Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14,907 100.0 48,841 100.0 10,453 100.0 313
Single modes 13,176 88.4 47,963 98.2 10,303 98.6 195
Truck 11,118 74.6 20,272 41.5 3,917 37.5 120
For-hire truck 4,874 32.7 6,041 12.4 2,439 23.3 429
Private truck 6,235 41.8 14,228 29.1 1,476 14.1 55
Rail 898 6.0 22,084 45.2 5,897 56.4 840
Water S S S S S S 21
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 21
Air (including truck and air) 314 2.1 2 5 2,027
Pipeline3 S S 5,605 11.5 S S S
Multiple modes 1,303 8.7 98 0.2 S S 849
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,257 8.4 34 23 0.2 849
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,180
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,396
Rail and water S S S S S S 981
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 427 2.9 S S 54 0.5 50

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 42 100.0 S S S S 1,430
Single modes 37 89.2 S S S S 1,624
Truck 36 86.7 S S S S 1,263
For-hire truck 36 85.5 S S S S 1,269
Private truck S S S S S S 1,059
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,214
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5 10.8 S S S S 1,290
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 10.8 S S S S 1,290
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,410
Single modes S S S S S S 3,848
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,848
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,851
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,851
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 833 100.0 7,598 100.0 2,376 100.0 395
Single modes 744 89.4 7,594 100.0 2,374 99.9 354
Truck 542 65.0 1,027 13.5 252 10.6 349
For-hire truck 309 37.1 248 3.3 89 3.8 398
Private truck 233 27.9 780 10.3 163 6.9 312
Rail 115 13.8 6,567 86.4 2,122 89.3 454
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 454
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 88 10.5 3 1 427
Parcel, USPS or courier 88 10.5 3 1 427
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 368

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 40 100.0 39 100.0 S S 794
Single modes 39 97.3 S S S S 737
Truck 37 91.8 S S S S 731
For-hire truck 37 91.8 S S S S 731
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,081
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1 2.7 S S 0.1 875
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 2.7 S S 0.1 875
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 700 100.0 430 100.0 354 100.0 985
Single modes 538 76.9 423 98.4 347 97.8 1,040
Truck 445 63.5 378 87.8 299 84.4 870
For-hire truck 426 60.9 360 83.7 283 79.9 866
Private truck 17 2.4 16 3.7 15 4.1 927
Rail S S S S S S 999
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,287
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 117 16.7 3 0.6 2 0.7 949
Parcel, USPS or courier 117 16.7 3 0.6 2 0.7 949
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,229

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 333 100.0 643 100.0 247 100.0 339
Single modes 291 87.4 636 98.8 245 99.1 319
Truck 286 85.9 559 87.0 190 77.1 264
For-hire truck 127 38.3 315 49.0 118 47.7 333
Private truck 158 47.6 244 38.0 72 29.3 206
Rail S S S S S S 613
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,933
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 40 12.0 3 0.4 1 0.4 359
Parcel, USPS or courier 40 12.0 3 0.4 1 0.4 359
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 289

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,178
Single modes S S S S S S 2,246
Truck S S S S S S 2,184
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,184
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,565
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,262
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,152
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,152
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,108

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,960
Single modes S S S S S S 1,954
Truck S S S S S S 1,954
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,954
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,960
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,960
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,072
Single modes S S S S S S 2,106
Truck S S S S S S 1,986
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,986
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,118
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,862
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,862
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 131 100.0 182 100.0 S S 1,912
Single modes 84 64.0 181 99.3 S S 2,264
Truck 66 50.4 32 17.6 52 14.2 1,795
For-hire truck 65 49.5 S S S S 1,800
Private truck S S S S S S 1,554
Rail S S S S S S 2,146
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 1.7 2,491
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 47 35.9 1 0.7 2 0.6 1,799
Parcel, USPS or courier 47 35.9 1 0.7 2 0.6 1,799
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,784

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 70 100.0 116 100.0 162 100.0 1,710
Single modes 58 83.8 115 99.6 161 99.6 1,976
Truck 53 76.2 96 83.3 129 79.5 1,402
For-hire truck 53 75.9 87 75.3 117 72.3 1,407
Private truck S S S S S S 1,262
Rail S S S S S S 1,723
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,465
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,502
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,502
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,480

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,448
Single modes S S S S S S 3,379
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,379
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,453
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,453
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,396
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21 100.0 37 100.0 S S 1,576
Single modes 20 94.4 37 100.0 S S 1,799
Truck 18 84.5 18 49.4 15 36.8 963
For-hire truck 17 78.7 18 48.8 15 36.2 938
Private truck S S S S S S 1,152
Rail S S S S S S 1,437
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,950
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1,052
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1,052
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 421 100.0 495 100.0 642 100.0 1,381
Single modes 288 68.5 486 98.1 628 97.8 1,406
Truck 253 60.0 76 15.2 101 15.7 1,290
For-hire truck 250 59.4 68 13.8 92 14.4 1,287
Private truck S S 7 1.4 9 1.4 1,411
Rail 28 6.7 411 82.9 527 82.1 1,297
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,067
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,345
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.1 1 0.1 1,345
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,521
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,353

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 153 100.0 121 100.0 169 100.0 1,326
Single modes 145 95.2 120 99.7 168 99.7 1,302
Truck 126 82.4 39 32.5 53 31.7 1,274
For-hire truck 126 82.4 39 32.5 53 31.7 1,274
Private truck
Rail S S 81 67.2 115 68.0 1,433
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,689
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 4.8 S S S S 1,338
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 4.8 S S S S 1,338
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 90 100.0 105 100.0 1,167
Single modes 11 73.3 90 99.9 105 99.9 1,114
Truck 7 45.5 26 28.5 29 27.3 1,092
For-hire truck 6 41.1 15 16.6 16 15.5 1,074
Private truck S S S S S S 1,162
Rail S S S S S S 1,185
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 26.7 1,179
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 26.7 1,179
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 170 100.0 182 100.0 121 100.0 776
Single modes 160 94.1 182 99.7 121 99.8 796
Truck 156 91.5 152 83.5 101 83.0 588
For-hire truck 108 63.7 41 22.6 38 31.4 877
Private truck S S 111 60.9 62 51.5 456
Rail S S S S S S 713
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,854
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 0.1 772
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 0.1 772
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 315

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 49 100.0 42 100.0 60 100.0 1,542
Single modes 46 93.8 42 99.7 60 99.7 1,863
Truck 39 81.1 23 54.7 32 53.9 1,367
For-hire truck 39 80.9 21 49.0 29 48.7 1,369
Private truck S S S S S S 1,322
Rail S S S S S S 1,459
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,106
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 6.1 S S S S 1,367
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 6.1 S S S S 1,367
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,318

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 53 100.0 93 100.0 89 100.0 1,101
Single modes S S 88 94.7 84 94.6 1,328
Truck S S 47 50.6 41 45.8 995
For-hire truck S S S S 25 27.9 1,021
Private truck S S S S S S 845
Rail S S S S S S 1,058
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,950
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 16 30.2 S S S S 1,059
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 29.2 0.1 0.1 1,059
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 981
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 938

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4 100.0 100.0 100.0 2,703
Single modes S S S S S S 2,873
Truck S S S S S S 2,320
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,320
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,877
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2 52.4 80.1 78.1 2,548
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 52.4 80.1 78.1 2,548
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 1 100.0 2 100.0 1,947
Single modes 5 33.5 1 82.1 1 83.2 2,250
Truck 4 25.9 S S S S 2,018
For-hire truck 4 25.9 S S S S 2,018
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,405
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 66.2 17.8 16.7 1,881
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 66.2 17.8 16.7 1,881
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,864

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 S S S S 2,364
Single modes 6 41.4 S S S S 2,464
Truck S S S S S S 2,333
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,224
Private truck S S S S S S 2,363
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 9.8 0.5 0.6 2,475
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 58.6 S S S S 2,283
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 58.6 S S S S 2,283
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 120 100.0 98 100.0 151 100.0 1,709
Single modes 106 88.8 98 99.6 151 99.6 1,773
Truck S S 34 34.5 51 34.0 1,511
For-hire truck S S 34 34.4 51 34.0 1,510
Private truck S S S S S S 1,574
Rail S S S S S S 1,546
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,192
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,635
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,635
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,570

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,484
Single modes S S S S S S 1,900
Truck S S S S S S 1,505
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,508
Private truck S S S S S S 1,445
Rail S S S S S S 1,602
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,025
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.4 0.4 1,401
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.4 0.4 1,401
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 62 100.0 111 100.0 150 100.0 1,191
Single modes S S 111 99.9 150 99.9 1,241
Truck S S S S S S 990
For-hire truck S S S S S S 993
Private truck S S S S S S 907
Rail 15 23.7 S S S S 1,413
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,838
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,133
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,133
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 115 100.0 281 100.0 269 100.0 1,049
Single modes 101 87.5 281 99.9 269 99.9 1,298
Truck 84 73.4 93 32.9 84 31.3 936
For-hire truck 82 71.2 49 17.3 44 16.4 936
Private truck 2 2.1 44 15.7 40 15.0 941
Rail 15 13.2 188 67.0 184 68.5 986
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,693
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 14 12.5 0.1 0.1 964
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 12.5 0.1 0.1 964
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16 100.0 S S S S 1,398
Single modes S S S S S S 1,573
Truck S S S S S S 994
For-hire truck S S S S S S 994
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,577
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,605
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,264
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,264
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 38 100.0 103 100.0 92 100.0 832
Single modes 37 95.3 103 100.0 92 100.0 782
Truck 34 88.1 66 64.3 54 58.3 777
For-hire truck S S 18 17.5 13 13.7 757
Private truck 5 12.5 48 46.8 41 44.6 910
Rail S S S S S S 1,045
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 915
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 915
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 15 100.0 10 100.0 696
Single modes S S 14 92.4 9 93.0 611
Truck S S 13 88.0 8 86.6 611
For-hire truck S S 6 43.0 4 45.5 692
Private truck S S S S S S 589
Rail 0.3 1 4.4 1 6.4 942
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 724
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1.4 1.5 826
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1.4 1.5 826
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 735

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,221
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,221
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,221
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 77 100.0 S S S S 2,044
Single modes 62 80.8 S S S S 2,110
Truck S S S S S S 2,047
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,067
Private truck S S S S S S 1,990
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,238
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1.2 1 1.1 2,035
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1.2 1 1.1 2,035
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,995

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,277 100.0 30,774 100.0 974 100.0 44
Single modes 6,660 91.5 29,994 97.5 941 96.5 40
Truck 5,975 82.1 14,380 46.7 582 59.7 39
For-hire truck 839 11.5 2,445 7.9 150 15.4 90
Private truck 5,130 70.5 11,934 38.8 432 44.3 33
Rail 320 4.4 12,068 39.2 S S 355
Water S S S S S S 21
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 21
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,972
Pipeline3 364 5.0 3,545 11.5 S S S
Multiple modes 355 4.9 S S 3 0.3 130
Parcel, USPS or courier 349 4.8 13 2 0.2 130
Truck and rail S S S S S S 62
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 262 3.6 S S S S 18

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 132 100.0 64 100.0 124 100.0 2,074
Single modes 105 80.1 63 98.6 123 98.6 2,160
Truck 101 76.5 S S S S 1,976
For-hire truck 101 76.5 S S S S 1,976
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,846
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,434
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 26 19.8 1 1.3 2 1.3 2,014
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 19.8 1 1.3 2 1.3 2,014
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,027

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 74 100.0 138 100.0 1,828
Single modes 27 22.7 S S S S 1,979
Truck 22 18.7 19 25.3 32 23.4 1,656
For-hire truck 22 18.0 18 24.7 31 22.8 1,654
Private truck S S S S S S 1,839
Rail S S S S S S 1,933
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,351
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5 4.1 0.2 0.2 1,717
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 4.1 0.2 0.2 1,717
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,736

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4 100.0 S S S S 1,277
Single modes S S S S S S 1,647
Truck S S S S S S 1,281
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,352
Private truck S S S S S S 1,242
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,992
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1 32.3 S S S S 1,253
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 32.3 S S S S 1,253
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 110 100.0 S S S S 1,674
Single modes 68 62.1 S S S S 1,917
Truck 66 59.9 16 24.2 25 24.1 1,591
For-hire truck S S 15 23.3 24 23.2 1,587
Private truck S S S S S S 1,603
Rail S S S S S S 1,599
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,117
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.5 0.5 1,551
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.5 0.5 1,551
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,502

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 242 100.0 S S S S 557
Single modes 195 80.8 184 97.2 S S 508
Truck 195 80.7 184 97.2 S S 500
For-hire truck S S 61 32.4 35 29.1 505
Private truck S S S S S S 456
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,047
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.3 0.3 588
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.3 0.3 588
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 675

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 63 100.0 27 100.0 S S 1,382
Single modes 55 87.2 S S S S 1,397
Truck 51 81.1 12 43.6 17 33.7 1,350
For-hire truck 41 65.5 9 32.7 13 25.3 1,456
Private truck S S 3 10.9 4 8.5 1,318
Rail S S S S S S 1,969
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,623
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 12.8 S S S S 1,369
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 12.8 S S S S 1,369
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,367

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 230 100.0 119 100.0 234 100.0 1,916
Single modes S S 119 99.5 233 99.5 2,064
Truck S S 45 37.4 86 36.5 2,012
For-hire truck S S 45 37.4 86 36.5 2,012
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,957
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,285
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.5 1 0.5 1,862
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.5 1 0.5 1,862
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,867

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,205
Single modes S S S S S S 2,341
Truck S S S S S S 2,341
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,341
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,204
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,204
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,967
Single modes S S S S S S 2,040
Truck S S S S S S 1,692
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,692
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,022
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,068
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 0.4 S S S S 1,770
Parcel, USPS or courier 0.4 S S S S 1,770
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,730

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10 100.0 S S S S 888
Single modes S S S S S S 875
Truck S S S S S S 875
For-hire truck S S S S 3 12.7 869
Private truck S S S S S S 1,004
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2 18.4 S S S S 971
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 18.4 S S S S 971
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 44 100.0 S S S S 1,649
Single modes 40 89.8 S S S S 2,011
Truck 24 54.2 S S S S 1,212
For-hire truck 22 50.3 S S S S 1,191
Private truck S S S S S S 1,240
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,167
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5 10.2 S S 1,225
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 10.2 S S 1,225
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,471 100.0 6,152 100.0 2,211 100.0 467
Single modes 2,368 95.8 6,128 99.6 2,196 99.3 445
Truck 1,573 63.6 2,351 38.2 741 33.5 348
For-hire truck 1,030 41.7 1,714 27.9 540 24.4 453
Private truck 543 22.0 637 10.4 201 9.1 279
Rail 291 11.8 1,717 27.9 1,173 53.1 577
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,711
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 85 3.4 S S S S 522
Parcel, USPS or courier 85 3.4 3 1 521
Truck and rail S S S S S S 828
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 385

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 38 100.0 30 100.0 670
Single modes S S 37 99.0 30 99.3 726
Truck S S 37 99.0 30 99.2 701
For-hire truck S S S S S S 698
Private truck S S S S S S 729
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,288
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 4.3 0.7 0.6 617
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 4.3 0.7 0.6 617
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 590

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,623
Single modes S S S S S S 2,645
Truck S S S S S S 2,295
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,295
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,659
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,144
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,144
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 58 100.0 S S S S 1,926
Single modes S S S S S S 2,177
Truck S S S S S S 1,936
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,936
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,342
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 11.5 S S S S 1,883
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 11.5 S S S S 1,883
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,831

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 107 100.0 90 100.0 167 100.0 1,570
Single modes 48 44.8 S S S S 1,661
Truck 26 24.2 S S 18 10.9 1,466
For-hire truck 25 23.6 S S 17 10.4 1,466
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,881
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,732
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,508
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 18.8 0.3 0.2 1,496
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,168
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,393

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,657
Single modes S S S S S S 1,546
Truck S S S S S S 1,546
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,546
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,681
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,681
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 132 100.0 135 100.0 195 100.0 1,710
Single modes 126 95.6 135 99.8 195 99.8 1,993
Truck 120 90.9 112 82.9 162 83.0 1,483
For-hire truck 117 88.6 75 55.3 108 55.1 1,486
Private truck S S S S S S 1,465
Rail S S S S S S 1,434
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2,323
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 4.4 S S S S 1,482
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 4.4 S S S S 1,482
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 34 100.0 S S 12 100.0 847
Single modes 30 89.7 S S 12 99.7 1,023
Truck S S S S 12 97.5 690
For-hire truck S S 4 22.5 S S 690
Private truck S S S S S S 710
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,923
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.4 0.3 645
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.4 0.3 645
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.