Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 7.2 15.2 8.9 3.7
Single modes 8.7 2.8 16.4 1.8 9.9 4.1 10.1
Truck 9.6 2.8 19.6 6.7 16.9 5.4 9.1
For-hire truck 13.0 3.6 26.8 3.7 19.8 5.1 7.7
Private truck 8.5 1.9 15.1 4.9 15.6 2.1 11.0
Rail 18.2 0.7 28.2 5.3 20.8 4.4 13.5
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) 21.7 1.0 S S S S 8.2
Pipeline 41.9 0.9 43.2 3.3 S S S
Multiple modes 11.4 2.6 20.6 0.1 18.5 0.3 2.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 13.3 2.8 12.1 17.8 0.2 3.0
Truck and rail 46.2 0.7 41.1 31.8 0.2 18.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 33.8 1.8 S S 40.2

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.4 39.4 44.2 4.6
Single modes 30.3 13.2 39.7 13.9 44.5 13.9 7.0
Truck 38.9 13.9 44.0 15.7 43.5 17.1 10.7
For-hire truck 38.9 13.9 44.0 15.7 43.5 17.1 10.7
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 29.8
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.7 44.5 S S 1.9
Single modes 41.4 1.3 44.5 0.2 S S 2.1
Truck 43.0 5.6 44.7 0.4 S S 2.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3.1
Private truck 27.6 7.5 36.6 9.5 36.2 9.8 1.7
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 40.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.0 1.3 S S S S 3.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.0 1.3 S S S S 3.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.0

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.1 30.6 29.5 12.8
Single modes 38.3 8.6 32.5 5.0 31.1 4.3 11.1
Truck 40.7 10.8 24.4 7.5 22.1 8.6 6.1
For-hire truck 35.9 11.1 19.9 9.8 19.7 10.6 6.0
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 16.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 16.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.6 27.5 24.5 2.4
Single modes 32.4 6.5 25.5 2.0 22.5 2.1 11.8
Truck 30.3 5.9 25.8 2.1 22.9 2.2 2.2
For-hire truck 36.9 8.3 29.1 6.3 25.9 5.9 2.2
Private truck 42.4 5.5 38.3 6.3 37.9 5.7 5.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.9 5.7 S S S S 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 22.2 5.9 27.2 0.6 31.1 0.7 2.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 30.0
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21.7

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.6 25.3 27.9 3.8
Single modes 20.4 7.2 24.8 4.3 27.1 4.4 5.7
Truck 22.4 6.7 27.4 7.0 31.0 7.4 4.0
For-hire truck 24.6 6.6 29.3 9.0 33.1 8.7 3.1
Private truck 25.4 4.2 31.0 3.2 31.7 3.0 8.5
Rail S S S S S S 26.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.3 6.3 39.8 0.3 S S 5.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.5 6.3 38.7 0.1 38.4 0.3 5.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.4

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 40.5 40.6 0.7
Single modes S S 46.0 15.8 46.0 15.8 10.6
Truck S S 45.9 15.9 46.0 15.9 10.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 14.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.5 14.4 42.4 15.8 42.5 15.8 1.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.5 14.4 42.4 15.8 42.5 15.8 1.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.3
Single modes S S S S S S 21.1
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.0 33.6 33.2 4.1
Single modes S S 38.4 13.3 37.0 13.1 5.5
Truck 38.3 8.0 38.8 14.6 37.5 14.5 10.9
For-hire truck 40.8 8.2 43.6 13.8 42.2 13.5 15.3
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 15.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.5 11.7 S S S S 2.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.5 11.7 S S S S 2.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.3 48.0 S S 1.1
Single modes 31.8 10.6 46.8 10.5 49.7 10.7 10.9
Truck 36.4 11.7 20.8 18.1 20.5 18.9 10.6
For-hire truck 22.3 11.4 24.1 17.3 23.9 18.0 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.3 11.1 39.0 11.7 38.8 11.8 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.3 11.1 39.0 11.7 38.8 11.8 1.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 25.8
Single modes S S S S S S 29.8
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.1 33.8 34.1 16.8
Single modes 27.2 15.1 36.4 17.3 36.2 17.5 14.5
Truck 26.8 14.6 39.7 16.6 40.5 16.3 18.4
For-hire truck 39.5 13.1 S S S S 21.2
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.6 14.7 S S S S 21.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 49.6 14.7 S S S S 21.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.7 26.3 26.0 2.0
Single modes 21.9 11.0 28.3 6.5 28.1 6.9 3.1
Truck 21.8 10.8 30.7 7.2 30.9 7.7 3.1
For-hire truck 26.4 10.7 36.0 10.3 35.8 10.6 1.3
Private truck S S S S S S 30.0
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.9 11.0 33.6 6.2 33.3 6.6 2.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.5 11.1 34.7 6.2 34.5 6.6 2.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.5 S S S S 2.5
Single modes S S S S S S 14.9
Truck S S S S S S 14.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 14.9
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.8 43.4 43.1 3.1
Single modes 25.2 12.4 44.4 3.9 44.0 4.3 6.0
Truck 24.4 11.6 48.3 6.7 48.4 6.8 4.2
For-hire truck 24.3 11.5 47.1 6.6 47.6 6.6 4.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.8 12.4 S S S S 3.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.8 12.4 S S S S 3.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.0 17.8 16.7 9.9
Single modes 40.5 8.0 17.9 0.2 16.8 0.2 12.8
Truck 49.0 10.1 23.0 10.1 21.2 10.1 4.1
For-hire truck S S 25.4 10.1 23.1 9.9 5.0
Private truck S S 41.1 3.7 42.8 3.8 21.7
Rail 39.4 5.8 34.8 10.1 31.6 10.1 15.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.0 8.0 44.2 0.2 S S 11.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.0 8.0 44.2 0.2 S S 11.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.9 38.1 37.8 1.4
Single modes 40.2 12.2 41.3 13.7 41.3 13.8 16.9
Truck 41.2 12.1 41.6 13.6 41.6 13.6 14.9
For-hire truck 29.5 10.4 39.0 13.3 37.7 13.3 15.0
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.8 31.8 30.7 8.1
Single modes 38.8 11.5 34.8 13.3 33.8 13.3 11.1
Truck 41.8 11.3 39.1 13.6 38.0 13.7 11.1
For-hire truck 43.9 11.2 39.3 13.8 38.7 13.7 11.2
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 19.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 19.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 10.6
Single modes 49.4 14.4 S S S S 25.8
Truck 49.4 14.4 S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck 49.4 14.4 S S S S 25.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.1 S S S S 10.6
Single modes 43.3 17.5 S S S S 21.2
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 32.9 33.4 0.6
Single modes 37.7 13.4 38.5 8.5 39.2 8.6 1.2
Truck 38.1 12.3 40.9 8.8 41.5 8.8 10.6
For-hire truck 38.1 12.3 40.9 8.8 41.5 8.8 10.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 29.0 8.5 28.7 8.6 0.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 29.0 8.5 28.7 8.6 0.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.4 S S S S 1.9
Single modes 38.2 14.1 S S S S 1.2
Truck 41.4 15.4 S S S S 1.2
For-hire truck 46.3 14.4 S S S S 1.2
Private truck S S S S S S 23.7
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.1 14.1 49.1 14.6 49.9 14.4 2.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 28.0
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.3 39.6 38.7 4.8
Single modes S S 43.2 12.3 42.9 12.1 3.3
Truck 39.0 9.9 S S S S 2.5
For-hire truck 38.9 9.9 S S S S 2.6
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 28.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 48.0 3.7 48.8 4.6 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.9 10.5 46.4 5.8 46.0 5.6 2.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 49.9 10.5 46.4 5.8 46.0 5.6 2.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.2 40.7 44.5 4.3
Single modes 38.8 15.0 41.1 14.8 44.8 14.8 15.6
Truck 43.7 15.8 30.6 15.5 30.7 16.0 15.3
For-hire truck 48.1 15.2 33.5 14.7 33.5 15.1 15.2
Private truck S S S S S S 28.0
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.4 S S S S 4.2
Single modes 20.1 9.2 S S S S 9.3
Truck 23.9 10.5 27.6 17.7 28.9 17.4 3.2
For-hire truck 24.7 10.6 27.7 16.3 28.9 16.0 3.3
Private truck S S S S S S 28.0
Rail S S S S S S 26.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.2 9.2 36.7 6.5 36.8 6.8 3.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.2 9.2 36.7 6.5 36.8 6.8 3.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.3 36.2 36.4 5.9
Single modes 34.8 7.8 36.4 4.9 36.7 4.8 7.4
Truck 28.9 9.4 37.0 14.2 35.5 15.2 15.7
For-hire truck 28.9 9.4 37.0 14.2 35.5 15.2 15.7
Private truck
Rail S S 42.1 15.5 42.6 16.7 23.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.0 7.8 37.2 4.9 36.1 4.8 7.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.0 7.8 37.2 4.9 36.1 4.8 7.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.1 45.1 37.5 5.5
Single modes 34.3 5.3 29.3 8.6 26.2 7.5 5.0
Truck 34.3 5.3 29.3 8.6 26.3 7.5 4.9
For-hire truck 35.6 7.6 26.5 12.2 26.5 10.6 5.2
Private truck S S S S S S 30.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 46.9 2.6 49.7 2.3 7.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 46.9 2.6 49.7 2.3 7.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.1 S S S S 6.9
Single modes 29.7 14.1 S S S S 22.6
Truck 32.7 12.5 S S S S 12.5
For-hire truck 33.0 11.7 S S S S 12.5
Private truck 45.5 1.5 S S S S 24.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 30.1 11.4 33.4 11.8 4.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 30.1 11.4 33.4 11.8 4.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.1

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 10.6
Single modes S S S S S S 14.9
Truck S S S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck 42.9 5.1 48.5 14.5 48.7 14.3 21.1
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.5 16.2 36.4 17.2 36.6 17.2 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 49.5 16.2 36.4 17.2 36.6 17.2 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.1 S S S S 1.2
Single modes 40.1 13.2 S S S S 1.1
Truck 39.8 12.6 S S S S 1.3
For-hire truck 46.4 12.9 S S S S 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 48.6 13.7 49.0 13.7 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 48.6 13.7 49.0 13.7 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 5.5 15.6 16.9 10.4
Single modes 5.8 1.3 16.5 2.3 17.8 2.7 10.2
Truck 6.6 3.0 16.9 10.2 23.3 8.1 10.7
For-hire truck 30.5 2.9 30.0 3.4 31.6 3.7 13.6
Private truck 5.2 2.8 16.8 7.9 21.1 5.5 8.7
Rail 28.1 1.2 33.9 8.8 S S 31.3
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline 36.1 1.7 38.3 3.7 S S S
Multiple modes 24.5 1.3 S S 42.6 7.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.4 1.4 41.2 40.9 7.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 24.6 0.8 S S S S 29.8

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.6 S S S S 1.2
Single modes 29.0 9.0 S S S S 2.7
Truck 30.1 9.0 S S S S 1.9
For-hire truck 31.0 9.2 S S S S 1.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 41.8 1.3 S S S S 18.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.4 9.0 44.0 10.8 43.2 10.9 0.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.4 9.0 44.0 10.8 43.2 10.9 0.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.5 38.9 38.7 1.8
Single modes 31.8 4.9 40.7 3.7 40.7 3.8 2.3
Truck 31.8 4.9 40.7 3.7 40.7 3.8 2.4
For-hire truck 31.8 4.9 40.7 3.7 40.7 3.8 2.4
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.6 4.9 S S S S 1.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.6 4.9 S S S S 1.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.9 33.0 33.0 11.0
Single modes 38.9 10.5 33.0 10.5 33.0 10.5 15.1
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck S S S S S S 28.0
Rail 33.6 12.1 32.9 14.8 33.0 14.8 18.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 11.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 11.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.0 S S S S 1.4
Single modes 25.9 7.2 S S S S 3.7
Truck 28.4 8.8 S S S S 1.8
For-hire truck 28.1 8.3 S S S S 1.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 49.6 4.4 41.7 0.7 40.0 0.6 23.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 43.4 6.6 44.3 6.7 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 43.4 6.6 44.3 6.7 1.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 44.4 20.9 19.5 6.7
Single modes 49.4 5.7 21.4 1.8 20.0 1.6 4.7
Truck S S 25.5 9.6 24.6 9.3 5.5
For-hire truck S S 24.3 8.1 24.4 7.8 4.4
Private truck 35.1 5.7 44.5 4.6 42.2 4.9 12.4
Rail S S S S S S 28.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 19.7 4.6 27.8 1.1 26.7 0.8 8.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 19.7 4.6 27.8 1.1 26.7 0.8 8.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.7 46.2 48.1 6.5
Single modes 33.5 13.0 47.3 13.3 49.0 13.4 10.6
Truck 35.6 11.0 S S S S 10.7
For-hire truck 35.6 11.0 S S S S 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 44.9 S S S S 1.8
Single modes S S S S S S 1.8
Truck S S S S S S 1.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1.3
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.6 13.1 39.7 15.9 37.1 15.9 2.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.6 13.1 39.7 15.9 37.1 15.9 2.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.7 S S S S 10.6
Single modes S S S S S S 21.1
Truck S S S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 48.7 15.9 48.8 15.9 14.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 48.7 15.9 48.8 15.9 14.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.8 S S S S 1.4
Single modes 32.2 13.3 S S S S 10.8
Truck 32.3 13.1 S S S S 10.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 15.1
Private truck 43.9 13.6 S S S S 25.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.8 13.3 43.3 16.4 44.0 16.5 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.8 13.3 43.3 16.4 44.0 16.5 2.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.0 S S S S 2.9
Single modes 38.9 11.9 S S S S 11.6
Truck 38.9 11.9 S S S S 11.6
For-hire truck S S 38.5 15.2 36.6 14.9 15.3
Private truck S S S S S S 28.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.9 14.7 S S S S 2.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.9 14.7 S S S S 2.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.6 35.6 39.6 4.4
Single modes 38.4 6.6 36.5 2.3 40.5 2.3 5.6
Truck 46.7 9.7 34.0 6.0 38.7 5.8 4.1
For-hire truck 47.5 10.8 34.0 6.4 38.7 6.2 3.0
Private truck S S S S S S 29.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.7 6.6 48.6 2.3 46.5 2.3 3.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.7 6.6 48.6 2.3 46.5 2.3 3.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.4 43.9 36.8 11.1
Single modes 33.3 8.4 44.3 3.6 37.8 5.3 17.3
Truck 39.4 9.0 S S 49.4 9.0 13.6
For-hire truck 44.2 6.4 S S S S 14.6
Private truck 36.3 6.1 38.5 6.5 30.4 5.4 16.2
Rail S S S S S S 23.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.3
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 40.7 7.4 41.2 3.3 46.6 5.2 7.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.3 7.4 38.3 0.5 37.4 0.7 7.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.1

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.4 S S S S 12.8
Single modes 36.5 3.0 S S S S 16.9
Truck 27.4 5.2 S S S S 5.5
For-hire truck 36.2 10.9 30.2 19.4 S S 3.4
Private truck S S S S S S 16.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.9 3.0 32.7 0.2 28.3 0.2 16.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.7 3.0 33.9 0.2 30.4 0.2 14.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.1 S S S S 0.5
Single modes 41.6 11.2 S S S S 15.0
Truck 44.7 10.7 S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck 44.7 10.7 S S S S 21.1
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.7 11.2 S S S S 0.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.7 11.2 S S S S 0.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.0 45.8 45.1 1.8
Single modes 49.4 12.1 S S 49.7 13.6 10.7
Truck 49.4 12.1 S S 49.7 13.6 10.7
For-hire truck 24.2 12.3 24.0 13.4 23.1 13.3 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.7 12.1 25.4 13.5 24.8 13.6 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.7 12.1 25.4 13.5 24.8 13.6 1.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.3 34.9 35.1 1.2
Single modes 39.8 10.3 35.7 10.2 35.9 10.2 3.8
Truck 42.4 10.9 35.8 10.8 36.0 11.1 2.3
For-hire truck 44.2 11.8 38.9 14.4 39.3 14.4 15.0
Private truck S S S S S S 21.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 48.3 2.3 47.1 0.8 47.2 1.1 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 45.8 10.3 39.3 10.2 39.9 10.2 1.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 45.8 10.3 39.3 10.2 39.9 10.2 1.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 49.9 S S S S 18.4
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 25.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.1 17.1 37.1 18.2 38.8 18.2 23.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.1 17.1 37.1 18.2 38.8 18.2 23.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.4 S S S S 1.1
Single modes 34.6 10.1 S S S S 3.5
Truck 36.0 9.7 28.3 18.3 28.3 18.5 2.0
For-hire truck 39.9 10.9 22.1 19.3 22.3 19.5 2.0
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.3 10.1 45.5 8.5 45.6 8.6 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.4 10.3 37.3 8.5 37.5 8.5 1.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.1 S S S S 5.1
Single modes S S S S S S 6.8
Truck 32.9 12.5 S S S S 7.3
For-hire truck 31.4 9.3 S S S S 9.2
Private truck S S S S S S 24.0
Rail S S S S S S 26.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 46.9 3.2 46.9 2.3 5.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 46.9 3.2 46.9 2.3 5.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.