Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 293,604 264,761 10.9 276,004 255,488 8 47,088 45,168 4.2 487 386 26.2
Single modes 270,923 240,369 12.7 266,387 251,909 5.7 45,933 43,388 5.9 259 214 21.3
Truck 264,443 231,020 14.5 241,308 237,300 1.7 39,049 37,662 3.7 250 181 38.2
Rail 2,772 2,512 10.3 S 11,571 S 6,640 5,396 23 462 713 −35.2
Water S S S S S S S S S 59 110 −46.3
Air (including truck and air) 2,825 6,257 −54.8 77 97 −20.4 94 93 1.2 1,222 1,015 20.4
Pipeline S 299 S S 1,312 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 16,265 18,084 −10.1 801 674 18.9 695 649 7.2 783 675 16
Parcel, USPS or courier 15,846 17,677 −10.4 662 538 23.1 460 336 36.7 782 674 16
Truck and Rail 332 342 −2.7 107 133 −19.2 163 292 −44.1 1,733 1,504 15.2
Other multiple modes 87 S S 31 S S S S S 4,969 5,451 −8.8
Other and unknown modes 6,416 6,308 1.7 8,816 2,905 203.5 460 1,131 −59.4 76 91 −15.8

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 10,970 11,743 −6.6 15,366 16,329 −5.9 3,345 2,751 21.6 163 S S
Single modes 10,600 11,551 −8.2 15,010 16,237 −7.6 3,263 2,712 20.3 163 S S
Truck 10,593 11,363 −6.8 14,992 15,128 −0.9 3,255 2,303 41.4 163 72 124.7
Rail S 184 S S 1,108 S S 409 S 909 390 132.8
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S 217 1,436 −84.9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 917 726 26.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 1 S S S S 917 728 25.9
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 235
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 370 S S 356 84 323.3 82 S S 139 S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 28,920 27,935 3.5 14,716 17,076 −13.8 2,536 2,715 −6.6 239 52 358.7
Single modes 28,259 27,843 1.5 14,333 17,034 −15.9 2,508 2,701 −7.2 63 47 33.3
Truck 28,088 27,691 1.4 13,732 16,571 −17.1 2,275 2,464 −7.7 63 47 33.3
Rail 171 150 13.9 601 463 30 232 237 −2 404 494 −18.1
Water S S S S S S 161
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 941
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 232 S S 7 2 232.4 6 S S 920 864 6.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 232 S S 7 1 540.5 6 S S 920 859 7.1
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6,990
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S 6 S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,350 1,384 −2.5 84,247 94,322 −10.7 3,800 9,528 −60.1 50 104 −52
Single modes 1,322 1,374 −3.8 81,720 94,083 −13.1 3,765 9,467 −60.2 42 100 −57.9
Truck 1,271 1,332 −4.6 78,568 91,078 −13.7 2,998 8,896 −66.3 41 99 −59
Rail 51 38 33.8 3,137 3,004 4.4 739 569 29.8 226 S S
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,811 877 106.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 991 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 991 401 147
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,008
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 977
Other and unknown modes 25 5 374.9 S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 5,421 7,166 −24.3 20,662 28,054 −26.3 1,139 1,538 −26 S 35 S
Single modes 5,399 7,128 −24.3 20,576 27,883 −26.2 1,110 1,534 −27.6 S 31 S
Truck 5,247 6,680 −21.5 20,268 25,687 −21.1 1,107 1,250 −11.5 29 31 −6.8
Rail S S S S S S 178
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S 291 S S 1,197 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 1 S S 1 S S 404 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 1 S S 1 S S 404 S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 570
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 4 S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 57,513 37,994 51.4 21,572 17,123 26 9,358 7,065 32.4 348 287 21.2
Single modes 54,490 36,088 51 21,233 16,742 26.8 9,154 6,877 33.1 286 220 30.3
Truck 52,224 31,772 64.4 15,370 13,318 15.4 7,459 5,061 47.4 278 171 62.3
Rail 820 692 18.4 1,808 1,674 8 1,546 1,679 −7.9 1,101 1,466 −24.9
Water S S S S S S S S S 48 108 −55
Air (including truck and air) 880 3,337 −73.6 S 7 S 9 6 35 1,160 1,203 −3.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,626 1,424 84.4 190 90 110.2 130 97 34.2 436 449 −2.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,445 1,327 84.3 S 64 S 83 35 137.7 436 449 −2.9
Truck and Rail S 97 S S 26 S 46 62 −26 2,347 S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 497 2,827 −82.4
Other and unknown modes S 481 S S 291 S S S S S 40 S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 59,019 77,621 −24 43,346 38,895 11.4 11,463 10,827 5.9 746 610 22.3
Single modes 53,444 72,653 −26.4 42,810 38,270 11.9 11,140 10,461 6.5 510 422 21
Truck 52,454 71,594 −26.7 30,028 35,161 −14.6 8,443 8,845 −4.5 506 388 30.5
Rail 777 898 −13.5 S 3,096 S S 1,604 S S 576 S
Water S S S S S S 217
Air (including truck and air) 203 160 26.6 10 13 −20.6 17 12 46.8 937 723 29.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,695 3,380 38.9 266 229 16 245 238 3.3 837 740 13.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,571 3,294 38.7 248 172 43.9 217 121 78.7 837 740 13.1
Truck and Rail S 86 S 17 S S 28 S S 1,675 1,971 −15
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 7,509 S
Other and unknown modes 880 1,588 −44.6 270 396 −31.7 78 129 −39.4 132 269 −51

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 35,027 28,762 21.8 46,667 29,399 58.7 7,424 5,518 34.5 294 320 −8
Single modes 31,342 24,529 27.8 41,804 28,082 48.9 7,169 4,874 47.1 189 186 1.2
Truck 31,158 23,605 32 40,745 27,294 49.3 6,477 4,306 50.4 185 164 12.9
Rail 107 258 −58.3 1,056 766 37.9 S 541 S 630 744 −15.3
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S 4 22 −84 3 26 −87.5 1,346 1,108 21.5
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,801 3,263 −14.2 131 110 18.8 164 91 81 641 563 13.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,748 3,228 −14.9 96 92 3.9 57 49 16.5 636 562 13.2
Truck and Rail 27 32 −14.6 S 17 S S 40 S 2,977 2,630 13.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 7,020 7,617 −7.8
Other and unknown modes 883 970 −9 S 1,208 S 90 553 −83.7 S 94 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 36,528 45,395 −19.5 4,405 3,536 24.6 2,601 2,195 18.5 408 381 7
Single modes 29,885 35,834 −16.6 4,032 3,051 32.2 2,499 1,837 36.1 294 232 26.9
Truck 27,699 34,049 −18.6 3,498 2,995 16.8 2,005 1,785 12.4 248 149 66.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S 845 S S
Water
Air (including truck and air) 1,580 1,767 −10.6 32 48 −33.6 32 42 −25.5 1,251 1,164 7.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,676 7,150 −48.6 71 128 −44.8 51 132 −61.3 728 611 19.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,676 7,088 −48.1 71 109 −35.4 51 69 −25.9 728 609 19.5
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 3,196 3,268 −2.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4,693
Other and unknown modes 2,966 2,411 23 S 357 S 51 226 −77.6 S 74 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 58,239 25,157 131.5 24,527 10,178 141 5,120 2,894 77 626 611 2.4
Single modes 55,578 21,860 154.2 24,371 9,964 144.6 5,025 2,791 80 330 443 −25.5
Truck 55,331 21,468 157.7 23,900 9,517 151.1 4,996 2,621 90.6 322 415 −22.4
Rail S 111 S S 444 S S 166 S 1,673 1,107 51.2
Water S S S S S S 3
Air (including truck and air) 84 281 −70.3 S 4 S S 4 S 1,554 1,370 13.4
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,214 2,684 −17.5 83 100 −16.8 67 77 −13.4 924 775 19.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,158 2,638 −18.2 72 93 −22.4 46 58 −21 922 774 19.1
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 2,853 1,992 43.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 4,379 7,596 −42.4
Other and unknown modes 447 612 −26.9 72 114 −36.8 28 25 11.4 S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 616 1,604 −61.6 S 575 S S 137 S 211 266 −20.9
Single modes 604 1,509 −60 S 564 S S 135 S 142 233 −38.9
Truck 378 1,465 −74.2 207 553 −62.5 S S S S 217 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 925 389 138
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 581 1,007 −42.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 10 72 −85.6 1 2 −68.8 2 −88 344 406 −15.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 72 −85.6 1 2 −68.8 2 −88 344 406 −15.3
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 23 S S S S S 1 S 1,099 S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.