Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14,907 100.0 48,841 100.0 10,453 100.0 313
Single modes 13,176 88.4 47,963 98.2 10,303 98.6 195
Truck3 11,118 74.6 20,272 41.5 3,917 37.5 120
For-hire Truck 4,874 32.7 6,041 12.4 2,439 23.3 429
Private Truck 6,235 41.8 14,228 29.1 1,476 14.1 55
Rail 898 6.0 22,084 45.2 5,897 56.4 840
Water S S S S S S 21
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 21
Air (including truck and air) 314 2.1 2 5 2,027
Pipeline4 S S 5,605 11.5 S S S
Multiple modes 1,303 8.7 98 0.2 S S 849
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,257 8.4 34 23 0.2 849
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,180
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,396
Rail and water S S S S S S 981
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 427 2.9 S S 54 0.5 50

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 169
Single modes S S S S S S 169
Truck3 S S S S S S 28
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 28
Rail S S S S S S 487
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 383
Single modes S S S S S S 383
Truck3 S S S S S S 384
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 836
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 360
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 132
Single modes S S S S S S 132
Truck3 S S S S S S 127
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 47
Private Truck S S S S S S 136
Rail S S S S S S 403
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,149
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 506 100.0 147 100.0 99 100.0 S
Single modes 504 99.7 147 99.7 99 99.8 S
Truck3 504 99.7 147 99.7 99 99.8 S
For-hire Truck 327 64.6 74 50.2 94 94.4 1,127
Private Truck S S S S S S 65
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,010
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,010
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 181

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,397 100.0 1,443 100.0 473 100.0 S
Single modes 1,364 97.6 1,435 99.4 470 99.3 S
Truck3 1,364 97.6 1,435 99.4 470 99.3 S
For-hire Truck 874 62.6 873 60.5 439 92.8 540
Private Truck S S S S S S 56
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,134
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,134
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 620 100.0 448 100.0 51 100.0 59
Single modes 620 100.0 448 100.0 51 100.0 59
Truck3 620 100.0 448 100.0 51 100.0 59
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 975
Private Truck 606 97.6 426 95.2 31 60.4 58
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 50
Single modes S S S S S S 47
Truck3 S S S S S S 47
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 143
Private Truck S S S S S S 46
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 155
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 155
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes S S S S 26 65.8 S
Truck3 S S S S 26 65.8 S
For-hire Truck S S 209 21.2 S S 54
Private Truck S S S S 13 32.4 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18 100.0 1,705 100.0 365 100.0 S
Single modes 16 90.7 1,470 86.2 350 95.9 S
Truck3 15 82.1 1,415 83.0 S S S
For-hire Truck 4 23.6 422 24.7 S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,586
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 59

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 535
Single modes S S S S S S 533
Truck3 S S S S S S 423
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 538
Private Truck S S S S S S 190
Rail S S S S S S 1,407
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,174
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,174
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 63 100.0 341 100.0 138 100.0 383
Single modes 63 100.0 341 100.0 138 100.0 383
Truck3 61 97.0 150 43.9 54 39.4 375
For-hire Truck 58 92.7 95 27.8 39 28.3 425
Private Truck S S S S S S 280
Rail S S S S S S 490
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 363 100.0 18,617 100.0 1,377 100.0 72
Single modes 363 100.0 18,617 100.0 1,377 100.0 72
Truck3 S S S S S S 69
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 69
Rail 318 87.4 15,826 85.0 S S 121
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,102 100.0 4,408 100.0 458 100.0 48
Single modes 1,102 100.0 4,408 100.0 458 100.0 48
Truck3 722 65.5 2,715 61.6 278 60.8 48
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 250
Private Truck 683 62.0 2,582 58.6 238 52.1 45
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 3,059 100.0 S S 55
Single modes S S 3,059 100.0 S S 55
Truck3 323 47.8 1,487 48.6 S S 54
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 44
Private Truck 308 45.7 1,426 46.6 S S 54
Rail S S S S S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 487 100.0 6,095 100.0 S S S
Single modes 481 98.8 6,077 99.7 S S S
Truck3 154 31.6 930 15.3 35 3.2 S
For-hire Truck S S 102 1.7 3 0.2 S
Private Truck 146 30.0 828 13.6 33 3.0 S
Rail S S S S S S 81
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 272 55.8 3,084 50.6 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 62
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 62
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 161 100.0 315 100.0 72 100.0 S
Single modes 130 80.8 297 94.5 37 51.8 S
Truck3 129 80.5 297 94.5 37 51.6 S
For-hire Truck 54 33.7 235 74.5 21 29.4 466
Private Truck 75 46.9 63 20.0 16 22.3 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,697
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,439
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,214
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,167
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,290

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,468
Single modes S S S S S S 1,101
Truck3 S S S S S S 1,027
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,027
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,288
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,664
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,664
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,674

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 238 100.0 2,448 100.0 2,329 100.0 769
Single modes 237 99.6 2,440 99.6 2,324 99.8 771
Truck3 89 37.5 643 26.2 410 17.6 592
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,000
Private Truck 83 34.7 572 23.4 330 14.2 545
Rail 148 62.1 1,797 73.4 1,914 82.2 1,093
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 981
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 981
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 401
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S 144
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 538
Private Truck S S S S S S 113
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,726
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 834
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 833
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,170
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 9

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 402 100.0 102 100.0 S S S
Single modes 386 95.9 101 98.6 S S S
Truck3 385 95.7 101 98.6 S S S
For-hire Truck 34 8.6 S S S S 478
Private Truck 351 87.1 93 91.2 S S 46
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,084
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.7 1.9 602
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.7 1.9 602
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 165

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 134
Single modes S S S S S S 134
Truck3 S S S S S S 134
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 134
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 247 100.0 274 100.0 100 100.0 540
Single modes 225 91.0 269 98.0 98 97.6 S
Truck3 223 90.2 265 96.5 96 95.7 S
For-hire Truck 112 45.4 111 40.6 80 80.2 462
Private Truck 111 44.8 153 55.9 15 15.5 134
Rail S S S S S S 453
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,069
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,155
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,155
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 42

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 206 100.0 392 100.0 264 100.0 275
Single modes 201 97.6 388 99.0 263 100.0 221
Truck3 184 89.1 341 87.1 201 76.1 210
For-hire Truck 126 61.2 312 79.6 194 73.5 482
Private Truck 58 27.9 29 7.5 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,311
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 808
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 808
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 107 100.0 54 100.0 28 100.0 S
Single modes 95 88.7 52 96.8 26 95.2 S
Truck3 95 88.2 52 96.1 25 90.4 S
For-hire Truck 39 36.2 28 51.6 21 74.8 S
Private Truck 53 49.1 22 40.0 S S 73
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,384
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4 3.7 S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.3 S S 566
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,396
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 18

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 824
Single modes S S S S S S 320
Truck3 S S S S S S 236
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 460
Private Truck S S S S S S 189
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,337
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,242
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,242
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 451 100.0 31 100.0 S S 517
Single modes S S 28 89.6 S S 313
Truck3 S S 28 89.6 S S 313
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,214
Private Truck 58 12.8 S S S S 131
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 9.9 S S 734
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 9.9 S S 734
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 7 1.4 S S S S 43

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 428 100.0 3,274 100.0 551 100.0 166
Single modes 391 91.3 2,975 90.9 548 99.3 143
Truck3 358 83.6 2,674 81.6 353 64.0 129
For-hire Truck 152 35.6 S S 293 53.1 314
Private Truck S S 1,384 42.3 60 10.9 38
Rail 32 7.6 302 9.2 194 35.3 852
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 701
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 797
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 797
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 10

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 366 100.0 204 100.0 131 100.0 413
Single modes 355 96.9 203 99.7 130 99.4 S
Truck3 255 69.5 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 686
Private Truck S S S S S S 52
Rail 100 27.3 69 33.6 61 46.7 891
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,197
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,235
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,235
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 455

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 710 100.0 S S S S 347
Single modes 598 84.3 S S S S S
Truck3 589 83.0 S S S S 140
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 485
Private Truck 431 60.7 S S S S 55
Rail
Water S S S S S S 21
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 21
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,470
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 804
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 804
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 70

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 737 100.0 92 100.0 34 100.0 239
Single modes 683 92.7 87 93.9 S S 211
Truck3 678 92.0 87 93.7 S S 187
For-hire Truck 254 34.4 S S S S 609
Private Truck 424 57.5 49 53.4 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,397
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 28 3.8 2 2.5 1 3.1 448
Parcel, USPS or courier 28 3.8 2 2.5 1 3.1 448
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,162 100.0 S S S S 406
Single modes 805 69.3 S S S S S
Truck3 643 55.3 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 528 45.4 S S S S 658
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,669
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 1.9 3 2.8 799
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 1.9 3 2.8 799
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 666 100.0 69 100.0 26 100.0 S
Single modes 436 65.4 47 69.0 14 53.1 S
Truck3 436 65.4 47 69.0 14 53.1 S
For-hire Truck 137 20.5 10 15.1 S S 761
Private Truck 293 44.0 36 52.9 4 16.2 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,995
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 487
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 487
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,370
Single modes S S S S S S 1,370
Truck3 S S S S S S 728
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 932
Private Truck S S S S S S 15
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,783
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,021
Single modes S S S S S S 1,059
Truck3 S S S S S S 466
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,339
Private Truck 31 4.1 1 7.5 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 18 2.3 0.4 0.5 1,981
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 96 12.7 S S S S 965
Parcel, USPS or courier 96 12.7 S S S S 965
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 417
Single modes S S S S S S 207
Truck3 S S S S S S 207
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 761
Private Truck S S S S S S 44
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 745
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 745
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 635 100.0 97 100.0 S S 730
Single modes 314 49.5 S S S S 647
Truck3 264 41.6 S S S S 114
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 334
Private Truck 200 31.5 54 55.3 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.2 S S 2,208
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 262 41.3 3 3.1 3 5.8 1,210
Parcel, USPS or courier 262 41.3 3 3.1 3 5.8 1,210
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 357
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,371 100.0 749 100.0 S S S
Single modes 1,294 94.4 736 98.2 S S S
Truck3 1,283 93.6 735 98.2 S S 92
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 183
Private Truck 822 60.0 S S S S 53
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,133
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 457
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 457
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 39 100.0 S S S S 375
Single modes 29 75.9 S S S S 317
Truck3 19 50.3 S S S S 305
For-hire Truck 9 23.5 S S S S 947
Private Truck 10 26.8 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,417
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 802
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 802
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.