6 1,440 6.8
50 to 99 miles 11,027 7.5 9,900 11.0 917 4.3
100 to 249 miles 21,416 14.6 9,219 10.3 1,801 8.5
250 to 499 miles 12,427 8.5 5,492 6.1 2,363 11.2
500 to 749 miles S S 3,493 3.9 2,674 12.6
750 to 999 miles 8,452 5.8 1,963 2.2 1,999 9.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 10,443 7.1 3,142 3.5 4,342 20.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,718 1.2 571 0.6 1,129 5.3
2,000 miles or more S S 1,625 1.8 4,510 21.3

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 61,122 100.0 88,805 100.0 5,709 100.0
Less than 50 miles 41,941 68.6 73,323 82.6 1,499 26.3
50 to 99 miles 6,971 11.4 9,176 10.3 757 13.3
100 to 249 miles 6,232 10.2 3,045 3.4 581 10.2
250 to 499 miles 2,756 4.5 1,506 1.7 620 10.9
500 to 749 miles 1,774 2.9 443 0.5 331 5.8
750 to 999 miles 576 0.9 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 601 1.0 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 37 S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,293 100.0 5,987 100.0 3,853 100.0
Less than 50 miles 205 8.9 1,187 19.8 21 0.5
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 2,183 36.5 1,180 30.6
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 173 7.5 249 4.2 385 10.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,383 100.0 21,868 100.0 2,891 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,802 41.1 8,621 39.4 S S
50 to 99 miles 1,198 27.3 7,174 32.8 875 30.3
100 to 249 miles 1,073 24.5 5,701 26.1 S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,821 100.0 18,728 100.0 1,900 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,727 45.2 8,226 43.9 122 6.4
50 to 99 miles 1,041 27.2 6,118 32.7 581 30.6
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 562 100.0 3,140 100.0 991 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,889 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles 332 8.5 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 252 6.5 4 2.9 4 2.3
250 to 499 miles 383 9.9 3 2.3 2 1.3
500 to 749 miles 727 18.7 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 289 7.4 2 1.5 2 1.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 435 11.2 2 1.5 3 1.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 105 2.7 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 1,365 35.1 13 10.1 37 23.0

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,498 100.0 23,857 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 3,884 86.4 21,344 89.5 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 285 6.3 1,285 5.4 S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 55,563 100.0 2,406 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 8,881 16.0 459 19.1 S S
50 to 99 miles 3,547 6.4 128 5.3 15 0.4
100 to 249 miles 5,399 9.7 144 6.0 29 0.8
250 to 499 miles 6,662 12.0 123 5.1 53 1.4
500 to 749 miles 8,420 15.2 120 5.0 93 2.4
750 to 999 miles 4,481 8.1 77 3.2 79 2.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,702 13.9 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,156 5.7 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 7,315 13.2 169 7.0 495 12.9

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 54,415 100.0 1,001 100.0 743 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,749 16.1 207 20.7 7 0.9
50 to 99 miles 3,529 6.5 111 11.1 10 1.4
100 to 249 miles 5,399 9.9 144 14.4 29 3.9
250 to 499 miles 6,490 11.9 117 11.7 50 6.7
500 to 749 miles 8,395 15.4 107 10.7 80 10.8
750 to 999 miles 4,460 8.2 69 6.9 70 9.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,467 13.7 111 11.1 149 20.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,743 5.0 28 2.8 55 7.4
2,000 miles or more 7,184 13.2 106 10.6 292 39.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 197 100.0 481 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 11 5.8 18 3.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 317 100.0 124 100.0 23 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 5,858 100.0 3,197 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 3,396 58.0 1,716 53.7 23 1.0
50 to 99 miles 526 9.0 108 3.4 9 0.4
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 382 6.5 183 5.7 87 3.7
500 to 749 miles 160 2.7 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 172 2.9 90 2.8 130 5.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 75 1.3 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 254 4.3 S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.