Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 286,580 100.0 237,847 100.0 41,341 100.0 511
Single modes 225,159 78.6 232,243 97.6 35,149 85.0 190
Truck3 210,095 73.3 180,400 75.8 26,997 65.3 164
For-hire Truck 146,644 51.2 89,824 37.8 21,175 51.2 447
Private Truck 61,122 21.3 88,805 37.3 5,709 13.8 47
Rail 2,293 0.8 5,987 2.5 3,853 9.3 785
Water 4,383 1.5 21,868 9.2 2,891 7.0 143
Shallow draft 3,821 1.3 18,728 7.9 1,900 4.6 80
Great Lakes
Deep draft 562 0.2 3,140 1.3 991 2.4 329
Air (including truck and air) 3,889 1.4 S S S S 1,392
Pipeline4 4,498 1.6 23,857 10.0 S S S
Multiple modes 55,563 19.4 2,406 1.0 S S 858
Parcel, USPS or courier 54,415 19.0 1,001 0.4 743 1.8 858
Truck and rail S S 197 481 1.2 2,472
Truck and water 317 0.1 124 23 S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 922
Other and unknown modes 5,858 2.0 3,197 1.3 S S S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 214
Single modes S S S S S S 214
Truck3 S S S S S S 214
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 353
Private Truck S S S S S S 15
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,082 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 1,663 79.9 S S S S S
Truck3 1,663 79.9 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 770
Private Truck 1,441 69.2 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,431
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,431
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 658
Single modes S S S S S S 763
Truck3 S S S S S S 763
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 757
Private Truck S S 4 0.3 2 0.5 930
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 25 5.3 S S S S 430
Parcel, USPS or courier 25 5.3 S S S S 430
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 925
Private Truck 1,185 44.0 452 40.5 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 127
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 127
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,634 100.0 S S 902 100.0 S
Single modes 6,504 98.0 S S S S S
Truck3 6,456 97.3 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 537
Private Truck S S 2,058 38.3 163 18.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 955
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 692
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 688
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,988
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 581

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13,728 100.0 10,131 100.0 3,502 100.0 233
Single modes 13,519 98.5 10,081 99.5 3,400 97.1 179
Truck3 13,483 98.2 10,068 99.4 3,385 96.7 178
For-hire Truck 9,021 65.7 5,897 58.2 2,949 84.2 325
Private Truck 4,459 32.5 4,168 41.1 436 12.5 S
Rail 26 0.2 S S S S 768
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,126
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 162 1.2 31 0.3 S S 564
Parcel, USPS or courier 139 1.0 14 0.1 8 0.2 562
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,174
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,100

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,787 100.0 3,199 100.0 800 100.0 S
Single modes 4,777 99.8 3,188 99.7 790 98.8 S
Truck3 4,777 99.8 3,188 99.7 790 98.8 S
For-hire Truck S S 1,498 46.8 S S 352
Private Truck 2,783 58.1 1,690 52.8 62 7.7 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,226
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 40
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,345
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 229

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 301
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,050
Private Truck S S S S S S 38
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 870
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 870
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 80

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 13
Single modes S S S S S S 13
Truck3 S S S S S S 13
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 22
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 14

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 150 100.0 11,402 100.0 S S 71
Single modes 147 98.5 11,158 97.9 S S 74
Truck3 134 89.8 10,355 90.8 S S 72
For-hire Truck 66 43.9 4,837 42.4 328 17.4 85
Private Truck S S 5,518 48.4 S S 64
Rail S S S S S S 201
Water S S S S S S 74
Shallow draft S S S S S S 74
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 294 100.0 35,292 100.0 1,328 100.0 31
Single modes 288 97.8 34,801 98.6 1,324 99.7 32
Truck3 288 97.8 34,801 98.6 1,324 99.7 32
For-hire Truck 192 65.4 24,077 68.2 965 72.7 39
Private Truck 95 32.4 10,725 30.4 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 79
Truck3 S S S S S S 79
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 719
Private Truck S S S S S S 35
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 129
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 129
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 636
Single modes S S S S S S 667
Truck3 S S S S S S 667
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 685
Private Truck S S S S S S 35
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 501
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 501
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,067 100.0 49,895 100.0 3,235 100.0 30
Single modes 11,064 100.0 49,888 100.0 3,235 100.0 30
Truck3 6,327 57.2 28,229 56.6 1,097 33.9 29
For-hire Truck 2,120 19.2 8,209 16.5 S S 29
Private Truck 4,146 37.5 19,828 39.7 S S 30
Rail
Water S S S S S S 167
Shallow draft 1,673 15.1 S S S S 113
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 296
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 2,856 25.8 12,396 24.8 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 1

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,133 100.0 33,219 100.0 1,522 100.0 28
Single modes 6,103 99.5 33,089 99.6 1,515 99.6 28
Truck3 3,449 56.2 15,476 46.6 583 38.3 28
For-hire Truck 656 10.7 3,170 9.5 S S 53
Private Truck 2,788 45.5 12,290 37.0 397 26.1 27
Rail S S S S S S 68
Water 1,272 20.7 6,903 20.8 777 51.1 112
Shallow draft 1,130 18.4 6,107 18.4 539 35.5 81
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 287
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 6
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 63
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,740 100.0 12,391 100.0 2,355 100.0 218
Single modes 3,682 98.5 12,275 99.1 2,328 98.9 185
Truck3 1,381 36.9 4,434 35.8 549 23.3 164
For-hire Truck 869 23.2 2,037 16.4 334 14.2 363
Private Truck 512 13.7 2,397 19.3 215 9.1 58
Rail S S 2,298 18.5 S S 744
Water S S 5,259 42.4 S S 150
Shallow draft S S 4,085 33.0 219 9.3 37
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 371
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 903
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 567
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 525
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,216
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,326
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 63
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 42

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,923 100.0 8,586 100.0 S S 833
Single modes 5,642 81.5 6,444 75.1 4,748 51.3 569
Truck3 4,801 69.3 4,075 47.5 2,702 29.2 557
For-hire Truck 3,920 56.6 2,560 29.8 2,611 28.2 754
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,124
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 722
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 530 7.7 S S S S 1,009
Parcel, USPS or courier 388 5.6 S S S S 1,009
Truck and rail S S S S S S 823
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,879
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 739

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 1,321 100.0 225 100.0 855
Single modes S S 1,274 96.4 196 87.2 S
Truck3 S S 1,273 96.4 195 86.6 S
For-hire Truck S S 1,264 95.7 192 85.3 S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,499
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 10,320 16.8 43 3.3 28 12.6 911
Parcel, USPS or courier 10,320 16.8 43 3.3 28 12.6 911
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 47

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 391
Single modes S S S S S S 10
Truck3 S S S S S S 10
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 10
Private Truck S S S S S S 10
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 393
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 393
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,487 100.0 2,474 100.0 1,876 100.0 663
Single modes 8,114 85.5 2,396 96.8 1,775 94.6 420
Truck3 7,687 81.0 2,170 87.7 1,565 83.4 400
For-hire Truck 6,918 72.9 2,030 82.0 1,545 82.3 843
Private Truck 769 8.1 140 5.6 S S S
Rail 315 3.3 226 9.1 209 11.1 1,004
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,000
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 60 2.4 S S 902
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 29 1.2 S S 902
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,970
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,671 100.0 3,986 100.0 2,449 100.0 419
Single modes 10,184 87.3 3,864 96.9 2,360 96.4 S
Truck3 10,144 86.9 3,861 96.9 2,352 96.0 S
For-hire Truck 6,476 55.5 2,674 67.1 1,806 73.7 448
Private Truck 3,665 31.4 1,186 29.7 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 2,645
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 35 0.3 1 S S 1,241
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,266 10.8 56 1.4 56 2.3 735
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,194 10.2 46 1.2 35 1.4 735
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,937
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 221 1.9 S S S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 329
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 329

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 2,209 100.0 271 100.0 85
Single modes S S 2,114 95.7 S S 73
Truck3 S S 2,093 94.7 S S 73
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 353
Private Truck S S S S 96 35.4 61
Rail S S S S S S 387
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,062
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 248
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 260
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 143
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 25 0.7 S S S S 182

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,770 100.0 1,070 100.0 311 100.0 S
Single modes 1,743 98.5 1,055 98.6 310 99.5 S
Truck3 1,742 98.5 1,055 98.6 309 99.2 S
For-hire Truck 1,135 64.2 775 72.5 293 94.2 363
Private Truck S S S S S S 27
Rail S S S S S S 3,084
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,113
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 638
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 638
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 8 0.5 13 1.2 S S S

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,869 100.0 1,501 100.0 385 100.0 S
Single modes 2,647 92.3 1,455 96.9 373 96.9 170
Truck3 2,647 92.3 1,455 96.9 373 96.9 169
For-hire Truck 1,772 61.8 960 63.9 346 89.8 456
Private Truck 875 30.5 495 33.0 27 7.1 41
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,492
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 164 5.7 20 1.3 10 2.7 S
Parcel, USPS or courier 163 5.7 20 1.3 10 2.7 S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 22

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,673 100.0 980 100.0 298 100.0 339
Single modes 3,504 75.0 845 86.2 279 93.6 326
Truck3 3,352 71.7 842 85.9 275 92.4 S
For-hire Truck 1,973 42.2 493 50.3 262 87.9 408
Private Truck 1,379 29.5 349 35.6 13 4.5 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 152 3.3 4 0.4 4 1.2 1,393
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 601 12.9 26 2.6 S S 491
Parcel, USPS or courier 601 12.9 26 2.6 S S 491
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 568 12.2 S S 9 3.1 S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18,659 100.0 2,135 100.0 S S 836
Single modes 14,339 76.8 1,942 91.0 S S 620
Truck3 14,252 76.4 1,940 90.9 S S 617
For-hire Truck 9,647 51.7 S S S S 830
Private Truck 4,020 21.5 S S S S 110
Rail S S S S S S 915
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,934
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4,237 22.7 180 8.4 145 11.4 933
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,231 22.7 180 8.4 144 11.3 932
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,413
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 334

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,789 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 2,444 87.6 S S S S S
Truck3 2,434 87.3 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 1,345 48.2 S S S S S
Private Truck 1,070 38.4 S S S S 33
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,547
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 640
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 2 0.3 641
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 305
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 167 1.0 S S 265

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,330 100.0 9,138 100.0 2,592 100.0 369
Single modes 5,957 94.1 9,059 99.1 2,538 98.0 332
Truck3 5,717 90.3 7,809 85.5 1,686 65.0 305
For-hire Truck S S 6,846 74.9 1,615 62.3 422
Private Truck 686 10.8 963 10.5 71 2.7 S
Rail 182 2.9 1,158 12.7 746 28.8 571
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,715
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 216 3.4 7 4 0.2 465
Parcel, USPS or courier 216 3.4 7 4 0.1 465
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,398
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 156 2.5 S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,849 100.0 1,653 100.0 613 100.0 375
Single modes 2,356 61.2 1,539 93.1 552 90.0 263
Truck3 2,285 59.4 1,536 92.9 545 88.9 183
For-hire Truck 1,385 36.0 891 53.9 480 78.3 411
Private Truck 900 23.4 644 39.0 65 10.6 28
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,522
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,346 35.0 37 2.2 20 3.2 481
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,346 35.0 37 2.2 20 3.2 481
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 147 3.8 S S S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,111 100.0 552 100.0 260 100.0 521
Single modes 3,856 63.1 418 75.8 244 93.9 S
Truck3 3,728 61.0 415 75.2 237 91.1 S
For-hire Truck 2,667 43.6 S S 222 85.2 517
Private Truck S S 125 22.7 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 128 2.1 S S S S 1,207
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,819 29.8 16 3.0 10 3.7 812
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,819 29.8 16 3.0 10 3.7 812
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 436 7.1 S S S S 305

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 27,388 100.0 866 100.0 627 100.0 722
Single modes 10,190 37.2 550 63.5 466 74.3 810
Truck3 8,636 31.5 543 62.8 456 72.7 681
For-hire Truck 6,185 22.6 353 40.8 402 64.1 1,096
Private Truck 2,451 9.0 S S S S 179
Rail S S S S S S 1,404
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,553 5.7 6 0.7 9 1.5 1,703
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 16,303 59.5 203 23.5 159 25.3 920
Parcel, USPS or courier 16,277 59.4 192 22.2 139 22.2 920
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,827
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 2 0.3 S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,952 100.0 1,561 100.0 301 100.0 352
Single modes 11,163 93.4 1,508 96.6 284 94.4 S
Truck3 11,160 93.4 1,507 96.6 284 94.3 S
For-hire Truck 4,768 39.9 377 24.1 134 44.7 302
Private Truck 6,392 53.5 1,130 72.4 149 49.6 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 789
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 454 3.8 22 1.4 S S 902
Parcel, USPS or courier 454 3.8 22 1.4 S S 902
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 335 2.8 31 2.0 S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 940 100.0 20 100.0 14 100.0 856
Single modes 338 35.9 10 48.7 7 50.1 774
Truck3 238 25.3 8 39.7 5 38.1 417
For-hire Truck 199 21.1 6 27.3 5 32.2 676
Private Truck S S S S S S 107
Rail
Water S S S S S S 785
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 785
Air (including truck and air) 45 4.8 0.1 0.4 2,104
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 579 61.6 S S S S 883
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 880
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,562
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 23 2.5 1 6.1 S S 118

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13,429 100.0 98 100.0 69 100.0 920
Single modes S S 54 54.6 20 28.4 476
Truck3 S S 52 53.2 18 25.8 S
For-hire Truck S S S S 17 24.6 520
Private Truck S S S S S S 31
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,354
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 6,491 48.3 38 38.6 32 46.5 1,011
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,491 48.3 38 38.6 32 46.5 1,011
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,067 100.0 S S S S 300
Single modes 2,555 83.3 S S S S S
Truck3 2,555 83.3 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 1,295 42.2 545 57.4 S S 264
Private Truck 1,260 41.1 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 959
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 959
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 19,230 100.0 2,303 100.0 1,183 100.0 907
Single modes 12,943 67.3 2,031 88.2 910 76.9 427
Truck3 12,494 65.0 2,028 88.1 905 76.5 341
For-hire Truck 9,806 51.0 1,617 70.2 847 71.6 429
Private Truck 2,688 14.0 412 17.9 59 5.0 103
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2 0.1 S S 1,310
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,916 30.8 212 9.2 241 20.3 1,056
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,780 30.1 150 6.5 153 12.9 1,056
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,253
Truck and water S S S S S S 37
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 77 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S 77 100.0 S
Truck3 S S S S 77 99.9 S
For-hire Truck S S S S 28 35.7 S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 23
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 23
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 121
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,978
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,978
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14,648 100.0 6,505 100.0 922 100.0 389
Single modes 11,616 79.3 6,277 96.5 821 89.0 148
Truck3 11,603 79.2 6,277 96.5 820 88.9 142
For-hire Truck 6,417 43.8 2,794 42.9 639 69.3 S
Private Truck 3,535 24.1 1,961 30.1 98 10.6 59
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 13 S S S S 1,281
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,200 15.0 107 1.6 57 6.1 614
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,200 15.0 107 1.6 57 6.1 614
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 970 100.0 S S 50 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S 50 99.2 S
Truck3 S S S S 50 99.2 S
For-hire Truck S S S S 49 98.5 S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.1 0.8 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.1 0.8 S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.