Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 318,775 100.0 249,551 100.0 55,284 100.0 403
Less than 50 lbs 59,634 18.7 890 0.4 342 0.6 474
50 to 99 lbs 14,667 4.6 669 0.3 213 0.4 326
100 to 499 lbs 39,701 12.5 3,495 1.4 933 1.7 264
500 to 749 lbs 11,236 3.5 1,574 0.6 444 0.8 289
750 to 999 lbs 8,947 2.8 1,348 0.5 328 0.6 245
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 68,218 21.4 18,981 7.6 4,325 7.8 222
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 98,639 30.9 134,394 53.9 28,046 50.7 215
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 7,764 2.4 45,103 18.1 3,398 6.1 75
100,000 lbs or more 9,969 3.1 43,096 17.3 17,256 31.2 262

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 243,570 100.0 239,889 100.0 49,673 100.0 188
Less than 50 lbs 16,976 7.0 462 0.2 66 0.1 191
50 to 99 lbs 7,286 3.0 450 0.2 51 0.1 113
100 to 499 lbs 28,914 11.9 2,882 1.2 559 1.1 189
500 to 749 lbs 9,141 3.8 1,314 0.5 322 0.6 251
750 to 999 lbs 8,155 3.3 1,178 0.5 306 0.6 263
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 63,980 26.3 18,202 7.6 4,102 8.3 223
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 91,841 37.7 130,457 54.4 23,853 48.0 182
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 7,528 3.1 44,400 18.5 3,289 6.6 74
100,000 lbs or more 9,749 4.0 40,543 16.9 17,125 34.5 268

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 231,714 100.0 225,444 100.0 36,866 100.0 149
Less than 50 lbs 13,582 5.9 454 0.2 52 0.1 120
50 to 99 lbs 6,809 2.9 446 0.2 45 0.1 S
100 to 499 lbs 27,709 12.0 2,866 1.3 534 1.4 180
500 to 749 lbs 8,732 3.8 1,306 0.6 313 0.8 246
750 to 999 lbs 8,090 3.5 1,176 0.5 304 0.8 261
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 63,172 27.3 18,099 8.0 3,936 10.7 218
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 90,692 39.1 130,289 57.8 23,682 64.2 181
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 7,053 3.0 44,314 19.7 3,196 8.7 72
100,000 lbs or more 5,875 2.5 26,494 11.8 4,803 13.0 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 134,399 100.0 87,750 100.0 27,853 100.0 660
Less than 50 lbs 4,520 3.4 57 41 0.1 735
50 to 99 lbs 2,041 1.5 56 29 0.1 513
100 to 499 lbs 14,138 10.5 559 0.6 428 1.5 772
500 to 749 lbs 4,725 3.5 274 0.3 264 0.9 973
750 to 999 lbs 5,072 3.8 294 0.3 262 0.9 906
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 39,564 29.4 5,324 6.1 3,046 10.9 648
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 58,019 43.2 52,885 60.3 17,724 63.6 353
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,005 3.0 19,733 22.5 2,013 7.2 99
100,000 lbs or more 2,315 1.7 8,567 9.8 S S S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 96,009 100.0 136,952 100.0 8,891 100.0 39
Less than 50 lbs 9,062 9.4 397 0.3 11 0.1 S
50 to 99 lbs 4,763 5.0 389 0.3 16 0.2 39
100 to 499 lbs 13,561 14.1 2,305 1.7 107 1.2 45
500 to 749 lbs 4,003 4.2 1,030 0.8 49 0.6 47
750 to 999 lbs 2,987 3.1 876 0.6 42 0.5 48
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 23,063 24.0 12,692 9.3 880 9.9 63
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 31,969 33.3 76,757 56.0 5,845 65.7 74
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,047 3.2 24,581 17.9 1,183 13.3 49
100,000 lbs or more S S 17,926 13.1 756 8.5 58

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,484 100.0 7,320 100.0 4,458 100.0 769
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 253
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 3,062
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,589
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 549 15.8 100 1.4 139 3.1 1,299
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 247 7.1 S S 87 2.0 1,197
100,000 lbs or more 2,616 75.1 7,139 97.5 4,226 94.8 693

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 163 100.0 S S 34 100.0 396
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 364
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 370
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 185
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 45 5.8 21 63.6 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,230
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 98

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 250
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 407
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 370
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 8

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 49 100.0 28 100.0 476
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 58
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 185
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 45 93.2 21 76.7 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,230
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,230

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 7,051 100.0 S S S S 1,661
Less than 50 lbs 3,393 48.1 8 4.0 13 4.3 1,684
50 to 99 lbs 477 6.8 4 2.0 6 2.0 1,625
100 to 499 lbs 1,204 17.1 16 8.1 24 7.8 1,468
500 to 749 lbs 409 5.8 S S S S 997
750 to 999 lbs 64 0.9 2 1.0 2 0.7 1,067
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,562
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 486
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 396
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,753

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,159 100.0 6,141 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S 6,141 100.0 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 63,898 100.0 2,639 100.0 S S 761
Less than 50 lbs 40,262 63.0 372 14.1 263 5.5 750
50 to 99 lbs 6,744 10.6 189 7.2 152 3.2 808
100 to 499 lbs 9,556 15.0 402 15.2 357 7.4 816
500 to 749 lbs 1,680 2.6 87 3.3 S S 1,311
750 to 999 lbs 461 0.7 17 0.7 19 0.4 1,034
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,665
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,163
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,088

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 57,826 100.0 1,023 100.0 773 100.0 752
Less than 50 lbs 40,251 69.6 372 36.3 262 33.9 749
50 to 99 lbs 6,731 11.6 189 18.4 151 19.5 803
100 to 499 lbs 9,209 15.9 385 37.6 299 38.7 755
500 to 749 lbs 1,067 1.8 63 6.1 50 6.5 778
750 to 999 lbs 413 0.7 15 1.4 10 1.3 684
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 73
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 734 100.0 247 100.0 445 100.0 2,031
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 28 3.9 3 1.2 6 1.3 1,886
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 696 94.8 167 67.5 364 81.8 2,155
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 32
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,030

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2,721
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 4,754
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 4,178
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 3,281
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,755
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 3,040
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,712
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,164
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 3,109

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2,074
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,074
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 11,307 100.0 7,022 100.0 806 100.0 162
Less than 50 lbs 2,395 21.2 57 0.8 S S 173
50 to 99 lbs 638 5.6 31 0.4 S S 319
100 to 499 lbs 1,231 10.9 211 3.0 S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S 4 0.5 S
750 to 999 lbs 331 2.9 S S 3 0.4 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3,590 31.7 S S 162 20.1 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,268 20.1 2,491 35.5 440 54.6 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 690 9.8 105 13.1 S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 44

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.