Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 34,118 100.0 51,087 100.0 12,262 100.0 715
Single modes 26,844 78.7 49,250 96.4 10,884 88.8 318
Truck 23,882 70.0 29,792 58.3 7,898 64.4 249
For-hire truck 14,642 42.9 14,247 27.9 5,996 48.9 666
Private truck 9,209 27.0 15,466 30.3 1,888 15.4 90
Rail 731 2.1 13,888 27.2 2,278 18.6 881
Water S S S S S S 21
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 21
Air (including truck and air) 1,501 4.4 S S S S 1,928
Pipeline3 730 2.1 5,548 10.9 S S S
Multiple modes 5,875 17.2 261 0.5 278 2.3 1,127
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,516 16.2 160 0.3 181 1.5 1,127
Truck and Rail 359 1.1 101 0.2 97 0.8 1,208
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 1,577 3.1 S S 339

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 89 100.0 66 100.0 102 100.0 1,371
Single modes 79 88.7 65 99.4 101 99.5 1,388
Truck 60 67.2 28 43.2 35 34.3 1,267
For-hire truck 60 67.2 28 43.2 35 34.3 1,267
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,794
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,464
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,353
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,353
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,292

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,880
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,880
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,880
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,940 100.0 2,979 100.0 S S 436
Single modes 3,832 97.3 2,976 99.9 S S 443
Truck 3,731 94.7 2,965 99.5 S S 441
For-hire truck S S S S S S 471
Private truck 1,155 29.3 836 28.1 328 25.6 403
Rail S S S S S S 295
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 671
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 106 2.7 S S S S 422
Parcel, USPS or courier 106 2.7 S S S S 422
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 550

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 144 100.0 54 100.0 51 100.0 878
Single modes 126 87.8 52 96.1 49 96.5 1,473
Truck 116 80.8 44 81.3 40 78.1 854
For-hire truck 95 66.4 39 71.7 36 70.3 855
Private truck S S S S S S 768
Rail S S S S S S 1,121
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,928
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 682
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 682
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 858

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,012 100.0 809 100.0 699 100.0 940
Single modes 2,252 74.8 737 91.1 636 91.1 1,157
Truck 2,141 71.1 731 90.3 628 89.9 905
For-hire truck 1,812 60.2 662 81.9 570 81.5 930
Private truck 329 10.9 68 8.4 58 8.4 802
Rail S S S S S S 1,369
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,604
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 669 22.2 S S S S 886
Parcel, USPS or courier 649 21.6 11 1.4 11 1.5 885
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 967
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 808

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,566 100.0 1,553 100.0 579 100.0 436
Single modes 1,238 79.1 1,432 92.2 523 90.2 439
Truck 1,180 75.4 1,353 87.1 473 81.7 426
For-hire truck 925 59.1 1,169 75.2 391 67.6 432
Private truck 254 16.2 184 11.9 82 14.1 408
Rail S S S S S S 616
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,463
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 278 17.7 9 0.6 S S 431
Parcel, USPS or courier 277 17.7 6 0.4 2 0.4 431
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 987
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 452

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 7 100.0 15 100.0 2,101
Single modes S S 6 86.5 13 86.6 2,136
Truck S S 6 85.7 13 85.7 2,145
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,147
Private truck S S S S S S 2,095
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,072
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 50 19.0 1 13.5 2 13.4 2,095
Parcel, USPS or courier 50 19.0 1 13.5 2 13.4 2,095
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,028
Single modes S S S S S S 2,033
Truck S S S S S S 1,942
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,939
Private truck S S S S S S 1,975
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,143
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,014
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,014
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,814
Single modes S S S S S S 1,814
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,814
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 543 100.0 73 100.0 118 100.0 1,771
Single modes S S 43 58.6 67 57.3 2,126
Truck 51 9.4 42 57.6 66 55.9 1,789
For-hire truck 41 7.6 32 44.4 48 41.2 1,728
Private truck S S S S S S 1,915
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,274
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 268 49.4 S S S S 1,742
Parcel, USPS or courier 268 49.4 S S S S 1,742
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,755

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 103 100.0 47 100.0 S S 1,457
Single modes 58 56.5 42 87.6 70 89.3 1,468
Truck 51 49.8 12 25.6 17 22.2 1,459
For-hire truck 32 30.7 10 21.9 15 19.1 1,466
Private truck S S S S S S 1,431
Rail S S S S S S 1,781
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,809
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 35 34.0 1 2.8 2 2.5 1,454
Parcel, USPS or courier 35 34.0 1 2.8 2 2.5 1,454
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,416

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,575
Single modes S S S S S S 3,615
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,615
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,528
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,528
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 54 100.0 25 100.0 25 100.0 901
Single modes 26 47.3 24 94.4 24 95.4 1,030
Truck 24 44.4 21 85.3 20 79.3 889
For-hire truck 16 29.9 S S S S 875
Private truck S S S S S S 948
Rail S S S S S S 1,761
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,553
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 26 48.7 S S S S 864
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 48.7 S S S S 864
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 909

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 508 100.0 160 100.0 198 100.0 1,352
Single modes 333 65.6 149 93.2 184 92.8 1,445
Truck 329 64.8 139 86.9 170 85.8 1,444
For-hire truck 259 51.0 124 77.3 153 77.2 1,340
Private truck S S S S S S 1,561
Rail S S S S S S 1,349
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,603
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 175 34.4 6 4.0 8 4.2 1,324
Parcel, USPS or courier 173 34.1 6 3.9 8 4.1 1,324
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,371
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,348

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 391 100.0 S S S S 1,336
Single modes S S S S S S 1,408
Truck S S S S S S 1,405
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,405
Private truck S S S S S S 1,391
Rail S S S S S S 1,374
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,836
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,333
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,333
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 274 100.0 293 100.0 354 100.0 1,169
Single modes 209 76.2 288 98.3 348 98.5 1,286
Truck 197 72.0 248 84.6 295 83.6 1,185
For-hire truck 196 71.5 237 81.0 284 80.4 1,191
Private truck S S S S S S 1,024
Rail S S S S S S 1,305
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,834
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 23.8 S S S S 1,159
Parcel, USPS or courier 65 23.8 S S S S 1,159
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,335

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 396 100.0 317 100.0 223 100.0 973
Single modes 317 80.1 316 99.8 222 99.7 1,231
Truck 272 68.7 151 47.7 98 44.1 747
For-hire truck S S 129 40.7 83 37.0 711
Private truck S S 22 7.0 16 7.1 822
Rail 31 7.8 165 52.1 124 55.6 776
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,773
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 79 19.9 1 0.2 S S 870
Parcel, USPS or courier 79 19.9 1 0.2 S S 870
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 677

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 85 100.0 29 100.0 39 100.0 1,359
Single modes 48 56.3 21 74.1 29 74.8 1,799
Truck 47 54.9 21 73.7 29 74.2 1,353
For-hire truck 34 40.2 15 50.9 20 51.0 1,350
Private truck S S S S S S 1,373
Rail S S S S S S 1,546
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,176
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,347
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,347
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 48 100.0 52 100.0 52 100.0 988
Single modes 41 84.9 49 94.3 49 94.2 1,040
Truck 38 78.2 42 80.6 41 79.8 1,040
For-hire truck 34 69.9 32 61.2 33 63.1 1,066
Private truck S S S S S S 866
Rail S S S S S S 1,054
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 982
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 982
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,041

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,342
Single modes 2 13.8 S S S S 2,396
Truck 2 13.8 S S S S 2,396
For-hire truck 2 13.8 S S S S 2,396
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,342
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,342
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,286

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 151 100.0 S S S S 1,879
Single modes 121 80.2 S S S S 1,909
Truck S S S S S S 1,893
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,890
Private truck S S S S S S 1,900
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,118
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,878
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,878
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 6 100.0 13 100.0 2,222
Single modes 55 7.8 4 65.9 9 66.4 2,217
Truck 39 5.6 4 62.6 8 63.2 2,248
For-hire truck 39 5.6 4 62.6 8 63.2 2,248
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,137
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 34.1 4 33.6 2,223
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 34.1 4 33.6 2,223
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 620 100.0 S S S S 1,577
Single modes 242 39.0 S S S S 1,549
Truck 197 31.8 S S S S 1,539
For-hire truck 179 28.9 S S S S 1,542
Private truck S S S S S S 1,502
Rail S S S S S S 1,658
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,103
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 378 61.0 27 19.3 43 20.8 1,579
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,582
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,513
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 587 100.0 184 100.0 250 100.0 1,310
Single modes S S 112 60.9 156 62.5 1,518
Truck 140 23.9 S S S S 1,449
For-hire truck 139 23.7 S S S S 1,449
Private truck S S S S S S 1,416
Rail S S S S S S 1,466
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.2 1 0.3 1,859
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 89 15.2 4 2.0 5 1.9 1,293
Parcel, USPS or courier 89 15.2 4 2.0 5 1.9 1,293
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,305

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 158 100.0 73 100.0 84 100.0 1,154
Single modes 140 88.6 73 99.2 84 99.3 1,282
Truck 127 80.8 41 55.9 44 52.0 1,236
For-hire truck 115 73.0 36 49.6 39 46.4 1,244
Private truck S S S S S S 1,049
Rail S S S S S S 1,252
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,582
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,032
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,032
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,094

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 338 100.0 S S S S 966
Single modes 168 49.7 S S S S 1,209
Truck 129 38.2 38 17.1 35 17.8 939
For-hire truck 118 34.9 33 15.0 31 15.8 939
Private truck S S S S S S 932
Rail S S S S S S 1,025
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,662
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 169 50.0 10 4.5 9 4.6 937
Parcel, USPS or courier 169 50.0 10 4.5 9 4.6 937
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 914

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 19 100.0 21 100.0 27 100.0 1,185
Single modes 12 66.3 21 99.2 27 99.3 1,090
Truck 7 36.9 8 38.5 9 32.0 1,032
For-hire truck 7 36.9 8 38.5 9 32.0 1,032
Private truck
Rail S S 13 60.7 18 67.4 1,467
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 33.7 0.8 0.7 1,189
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 33.7 0.8 0.7 1,189
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 130 100.0 71 100.0 54 100.0 810
Single modes 114 87.9 51 71.4 41 76.3 945
Truck 114 87.9 51 71.4 41 76.3 940
For-hire truck 112 86.0 41 58.5 35 65.5 950
Private truck S S S S S S 801
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,512
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.4 0.5 762
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.4 0.5 762
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 627

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 317 100.0 S S S S 1,106
Single modes 124 39.1 S S S S 1,247
Truck 110 34.7 S S S S 979
For-hire truck 106 33.6 S S S S 995
Private truck 4 1.2 S S S S 857
Rail S S S S S S 1,419
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,780
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.5 2 0.6 1,042
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.5 2 0.6 1,042
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 812

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,301
Single modes S S S S S S 2,189
Truck S S S S S S 2,207
For-hire truck 2 3.1 14.5 1 14.5 2,207
Private truck S S S S S S 2,210
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,149
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 19 28.7 10.2 1 10.5 2,304
Parcel, USPS or courier 19 28.7 10.2 1 10.5 2,304
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 322 100.0 S S S S 2,005
Single modes 190 59.0 S S S S 2,071
Truck 178 55.4 S S S S 2,067
For-hire truck 158 49.0 S S S S 2,083
Private truck S S S S S S 2,023
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,135
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 7.9 5 7.9 1,986
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 7.9 5 7.9 1,986
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,968

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,277 100.0 30,774 100.0 974 100.0 44
Single modes 6,660 91.5 29,994 97.5 941 96.5 40
Truck 5,975 82.1 14,380 46.7 582 59.7 39
For-hire truck 839 11.5 2,445 7.9 150 15.4 90
Private truck 5,130 70.5 11,934 38.8 432 44.3 33
Rail 320 4.4 12,068 39.2 S S 355
Water S S S S S S 21
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 21
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,972
Pipeline3 364 5.0 3,545 11.5 S S S
Multiple modes 355 4.9 S S 3 0.3 130
Parcel, USPS or courier 349 4.8 13 2 0.2 130
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 62
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 262 3.6 S S S S 18

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 266 100.0 S S S S 2,014
Single modes 164 61.6 S S S S 2,100
Truck 155 58.3 S S S S 2,031
For-hire truck 152 57.2 S S S S 2,033
Private truck S S S S S S 1,753
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 9 3.3 S S S S 2,325
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 102 38.3 2 2.5 4 2.4 1,963
Parcel, USPS or courier 102 38.3 2 2.5 4 2.4 1,963
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,955

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 182 100.0 25 100.0 42 100.0 1,679
Single modes 163 89.2 24 95.2 40 95.1 1,610
Truck 162 89.1 24 95.2 40 95.1 1,606
For-hire truck 162 89.1 24 95.2 40 95.1 1,606
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,862
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 10.8 S S S S 1,721
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 10.8 S S S S 1,721
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,769

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 27 100.0 173 100.0 279 100.0 1,363
Single modes 24 89.0 173 99.9 279 99.9 1,481
Truck S S S S S S 1,314
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,369
Private truck S S S S S S 1,216
Rail 20 72.8 171 99.1 277 99.3 1,619
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,345
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,345
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,363

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 334 100.0 S S S S 1,521
Single modes 206 61.6 S S S S 1,495
Truck 165 49.4 S S S S 1,476
For-hire truck 160 47.8 S S S S 1,477
Private truck S S S S S S 1,455
Rail S S S S S S 1,865
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 7 2.1 1,505
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 0.5 5 0.5 1,546
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 0.5 5 0.5 1,546
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,482

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,037 100.0 230 100.0 139 100.0 560
Single modes 945 91.2 226 98.3 137 98.3 574
Truck S S 171 74.4 105 75.7 564
For-hire truck S S 136 59.1 84 60.2 570
Private truck 87 8.4 35 15.3 22 15.5 555
Rail S S S S S S 562
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 655
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 86 8.3 4 1.5 2 1.5 557
Parcel, USPS or courier 86 8.3 4 1.5 2 1.5 557
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 708

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 94 100.0 61 100.0 101 100.0 1,673
Single modes 71 75.1 60 98.3 100 98.6 2,256
Truck 48 50.8 S S S S 1,500
For-hire truck 48 50.6 S S S S 1,501
Private truck S S S S S S 1,401
Rail S S S S S S 1,771
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,197
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,318
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,318
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 669 100.0 S S S S 1,846
Single modes S S S S S S 1,883
Truck S S S S S S 1,833
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,833
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,080
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 102 15.2 4 4.0 8 3.9 1,836
Parcel, USPS or courier 102 15.2 4 4.0 8 3.9 1,836
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,916

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13 100.0 S S S S 2,179
Single modes S S S S S S 2,192
Truck S S S S S S 2,231
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,232
Private truck S S S S S S 2,199
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,100
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 22.4 1 22.3 2,177
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 22.4 1 22.3 2,177
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,207

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 96 100.0 S S S S 1,617
Single modes 47 49.5 S S S S 1,537
Truck 47 48.7 S S S S 1,532
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,505
Private truck 24 25.3 S S S S 1,605
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,699
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 48 50.5 1 3.1 1 3.5 1,663
Parcel, USPS or courier 48 50.5 1 3.1 1 3.5 1,663
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21 100.0 S S S S 1,121
Single modes 11 51.7 S S S S 975
Truck 11 51.7 S S S S 975
For-hire truck S S 2 39.4 2 40.9 1,066
Private truck S S S S S S 797
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5 24.3 S S S S 1,128
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 24.3 S S S S 1,128
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,233

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 261 100.0 90 100.0 115 100.0 1,282
Single modes 238 91.5 88 98.2 113 98.3 1,500
Truck 201 77.2 80 89.5 105 91.4 1,347
For-hire truck 198 76.2 80 89.1 104 91.0 1,238
Private truck S S S S S S 1,604
Rail S S S S S S 995
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,719
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 8.5 2 1.8 2 1.7 1,219
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 8.5 2 1.8 2 1.7 1,219
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,248

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,534 100.0 9,700 100.0 2,637 100.0 536
Single modes 5,527 73.4 9,630 99.3 2,591 98.3 390
Truck 4,760 63.2 S S 1,967 74.6 345
For-hire truck 3,041 40.4 S S S S 387
Private truck 1,699 22.6 1,683 17.4 432 16.4 279
Rail S S S S S S 941
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,531
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,093 14.5 53 0.5 42 1.6 650
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,082 14.4 23 0.2 14 0.5 650
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 895
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 100

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 507 100.0 S S S S 630
Single modes 491 96.9 S S S S 618
Truck 406 80.0 S S S S 565
For-hire truck 264 52.0 241 24.3 S S 639
Private truck S S S S S S 505
Rail S S S S S S 1,375
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,148
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 15 3.0 1 643
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 2.9 1 634
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,222
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 595

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12 100.0 S S S S 2,216
Single modes 3 26.9 S S S S 2,288
Truck 3 21.5 S S S S 2,174
For-hire truck 3 21.5 S S S S 2,174
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,322
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 73.1 S S S S 2,214
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 73.1 S S S S 2,214
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 99 100.0 10 100.0 17 100.0 1,744
Single modes 65 66.0 S S 16 89.7 1,719
Truck 65 66.0 S S 16 89.7 1,719
For-hire truck 34 34.4 5 45.5 8 45.7 1,725
Private truck S S S S S S 1,652
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 34 34.0 1 9.9 2 10.3 1,746
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 34.0 1 9.9 2 10.3 1,746
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 203 100.0 63 100.0 91 100.0 1,478
Single modes 158 78.0 62 98.4 90 98.4 1,516
Truck 149 73.4 62 98.4 90 98.3 1,484
For-hire truck 144 70.8 58 91.3 83 91.1 1,475
Private truck S S S S S S 1,531
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 9 4.6 2,058
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 45 22.0 1 1.6 1 1.6 1,475
Parcel, USPS or courier 45 22.0 1 1.6 1 1.6 1,475
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 S S S S 1,712
Single modes S S S S S S 1,644
Truck S S S S S S 1,603
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,603
Private truck S S S S S S 1,591
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,690
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1 6.5 0.4 0.4 1,727
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 6.5 0.4 0.4 1,727
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 509 100.0 S S S S 1,397
Single modes 439 86.4 S S S S 1,561
Truck 423 83.1 56 30.0 80 29.1 1,441
For-hire truck 391 76.9 47 25.0 67 24.2 1,440
Private truck S S S S S S 1,444
Rail S S S S S S 1,498
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,210
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 66 12.9 4 2.2 6 2.0 1,372
Parcel, USPS or courier 60 11.8 3 1.4 4 1.3 1,372
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,419
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,409

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 110 100.0 S S S S 698
Single modes S S S S S S 730
Truck 27 24.1 S S S S 657
For-hire truck 19 17.5 S S S S 643
Private truck S S S S S S 685
Rail S S S S S S 762
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,721
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.1 0.1 691
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.1 0.1 691
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.