Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 293,604 100.0 276,004 100.0 47,088 100.0 487
Less than 50 lbs 17,344 5.9 570 0.2 269 0.6 601
50 to 99 lbs 5,830 2.0 440 0.2 146 0.3 326
100 to 499 lbs 22,408 7.6 2,710 1.0 945 2.0 367
500 to 749 lbs 9,000 3.1 1,315 0.5 381 0.8 290
750 to 999 lbs 7,381 2.5 1,184 0.4 348 0.7 295
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 76,330 26.0 22,544 8.2 7,071 15.0 315
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 142,967 48.7 166,383 60.3 27,297 58.0 179
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 7,089 2.4 48,079 17.4 3,030 6.4 63
100,000 lbs or more 5,254 1.8 32,780 11.9 7,601 16.1 255

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 270,923 100.0 266,387 100.0 45,933 100.0 259
Less than 50 lbs 6,892 2.5 244 50 0.1 239
50 to 99 lbs 3,182 1.2 300 0.1 54 0.1 181
100 to 499 lbs 19,377 7.2 2,471 0.9 800 1.7 334
500 to 749 lbs 8,609 3.2 1,263 0.5 370 0.8 294
750 to 999 lbs 7,003 2.6 1,152 0.4 339 0.7 295
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 72,749 26.9 21,535 8.1 6,836 14.9 317
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 141,042 52.1 161,061 60.5 26,879 58.5 183
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,850 2.5 47,777 17.9 3,014 6.6 63
100,000 lbs or more 5,219 1.9 30,585 11.5 7,591 16.5 266

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 264,443 100.0 241,308 100.0 39,049 100.0 250
Less than 50 lbs 6,261 2.4 239 0.1 44 0.1 217
50 to 99 lbs 2,905 1.1 296 0.1 51 0.1 173
100 to 499 lbs 18,394 7.0 2,404 1.0 780 2.0 331
500 to 749 lbs 8,488 3.2 1,243 0.5 365 0.9 295
750 to 999 lbs 6,899 2.6 1,102 0.5 332 0.9 303
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 72,026 27.2 21,313 8.8 6,811 17.4 321
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 140,768 53.2 161,007 66.7 26,797 68.6 182
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,810 2.6 47,740 19.8 2,981 7.6 62
100,000 lbs or more 1,892 0.7 5,964 2.5 888 2.3 105

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 164,586 100.0 101,894 100.0 30,376 100.0 595
Less than 50 lbs 3,036 1.8 57 33 0.1 601
50 to 99 lbs 913 0.6 54 35 0.1 643
100 to 499 lbs 11,735 7.1 1,019 1.0 662 2.2 680
500 to 749 lbs 5,288 3.2 457 0.4 297 1.0 644
750 to 999 lbs 4,063 2.5 372 0.4 267 0.9 721
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 45,573 27.7 8,747 8.6 5,515 18.2 674
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 89,558 54.4 66,782 65.5 21,164 69.7 363
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,839 1.7 21,609 21.2 1,829 6.0 82
100,000 lbs or more 1,581 1.0 2,798 2.7 575 1.9 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 98,966 100.0 133,901 100.0 8,322 100.0 70
Less than 50 lbs 3,224 3.3 181 0.1 11 0.1 51
50 to 99 lbs 1,989 2.0 242 0.2 16 0.2 69
100 to 499 lbs 6,627 6.7 1,383 1.0 118 1.4 88
500 to 749 lbs 3,168 3.2 784 0.6 67 0.8 88
750 to 999 lbs 2,828 2.9 730 0.5 65 0.8 91
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 26,350 26.6 12,531 9.4 1,293 15.5 100
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 50,512 51.0 89,787 67.1 5,299 63.7 63
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,958 4.0 25,095 18.7 1,139 13.7 46
100,000 lbs or more 311 0.3 3,167 2.4 313 3.8 71

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,772 100.0 S S 6,640 100.0 462
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,001
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,018
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 855
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 851
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 489
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 122 4.4 48 0.2 74 1.1 1,820
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 39 1.4 36 0.2 S S 1,024
100,000 lbs or more 2,599 93.8 S S 6,530 98.3 320

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 59
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 59

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 62
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 62

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 3
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 3

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,825 100.0 77 100.0 94 100.0 1,222
Less than 50 lbs 630 22.3 5 6.1 5 5.5 1,196
50 to 99 lbs 274 9.7 3 3.5 3 3.3 1,117
100 to 499 lbs 949 33.6 13 17.5 19 19.7 1,515
500 to 749 lbs S S 2 2.6 4 4.1 1,840
750 to 999 lbs 81 2.9 S S S S 1,078
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 634 22.4 28 36.5 22 22.9 724
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,727
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 184
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,811

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 16,265 100.0 801 100.0 695 100.0 783
Less than 50 lbs 10,124 62.2 309 38.6 219 31.4 789
50 to 99 lbs 2,591 15.9 131 16.4 91 13.0 666
100 to 499 lbs 2,713 16.7 185 23.1 139 20.0 758
500 to 749 lbs 229 1.4 26 3.3 7 1.0 S
750 to 999 lbs 208 1.3 11 1.4 6 0.8 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 70 0.4 S S S S 4,885
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 327 2.0 119 14.9 168 24.2 1,651
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 652

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 15,846 100.0 662 100.0 460 100.0 782
Less than 50 lbs 10,124 63.9 309 46.7 219 47.6 789
50 to 99 lbs 2,591 16.4 131 19.8 91 19.7 666
100 to 499 lbs 2,711 17.1 185 27.9 139 30.2 757
500 to 749 lbs 225 1.4 26 3.9 6 1.4 S
750 to 999 lbs 192 1.2 11 1.6 5 1.1 479
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 505
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 332 100.0 107 100.0 163 100.0 1,733
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 716
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,357
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,101
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,313
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,497
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S 154 94.4 1,866
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 652

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 87 100.0 31 100.0 S S 4,969
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 5,191
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 522
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 3,241
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 4,441
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 5,951
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S 14 19.5 759
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 6,416 100.0 8,816 100.0 460 100.0 76
Less than 50 lbs 328 5.1 16 0.2 1 0.1 45
50 to 99 lbs 56 0.9 8 1 0.2 S
100 to 499 lbs 318 5.0 55 0.6 5 1.1 S
500 to 749 lbs 161 2.5 27 0.3 4 0.9 146
750 to 999 lbs S S 21 0.2 S S 163
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3,511 54.7 996 11.3 174 37.8 193
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,598 24.9 5,203 59.0 250 54.3 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 239 3.7 S S 16 3.5 S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 3

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.