Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 318,775 100.0 249,551 100.0 55,284 100.0 403
Single modes 243,570 76.4 239,889 96.1 49,673 89.8 188
Truck3 231,714 72.7 225,444 90.3 36,866 66.7 149
For-hire Truck 134,399 42.2 87,750 35.2 27,853 50.4 660
Private Truck 96,009 30.1 136,952 54.9 8,891 16.1 39
Rail 3,484 1.1 7,320 2.9 4,458 8.1 769
Water 163 S S 34 396
Shallow draft S S S S S S 250
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S 49 28 476
Air (including truck and air) 7,051 2.2 S S S S 1,661
Pipeline4 1,159 0.4 6,141 2.5 S S S
Multiple modes 63,898 20.0 2,639 1.1 S S 761
Parcel, USPS or courier 57,826 18.1 1,023 0.4 773 1.4 752
Truck and rail 734 0.2 247 0.1 445 0.8 2,031
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,721
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,074
Other and unknown modes 11,307 3.5 7,022 2.8 806 1.5 162

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 21
Single modes S S S S S S 21
Truck3 S S S S S S 21
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 31
Private Truck S S S S S S 20
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 641 100.0 S S 61 100.0 536
Single modes 614 95.8 S S 61 98.9 S
Truck3 614 95.8 S S 61 98.9 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 418 65.2 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 722
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 722
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,293

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 159
Single modes S S S S S S 159
Truck3 S S S S S S 159
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 180
Private Truck S S S S S S 88
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,176
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,176
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,343 100.0 S S 303 100.0 S
Single modes 7,210 86.4 2,134 77.8 297 97.7 S
Truck3 7,210 86.4 2,134 77.8 297 97.7 S
For-hire Truck 1,102 13.2 244 8.9 155 50.9 405
Private Truck S S 1,890 68.9 S S 35
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,962
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,564
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,374
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,125 100.0 2,172 100.0 1,122 100.0 S
Single modes 4,071 98.7 2,153 99.1 1,117 99.5 S
Truck3 4,071 98.7 2,153 99.1 1,117 99.5 S
For-hire Truck 2,316 56.1 1,494 68.8 925 82.4 756
Private Truck 1,756 42.6 658 30.3 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,604
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,600
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,741
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15,049 100.0 28,921 100.0 6,930 100.0 S
Single modes 14,870 98.8 28,635 99.0 6,890 99.4 88
Truck3 14,868 98.8 28,633 99.0 6,886 99.4 88
For-hire Truck 7,467 49.6 12,731 44.0 5,240 75.6 430
Private Truck 7,344 48.8 15,791 54.6 1,596 23.0 41
Rail S S S S S S 2,924
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,333
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,333
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 38 0.5 S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,800 100.0 4,837 100.0 2,084 100.0 S
Single modes 5,465 94.2 4,606 95.2 2,012 96.6 37
Truck3 5,387 92.9 4,564 94.4 1,983 95.2 36
For-hire Truck 1,704 29.4 1,924 39.8 1,853 88.9 S
Private Truck 3,530 60.9 2,569 53.1 106 5.1 19
Rail S S S S S S 1,471
Water S S S S S S 510
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 510
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 638
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 38
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,827
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,479
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,479
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 36
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 36
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 10

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 48 100.0 5,696 100.0 S S 48
Single modes 48 100.0 5,696 100.0 S S 48
Truck3 48 100.0 5,696 100.0 S S 48
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 39 80.3 4,399 77.2 S S 50
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 222 100.0 30,226 100.0 S S 18
Single modes 207 93.1 27,799 92.0 S S 19
Truck3 202 90.8 26,976 89.2 S S 18
For-hire Truck 35 15.6 5,842 19.3 S S 33
Private Truck 167 75.2 21,132 69.9 354 37.1 16
Rail S S S S S S 139
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 22,063 100.0 S S 201
Single modes S S 21,491 97.4 S S 202
Truck3 S S 18,811 85.3 S S 190
For-hire Truck S S 9,110 41.3 S S 281
Private Truck S S 9,701 44.0 S S 113
Rail S S S S S S 830
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 8 0.6 395 1.8 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,507
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,524
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,470
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 254 100.0 27 100.0 18 100.0 308
Single modes 224 88.0 26 96.8 17 99.1 415
Truck3 224 88.0 26 96.7 17 99.1 402
For-hire Truck 131 51.5 20 74.4 16 88.2 437
Private Truck 93 36.5 6 22.3 S S 241
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,347
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 232
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 233
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 89
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 90
Single modes S S S S S S 90
Truck3 S S S S S S 90
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 90
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,275 100.0 27,653 100.0 8,711 100.0 46
Single modes 7,238 99.5 27,559 99.7 8,668 99.5 43
Truck3 6,099 83.8 21,865 79.1 S S 39
For-hire Truck 2,085 28.7 6,485 23.5 S S 53
Private Truck S S S S S S 31
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 454

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,553 100.0 13,085 100.0 386 100.0 19
Single modes 2,553 100.0 13,085 100.0 386 100.0 19
Truck3 2,542 99.5 13,033 99.6 S S 19
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 13
Private Truck S S S S S S 21
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,464 100.0 13,604 100.0 380 100.0 S
Single modes 1,445 98.7 13,599 100.0 378 99.5 S
Truck3 1,445 98.7 13,599 100.0 378 99.5 S
For-hire Truck 231 15.8 919 6.8 S S 902
Private Truck 1,214 82.9 12,681 93.2 317 83.4 21
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 865
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 14 1.0 4 S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 1.0 4 S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 8,230
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 3,775 100.0 2,107 100.0 391
Single modes S S 3,498 92.7 1,817 86.2 S
Truck3 S S 2,244 59.4 S S 265
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 887
Private Truck S S 1,498 39.7 98 4.6 S
Rail S S 1,252 33.2 986 46.8 1,051
Water S S S S S S 4
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 4
Air (including truck and air) 3 S S S S 1,483
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,592
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,284
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,654
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,687
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 446

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18,735 100.0 S S S S 630
Single modes 15,528 82.9 S S S S 559
Truck3 14,025 74.9 1,853 86.9 702 58.5 554
For-hire Truck 11,715 62.5 1,238 58.1 537 44.8 638
Private Truck 2,311 12.3 S S S S 77
Rail S S S S S S 2,190
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 972
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,588 13.8 29 1.4 16 1.3 643
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,582 13.8 29 1.4 16 1.3 619
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,187
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 850

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 778
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15,785 100.0 1,342 100.0 921 100.0 418
Single modes 14,569 92.3 1,269 94.6 858 93.2 S
Truck3 14,468 91.7 1,261 94.0 851 92.3 S
For-hire Truck 12,095 76.6 820 61.1 833 90.4 1,222
Private Truck S S 441 32.8 18 1.9 28
Rail S S S S S S 546
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 75 0.5 S S S S 1,531
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,182 7.5 S S 62 6.7 893
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,182 7.5 S S 62 6.7 893
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,652 100.0 S S S S 261
Single modes 10,499 90.1 S S S S S
Truck3 10,064 86.4 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 7,253 62.2 S S S S 772
Private Truck 2,811 24.1 800 19.2 S S 43
Rail S S S S S S 1,128
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 5 0.1 S S 1,121
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,010 8.7 74 1.8 116 3.9 470
Parcel, USPS or courier 941 8.1 49 1.2 44 1.5 468
Truck and rail 68 0.6 23 0.6 70 2.3 2,822
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,522
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 143 1.2 S S S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 223
Single modes S S S S S S 190
Truck3 S S S S S S 190
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 246
Private Truck S S S S S S 14
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 355

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,395 100.0 5,668 100.0 746 100.0 259
Single modes 3,083 90.8 5,539 97.7 694 93.1 169
Truck3 3,065 90.3 5,532 97.6 681 91.4 63
For-hire Truck 676 19.9 1,319 23.3 264 35.4 S
Private Truck 2,389 70.4 4,213 74.3 417 56.0 56
Rail 5 0.2 S S 11 1.5 2,485
Water S S S S S S 59
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 59
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,012
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 690
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 692
Truck and rail S S S S S S 211
Truck and water S S S S S S 155
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 88 2.6 63 1.1 S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,839 100.0 3,683 100.0 2,891 100.0 356
Single modes 3,810 99.2 3,672 99.7 2,886 99.8 346
Truck3 3,750 97.7 3,610 98.0 2,829 97.9 345
For-hire Truck 3,246 84.6 3,315 90.0 2,735 94.6 753
Private Truck 504 13.1 296 8.0 S S 126
Rail S S 49 1.3 S S 1,260
Water S S S S S S 12
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 12
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 242
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 25 0.6 S S S S 591
Parcel, USPS or courier 17 0.4 1 S S 591
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,824
Truck and water S S S S S S 236
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 5 0.1 4 0.1 S S S

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,279 100.0 1,742 100.0 362 100.0 258
Single modes 3,010 91.8 1,695 97.3 348 96.0 S
Truck3 3,009 91.8 1,695 97.3 348 96.0 S
For-hire Truck 1,928 58.8 869 49.9 284 78.3 294
Private Truck 1,081 33.0 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,513
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 223 6.8 S S S S 601
Parcel, USPS or courier 216 6.6 S S 4 1.1 600
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,909
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 1 0.3 S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,118 100.0 1,274 100.0 509 100.0 407
Single modes 3,372 65.9 1,048 82.3 449 88.3 320
Truck3 3,289 64.3 1,043 81.9 439 86.3 267
For-hire Truck 1,999 39.1 615 48.3 373 73.4 627
Private Truck 1,283 25.1 427 33.5 66 12.9 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,900
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,265 24.7 68 5.4 S S 506
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,252 24.5 60 4.7 S S 505
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,853
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 482 9.4 S S 6 1.2 S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 28,227 100.0 3,154 100.0 S S 660
Single modes 17,097 60.6 1,718 54.5 770 17.4 462
Truck3 16,763 59.4 1,637 51.9 620 14.0 412
For-hire Truck 11,256 39.9 646 20.5 455 10.3 915
Private Truck 5,506 19.5 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 334 1.2 S S S S 1,463
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 10,159 36.0 S S S S 760
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,908 24.5 284 9.0 236 5.3 729
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,038
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,474
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 971 3.4 46 1.5 S S 198

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,261 100.0 19,835 100.0 1,070 100.0 245
Single modes 2,176 96.2 19,774 99.7 1,065 99.5 S
Truck3 2,160 95.5 19,770 99.7 1,060 99.0 S
For-hire Truck 1,372 60.7 5,721 28.8 832 77.8 269
Private Truck 787 34.8 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,495
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 69 3.1 5 4 0.4 1,010
Parcel, USPS or courier 69 3.1 5 4 0.4 1,010
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 16 0.7 S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,589 100.0 7,405 100.0 2,431 100.0 156
Single modes 8,104 94.4 7,234 97.7 2,315 95.3 122
Truck3 7,858 91.5 6,990 94.4 2,042 84.0 121
For-hire Truck 4,927 57.4 5,382 72.7 1,917 78.8 497
Private Truck 2,930 34.1 1,608 21.7 125 5.1 S
Rail 222 2.6 213 2.9 186 7.7 920
Water S S S S S S 1,911
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,911
Air (including truck and air) 19 0.2 S S S S 962
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 314 3.7 S S S S 561
Parcel, USPS or courier 234 2.7 9 0.1 5 0.2 551
Truck and rail 68 0.8 S S S S 1,548
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,527
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,074
Other and unknown modes 171 2.0 119 1.6 S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,614 100.0 1,530 100.0 531 100.0 S
Single modes 4,440 79.1 1,435 93.8 435 81.8 S
Truck3 4,260 75.9 1,329 86.9 407 76.6 S
For-hire Truck 1,838 32.7 445 29.1 227 42.8 518
Private Truck 2,422 43.1 884 57.8 180 33.8 S
Rail S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S 407
Shallow draft S S S S S S 407
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 28 0.5 2 0.1 S S 1,216
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 992 17.7 30 2.0 22 4.1 527
Parcel, USPS or courier 990 17.6 29 1.9 21 3.9 527
Truck and rail S S S S S S 760
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 182 3.2 65 4.2 S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16,143 100.0 1,580 100.0 842 100.0 439
Single modes 12,587 78.0 1,488 94.2 785 93.2 435
Truck3 11,882 73.6 1,425 90.2 718 85.2 260
For-hire Truck 10,689 66.2 1,173 74.3 700 83.1 771
Private Truck 1,193 7.4 S S 18 2.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,109
Water S S S S S S 344
Shallow draft S S S S S S 370
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 58
Air (including truck and air) 483 3.0 6 0.4 8 1.0 1,711
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,295 20.4 57 3.6 55 6.5 521
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,085 19.1 45 2.8 33 3.9 521
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,877
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 261 1.6 35 2.2 S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 31,830 100.0 1,006 100.0 691 100.0 702
Single modes 17,496 55.0 809 80.4 525 76.0 709
Truck3 14,108 44.3 722 71.7 391 56.6 375
For-hire Truck 11,961 37.6 430 42.7 372 53.7 841
Private Truck 2,145 6.7 S S 19 2.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 2,078
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2,428 7.6 8 0.7 14 2.1 1,756
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 12,511 39.3 173 17.2 149 21.6 770
Parcel, USPS or courier 12,445 39.1 159 15.8 107 15.5 770
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,962
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,332
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,823 5.7 24 2.4 17 2.4 S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,181 100.0 2,011 100.0 601 100.0 S
Single modes 9,028 74.1 1,697 84.4 477 79.4 S
Truck3 8,229 67.6 1,491 74.1 335 55.7 S
For-hire Truck 4,812 39.5 683 34.0 296 49.2 296
Private Truck 3,417 28.1 807 40.1 39 6.5 S
Rail 792 6.5 206 10.2 142 23.6 735
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,106
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,006 8.3 80 4.0 107 17.8 485
Parcel, USPS or courier 754 6.2 S S S S 484
Truck and rail 252 2.1 44 2.2 77 12.8 1,739
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,424 100.0 36 100.0 22 100.0 757
Single modes 1,849 54.0 33 93.9 21 93.3 630
Truck3 S S 18 50.9 15 68.2 S
For-hire Truck S S 13 36.6 15 66.7 1,183
Private Truck S S S S S S 55
Rail S S S S S S 181
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 880 25.7 2 5.0 3 14.1 1,592
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,574 46.0 2 6.1 1 6.7 913
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,574 46.0 2 6.1 1 6.7 913
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 338

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,894 100.0 S S 890 100.0 569
Single modes 7,834 60.8 S S 856 96.2 S
Truck3 7,382 57.3 S S 852 95.8 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 722
Private Truck 2,579 20.0 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 452 3.5 3 4 0.4 1,344
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4,932 38.2 37 0.7 32 3.5 993
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,932 38.2 37 0.7 32 3.5 993
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 128 1.0 S S S S S

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,926 100.0 387 100.0 161 100.0 631
Single modes 2,699 92.2 374 96.6 154 95.9 613
Truck3 2,673 91.4 373 96.3 153 94.8 605
For-hire Truck 1,304 44.6 118 30.6 92 57.0 905
Private Truck 1,357 46.4 254 65.5 S S 112
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,767
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 800
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 800
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 30,945 100.0 3,492 100.0 1,303 100.0 734
Single modes 11,097 35.9 3,334 95.5 1,140 87.5 416
Truck3 10,514 34.0 3,329 95.3 1,134 87.0 327
For-hire Truck 5,380 17.4 S S 860 66.0 865
Private Truck 4,781 15.4 1,474 42.2 269 20.6 109
Rail S S S S S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 583 1.9 S S S S 1,894
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 19,054 61.6 132 3.8 156 12.0 988
Parcel, USPS or courier 19,017 61.5 115 3.3 99 7.6 987
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,262
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 794 2.6 S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 893 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 715 80.1 S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 98
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 385
Water S S S S S S 8
Shallow draft S S S S S S 8
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 34,860 100.0 11,501 100.0 2,155 100.0 244
Single modes 33,392 95.8 10,756 93.5 1,929 89.5 96
Truck3 33,302 95.5 10,734 93.3 1,921 89.1 95
For-hire Truck 10,988 31.5 1,831 15.9 1,023 47.5 604
Private Truck 21,605 62.0 8,364 72.7 855 39.7 43
Rail S S S S S S 407
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 951
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,015 2.9 50 0.4 29 1.3 724
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,015 2.9 50 0.4 29 1.3 724
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 302 100.0 200 100.0 27 100.0 328
Single modes 244 81.0 197 98.8 26 95.3 S
Truck3 244 80.7 197 98.8 26 95.2 S
For-hire Truck 79 26.2 S S 20 73.4 917
Private Truck 165 54.5 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,854
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 54 18.0 1 0.5 1 2.8 801
Parcel, USPS or courier 54 18.0 1 0.5 1 2.8 801
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 629

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.