Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 286,580 100.0 237,847 100.0 41,341 100.0 511
Single modes 225,159 78.6 232,243 97.6 35,149 85.0 190
Truck 210,095 73.3 180,400 75.8 26,997 65.3 164
For-hire truck 146,644 51.2 89,824 37.8 21,175 51.2 447
Private truck 61,122 21.3 88,805 37.3 5,709 13.8 47
Rail 2,293 0.8 5,987 2.5 3,853 9.3 785
Water 4,383 1.5 21,868 9.2 2,891 7.0 143
Shallow draft 3,821 1.3 18,728 7.9 1,900 4.6 80
Great Lakes
Deep draft 562 0.2 3,140 1.3 991 2.4 329
Air (including truck and air) 3,889 1.4 S S S S 1,392
Pipeline3 4,498 1.6 23,857 10.0 S S S
Multiple modes 55,563 19.4 2,406 1.0 S S 858
Parcel, USPS or courier 54,415 19.0 1,001 0.4 743 1.8 858
Truck and rail S S 197 481 1.2 2,472
Truck and water 317 0.1 124 23 S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 922
Other and unknown modes 5,858 2.0 3,197 1.3 S S S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,231 100.0 177 100.0 169 100.0 970
Single modes 798 64.8 169 95.5 161 95.2 982
Truck 752 61.1 165 92.9 156 92.4 971
For-hire truck 716 58.1 159 90.0 152 89.6 972
Private truck S S S S S S 891
Rail S S S S S S 1,104
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,061
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 433 35.2 8 4.5 8 4.8 966
Parcel, USPS or courier 433 35.2 8 4.5 8 4.8 966
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 979

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 65 100.0 S S S S 2,476
Single modes S S S S S S 4,399
Truck 7 10.9 S S S S 2,262
For-hire truck 7 10.9 S S S S 2,262
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,557
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,387
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,387
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,595 100.0 S S S S 2,450
Single modes S S S S S S 2,509
Truck S S S S S S 2,425
For-hire truck S S 220 50.3 538 50.4 2,424
Private truck S S S S S S 2,459
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 98 3.8 S S S S 2,732
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,152 44.4 21 4.8 51 4.8 2,445
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,152 44.4 21 4.8 51 4.8 2,445
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,410

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 894 100.0 136 100.0 167 100.0 1,235
Single modes 674 75.3 131 96.4 161 96.3 1,227
Truck 648 72.4 123 90.2 149 89.3 1,230
For-hire truck 577 64.5 114 83.3 139 83.0 1,237
Private truck S S S S S S 1,172
Rail S S S S S S 1,356
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,208
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 214 23.9 4 3.0 5 3.2 1,237
Parcel, USPS or courier 214 23.9 4 3.0 5 3.2 1,237
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,254

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,255 100.0 1,785 100.0 5,128 100.0 2,823
Single modes 4,985 48.6 1,081 60.5 3,052 59.5 2,813
Truck 4,149 40.5 1,057 59.2 2,982 58.2 2,842
For-hire truck 4,139 40.4 1,055 59.1 2,976 58.0 2,842
Private truck S S S S S S 2,856
Rail S S S S S S 3,093
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 793 7.7 6 0.3 15 0.3 2,711
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5,083 49.6 113 6.3 336 6.6 2,824
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,987 48.6 66 3.7 185 3.6 2,824
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,201
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,842

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 967 100.0 S S S S 1,823
Single modes 401 41.5 S S S S 1,878
Truck 326 33.8 S S S S 1,809
For-hire truck 311 32.2 S S S S 1,810
Private truck S S S S S S 1,805
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 74 7.7 S S S S 2,190
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 6 5.1 10 5.3 1,813
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 6 5.1 10 5.3 1,813
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,775

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,468 100.0 5,025 100.0 707 100.0 139
Single modes 3,570 79.9 4,991 99.3 702 99.4 166
Truck 3,147 70.4 2,354 46.8 330 46.7 129
For-hire truck 1,959 43.8 1,340 26.7 156 22.1 125
Private truck 1,092 24.4 919 18.3 S S 141
Rail S S S S S S 413
Water 388 8.7 2,606 51.9 359 50.8 95
Shallow draft 343 7.7 2,280 45.4 247 34.9 86
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 345
Air (including truck and air) 21 0.5 S S S S 1,011
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 828 18.5 19 0.4 2 0.3 128
Parcel, USPS or courier 828 18.5 19 0.4 2 0.3 128
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 70 1.6 16 0.3 S S 126

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,918 100.0 3,186 100.0 365 100.0 95
Single modes 1,801 93.9 3,171 99.5 363 99.7 86
Truck 1,745 91.0 2,890 90.7 290 79.6 86
For-hire truck 949 49.5 1,775 55.7 S S 112
Private truck S S 1,060 33.3 71 19.6 66
Rail S S S S S S 118
Water S S S S S S 265
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 265
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,076
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 105 5.5 S S S S 109
Parcel, USPS or courier 92 4.8 3 108
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 143
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 86

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 277 100.0 S S 9 100.0 304
Single modes S S S S 8 97.9 386
Truck S S S S S S 226
For-hire truck S S 8 28.0 2 21.2 193
Private truck S S S S S S 238
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,518
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 2.6 1.9 226
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 2.6 1.9 226
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,041

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,411 100.0 2,051 100.0 2,315 100.0 1,177
Single modes 5,336 56.7 1,957 95.4 2,207 95.4 1,178
Truck 5,062 53.8 1,923 93.8 2,163 93.4 1,144
For-hire truck 4,549 48.3 1,217 59.3 1,372 59.3 1,140
Private truck S S S S S S 1,177
Rail 36 0.4 S S S S 1,247
Water S S S S S S 1,759
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,759
Air (including truck and air) 217 2.3 1 2 1,456
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3,912 41.6 51 2.5 60 2.6 1,177
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,823 40.6 39 1.9 46 2.0 1,177
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,286
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,309
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,142

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 1,232 100.0 1,045 100.0 879
Single modes S S 1,184 96.1 1,005 96.2 886
Truck S S 951 77.2 805 77.0 854
For-hire truck S S 837 68.0 708 67.7 851
Private truck 265 1.2 114 9.2 97 9.2 862
Rail S S S S S S 866
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.1 S S 962
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 23 1.9 20 1.9 878
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 23 1.9 20 1.9 878
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 10 S S S S 817

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,285
Single modes S S S S S S 5,070
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,070
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 30 41.8 S S S S 5,299
Parcel, USPS or courier 16 22.8 S S S S 5,297
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,384
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 158 100.0 6 100.0 15 100.0 2,479
Single modes S S 5 80.6 12 80.7 2,563
Truck 33 20.8 5 80.1 12 80.1 2,574
For-hire truck S S 5 75.3 11 75.3 2,575
Private truck S S S S S S 2,471
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,499
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 81 51.3 1 19.4 3 19.3 2,470
Parcel, USPS or courier 81 51.3 1 19.4 3 19.3 2,470
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,607 100.0 1,341 100.0 1,123 100.0 842
Single modes 4,271 76.2 1,263 94.2 1,058 94.2 828
Truck 4,028 71.8 931 69.4 751 66.9 818
For-hire truck 3,514 62.7 864 64.4 696 62.0 813
Private truck S S 66 4.9 54 4.8 866
Rail 59 1.1 S S S S 941
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 184 3.3 S S S S 917
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,300 23.2 38 2.8 33 3.0 845
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,275 22.7 25 1.9 21 1.9 845
Truck and rail S S S S S S 952
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 36 0.6 S S S S 842

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,774 100.0 426 100.0 313 100.0 800
Single modes 1,566 56.4 402 94.4 296 94.7 900
Truck 1,412 50.9 274 64.3 192 61.3 704
For-hire truck 1,328 47.9 264 62.0 185 59.1 705
Private truck S S S S S S 693
Rail 34 1.2 128 30.0 104 33.3 814
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,190
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,205 43.4 9 2.2 7 2.2 787
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,205 43.4 9 2.2 7 2.2 787
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 684

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,326 100.0 S S S S 1,094
Single modes S S S S S S 1,071
Truck S S S S S S 1,082
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,071
Private truck S S S S S S 1,147
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 977
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 281 21.2 11 2.6 12 2.6 1,105
Parcel, USPS or courier 281 21.2 11 2.6 12 2.6 1,105
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 992

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 71 100.0 89 100.0 1,296
Single modes S S 52 73.3 65 73.0 1,245
Truck S S 43 60.6 53 59.2 1,230
For-hire truck S S 41 57.5 50 56.0 1,229
Private truck S S S S S S 1,238
Rail S S S S S S 1,351
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 0.1 1,293
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,305
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,305
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,162

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,279 100.0 250 100.0 187 100.0 743
Single modes 724 56.6 237 94.8 176 94.4 745
Truck 699 54.6 210 84.0 152 81.5 725
For-hire truck 468 36.6 171 68.5 124 66.7 723
Private truck S S S S S S 744
Rail S S S S S S 903
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 875
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 555 43.4 13 5.2 10 5.6 743
Parcel, USPS or courier 555 43.4 13 5.2 10 5.6 743
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 707

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,563 100.0 S S S S 1,365
Single modes 481 30.8 S S S S 1,350
Truck 392 25.1 144 14.0 184 7.4 1,335
For-hire truck 383 24.5 133 12.9 169 6.8 1,321
Private truck S S S S S S 1,391
Rail 75 4.8 80 7.8 117 4.7 1,448
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,490
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,368
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 8 0.8 11 0.5 1,367
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,704
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,735
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,341

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 882 100.0 331 100.0 139 100.0 447
Single modes 676 76.6 324 98.1 136 98.1 450
Truck 664 75.3 281 85.1 120 86.3 447
For-hire truck S S 211 64.0 92 66.5 441
Private truck 225 25.5 70 21.2 27 19.8 474
Rail
Water S S S S S S 384
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 384
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,477
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 168 19.0 3 0.9 1 1.0 448
Parcel, USPS or courier 168 19.0 3 0.9 1 1.0 448
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 413

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,871 100.0 3,189 100.0 542 100.0 195
Single modes 8,472 85.8 3,070 96.3 518 95.5 222
Truck 8,333 84.4 2,129 66.7 335 61.7 165
For-hire truck 7,259 73.5 1,421 44.5 224 41.3 164
Private truck 1,074 10.9 708 22.2 110 20.4 168
Rail S S S S S S 141
Water S S 941 29.5 S S 179
Shallow draft S S S S S S 105
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 502
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,208
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,009 10.2 40 1.3 7 1.4 187
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,009 10.2 40 1.3 7 1.4 187
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 203

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,014 100.0 3,321 100.0 897 100.0 248
Single modes 5,519 78.7 3,166 95.3 857 95.6 255
Truck 5,210 74.3 1,901 57.2 474 52.9 221
For-hire truck 3,485 49.7 1,455 43.8 360 40.1 219
Private truck 1,574 22.4 440 13.2 113 12.6 225
Rail S S 157 4.7 65 7.2 412
Water S S S S S S 287
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 287
Air (including truck and air) 77 1.1 S S S S 521
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,395 19.9 39 1.2 11 1.3 246
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,223 17.4 33 1.0 9 0.9 246
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 505
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 100 1.4 S S S S 230

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,361 100.0 868 100.0 565 100.0 692
Single modes 2,786 63.9 834 96.0 542 95.9 712
Truck 2,724 62.5 777 89.5 505 89.5 691
For-hire truck 2,379 54.6 678 78.0 441 78.0 683
Private truck 328 7.5 94 10.9 62 10.9 767
Rail S S S S S S 534
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 52 1.2 S S S S 850
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,512 34.7 24 2.7 16 2.9 689
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,512 34.7 24 2.7 16 2.9 689
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 666

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,048 100.0 448 100.0 561 100.0 1,231
Single modes 1,108 54.1 421 94.0 528 94.0 1,206
Truck 1,092 53.3 421 94.0 528 94.0 1,206
For-hire truck 1,081 52.8 418 93.2 524 93.3 1,206
Private truck S S S S S S 1,220
Rail S S S S S S 1,346
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,223
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 930 45.4 13 2.9 16 2.9 1,235
Parcel, USPS or courier 930 45.4 13 2.9 16 2.9 1,235
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,199

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 583 100.0 166 100.0 197 100.0 1,150
Single modes 305 52.4 156 93.6 184 93.4 1,150
Truck 277 47.5 153 92.2 181 92.0 1,147
For-hire truck 276 47.3 153 92.1 181 91.9 1,147
Private truck S S S S S S 1,158
Rail S S S S S S 1,170
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,219
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 278 47.6 11 6.4 13 6.6 1,150
Parcel, USPS or courier 272 46.7 8 4.6 9 4.5 1,150
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,302
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,848 100.0 474 100.0 510 100.0 1,089
Single modes 1,078 58.3 460 97.2 495 97.1 1,065
Truck 1,043 56.4 455 96.1 489 96.0 1,050
For-hire truck 904 48.9 405 85.5 436 85.5 1,054
Private truck 139 7.5 S S 53 10.4 1,033
Rail S S S S S S 1,097
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,343
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 764 41.3 13 2.7 14 2.8 1,096
Parcel, USPS or courier 764 41.3 13 2.7 14 2.8 1,096
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,047

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,201
Single modes S S S S S S 2,234
Truck S S S S S S 2,241
For-hire truck 46 40.1 S S S S 2,235
Private truck S S S S S S 2,252
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,133
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2.9 1 3.1 2,194
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2.9 1 3.1 2,194
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 222 100.0 29 100.0 37 100.0 1,336
Single modes 121 54.6 25 88.1 33 87.0 1,298
Truck 121 54.4 25 87.6 32 86.5 1,299
For-hire truck 88 39.4 22 75.8 28 74.6 1,288
Private truck S S S S S S 1,314
Rail S S S S S S 1,424
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,264
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 82 36.8 S S S S 1,342
Parcel, USPS or courier 82 36.8 S S S S 1,342
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,246

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 54 100.0 140 100.0 2,589
Single modes S S S S S S 2,621
Truck S S S S S S 2,552
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,552
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,899
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 185 1.4 4 8.3 11 8.2 2,585
Parcel, USPS or courier 185 1.4 4 8.3 11 8.2 2,585
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 960 100.0 260 100.0 84 100.0 313
Single modes 645 67.2 236 90.9 77 90.9 345
Truck 634 66.1 236 90.8 76 90.6 300
For-hire truck 245 25.5 125 48.1 39 46.8 295
Private truck S S 111 42.7 37 43.8 304
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 855
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 303 31.6 9 3.7 3 3.2 303
Parcel, USPS or courier 303 31.6 9 3.7 3 3.2 303
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 324

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 77,807 100.0 148,359 100.0 3,520 100.0 25
Single modes 69,056 88.8 146,667 98.9 3,498 99.4 24
Truck 63,662 81.8 117,524 79.2 2,978 84.6 24
For-hire truck 27,396 35.2 48,921 33.0 1,410 40.0 33
Private truck 35,209 45.3 67,508 45.5 1,524 43.3 22
Rail 188 0.2 1,178 0.8 21 0.6 46
Water 1,852 2.4 9,033 6.1 462 13.1 S
Shallow draft 1,670 2.1 7,909 5.3 113 3.2 13
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 264
Air (including truck and air) 110 0.1 1 546
Pipeline3 3,244 4.2 18,930 12.8 S S S
Multiple modes 5,659 7.3 211 0.1 8 0.2 47
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,633 7.2 143 0.1 6 0.2 47
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 3,092 4.0 1,480 1.0 15 0.4 7

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 322 100.0 S S S S 2,005
Single modes 190 59.0 S S S S 2,071
Truck 178 55.4 S S S S 2,067
For-hire truck 158 49.0 S S S S 2,083
Private truck S S S S S S 2,023
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,135
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 7.9 5 7.9 1,986
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 7.9 5 7.9 1,986
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,968

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 33,650 100.0 27,538 100.0 3,461 100.0 95
Single modes 26,032 77.4 26,936 97.8 3,416 98.7 67
Truck 24,176 71.8 18,636 67.7 1,923 55.6 64
For-hire truck 14,348 42.6 12,785 46.4 1,493 43.1 94
Private truck 9,463 28.1 5,535 20.1 415 12.0 40
Rail S S S S S S 94
Water 1,232 3.7 6,367 23.1 S S 142
Shallow draft 1,232 3.7 6,367 23.1 S S 142
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 157 0.5 S S S S 692
Pipeline3 443 1.3 1,842 6.7 S S S
Multiple modes 7,023 20.9 S S 30 0.9 127
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,911 20.5 142 0.5 16 0.5 127
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 119
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 63
Other and unknown modes 595 1.8 S S S S 91

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,932 100.0 1,537 100.0 837 100.0 575
Single modes 2,767 56.1 1,466 95.4 798 95.3 577
Truck 2,384 48.3 808 52.6 449 53.7 560
For-hire truck 1,903 38.6 692 45.0 387 46.2 555
Private truck 409 8.3 112 7.3 59 7.0 574
Rail S S S S S S 510
Water S S S S S S 591
Shallow draft S S S S S S 591
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 925
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,048 41.5 21 1.4 12 1.4 574
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,048 41.5 21 1.4 12 1.4 574
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 619

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 146 100.0 23 100.0 37 100.0 1,659
Single modes 77 52.6 22 95.9 36 95.7 1,692
Truck S S 22 95.7 36 95.6 1,616
For-hire truck S S 21 93.7 35 93.8 1,617
Private truck S S S S S S 1,439
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,957
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,653
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,653
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,629 100.0 3,307 100.0 1,705 100.0 545
Single modes 6,045 79.2 3,222 97.4 1,660 97.4 526
Truck 5,268 69.0 2,235 67.6 1,066 62.5 499
For-hire truck 4,545 59.6 1,732 52.4 827 48.5 494
Private truck 721 9.5 502 15.2 238 14.0 510
Rail S S S S S S 611
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 792
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,555 20.4 23 0.7 12 0.7 550
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,555 20.4 23 0.7 12 0.7 550
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 522

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 550 100.0 129 100.0 180 100.0 1,401
Single modes 291 53.0 95 73.3 130 72.3 1,396
Truck 284 51.7 94 73.1 130 72.1 1,403
For-hire truck 279 50.7 94 72.7 129 71.7 1,404
Private truck S S S S S S 1,395
Rail S S S S S S 1,611
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 6 1.1 1,358
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 249 45.3 10 7.6 14 7.6 1,401
Parcel, USPS or courier 249 45.3 10 7.6 14 7.6 1,401
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,464

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 686 100.0 155 100.0 455 100.0 2,908
Single modes 420 61.3 S S S S 2,927
Truck 366 53.3 S S S S 2,931
For-hire truck 353 51.5 S S S S 2,950
Private truck S S S S S S 2,793
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,897
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 265 38.7 S S S S 2,902
Parcel, USPS or courier 243 35.5 5 3.1 14 3.1 2,902
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,224
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,914

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 20,148 100.0 20,025 100.0 1,693 100.0 128
Single modes 16,577 82.3 19,837 99.1 1,672 98.8 94
Truck 15,585 77.4 16,961 84.7 1,457 86.0 81
For-hire truck 9,737 48.3 7,167 35.8 879 51.9 119
Private truck 5,524 27.4 9,611 48.0 564 33.3 58
Rail S S S S S S 382
Water S S S S S S 291
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 291
Air (including truck and air) 83 0.4 1 1 839
Pipeline3 715 3.5 2,507 12.5 S S S
Multiple modes 3,101 15.4 96 0.5 13 0.7 155
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,101 15.4 96 0.5 13 0.7 155
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 470 2.3 93 0.5 8 0.5 91

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,018 100.0 S S S S 295
Single modes 888 87.3 S S S S 388
Truck S S S S S S 215
For-hire truck S S S S 27 8.4 233
Private truck S S S S S S 206
Rail S S S S S S 481
Water S S S S S S 203
Shallow draft S S S S S S 203
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,698
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 100 9.8 S S S S 247
Parcel, USPS or courier 100 9.8 S S S S 247
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 255

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,784 100.0 S S S S 709
Single modes 1,413 79.2 S S S S 698
Truck 1,142 64.0 483 31.3 S S 691
For-hire truck 941 52.8 439 28.5 305 26.6 686
Private truck S S 42 2.7 28 2.4 705
Rail S S S S S S 766
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,040
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 363 20.4 9 0.6 7 0.6 711
Parcel, USPS or courier 363 20.3 9 0.6 6 0.5 711
Truck and rail S S S S S S 823
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 8 0.5 S S S S 746

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 49 100.0 11 100.0 15 100.0 1,404
Single modes 14 29.2 9 86.6 13 86.5 1,407
Truck 14 29.0 9 86.6 13 86.5 1,396
For-hire truck 14 27.8 9 81.6 12 81.7 1,397
Private truck S S S S S S 1,364
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,604
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,404
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,404
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,425 100.0 859 100.0 738 100.0 835
Single modes 3,354 75.8 763 88.9 659 89.3 908
Truck 3,173 71.7 722 84.1 609 82.5 850
For-hire truck 3,128 70.7 654 76.2 565 76.6 854
Private truck S S S S S S 661
Rail S S S S S S 1,198
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,047
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,029 23.3 15 1.8 12 1.6 819
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,029 23.3 15 1.8 12 1.6 819
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 862

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,591 100.0 2,916 100.0 5,053 100.0 1,682
Single modes 4,060 53.5 2,579 88.4 4,219 83.5 1,677
Truck 3,733 49.2 1,844 63.2 3,105 61.4 1,680
For-hire truck 3,450 45.4 1,592 54.6 2,652 52.5 1,667
Private truck S S S S S S 1,837
Rail 75 1.0 157 5.4 277 5.5 1,790
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 156 2.1 1 2 1,649
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,435 45.2 S S S S 1,683
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,004 39.6 33 1.1 57 1.1 1,682
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,392
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,398
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3,092
Other and unknown modes 96 1.3 S S S S 1,679

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 143 100.0 311 100.0 2,163
Single modes 415 27.8 138 96.6 301 96.6 2,219
Truck 413 27.6 138 96.6 301 96.6 2,220
For-hire truck 381 25.4 136 95.0 295 94.8 2,215
Private truck S S S S S S 2,236
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,208
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 4 3.1 10 3.1 2,161
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 4 3.1 10 3.1 2,161
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,172

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 753 100.0 142 100.0 47 100.0 445
Single modes 429 57.0 138 97.7 45 97.5 600
Truck 410 54.5 138 97.7 45 97.4 313
For-hire truck 190 25.3 61 43.1 20 43.7 293
Private truck S S S S S S 330
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,220
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 2.3 1 2.5 404
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 2.3 1 2.5 404
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,460 100.0 1,501 100.0 464 100.0 330
Single modes 5,078 78.6 1,448 96.5 445 96.0 298
Truck 4,900 75.8 1,257 83.8 344 74.2 288
For-hire truck 4,021 62.2 994 66.2 266 57.3 289
Private truck 878 13.6 263 17.5 78 16.9 286
Rail S S S S S S 527
Water S S S S S S 302
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 302
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,303 20.2 37 2.5 13 2.9 340
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,303 20.2 37 2.5 13 2.9 340
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 343

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,482 100.0 288 100.0 842 100.0 2,823
Single modes 956 64.5 267 92.6 785 93.2 2,862
Truck 696 47.0 172 59.7 497 59.0 2,868
For-hire truck 696 47.0 172 59.7 497 59.0 2,868
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 3,033
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,786
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 462 31.2 7 2.4 20 2.3 2,819
Parcel, USPS or courier 462 31.2 7 2.4 20 2.3 2,819
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,630

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 662 100.0 117 100.0 60 100.0 412
Single modes 339 51.3 110 94.5 57 95.6 489
Truck 287 43.4 73 62.8 34 56.6 440
For-hire truck 243 36.8 57 48.9 27 45.8 403
Private truck 44 6.6 16 13.9 6 10.8 519
Rail S S S S S S 661
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,004
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 318 48.0 5 4.6 2 3.4 401
Parcel, USPS or courier 318 48.0 5 4.6 2 3.4 401
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 546

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,677 100.0 812 100.0 815 100.0 961
Single modes 2,078 77.6 802 98.8 806 98.9 969
Truck 1,698 63.4 488 60.1 469 57.5 965
For-hire truck 1,524 56.9 439 54.1 423 51.8 957
Private truck S S 48 5.9 47 5.7 1,006
Rail S S S S S S 1,075
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 992
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 578 21.6 8 1.0 8 1.0 960
Parcel, USPS or courier 578 21.6 8 1.0 8 1.0 960
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 911

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 31 100.0 1 100.0 1 100.0 1,933
Single modes S S S S S S 1,968
Truck S S S S S S 1,948
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,948
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,116
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 27 89.0 S S S S 1,932
Parcel, USPS or courier 27 89.0 S S S S 1,932
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.