Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 14,907 100.0 48,841 100.0 10,453 100.0 313
Less than 50 lbs 1,746 11.7 50 0.1 14 0.1 408
50 to 99 lbs 608 4.1 37 9 256
100 to 499 lbs 1,705 11.4 341 0.7 54 0.5 163
500 to 749 lbs 752 5.0 160 0.3 21 0.2 136
750 to 999 lbs 313 2.1 138 0.3 12 0.1 89
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,847 19.1 1,475 3.0 284 2.7 182
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 4,094 27.5 9,169 18.8 2,185 20.9 211
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 947 6.4 6,083 12.5 887 8.5 148
100,000 lbs or more 1,893 12.7 31,389 64.3 6,986 66.8 600

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 13,176 100.0 47,963 100.0 10,303 100.0 195
Less than 50 lbs 831 6.3 35 5 239
50 to 99 lbs 397 3.0 29 4 123
100 to 499 lbs 1,478 11.2 320 0.7 47 0.5 140
500 to 749 lbs 709 5.4 158 0.3 21 0.2 135
750 to 999 lbs 313 2.4 138 0.3 12 0.1 89
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,755 20.9 1,445 3.0 278 2.7 182
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 3,877 29.4 8,709 18.2 2,104 20.4 212
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 922 7.0 5,767 12.0 872 8.5 153
100,000 lbs or more 1,893 14.4 31,364 65.4 6,961 67.6 598

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 11,118 100.0 20,272 100.0 3,917 100.0 120
Less than 50 lbs 698 6.3 34 0.2 3 92
50 to 99 lbs 307 2.8 28 0.1 3 99
100 to 499 lbs 1,459 13.1 319 1.6 47 1.2 139
500 to 749 lbs 673 6.1 157 0.8 21 0.5 134
750 to 999 lbs 313 2.8 138 0.7 12 0.3 89
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,717 24.4 1,444 7.1 277 7.1 181
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 3,857 34.7 8,546 42.2 2,026 51.7 208
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 906 8.1 5,608 27.7 788 20.1 142
100,000 lbs or more 188 1.7 3,997 19.7 740 18.9 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,874 100.0 6,041 100.0 2,439 100.0 429
Less than 50 lbs 172 3.5 S S S S 393
50 to 99 lbs 99 2.0 3 1 498
100 to 499 lbs 434 8.9 S S 28 1.2 413
500 to 749 lbs 241 4.9 24 0.4 13 0.5 562
750 to 999 lbs 73 1.5 16 0.3 7 0.3 464
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,177 24.1 293 4.8 189 7.7 537
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,459 50.5 3,584 59.3 1,636 67.1 471
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 193 4.0 1,630 27.0 294 12.0 179
100,000 lbs or more S S 420 6.9 269 11.0 860

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 6,235 100.0 14,228 100.0 1,476 100.0 55
Less than 50 lbs 526 8.4 29 0.2 1 0.1 42
50 to 99 lbs 209 3.4 26 0.2 1 52
100 to 499 lbs 1,019 16.3 252 1.8 18 1.2 72
500 to 749 lbs 432 6.9 134 0.9 8 0.5 57
750 to 999 lbs 241 3.9 122 0.9 5 0.3 41
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,540 24.7 1,151 8.1 88 6.0 76
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,394 22.4 4,959 34.9 388 26.3 72
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 713 11.4 3,978 28.0 494 33.5 127
100,000 lbs or more 162 2.6 3,578 25.1 471 31.9 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 898 100.0 22,084 100.0 5,897 100.0 840
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,874
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 372
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 474
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 528
100,000 lbs or more 859 95.7 21,764 98.5 5,737 97.3 1,047

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 21
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 21
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 21
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 21
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 314 100.0 2 100.0 5 100.0 2,027
Less than 50 lbs 132 42.1 1 42.6 2 37.9 2,034
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,861
100 to 499 lbs S S 5.0 3.2 1,351
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,178
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S 8.1 1,890
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,384
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 5,605 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S 5,603 100.0 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,303 100.0 98 100.0 S S 849
Less than 50 lbs 833 63.9 12 12.2 9 9.4 867
50 to 99 lbs 186 14.3 7 7.1 6 5.9 840
100 to 499 lbs 201 15.5 14 14.5 7 7.5 569
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,215
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 981
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,174

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,257 100.0 34 100.0 23 100.0 849
Less than 50 lbs 833 66.2 12 35.2 9 40.4 867
50 to 99 lbs 186 14.8 7 20.4 6 25.5 840
100 to 499 lbs 201 16.0 14 42.0 7 32.5 569
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,180
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,181
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,174

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 3,396
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,396
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 981
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 981
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 427 100.0 S S 54 100.0 50
Less than 50 lbs 82 19.3 2 0.3 0.2 50
50 to 99 lbs S S 1 0.2 11
100 to 499 lbs 26 6.0 S S 0.3 S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 92
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 49
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 92 21.5 30 3.8 S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 305

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.