Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 14,907 100.0 48,841 100.0 10,453 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,186 34.8 25,348 51.9 277 2.6
50 to 99 miles 1,161 7.8 4,467 9.1 325 3.1
100 to 249 miles 2,544 17.1 10,632 21.8 2,482 23.7
250 to 499 miles 1,423 9.5 3,487 7.1 1,690 16.2
500 to 749 miles 1,665 11.2 2,278 4.7 1,807 17.3
750 to 999 miles 681 4.6 754 1.5 856 8.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,473 9.9 1,590 3.3 2,441 23.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 743 5.0 278 0.6 555 5.3
2,000 miles or more 31 0.2 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 13,176 100.0 47,963 100.0 10,303 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,834 36.7 24,588 51.3 247 2.4
50 to 99 miles 1,068 8.1 4,461 9.3 324 3.1
100 to 249 miles 2,299 17.4 10,603 22.1 2,475 24.0
250 to 499 miles 1,287 9.8 3,480 7.3 1,687 16.4
500 to 749 miles 1,500 11.4 2,251 4.7 1,786 17.3
750 to 999 miles 553 4.2 748 1.6 850 8.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,045 7.9 1,549 3.2 2,367 23.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 566 4.3 274 0.6 547 5.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 11,118 100.0 20,272 100.0 3,917 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,446 40.0 12,286 60.6 190 4.8
50 to 99 miles 793 7.1 1,342 6.6 118 3.0
100 to 249 miles 1,517 13.6 3,084 15.2 616 15.7
250 to 499 miles 1,135 10.2 1,185 5.8 514 13.1
500 to 749 miles 1,321 11.9 1,209 6.0 872 22.2
750 to 999 miles 476 4.3 399 2.0 415 10.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 912 8.2 594 2.9 854 21.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 505 4.5 169 0.8 333 8.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,874 100.0 6,041 100.0 2,439 100.0
Less than 50 miles 548 11.2 2,115 35.0 53 2.2
50 to 99 miles 130 2.7 486 8.0 43 1.8
100 to 249 miles 400 8.2 1,013 16.8 215 8.8
250 to 499 miles 746 15.3 747 12.4 328 13.5
500 to 749 miles 1,213 24.9 829 13.7 589 24.2
750 to 999 miles 428 8.8 247 4.1 261 10.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 896 18.4 436 7.2 617 25.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 501 10.3 166 2.8 327 13.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 6,235 100.0 14,228 100.0 1,476 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,898 62.5 10,171 71.5 136 9.2
50 to 99 miles 657 10.5 856 6.0 75 5.1
100 to 249 miles 1,116 17.9 2,071 14.6 401 27.1
250 to 499 miles 388 6.2 438 3.1 185 12.6
500 to 749 miles 106 1.7 378 2.7 281 19.1
750 to 999 miles 48 0.8 152 1.1 153 10.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 16 0.3 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 898 100.0 22,084 100.0 5,897 100.0
Less than 50 miles 296 33.0 11,841 53.6 46 0.8
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 301 33.5 5,459 24.7 1,578 26.8
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 95 10.6 1,042 4.7 914 15.5
750 to 999 miles 34 3.8 349 1.6 435 7.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 91 10.1 955 4.3 1,511 25.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 9 1.0 104 0.5 213 3.6
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 314 100.0 2 100.0 5 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 3.3 1.2
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 42 13.3 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 52 16.5 12.0 1 14.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 5,605 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 272 32.2 3,084 55.0 S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,303 100.0 98 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 140 10.8 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 190 14.6 11 11.7 3 2.9
250 to 499 miles 135 10.3 5 5.6 2 2.5
500 to 749 miles 164 12.6 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 110 8.4 2 2.2 2 2.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 309 23.7 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 173 13.3 4 3.9 7 7.7
2,000 miles or more 7 0.6 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,257 100.0 34 100.0 23 100.0
Less than 50 miles 135 10.7 3 9.8 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 189 15.0 9 26.0 2 8.9
250 to 499 miles 135 10.7 5 16.2 2 10.7
500 to 749 miles 163 13.0 3 10.1 3 11.4
750 to 999 miles 110 8.7 2 6.3 2 10.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 270 21.5 3 9.8 5 21.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 173 13.8 4 11.3 7 33.1
2,000 miles or more 7 0.5 0.7 1 2.4

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 427 100.0 S S 54 100.0
Less than 50 miles 211 49.4 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 17 4.1 3 0.4 0.5
100 to 249 miles 55 12.9 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 2 0.4 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.