Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 286,580 292,984 −2.2 237,847 223,191 6.6 41,341 34,523 19.8 511 528 −3.2
Single modes 225,159 236,128 −4.6 232,243 218,165 6.5 35,149 31,977 9.9 190 295 −35.6
Truck 210,095 215,851 −2.7 180,400 189,515 −4.8 26,997 23,972 12.6 164 234 −30
Rail 2,293 5,187 −55.8 5,987 3,821 56.7 3,853 1,963 96.3 785 S S
Water 4,383 1,029 325.8 21,868 6,847 219.4 2,891 851 239.8 143 S S
Air (including truck and air) 3,889 10,571 −63.2 S 223 S S 326 S 1,392 1,290 8
Pipeline 4,498 S S 23,857 S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 55,563 50,131 10.8 2,406 1,607 49.7 S 1,521 S 858 732 17.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 54,415 49,567 9.8 1,001 1,147 −12.8 743 845 −12.1 858 732 17.2
Truck and Rail S 391 S 197 190 3.8 481 369 30.5 2,472 1,210 104.3
Other multiple modes 496 173 186.6 S 271 S S S S S 1,155 S
Other and unknown modes 5,858 6,725 −12.9 3,197 3,419 −6.5 S 1,025 S S 306 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 5,244 4,395 19.3 4,240 1,909 122.1 1,365 494 176.5 S S S
Single modes 4,789 4,097 16.9 4,094 1,853 121 1,170 393 197.4 S S S
Truck 4,789 4,097 16.9 4,094 1,853 121 1,170 393 197.5 S S S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 742
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 507 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 28 S S S S S S S S 380 644 −41
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 2,431 S S
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 25 S S S S 2 150 −98.9

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 26,333 21,992 19.7 18,738 17,109 9.5 5,217 3,725 40 S 100 S
Single modes 25,639 21,394 19.8 18,625 16,774 11 5,060 3,390 49.3 S 83 S
Truck 25,555 21,233 20.4 18,598 16,652 11.7 5,031 3,233 55.6 S 82 S
Rail 74 143 −48 S 118 S S S S 798 961 −17
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,126 1,865 −39.6
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 350 S 56 199 −71.9 S S S 619 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S 164 S 21 S S 14 5 190 613 S S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 2,662 1,544 72.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 5,345 1,778 200.6
Other and unknown modes S 249 S S S S S S S 1,823 S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S 1,382 S 51,149 68,749 −25.6 3,400 2,294 48.2 49 70 −30.2
Single modes S 1,332 S 50,395 67,743 −25.6 3,394 2,089 62.5 48 65 −25.7
Truck S 1,315 S 49,592 65,986 −24.8 3,289 1,988 65.4 48 65 −25.9
Rail S 8 S S 395 S S S S 201 132 52.6
Water S S S S S S S S S 74 36 107.3
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 138
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 1 S S S S S S S 276 564 −51.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S 1 S S 1 S S S S 276 651 −57.7
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 53
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 6 147 −95.6

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 20,939 12,794 63.7 95,505 74,160 28.8 7,112 S S S S S
Single modes 20,848 12,762 63.4 95,252 73,858 29 7,079 S S 40 S S
Truck 11,156 8,482 31.5 48,139 50,689 −5 2,230 2,363 −5.6 38 S S
Rail S S S 2,421 S S S S S 744 673 10.4
Water 4,325 829 421.8 21,425 5,384 297.9 2,858 388 636.4 142 137 3.5
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 903 1,723 −47.6
Pipeline 4,289 S S 23,268 S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 510 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S 2 S S S S S 483 S S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 3,216 962 234.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 409 27 S
Other and unknown modes S 27 S S S S S 15 S 31 S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 89,675 66,056 35.8 16,382 14,458 13.3 13,817 6,624 108.6 716 672 6.5
Single modes S 49,163 S 13,984 13,918 0.5 9,079 6,295 44.2 278 293 −5.2
Truck S 47,565 S 11,383 12,541 −9.2 6,813 5,188 31.3 263 247 6.3
Rail 904 767 17.8 S 971 S S 681 S 1,093 592 84.6
Water S S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 492 554 −11.2 S 7 S S 14 S 1,150 1,590 −27.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 13,420 15,489 −13.4 S 257 S S 253 S 889 880 1
Parcel, USPS or courier 13,181 15,396 −14.4 159 225 −29.2 122 177 −31.1 889 880 1
Truck and Rail S 90 S S 30 S S 68 S 1,847 2,706 −31.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 2,879 6,851 −58
Other and unknown modes 1,075 1,404 −23.4 S 283 S S 76 S 503 S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 31,352 S S 7,900 13,037 −39.4 2,541 4,325 −41.3 591 579 2.1
Single modes 25,563 S S 7,411 12,453 −40.5 2,331 3,954 −41 352 410 −14.1
Truck 25,297 S S 7,383 12,157 −39.3 2,314 3,905 −40.7 318 405 −21.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S 708 S S
Water S S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 221 S S 5 S S S 39 S 1,412 S S
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,046 8,861 −43.1 236 421 −44 168 317 −47.1 833 727 14.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,025 8,861 −43.3 231 421 −45.2 167 317 −47.5 833 727 14.6
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 743 882 −15.7 253 163 54.9 S 55 S S 444 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 19,079 33,337 −42.8 27,525 22,772 20.9 4,393 5,642 −22.1 373 370 1
Single modes 14,613 29,031 −49.7 27,015 21,190 27.5 4,157 4,816 −13.7 217 246 −11.7
Truck 14,164 28,041 −49.5 25,758 20,498 25.7 3,290 4,358 −24.5 170 219 −22.6
Rail 182 132 38.3 1,158 S S 746 S S 571 709 −19.5
Water S S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 267 S S S S S S S S 1,422 1,360 4.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,524 3,434 2.6 77 243 −68.3 40 268 −85.3 582 504 15.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,518 3,297 6.7 65 103 −37.3 35 62 −43.3 582 503 15.7
Truck and Rail S S 12 S S 1,929
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 884 1,469 −39.8
Other and unknown modes 941 871 8 433 1,339 −67.7 S 557 S 214 572 −62.6

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 53,709 56,434 −4.8 2,545 3,049 −16.5 1,011 1,369 −26.1 687 673 2.1
Single modes 28,282 36,600 −22.7 2,121 2,654 −20.1 776 1,154 −32.7 334 474 −29.5
Truck 25,791 28,814 −10.5 2,111 2,219 −4.9 763 906 −15.9 S 162 S
Rail S 3,714 S S 368 S S S S 1,404 S S
Water S S S S S S S S S 785 421 86.6
Air (including truck and air) 2,435 4,046 −39.8 7 65 −88.5 11 94 −88 1,470 1,421 3.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 23,827 17,378 37.1 272 236 15.6 214 174 22.7 943 798 18.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 23,612 17,321 36.3 252 231 9.2 187 169 10.7 943 798 18.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,827
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,562 1,090 43.3
Other and unknown modes 1,600 2,456 −34.8 S 160 S S S S S 209 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 37,497 20,540 82.6 13,283 7,500 77.1 2,436 1,985 22.7 601 526 14.2
Single modes 27,668 15,517 78.3 12,767 7,279 75.4 2,052 1,840 11.5 214 222 −3.8
Truck 27,203 15,246 78.4 12,763 6,680 91 2,048 1,472 39.1 184 201 −8.3
Rail 184 S S 365 932
Water S S S S S S S S S 23 19 21.1
Air (including truck and air) S 86 S 2 2 22.9 S 2 S 1,306 1,314 −0.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 8,521 4,439 91.9 326 148 120.8 305 112 173.2 859 666 28.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 8,385 4,438 88.9 265 148 79.3 217 111 94.9 859 666 28.9
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,253
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 37 1,718 −97.9
Other and unknown modes S 584 S 190 73 159.9 S S S S 329 S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 970 S S S 449 S 50 S S S 602 S
Single modes S S S S 444 S 50 S S S 452 S
Truck S S S S S S 50 S S S 338 S
Rail S S S S S S 83
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,255
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 63 S 1 2 −47 2 −77.1 S 731 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S 63 S 1 2 −47 2 −77.1 S 731 S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 4 S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.