Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 14,907 16,221 −8.1 48,841 61,489 −20.6 10,453 15,643 −33.2 313 907 −65.5
Single modes 13,176 12,932 1.9 47,963 60,879 −21.2 10,303 15,142 −32 195 118 65.5
Truck 11,118 10,334 7.6 20,272 22,475 −9.8 3,917 4,411 −11.2 120 82 45.5
Rail 898 1,646 −45.4 22,084 37,517 −41.1 5,897 10,536 −44 840 811 3.5
Water S S S S S S 21
Air (including truck and air) 314 702 −55.3 2 10 −77.2 5 13 −64.4 2,027 1,361 49
Pipeline S S S 5,605 S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,303 2,745 −52.5 98 44 121.5 S 45 S 849 1,337 −36.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,257 2,745 −54.2 34 44 −23.3 23 45 −49.3 849 1,337 −36.5
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,180 1,309 −9.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,282
Other and unknown modes 427 543 −21.3 S 566 S 54 S S 50 S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 306 699 −56.2 S 458 S S S S S S S
Single modes 306 686 −55.4 S 415 S S S S S 43 S
Truck 275 686 −60 S 415 S 79 S S S 43 S
Rail S S S S S S 470
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,291
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,291
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,566 1,686 52.2 2,039 1,133 79.9 624 340 83.2 156 206 −23.9
Single modes 2,531 1,626 55.7 2,030 1,131 79.4 620 339 83.3 90 68 33.7
Truck 2,531 1,626 55.7 2,030 1,131 79.4 620 339 83.3 90 68 33.7
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 21 60 −64.5 S 2 S S 2 S 1,117 1,278 −12.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 60 −64.5 S 2 S S 2 S 1,117 1,278 −12.6
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S 629 S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 160 352 −54.6 4,619 4,375 5.6 1,821 S S 192 220 −12.8
Single modes 156 345 −54.7 4,189 4,268 −1.9 1,769 S S 202 201 0.5
Truck 131 S S 3,374 3,609 −6.5 804 S S S 184 S
Rail S 159 S 814 S S S S S 1,372 1,497 −8.3
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 729
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,174 411 185.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 411
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,174
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,628 2,446 7.4 32,179 38,995 −17.5 3,575 6,644 −46.2 40 95 −58.4
Single modes 2,622 2,433 7.8 32,162 38,953 −17.4 3,573 6,637 −46.2 40 96 −58.7
Truck 1,244 1,480 −15.9 7,923 6,577 20.5 651 793 −17.9 39 89 −55.9
Rail 532 702 −24.3 18,634 31,499 −40.8 2,439 5,662 −56.9 87 378 −77.1
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S 5,605 S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 62 230 −73
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 230
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 62
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,098 2,575 −57.4 2,920 8,618 −66.1 2,443 4,863 −49.8 283 1,256 −77.5
Single modes 932 1,224 −23.8 2,885 8,601 −66.5 2,390 4,850 −50.7 S 111 S
Truck 772 941 −17.9 1,088 3,533 −69.2 475 898 −47.1 S 79 S
Rail 148 S S 1,797 5,068 −64.5 1,914 3,952 −51.6 1,093 837 30.6
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S 805.3 S 1,807 1,521 18.8
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 132 1,339 −90.1 S 12 S S 13 S 809 1,373 −41.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S 1,339 S S 12 S 2 13 −84.9 806 1,373 −41.3
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 2,168 984 120.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 981
Other and unknown modes S 12 S S 5 S S S S S 33 S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,069 1,089 −1.9 753 1,458 −48.4 423 1,014 −58.3 475 1,241 −61.7
Single modes 852 825 3.3 738 1,189 −38 416 735 −43.3 222 106 108.9
Truck 832 820 1.5 687 1,175 −41.6 350 720 −51.3 180 98 83.8
Rail 19 4 363.4 51 S S S S S 1,263 1,065 18.6
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 1 S S S S S S S 2,153 1,569 37.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 186 251 −25.8 6 13 −54.8 6 16 −65.7 966 1,487 −35
Parcel, USPS or courier 186 251 −26 5 13 −57.6 4 16 −73 966 1,487 −35.1
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3,396
Other and unknown modes 30 S S 9 S S S S S 37 491 −92.5

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,241 2,426 −7.6 4,048 6,114 −33.8 834 773 7.9 301 205 46.7
Single modes 2,027 2,155 −5.9 3,728 6,021 −38.1 824 689 19.6 194 105 85.3
Truck 1,880 1,597 17.7 3,357 5,770 −41.8 568 359 58.5 155 70 123.2
Rail 132 500 −73.5 370 248 49.1 256 328 −22.1 859 1,353 −36.5
Water S S S S S S 21
Air (including truck and air) S 58 S S S S S S S 1,499 1,181 26.9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 137 88 55.3 8 4 135 5 2 113 748 749 −0.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 137 88 55.3 8 4 135 5 2 113 748 749 −0.2
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 77 182 −57.7 S 89 S S S S 67 56 19.5

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,661 3,732 −28.7 268 165 62.8 145 75 93 371 402 −7.8
Single modes 1,978 2,973 −33.5 S 144 S 127 59 116.7 S S S
Truck 1,753 2,386 −26.5 S 140 S 126 51 145.3 S 87 S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) 225 587 −61.7 S 4 S S S S 1,928 1,365 41.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 485 522 −7.2 6 6 0.7 4 4 6.3 785 865 −9.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 485 522 −7.2 6 6 0.8 4 4 6.6 785 864 −9.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,427
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 199 236 −15.7 S 15 S S 12 S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,141 1,155 85.3 873 151 476.7 223 63 251.8 380 404 −6
Single modes 1,743 615 183.3 850 140 508.2 215 57 279.7 269 156 72.5
Truck 1,682 563 198.6 843 108 680 212 41 415.2 97 106 −8.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S 357 500 −28.6
Water
Air (including truck and air) 61 49 25.4 S S S S 2,192 1,462 49.9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 326 476 −31.6 9 8 11.2 4 6 −30.4 884 967 −8.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 326 476 −31.6 9 8 11.3 4 6 −30.3 884 967 −8.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 937
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 72 64 12.2 14 S S S 1 S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 39 62 −37.2 S 22 S S S S 375 484 −22.6
Single modes 29 50 −41.8 S 17 S S S S 317 453 −30.1
Truck 19 49 −59.9 S 17 S S S S 305 S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,417
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,884
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S 802 1,069 −25
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S 802 1,069 −25
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 5 64 −91.8

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.