Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 293,604 100.0 276,004 100.0 47,088 100.0
Less than 50 miles 76,620 26.1 160,607 58.2 3,347 7.1
50 to 99 miles 32,452 11.1 43,195 15.7 4,733 10.1
100 to 249 miles 52,064 17.7 32,890 11.9 6,384 13.6
250 to 499 miles 57,284 19.5 18,488 6.7 8,579 18.2
500 to 749 miles 39,510 13.5 11,867 4.3 9,092 19.3
750 to 999 miles 11,157 3.8 2,726 1.0 2,891 6.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 8,903 3.0 3,129 1.1 4,292 9.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,972 1.4 788 0.3 1,641 3.5
2,000 miles or more 11,642 4.0 2,316 0.8 6,129 13.0

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 270,923 100.0 266,387 100.0 45,933 100.0
Less than 50 miles 72,273 26.7 152,757 57.3 3,260 7.1
50 to 99 miles 29,717 11.0 42,757 16.1 4,693 10.2
100 to 249 miles 48,876 18.0 32,448 12.2 6,291 13.7
250 to 499 miles 53,605 19.8 18,143 6.8 8,409 18.3
500 to 749 miles 35,287 13.0 11,598 4.4 8,891 19.4
750 to 999 miles 9,842 3.6 2,634 1.0 2,793 6.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,797 2.9 3,089 1.2 4,238 9.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,569 1.3 770 0.3 1,604 3.5
2,000 miles or more 9,957 3.7 2,191 0.8 5,753 12.5

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 264,443 100.0 241,308 100.0 39,049 100.0
Less than 50 miles 71,336 27.0 147,499 61.1 3,081 7.9
50 to 99 miles 29,365 11.1 29,735 12.3 2,623 6.7
100 to 249 miles 48,258 18.2 29,990 12.4 5,699 14.6
250 to 499 miles 51,855 19.6 16,552 6.9 7,538 19.3
500 to 749 miles 33,856 12.8 9,601 4.0 7,028 18.0
750 to 999 miles 9,580 3.6 2,400 1.0 2,508 6.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,455 2.8 2,699 1.1 3,572 9.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,498 1.3 768 0.3 1,600 4.1
2,000 miles or more 9,240 3.5 2,063 0.9 5,400 13.8

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 164,586 100.0 101,894 100.0 30,376 100.0
Less than 50 miles 22,759 13.8 41,883 41.1 1,213 4.0
50 to 99 miles 13,335 8.1 13,831 13.6 1,187 3.9
100 to 249 miles 28,490 17.3 16,826 16.5 3,279 10.8
250 to 499 miles 44,058 26.8 13,757 13.5 6,335 20.9
500 to 749 miles 28,613 17.4 8,369 8.2 6,136 20.2
750 to 999 miles 8,368 5.1 2,043 2.0 2,132 7.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,363 3.9 2,374 2.3 3,135 10.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,399 2.1 756 0.7 1,578 5.2
2,000 miles or more 9,201 5.6 2,055 2.0 5,380 17.7

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 98,966 100.0 133,901 100.0 8,322 100.0
Less than 50 miles 48,432 48.9 100,932 75.4 1,723 20.7
50 to 99 miles 15,940 16.1 15,733 11.8 1,419 17.0
100 to 249 miles 19,437 19.6 12,727 9.5 2,333 28.0
250 to 499 miles 7,598 7.7 2,619 2.0 1,128 13.5
500 to 749 miles 5,124 5.2 1,188 0.9 864 10.4
750 to 999 miles 1,212 1.2 357 0.3 376 4.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,086 1.1 325 0.2 436 5.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 12 23 0.3
2,000 miles or more 38 7 20 0.2

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,772 100.0 S S 6,640 100.0
Less than 50 miles 61 2.2 476 2.4 34 0.5
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 455 16.4 2,428 12.0 585 8.8
250 to 499 miles 423 15.3 1,568 7.8 856 12.9
500 to 749 miles S S 1,986 9.8 1,851 27.9
750 to 999 miles S S 226 1.1 276 4.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 372 1.8 634 9.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more 153 5.5 S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,825 100.0 77 100.0 94 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 155 5.5 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 1,327 47.0 23 30.2 15 15.9
500 to 749 miles 495 17.5 11 14.4 12 13.2
750 to 999 miles 101 3.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 71 2.5 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 563 19.9 7 9.6 20 21.4

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 16,265 100.0 801 100.0 695 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,482 9.1 58 7.3 2 0.3
50 to 99 miles 1,665 10.2 83 10.4 8 1.1
100 to 249 miles 2,513 15.4 136 17.0 29 4.2
250 to 499 miles 3,163 19.4 197 24.6 102 14.7
500 to 749 miles 3,336 20.5 136 16.9 105 15.1
750 to 999 miles 1,097 6.7 41 5.1 45 6.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,029 6.3 27 3.4 38 5.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 370 2.3 15 1.8 31 4.4
2,000 miles or more 1,610 9.9 108 13.5 336 48.4

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 15,846 100.0 662 100.0 460 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,482 9.4 58 8.8 2 0.4
50 to 99 miles 1,665 10.5 83 12.5 8 1.7
100 to 249 miles 2,504 15.8 129 19.5 26 5.7
250 to 499 miles 3,113 19.6 129 19.5 63 13.7
500 to 749 miles 3,246 20.5 121 18.3 89 19.5
750 to 999 miles 1,045 6.6 37 5.6 40 8.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,029 6.5 27 4.1 38 8.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 366 2.3 15 2.2 30 6.6
2,000 miles or more 1,396 8.8 62 9.4 164 35.6

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 332 100.0 107 100.0 163 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S 39 36.8 118 72.1

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 87 100.0 31 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 6,416 100.0 8,816 100.0 460 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,865 44.7 7,792 88.4 84 18.3
50 to 99 miles 1,070 16.7 355 4.0 32 7.0
100 to 249 miles 676 10.5 306 3.5 64 13.9
250 to 499 miles 516 8.0 147 1.7 68 14.7
500 to 749 miles 886 13.8 133 1.5 96 21.0
750 to 999 miles 217 3.4 51 0.6 53 11.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 77 1.2 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 75 1.2 S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.