Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 318,775 279,436 14.1 249,551 275,598 −9.5 55,284 40,025 38.1 403 405 −0.5
Single modes 243,570 211,120 15.4 239,889 267,283 −10.2 49,673 36,319 36.8 188 153 23
Truck 231,714 201,200 15.2 225,444 252,560 −10.7 36,866 31,250 18 149 130 15
Rail 3,484 3,367 3.5 7,320 10,434 −29.8 4,458 4,680 −4.7 769 811 −5.2
Water 163 463 −64.9 S S S 34 S S 396 S S
Air (including truck and air) 7,051 6,074 16.1 S 119 S S 161 S 1,661 1,394 19.1
Pipeline 1,159 S S 6,141 S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 63,898 55,083 16 2,639 1,694 55.8 S 1,745 S 761 731 4.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 57,826 53,829 7.4 1,023 1,165 −12.2 773 774 −0.1 752 731 3
Truck and Rail 734 1,213 −39.5 247 510 −51.5 445 945 −52.9 2,031 1,704 19.2
Other multiple modes S 41 S S S S S 26 S 2,720 1,299 109.4
Other and unknown modes 11,307 13,233 −14.6 7,022 6,620 6.1 806 1,962 −58.9 162 86 87.3

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 10,256 10,403 −1.4 6,585 11,208 −41.2 918 1,842 −50.2 S 114 S
Single modes 9,096 9,702 −6.2 5,974 10,443 −42.8 910 1,761 −48.3 S 47 S
Truck 9,096 9,619 −5.4 5,974 10,090 −40.8 910 1,626 −44 S 41 S
Rail 61 295 132 858
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,601
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 100 S 1 S S S S S 727 891 −18.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S 81 S S S S S S S 724 889 −18.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,736
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 5,374
Other and unknown modes S 602 S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 30,697 32,940 −6.8 36,085 33,029 9.3 10,162 9,408 8 S 63 S
Single modes 30,109 32,208 −6.5 35,549 32,389 9.8 10,044 9,082 10.6 60 47 27
Truck 30,029 31,759 −5.4 35,505 31,830 11.5 10,011 8,611 16.3 59 46 28.5
Rail S 440 S S 558 S S 468 S 1,692 1,160 45.8
Water S S S S S S S S S 510 7,798 −93.5
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,465
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 185 204 −9.2 55 S S 79 S S 1,347 799 68.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 86 S S 2 16 −85.7 3 6 −58 1,343 792 69.7
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 2,741 2,556 7.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,827
Other and unknown modes S 528 S 481 511 −5.8 39 76 −48.9 S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,041 1,704 19.7 61,926 102,847 −39.8 6,601 4,367 51.1 90 42 112.2
Single modes 1,981 1,587 24.8 58,925 101,344 −41.9 6,488 4,165 55.8 89 38 135.8
Truck 1,848 1,492 23.8 55,421 97,851 −43.4 5,004 3,693 35.5 84 37 126.5
Rail S 78 S S 460 S S 263 S 672 584 15
Water S S S S S S 39
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,347 646 108.4
Pipeline 8 395 S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 708 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S 3 S S S S S S S 572 S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,470 1,789 −17.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 89 2,330 −96.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S 137 S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 11,292 7,901 42.9 54,343 55,925 −2.8 9,477 2,486 281.2 S 38 S
Single modes 11,236 7,844 43.2 54,244 55,561 −2.4 9,432 2,474 281.2 S 30 S
Truck 10,086 7,107 41.9 48,498 49,045 −1.1 S 1,155 S S 30 S
Rail 591 6,127 1,314 253
Water S S S S S S 16
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 865 1,569 −44.8
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 14 12 14.2 4 S S S S S S 688 S
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 S S 4 S S S S S S 691 S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 8,230 54 S
Other and unknown modes S 45 S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 57,736 44,663 29.3 11,931 10,982 8.6 7,242 5,388 34.4 425 544 −21.8
Single modes 49,087 35,516 38.2 11,433 10,413 9.8 6,698 5,004 33.8 304 289 5.2
Truck 46,715 33,870 37.9 9,658 8,990 7.4 4,993 3,578 39.6 293 242 21.1
Rail 759 702 8.1 1,737 1,370 26.8 1,684 1,371 22.8 1,208 1,091 10.6
Water S S S S S S S S S 4 S S
Air (including truck and air) S 718 S S 30 S S 53 S 1,243 1,504 −17.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 6,728 8,120 −17.1 387 286 35.5 372 302 23.3 679 744 −8.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,727 7,960 −40.6 144 210 −31.5 124 126 −1.9 644 744 −13.4
Truck and Rail 81 141 −42.7 S S S 154 S S 2,395 2,567 −6.7
Other multiple modes S 19 S S 5 S S 4 S 1,961 1,089 80.1
Other and unknown modes S 1,028 S S 283 S S 81 S 480 S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 43,890 40,264 9 15,617 14,793 5.6 8,941 6,060 47.5 513 516 −0.7
Single modes 30,398 28,375 7.1 13,749 13,507 1.8 5,163 4,956 4.2 286 293 −2.7
Truck 29,901 27,579 8.4 13,595 12,938 5.1 4,933 4,332 13.9 236 264 −10.4
Rail 54 416 −87 56 545 −89.7 S 605 S 1,490 1,215 22.7
Water S S S S S S S S S 28 158 −82.1
Air (including truck and air) 440 358 22.9 S 12 S S 16 S 1,891 1,174 61.1
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 11,895 9,491 25.3 S 404 S S 396 S 695 661 5.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 8,589 9,375 −8.4 377 308 22.4 276 198 39.8 673 661 1.9
Truck and Rail 28 113 −75.3 S S S 37 S S 1,538 2,169 −29.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 3,426 1,884 81.8
Other and unknown modes 1,597 2,398 −33.4 312 882 −64.6 79 708 −88.9 145 152 −4.6

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 32,607 40,538 −19.6 30,350 28,467 6.6 4,875 5,025 −3 269 289 −7
Single modes 27,308 34,923 −21.8 29,931 26,557 12.7 4,600 4,419 4.1 156 174 −10.2
Truck 26,160 33,811 −22.6 29,514 26,180 12.7 4,226 4,198 0.7 115 147 −21.8
Rail 596 S S 375 333 12.6 271 166 63.5 848 610 39.1
Water S S S S S S S S S 592 6,244 −90.5
Air (including truck and air) 546 639 −14.6 S 45 S S 55 S 1,673 1,553 7.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,670 4,090 14.2 144 217 −33.9 158 166 −4.4 540 630 −14.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,378 3,595 21.8 88 110 −20.1 62 77 −19.2 539 630 −14.5
Truck and Rail S 481 S S 106 S 62 81 −23.8 1,571 800 96.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,882 S S
Other and unknown modes 630 1,524 −58.7 275 1,692 −83.7 116 440 −73.6 S 41 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 60,329 51,443 17.3 8,091 2,887 180.3 2,204 1,432 54 517 413 25.2
Single modes 36,206 29,585 22.4 7,539 2,447 208.1 1,879 1,146 64 208 108 93.6
Truck 30,674 25,694 19.4 7,225 2,300 214.2 1,593 1,057 50.7 S 76 S
Rail 1,766 S S 300 S S 264 S S 819 S S
Water S S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 3,766 3,365 11.9 13 16 −16.1 22 22 2 1,598 1,365 17
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 20,022 18,997 5.4 292 269 8.3 290 263 10.2 806 758 6.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 19,704 18,791 4.9 233 226 3.2 170 167 1.8 805 757 6.3
Truck and Rail 306 206 48.4 59 43 34.9 119 95 24.6 2,051 1,571 30.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3,332
Other and unknown modes 4,101 2,861 43.3 S 171 S 35 23 54.6 S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 69,623 47,600 46.3 24,423 14,798 65 4,838 3,677 31.6 457 624 −26.6
Single modes 47,903 29,879 60.3 22,349 14,051 59.1 4,433 3,184 39.2 211 289 −26.9
Truck 46,962 28,859 62.7 19,856 12,785 55.3 3,739 2,909 28.6 186 256 −27.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S 330 500 −33.9
Water S S S S S S S S S 8 3 153.6
Air (including truck and air) 691 906 −23.7 S S S S 11 S 1,846 1,473 25.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 20,267 13,658 48.4 190 294 −35.3 192 234 −18 894 815 9.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 20,231 13,521 49.6 173 276 −37.4 134 182 −26.2 894 814 9.7
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 3,262 2,484 31.3
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 8,382
Other and unknown modes 1,453 4,063 −64.2 S 453 S S S S 186 256 −27.1

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 302 1,979 −84.8 200 662 −69.8 27 S S 328 517 −36.5
Single modes 244 1,499 −83.7 197 572 −65.5 26 127 −79.6 S S S
Truck 244 1,410 −82.7 197 552 −64.2 26 91 −71.6 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,914
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,854 1,095 69.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 54 385 −85.9 1 9 −89.3 1 S S 801 844 −5.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 54 383 −85.8 1 6 −83.9 1 S S 801 844 −5.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,519
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 95 S S S S S S S 629 243 158.5

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.