Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 9.0 12.2 16.9 13.0
Single modes 10.4 1.7 12.4 0.9 17.0 0.3 18.1
Truck 7.3 2.5 14.5 7.1 9.4 6.2 13.0
For-hire truck 11.3 1.8 16.2 3.5 10.0 5.7 17.1
Private truck 5.7 2.2 15.8 4.3 16.1 2.7 8.9
Rail 20.6 0.9 16.8 5.8 24.9 6.8 14.0
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) 36.5 0.7 42.7 39.2 7.3
Pipeline S S 49.1 4.2 S S S
Multiple modes 16.0 1.8 43.1 S S 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 16.3 1.8 22.9 17.3 0.1 10.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 30.1 1.0 S S 49.5 0.2 31.2

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.3 S S S S 13.5
Single modes 43.6 16.4 S S S S 22.4
Truck 44.1 18.4 S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck 44.3 18.1 S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.7 16.4 S S S S 14.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.7 16.4 S S S S 14.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 25.5
Single modes S S S S S S 30.1
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.8 36.7 40.0 3.3
Single modes 22.4 4.9 36.7 0.5 40.0 0.6 6.9
Truck 23.1 7.1 27.5 14.2 20.5 13.8 6.9
For-hire truck 25.5 8.1 17.9 10.2 18.0 8.3 5.2
Private truck 26.2 5.6 37.3 6.2 30.1 7.7 18.8
Rail 37.1 3.3 38.9 14.6 43.8 14.3 15.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.2 4.9 49.3 0.5 47.1 0.6 5.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.2 4.9 49.3 0.5 47.1 0.6 5.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.6

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.6 49.9 S S 16.8
Single modes 43.8 13.2 S S S S 20.0
Truck 45.8 14.5 S S S S 20.1
For-hire truck 45.8 14.5 S S S S 20.1
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.5 13.2 S S 49.7 10.6 19.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.5 13.2 S S 49.7 10.6 19.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.4 25.0 23.1 2.4
Single modes 17.8 3.5 25.7 2.1 23.9 2.3 12.4
Truck 16.1 5.6 25.2 4.5 23.3 5.8 3.6
For-hire truck 17.6 4.8 26.2 7.0 24.3 7.6 3.8
Private truck 38.6 3.3 39.7 3.7 40.6 3.1 15.3
Rail S S S S S S 26.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 22.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.3 3.1 49.6 1.0 45.8 0.9 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.3 3.1 49.6 1.0 45.8 0.9 2.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.9 33.1 28.7 6.4
Single modes 28.7 2.8 33.5 0.8 28.9 0.7 10.5
Truck 29.5 3.1 38.8 6.6 35.2 8.7 13.4
For-hire truck 28.4 5.9 46.8 9.4 42.8 10.0 9.0
Private truck 32.7 6.1 31.9 9.8 36.7 10.1 19.8
Rail S S S S S S 26.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.3 2.6 31.8 0.2 31.5 0.3 4.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.3 2.6 31.8 0.2 31.5 0.3 4.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.6

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 2.2
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 23.6
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 23.6
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.9 49.0 S S 3.5
Single modes 29.3 10.8 49.3 10.6 S S 5.0
Truck 36.1 11.0 47.4 17.0 45.0 17.5 11.0
For-hire truck 37.3 11.7 S S S S 15.1
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 30.5 1.0 37.3 38.0 15.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.0 10.6 35.8 10.6 36.6 10.6 1.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.0 10.6 35.8 10.6 36.6 10.6 1.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.4 40.8 37.1 6.6
Single modes 25.7 6.8 41.0 0.8 37.3 0.8 9.0
Truck 29.5 10.6 49.5 9.8 46.7 10.3 1.9
For-hire truck 29.8 10.8 45.7 10.5 43.1 10.8 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 12.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 12.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 21.1
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.9 48.5 S S 16.0
Single modes 30.5 10.2 48.5 10.7 S S 19.9
Truck 34.6 11.7 37.9 15.1 35.1 17.3 15.9
For-hire truck 34.0 11.1 38.3 14.8 35.5 16.7 15.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 36.3 10.7 43.1 10.6 21.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 36.3 10.7 43.1 10.6 21.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.8 44.1 44.0 1.9
Single modes 17.3 8.6 44.8 1.1 44.6 1.1 2.4
Truck 18.2 8.6 23.8 13.1 24.6 13.0 2.1
For-hire truck 18.1 8.7 24.7 13.1 25.8 12.9 2.0
Private truck S S 50.0 2.0 48.4 2.2 23.7
Rail 37.3 2.4 49.2 13.2 49.1 13.0 15.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 34.7 0.3 36.0 0.3 1.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.8 30.0 30.6 1.8
Single modes 30.9 5.2 30.1 0.3 30.7 0.3 3.4
Truck 36.4 8.5 24.5 16.4 25.7 16.5 3.0
For-hire truck 36.4 8.5 24.5 16.4 25.7 16.5 3.0
Private truck
Rail S S 48.8 16.4 49.4 16.6 23.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.1 5.2 S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.1 5.2 S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.7 46.9 48.0 6.0
Single modes 29.1 13.7 46.9 15.0 48.1 15.1 15.0
Truck 26.5 10.7 42.9 16.6 46.0 16.8 15.0
For-hire truck 27.4 10.1 45.2 17.5 48.6 17.7 15.5
Private truck S S S S S S 29.9
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.7 13.7 40.7 15.0 39.4 15.1 14.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.7 13.7 40.7 15.0 39.4 15.1 14.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.8 41.2 35.6 8.6
Single modes 35.1 4.0 41.3 1.0 35.6 0.5 10.8
Truck 36.4 7.3 41.6 5.8 31.6 5.6 17.3
For-hire truck 28.9 9.2 28.7 13.0 28.9 12.6 4.3
Private truck S S 49.6 10.1 41.9 8.8 25.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 49.3 0.4 15.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 49.3 0.4 15.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 35.4

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.1 48.9 49.1 8.4
Single modes 29.6 11.3 49.0 10.6 49.2 10.6 13.2
Truck 36.6 16.7 34.6 15.4 36.1 15.5 15.0
For-hire truck 36.7 17.5 40.2 16.1 41.5 16.1 18.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.8 11.3 S S S S 5.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.8 11.3 S S S S 5.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 44.8 40.8 41.9 6.0
Single modes S S 39.5 14.2 40.5 14.2 17.2
Truck S S 38.2 14.7 37.6 15.3 15.5
For-hire truck S S S S 49.1 15.0 23.7
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 45.9 12.5 S S S S 18.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.5 12.5 41.9 14.8 40.0 14.8 19.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.9 32.9 33.2 10.8
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.9 14.2 37.4 11.0 38.4 11.2 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.9 14.2 37.4 11.0 38.4 11.2 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.0 30.9 31.1 1.5
Single modes 35.3 12.7 40.3 19.7 39.9 19.9 23.7
Truck 43.3 12.8 S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck 43.3 12.8 S S S S 23.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.6 12.8 34.6 19.7 34.4 19.9 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.6 12.8 34.6 19.7 34.4 19.9 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.3 S S S S 1.7
Single modes 46.6 11.3 S S S S 21.1
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 49.6 8.6 45.3 8.0 47.6 8.3 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.7 11.3 S S S S 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.7 11.3 S S S S 1.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.0 46.3 45.3 4.4
Single modes 45.7 9.9 46.5 10.1 45.6 10.0 4.5
Truck S S 32.1 16.6 32.2 16.5 2.4
For-hire truck S S 32.1 16.6 32.2 16.5 2.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 4.8
Single modes S S S S S S 12.9
Truck S S S S S S 18.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.4
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 44.6 10.6 46.1 10.6 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 44.6 10.6 46.1 10.6 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 47.6 48.2 48.5 12.1
Single modes S S 48.3 19.6 48.6 19.2 21.9
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail 43.3 12.6 S S S S 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 20.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 20.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.6 31.1 32.1 5.8
Single modes 34.6 7.7 31.2 0.3 32.2 0.3 8.1
Truck 37.2 9.1 22.6 17.6 22.7 17.9 3.4
For-hire truck 37.7 9.1 27.6 17.5 30.3 17.6 3.7
Private truck 46.0 1.0 45.5 10.6 44.7 10.6 23.7
Rail 45.2 7.2 45.0 17.8 45.2 18.1 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.7 7.7 39.2 0.3 39.0 0.3 12.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.7 7.7 39.2 0.3 39.0 0.3 12.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 44.2 S S S S 12.0
Single modes S S S S S S 23.9
Truck S S S S S S 26.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 26.3
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 45.5 31.5 32.4 4.4
Single modes 48.2 17.7 31.5 18.3 32.4 18.3 18.7
Truck 48.5 17.3 32.2 14.9 33.2 14.9 18.7
For-hire truck S S 47.6 10.9 43.5 10.8 23.8
Private truck 40.0 10.8 42.7 13.2 42.6 13.0 23.7
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 45.9 18.3 41.2 18.3 18.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 45.9 18.3 41.2 18.3 18.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 36.0 34.4 8.0
Single modes S S 35.6 4.1 34.4 3.6 15.7
Truck S S 37.4 17.3 36.9 17.1 15.7
For-hire truck S S 42.1 14.5 47.2 14.4 21.3
Private truck S S S S S S 24.1
Rail 1.2 14.6 14.8 33.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 45.2 4.6 40.5 3.9 16.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 45.2 4.6 40.5 3.9 16.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.0

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 23.6
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 44.4 S S S S 0.8
Single modes 45.3 16.8 S S S S 15.0
Truck S S S S S S 14.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.3
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 35.4 18.6 35.7 18.6 0.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 35.4 18.6 35.7 18.6 0.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 5.5 15.6 16.9 10.4
Single modes 5.8 1.3 16.5 2.3 17.8 2.7 10.2
Truck 6.6 3.0 16.9 10.2 23.3 8.1 10.7
For-hire truck 30.5 2.9 30.0 3.4 31.6 3.7 13.6
Private truck 5.2 2.8 16.8 7.9 21.1 5.5 8.7
Rail 28.1 1.2 33.9 8.8 S S 31.3
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline 36.1 1.7 38.3 3.7 S S S
Multiple modes 24.5 1.3 S S 42.6 7.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.4 1.4 41.2 40.9 7.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 24.6 0.8 S S S S 29.8

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.1 47.7 47.4 1.4
Single modes 43.3 11.6 48.6 9.5 48.3 9.5 3.2
Truck 43.3 11.4 S S S S 1.7
For-hire truck 43.3 11.4 S S S S 1.7
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.8 11.2 47.8 9.5 48.2 9.5 0.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.8 11.2 47.8 9.5 48.2 9.5 0.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 48.4 49.4 2.6
Single modes 24.8 18.4 S S S S 15.2
Truck 32.6 16.5 42.1 15.8 40.8 16.0 15.2
For-hire truck 34.1 16.2 42.9 15.4 41.6 15.6 18.5
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.6 15.1 44.7 13.5 44.8 13.4 0.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.6 15.1 44.7 13.5 44.8 13.4 0.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.6 S S S S 23.5
Single modes S S S S S S 25.4
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.8 16.8 S S S S 26.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.8 16.8 S S S S 26.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.6 S S S S 3.1
Single modes 47.4 12.9 S S S S 11.5
Truck 49.6 12.5 40.7 19.4 40.6 19.3 10.8
For-hire truck S S 42.0 17.4 42.0 17.3 10.8
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 36.6 11.6 35.9 11.6 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 36.6 11.6 35.9 11.6 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.2 S S S S 9.1
Single modes 48.6 8.3 49.3 0.7 S S 13.1
Truck 48.6 8.3 49.3 0.7 S S 8.5
For-hire truck S S 32.3 11.9 34.2 12.8 7.7
Private truck S S S S S S 16.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 44.3 0.5 44.4 0.6 11.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 44.3 0.5 44.4 0.6 11.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.5 49.6 S S 2.6
Single modes 31.4 10.7 S S S S 10.8
Truck 30.7 10.6 37.6 15.5 40.2 17.6 10.9
For-hire truck 35.7 9.4 46.1 14.5 49.7 15.8 10.8
Private truck S S 35.8 7.0 36.8 7.3 21.2
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.3 10.7 S S S S 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.3 10.7 S S S S 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.3 38.0 38.7 2.1
Single modes S S 38.2 11.1 38.9 11.0 10.8
Truck S S 26.4 14.7 26.4 14.9 10.7
For-hire truck S S 26.4 14.7 26.4 14.9 10.7
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 29.9 11.1 30.1 11.0 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 29.9 11.1 30.1 11.0 1.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 21.5
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.6
Single modes S S S S S S 23.7
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.8 10.8 S S S S 21.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.8 10.8 S S S S 21.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.4 S S S S 18.8
Single modes S S S S S S 21.6
Truck S S S S S S 21.6
For-hire truck S S S S 49.4 16.2 24.3
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.4 13.1 S S S S 23.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.4 13.1 S S S S 23.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.6 S S S S 6.7
Single modes 31.2 13.6 S S S S 16.9
Truck 26.6 13.9 S S S S 15.4
For-hire truck 30.3 14.1 S S S S 15.5
Private truck S S S S S S 28.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.0 13.6 S S 49.7 14.9 18.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.0 13.6 S S 49.7 14.9 18.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.4 45.0 32.4 8.2
Single modes 44.8 1.8 45.3 0.6 32.7 1.1 11.0
Truck 28.9 7.3 16.0 14.3 16.0 13.8 7.5
For-hire truck 37.1 4.4 20.2 10.6 17.1 10.2 6.0
Private truck 19.7 7.2 26.5 5.0 20.9 4.7 8.6
Rail 48.9 3.4 42.8 6.3 40.0 11.3 10.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 20.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 21.8 1.5 S S S S 9.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 21.8 1.5 34.6 29.8 9.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.9

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 41.7 43.8 30.7
Single modes S S 42.2 15.5 44.2 15.5 39.5
Truck S S 42.2 15.6 44.2 15.9 16.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 19.1
Private truck S S S S S S 28.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.7 13.6 41.7 11.7 41.1 12.1 15.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.7 13.6 41.7 11.7 41.1 12.1 15.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 28.0
Single modes S S S S S S 29.8
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 49.7 S S S S 2.7
Single modes S S S S S S 18.5
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.2 18.2 S S S S 2.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.2 18.2 S S S S 2.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 48.7 41.8 42.4 2.0
Single modes 37.3 8.2 S S S S 1.8
Truck 45.5 8.2 S S 46.8 14.0 15.1
For-hire truck 47.1 8.5 S S 49.6 14.1 18.4
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.6 12.0 31.5 12.7 32.0 12.5 1.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.3
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.0 35.6 35.5 4.9
Single modes 33.0 8.6 35.7 0.7 35.6 0.7 7.5
Truck 34.1 8.3 43.1 10.1 42.9 10.1 1.3
For-hire truck 35.1 8.3 33.4 13.6 34.2 13.6 1.3
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 46.8 45.7 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.1 8.6 S S S S 2.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 21.1 8.6 S S S S 2.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.2 S S 47.7 13.8
Single modes 45.0 16.5 S S 47.8 18.2 24.7
Truck S S S S 48.7 17.9 21.3
For-hire truck S S 48.4 16.7 S S 23.7
Private truck S S S S S S 30.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 46.8 18.2 44.5 18.2 19.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 46.8 18.2 44.5 18.2 19.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.