Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 286,580 100.0 237,847 100.0 41,341 100.0 511
Less than 50 lbs 48,816 17.0 665 0.3 344 0.8 647
50 to 99 lbs 10,889 3.8 485 0.2 219 0.5 460
100 to 499 lbs 27,502 9.6 2,791 1.2 699 1.7 276
500 to 749 lbs 7,566 2.6 1,424 0.6 320 0.8 226
750 to 999 lbs 7,904 2.8 1,474 0.6 177 0.4 121
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 63,157 22.0 19,340 8.1 4,721 11.4 224
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 98,196 34.3 77,532 32.6 16,437 39.8 228
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 8,019 2.8 61,132 25.7 4,303 10.4 64
100,000 lbs or more 14,530 5.1 73,003 30.7 14,122 34.2 S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 225,159 100.0 232,243 100.0 35,149 100.0 190
Less than 50 lbs 7,849 3.5 268 0.1 40 0.1 194
50 to 99 lbs 4,081 1.8 246 0.1 38 0.1 144
100 to 499 lbs 19,800 8.8 2,353 1.0 461 1.3 203
500 to 749 lbs 6,755 3.0 1,358 0.6 299 0.9 221
750 to 999 lbs 7,479 3.3 1,402 0.6 167 0.5 119
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 61,423 27.3 18,329 7.9 4,195 11.9 203
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 95,761 42.5 75,946 32.7 15,743 44.8 223
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 7,689 3.4 60,521 26.1 2,736 7.8 45
100,000 lbs or more 14,321 6.4 71,821 30.9 11,470 32.6 S

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 210,095 100.0 180,400 100.0 26,997 100.0 164
Less than 50 lbs 5,590 2.7 261 0.1 30 0.1 128
50 to 99 lbs 3,655 1.7 244 0.1 33 0.1 128
100 to 499 lbs 19,036 9.1 2,346 1.3 451 1.7 199
500 to 749 lbs 6,608 3.1 1,357 0.8 298 1.1 220
750 to 999 lbs 7,442 3.5 1,400 0.8 160 0.6 115
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 61,205 29.1 18,316 10.2 4,179 15.5 202
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 95,446 45.4 75,746 42.0 15,550 57.6 221
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 7,591 3.6 60,410 33.5 2,620 9.7 43
100,000 lbs or more 3,522 1.7 20,321 11.3 3,673 13.6 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 146,644 100.0 89,824 100.0 21,175 100.0 447
Less than 50 lbs 2,380 1.6 48 24 0.1 402
50 to 99 lbs 1,478 1.0 43 27 0.1 595
100 to 499 lbs 10,375 7.1 586 0.7 330 1.6 617
500 to 749 lbs 3,484 2.4 399 0.4 229 1.1 568
750 to 999 lbs S S 355 0.4 117 0.6 329
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 42,934 29.3 7,817 8.7 3,374 15.9 427
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 75,032 51.2 40,344 44.9 13,349 63.0 379
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,695 2.5 32,051 35.7 1,809 8.5 56
100,000 lbs or more 1,616 1.1 8,179 9.1 1,918 9.1 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 61,122 100.0 88,805 100.0 5,709 100.0 47
Less than 50 lbs 3,210 5.3 212 0.2 6 0.1 31
50 to 99 lbs 2,175 3.6 200 0.2 6 0.1 31
100 to 499 lbs 8,659 14.2 1,759 2.0 121 2.1 63
500 to 749 lbs 3,125 5.1 958 1.1 69 1.2 S
750 to 999 lbs 1,773 2.9 1,040 1.2 41 0.7 40
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17,601 28.8 10,278 11.6 777 13.6 63
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 18,847 30.8 34,057 38.4 2,126 37.2 61
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,827 6.3 28,158 31.7 806 14.1 28
100,000 lbs or more 1,905 3.1 12,142 13.7 S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,293 100.0 5,987 100.0 3,853 100.0 785
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 743
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 87
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 424
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 514
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 16 0.7 5 5 0.1 1,017
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 270 11.8 138 2.3 121 3.1 867
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 31 1.4 57 1.0 63 1.6 1,168
100,000 lbs or more 1,975 86.1 5,786 96.6 3,664 95.1 741

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,383 100.0 21,868 100.0 2,891 100.0 143
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 294
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 426
100,000 lbs or more 4,329 98.8 21,864 100.0 2,890 99.9 138

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,821 100.0 18,728 100.0 1,900 100.0 80
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 3,821 100.0 18,728 100.0 1,900 100.0 80

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 562 100.0 3,140 100.0 991 100.0 329
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 294
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 426
100,000 lbs or more 508 90.3 3,136 99.9 990 99.8 323

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,889 100.0 S S S S 1,392
Less than 50 lbs 2,259 58.1 7 5.2 10 6.3 1,370
50 to 99 lbs 426 11.0 2 1.6 5 2.9 2,139
100 to 499 lbs 764 19.7 7 5.4 10 6.2 1,276
500 to 749 lbs S S 1 0.7 1 0.8 1,285
750 to 999 lbs 37 0.9 S S S S 2,406
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 201 5.2 8 5.7 10 5.9 1,310
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,185
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,108
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,498 100.0 23,857 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 4,496 99.9 23,850 100.0 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 55,563 100.0 2,406 100.0 S S 858
Less than 50 lbs 39,921 71.8 365 15.2 303 7.9 862
50 to 99 lbs 6,505 11.7 208 8.6 181 4.7 890
100 to 499 lbs 7,053 12.7 334 13.9 233 6.0 743
500 to 749 lbs 574 1.0 41 1.7 19 0.5 506
750 to 999 lbs 387 0.7 57 2.4 9 0.2 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,226
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 235 9.8 S S 1,856
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 719
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,397

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 54,415 100.0 1,001 100.0 743 100.0 858
Less than 50 lbs 39,917 73.4 365 36.5 303 40.7 862
50 to 99 lbs 6,504 12.0 208 20.8 180 24.3 889
100 to 499 lbs 7,048 13.0 334 33.4 232 31.3 742
500 to 749 lbs 573 1.1 41 4.1 19 2.6 509
750 to 999 lbs 373 0.7 53 5.3 8 1.1 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 197 100.0 481 100.0 2,472
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,246
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,513
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,974

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 317 100.0 124 100.0 23 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 5,323
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 5,492
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 5,335
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 143
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,463
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 719
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 45

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 922
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,692

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 5,858 100.0 3,197 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs 1,046 17.8 S S 1 S
50 to 99 lbs 302 5.2 S S S
100 to 499 lbs 649 11.1 S S 5 0.2 S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs 39 0.7 S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,727 29.5 1,008 31.5 S S 582
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,711 29.2 1,351 42.3 257 11.0 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,504
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 8

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.