Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 293,604 100.0 276,004 100.0 47,088 100.0 487
Single modes 270,923 92.3 266,387 96.5 45,933 97.5 259
Truck3 264,443 90.1 241,308 87.4 39,049 82.9 250
For-hire Truck 164,586 56.1 101,894 36.9 30,376 64.5 595
Private Truck 98,966 33.7 133,901 48.5 8,322 17.7 70
Rail 2,772 0.9 S S 6,640 14.1 462
Water S S S S S S 59
Shallow draft S S S S S S 62
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 3
Air (including truck and air) 2,825 1.0 77 94 0.2 1,222
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 16,265 5.5 801 0.3 695 1.5 783
Parcel, USPS or courier 15,846 5.4 662 0.2 460 1.0 782
Truck and rail 332 0.1 107 163 0.3 1,733
Truck and water 87 31 S S 4,969
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 6,416 2.2 8,816 3.2 460 1.0 76

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 39
Single modes S S S S S S 39
Truck3 S S S S S S 39
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 39
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,694 100.0 S S 240 100.0 S
Single modes 2,468 91.6 S S 181 75.6 S
Truck3 2,465 91.5 S S 178 74.3 S
For-hire Truck S S 506 27.8 125 51.9 299
Private Truck S S S S S S 37
Rail S S S S S S 3,124
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 352
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,135
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,135
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 58 24.3 321

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,403 100.0 7,574 100.0 S S 57
Single modes 1,385 98.7 7,478 98.7 S S 58
Truck3 1,381 98.4 7,461 98.5 S S 58
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 310
Private Truck 1,300 92.7 7,009 92.5 377 71.8 46
Rail S S S S S S 279
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 143
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 33

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,751 100.0 4,748 100.0 2,532 100.0 191
Single modes 6,625 98.1 4,679 98.6 2,514 99.3 193
Truck3 6,625 98.1 4,679 98.6 2,514 99.3 193
For-hire Truck 3,648 54.0 2,808 59.1 1,864 73.6 524
Private Truck 2,961 43.9 1,865 39.3 650 25.7 116
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 471
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 471
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,042 100.0 S S 316 100.0 S
Single modes 1,041 99.9 S S 316 100.0 S
Truck3 1,041 99.9 S S 316 100.0 S
For-hire Truck 284 27.3 302 23.4 176 55.8 650
Private Truck S S S S S S 129
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 737
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 737
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,065 100.0 7,297 100.0 1,466 100.0 S
Single modes 5,038 99.5 7,258 99.5 1,460 99.6 S
Truck3 4,906 96.9 6,749 92.5 1,278 87.2 S
For-hire Truck 2,263 44.7 1,996 27.4 828 56.5 469
Private Truck 2,174 42.9 3,992 54.7 269 18.4 24
Rail 132 2.6 509 7.0 182 12.4 360
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 767
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 767
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,447 100.0 3,691 100.0 610 100.0 55
Single modes 3,029 87.9 3,352 90.8 592 97.1 54
Truck3 2,990 86.7 3,260 88.3 542 88.9 53
For-hire Truck 594 17.2 1,290 34.9 S S 382
Private Truck 2,396 69.5 1,971 53.4 S S 49
Rail S S S S S S 539
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,089
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,089
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 55

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 19,366 100.0 S S 145 100.0 831
Single modes 19,151 98.9 S S 140 96.8 S
Truck3 19,151 98.9 S S 140 96.8 S
For-hire Truck 12,507 64.6 S S 138 95.8 S
Private Truck 6,645 34.3 115 4.7 1 1.0 95
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 215 1.1 5 0.2 5 3.2 926
Parcel, USPS or courier 215 1.1 5 0.2 5 3.2 926
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 186
Single modes S S S S S S 186
Truck3 S S S S S S 186
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 186
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 186 100.0 25,238 100.0 1,715 100.0 61
Single modes 177 95.4 24,969 98.9 1,710 99.7 63
Truck3 158 85.0 23,949 94.9 1,532 89.3 62
For-hire Truck 138 74.1 S S 1,428 83.2 S
Private Truck 20 10.8 2,530 10.0 103 6.0 53
Rail 19 10.3 1,005 4.0 151 8.8 150
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,811
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 977
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 977
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 504 100.0 57,442 100.0 1,668 100.0 21
Single modes 487 96.7 55,185 96.1 1,638 98.2 21
Truck3 466 92.5 53,219 92.6 1,170 70.2 20
For-hire Truck 129 25.5 14,880 25.9 425 25.5 27
Private Truck 290 57.6 33,736 58.7 600 36.0 16
Rail 21 4.2 1,966 3.4 468 28.0 219
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 376 100.0 418
Single modes S S S S 376 100.0 202
Truck3 S S S S 255 67.8 193
For-hire Truck 59 51.1 469 33.1 221 58.9 467
Private Truck S S S S S S 91
Rail S S S S S S 733
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 991
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 991
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 16

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 359 100.0 28 100.0 15 100.0 296
Single modes 359 100.0 28 100.0 15 100.0 296
Truck3 359 100.0 28 100.0 15 100.0 296
For-hire Truck 359 99.9 26 93.5 15 99.3 334
Private Truck S S S S S S 36
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,836 100.0 11,020 100.0 636 100.0 52
Single modes 2,836 100.0 11,020 100.0 636 100.0 52
Truck3 2,792 98.4 10,921 99.1 635 99.8 55
For-hire Truck 1,323 46.6 5,527 50.2 357 56.1 69
Private Truck 1,469 51.8 5,394 49.0 278 43.7 47
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,617 100.0 7,427 100.0 335 100.0 24
Single modes 1,609 99.5 7,403 99.7 335 100.0 24
Truck3 1,599 98.9 7,373 99.3 334 99.9 25
For-hire Truck 369 22.8 1,722 23.2 116 34.6 71
Private Truck S S S S 217 64.8 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 2,216 100.0 S S S
Single modes S S 2,154 97.2 S S S
Truck3 S S 1,974 89.1 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 192
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 570
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,840 100.0 5,161 100.0 828 100.0 S
Single modes 4,785 98.9 5,150 99.8 827 99.9 S
Truck3 4,332 89.5 3,667 71.1 620 74.9 S
For-hire Truck 3,089 63.8 S S 499 60.3 273
Private Truck 1,244 25.7 1,382 26.8 121 14.6 S
Rail 328 6.8 632 12.2 202 24.4 321
Water S S S S S S 3
Shallow draft S S S S S S 3
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,111
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 522
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 57

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 28,167 100.0 2,173 100.0 1,571 100.0 284
Single modes 26,911 95.5 2,122 97.6 1,551 98.7 S
Truck3 26,143 92.8 2,119 97.5 1,549 98.6 S
For-hire Truck 17,072 60.6 1,743 80.2 1,453 92.5 S
Private Truck 9,072 32.2 377 17.3 96 6.1 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 768 2.7 2 0.1 2 0.1 1,290
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 347
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 347
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 811

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 729
Single modes S S S S S S 729
Truck3 40 5.8 S S 52 3.8 284
For-hire Truck 21 3.1 S S 33 2.4 398
Private Truck S S S S 19 1.4 179
Rail S S S S S S 1,167
Water S S S S S S 55
Shallow draft S S S S S S 55
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,097 100.0 4,504 100.0 1,384 100.0 195
Single modes 6,269 88.3 4,428 98.3 1,339 96.8 181
Truck3 6,084 85.7 3,509 77.9 1,240 89.6 177
For-hire Truck 5,069 71.4 2,602 57.8 1,167 84.3 401
Private Truck 1,015 14.3 S S S S 43
Rail 30 0.4 S S S S 981
Water S S S S S S 3
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 3
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 714
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 795 11.2 72 1.6 44 3.2 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 11 0.8 S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,048
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 34 0.5 S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 6,132 100.0 S S 542
Single modes S S 5,932 96.7 S S 439
Truck3 S S 5,882 95.9 S S 432
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 813
Private Truck 2,349 14.0 917 15.0 192 4.6 S
Rail S S S S S S 2,532
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 39 0.2 S S S S 1,297
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 543 3.2 S S 66 1.6 829
Parcel, USPS or courier 505 3.0 S S S S 829
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,165
Truck and water S S S S S S 485
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 178

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 60
Rail S S S S S S 2,950
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 245

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,917 100.0 27,522 100.0 5,187 100.0 262
Single modes 6,782 98.0 27,398 99.5 5,142 99.1 186
Truck3 6,307 91.2 15,173 55.1 2,906 56.0 170
For-hire Truck 3,748 54.2 7,286 26.5 2,090 40.3 337
Private Truck 2,556 37.0 S S 816 15.7 72
Rail S S S S S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,030
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 11 0.2 673
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 673
Truck and rail S S S S S S 713
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 44 0.6 S S S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,854 100.0 5,222 100.0 2,260 100.0 291
Single modes 3,749 97.3 5,193 99.5 2,256 99.8 233
Truck3 3,511 91.1 4,662 89.3 1,852 82.0 222
For-hire Truck 2,852 74.0 4,085 78.2 1,799 79.6 410
Private Truck 658 17.1 577 11.0 53 2.3 80
Rail 227 5.9 511 9.8 399 17.7 746
Water S S S S S S 217
Shallow draft S S S S S S 217
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,212
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 1 569
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 1 569
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 34 0.9 S S S S 65

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,200 100.0 2,411 100.0 676 100.0 192
Single modes 3,101 96.9 2,374 98.5 664 98.1 161
Truck3 3,097 96.8 2,373 98.4 664 98.1 161
For-hire Truck 1,936 60.5 1,377 57.1 558 82.5 518
Private Truck 1,161 36.3 995 41.3 105 15.6 54
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,085
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 21 0.7 2 0.1 1 0.2 629
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 0.6 2 1 0.1 629
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 578
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 43

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,711 100.0 428 100.0 264 100.0 823
Single modes 903 33.3 325 76.0 173 65.5 311
Truck3 889 32.8 324 75.7 172 65.0 188
For-hire Truck 649 23.9 275 64.3 169 63.9 469
Private Truck 240 8.9 49 11.4 3 1.2 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 813
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 843
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 843
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 176

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 42,237 100.0 5,719 100.0 2,941 100.0 815
Single modes 38,814 91.9 5,486 95.9 2,773 94.3 776
Truck3 38,556 91.3 5,464 95.5 2,720 92.5 773
For-hire Truck 26,418 62.5 3,664 64.1 2,249 76.5 908
Private Truck S S 1,723 30.1 451 15.3 346
Rail S S S S S S 1,426
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 9 0.2 15 0.5 1,287
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,789 6.6 151 2.6 144 4.9 842
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,668 6.3 141 2.5 120 4.1 841
Truck and rail S S S S 24 0.8 2,355
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,608
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 634 1.5 82 1.4 24 0.8 184

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,607 100.0 38,403 100.0 3,544 100.0 181
Single modes 7,987 92.8 33,853 88.1 3,419 96.4 S
Truck3 7,881 91.6 33,044 86.0 2,893 81.6 S
For-hire Truck S S 4,114 10.7 S S 460
Private Truck 3,207 37.3 28,929 75.3 590 16.6 38
Rail S S S S S S 627
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 904
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 279 3.2 S S S S 869
Parcel, USPS or courier 254 3.0 5 S S 854
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,018
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,248
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 341 4.0 S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,694 100.0 4,374 100.0 1,833 100.0 238
Single modes 6,390 95.5 4,218 96.4 1,814 99.0 239
Truck3 6,345 94.8 3,970 90.8 1,651 90.0 237
For-hire Truck 4,314 64.4 2,490 56.9 1,406 76.7 607
Private Truck 2,031 30.3 1,480 33.8 S S 87
Rail S S S S 163 8.9 646
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 6 1 1 1,533
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 322
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 322
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,047
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 13 0.7 S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,766 100.0 2,133 100.0 920 100.0 538
Single modes 4,820 83.6 2,063 96.8 863 93.7 405
Truck3 4,808 83.4 2,063 96.7 862 93.7 396
For-hire Truck 3,546 61.5 1,400 65.6 749 81.3 658
Private Truck 1,257 21.8 658 30.9 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 11 0.2 S S S S 1,609
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 835 14.5 S S S S 754
Parcel, USPS or courier 835 14.5 S S S S 754
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 112 1.9 S S S S 140

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13,959 100.0 1,757 100.0 1,126 100.0 259
Single modes 12,146 87.0 1,670 95.1 1,074 95.3 219
Truck3 12,123 86.8 1,668 94.9 1,072 95.2 216
For-hire Truck 9,744 69.8 1,356 77.2 973 86.4 374
Private Truck 2,379 17.0 312 17.7 100 8.8 65
Rail S S S S S S 318
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 17 0.1 1 1 981
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,541 11.0 48 2.7 33 2.9 365
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,514 10.8 41 2.4 14 1.2 364
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,937
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,993
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 273 2.0 39 2.2 20 1.7 S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 20,113 100.0 1,448 100.0 913 100.0 603
Single modes 16,307 81.1 1,359 93.9 856 93.8 435
Truck3 14,513 72.2 1,315 90.8 816 89.4 344
For-hire Truck 12,875 64.0 1,148 79.3 781 85.6 719
Private Truck 1,637 8.1 167 11.6 35 3.8 S
Rail S S 13 0.9 S S 816
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,484 7.4 31 2.1 30 3.3 1,199
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,934 14.6 50 3.5 39 4.3 836
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,934 14.6 50 3.5 39 4.3 836
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 39 2.7 17 1.8 191

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,181 100.0 2,374 100.0 1,188 100.0 211
Single modes 9,822 80.6 2,099 88.4 1,148 96.7 206
Truck3 9,798 80.4 2,098 88.3 1,147 96.6 203
For-hire Truck 7,080 58.1 1,619 68.2 1,096 92.3 343
Private Truck 2,686 22.0 476 20.0 51 4.3 34
Rail S S S S S S 365
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,502
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 287 2.4 14 0.6 6 0.5 388
Parcel, USPS or courier 287 2.4 14 0.6 6 0.5 388
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,196
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,999 100.0 S S S S 1,203
Single modes 1,870 93.5 S S S S 1,393
Truck3 S S S S S S 734
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 814
Private Truck S S S S S S 541
Rail S S S S S S 925
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 41 2.1 S S S S 1,968
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 129 6.4 S S S S 1,154
Parcel, USPS or courier 129 6.4 S S S S 1,154
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,234 100.0 51 100.0 S S 333
Single modes 1,887 84.4 45 88.8 S S S
Truck3 1,856 83.0 45 88.0 S S S
For-hire Truck 991 44.3 23 45.6 S S 655
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 31 1.4 S S S S 1,355
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 327 14.6 5 9.0 4 18.1 686
Parcel, USPS or courier 327 14.6 5 9.0 4 18.1 686
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 21 0.9 S S S S S

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,925 100.0 1,764 100.0 1,022 100.0 660
Single modes 11,693 98.1 1,730 98.1 983 96.2 657
Truck3 11,649 97.7 1,727 97.9 977 95.6 640
For-hire Truck 7,134 59.8 1,022 57.9 738 72.2 843
Private Truck 4,515 37.9 706 40.0 239 23.4 322
Rail S S S S S S 1,900
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,793
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 104 0.9 S S S S 765
Parcel, USPS or courier 47 0.4 3 0.2 3 0.3 752
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,853
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 532

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,574 100.0 6,385 100.0 1,877 100.0 952
Single modes 8,799 83.2 6,295 98.6 1,833 97.7 692
Truck3 8,605 81.4 5,827 91.3 1,810 96.4 689
For-hire Truck 7,245 68.5 2,328 36.5 1,502 80.0 895
Private Truck 1,359 12.9 S S S S 105
Rail S S S S S S 655
Water S S S S S S 3
Shallow draft S S S S S S 3
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,206
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,494 14.1 42 0.7 30 1.6 1,013
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,494 14.1 42 0.7 30 1.6 1,011
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,192
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 49 0.8 S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 769 100.0 97 100.0 144
Single modes S S 769 100.0 97 100.0 144
Truck3 S S 769 100.0 97 100.0 144
For-hire Truck S S S S 74 76.8 161
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 35,466 100.0 15,609 100.0 2,125 100.0 203
Single modes 34,812 98.2 15,577 99.8 2,112 99.4 85
Truck3 34,803 98.1 15,577 99.8 2,112 99.4 81
For-hire Truck 7,257 20.5 1,489 9.5 409 19.2 366
Private Truck 27,546 77.7 14,088 90.3 1,703 80.1 60
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,248
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 616 1.7 27 0.2 13 0.6 562
Parcel, USPS or courier 616 1.7 27 0.2 13 0.6 562
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 38 0.1 4 S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 616 100.0 S S S S 211
Single modes 604 97.9 S S S S 142
Truck3 378 61.3 207 41.7 S S S
For-hire Truck 280 45.4 87 17.5 S S 599
Private Truck 98 16.0 120 24.2 4 1.4 22
Rail S S S S S S 925
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 581
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 10 1.7 1 0.2 344
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 1.7 1 0.2 344
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,099

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.