Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 18,921 100.0 88,302 100.0 20,709 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,559 29.4 57,218 64.8 954 4.6
50 to 99 miles 2,196 11.6 5,035 5.7 480 2.3
100 to 249 miles 3,163 16.7 6,618 7.5 1,183 5.7
250 to 499 miles 2,084 11.0 9,266 10.5 4,046 19.5
500 to 749 miles 1,508 8.0 2,394 2.7 2,049 9.9
750 to 999 miles 1,001 5.3 2,492 2.8 2,928 14.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,306 17.5 5,226 5.9 8,966 43.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 92 0.5 51 99 0.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 15,855 100.0 54,082 100.0 19,753 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,603 29.0 23,315 43.1 508 2.6
50 to 99 miles 1,922 12.1 5,015 9.3 478 2.4
100 to 249 miles 2,851 18.0 6,595 12.2 1,179 6.0
250 to 499 miles 1,910 12.0 9,252 17.1 4,040 20.5
500 to 749 miles 1,257 7.9 2,373 4.4 2,032 10.3
750 to 999 miles 868 5.5 2,488 4.6 2,924 14.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,368 14.9 4,995 9.2 8,496 43.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 73 0.5 50 97 0.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 13,126 100.0 37,627 100.0 5,398 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,552 34.7 22,989 61.1 500 9.3
50 to 99 miles 1,899 14.5 3,897 10.4 347 6.4
100 to 249 miles 2,627 20.0 5,658 15.0 967 17.9
250 to 499 miles 1,134 8.6 3,198 8.5 1,365 25.3
500 to 749 miles 883 6.7 608 1.6 454 8.4
750 to 999 miles 481 3.7 476 1.3 521 9.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,477 11.3 759 2.0 1,162 21.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 71 0.5 42 0.1 81 1.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,799 100.0 12,613 100.0 3,630 100.0
Less than 50 miles 815 17.0 3,760 29.8 116 3.2
50 to 99 miles 645 13.4 2,205 17.5 200 5.5
100 to 249 miles 965 20.1 2,474 19.6 431 11.9
250 to 499 miles 672 14.0 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 522 10.9 431 3.4 325 9.0
750 to 999 miles 299 6.2 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 829 17.3 564 4.5 873 24.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 53 1.1 40 0.3 77 2.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 8,284 100.0 24,771 100.0 1,724 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,716 44.9 19,158 77.3 380 22.0
50 to 99 miles 1,241 15.0 1,598 6.5 140 8.1
100 to 249 miles 1,662 20.1 3,184 12.9 536 31.1
250 to 499 miles 454 5.5 375 1.5 157 9.1
500 to 749 miles 361 4.4 177 0.7 129 7.5
750 to 999 miles 182 2.2 81 0.3 88 5.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 648 7.8 194 0.8 289 16.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,627 100.0 16,412 100.0 14,353 100.0
Less than 50 miles 23 0.9 S S 7
50 to 99 miles 23 0.9 1,117 6.8 131 0.9
100 to 249 miles 216 8.2 934 5.7 211 1.5
250 to 499 miles 739 28.1 6,054 36.9 2,675 18.6
500 to 749 miles 370 14.1 1,764 10.7 1,577 11.0
750 to 999 miles 380 14.4 2,012 12.3 2,402 16.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 874 33.3 4,236 25.8 7,333 51.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 74 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 2.0 3.7
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 2.3 8.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 6.0 29.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,466 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 163 11.1 S S
50 to 99 miles 218 14.8 8 3.3 1 0.2
100 to 249 miles 272 18.5 10 4.3 2 0.5
250 to 499 miles 148 10.1 5 1.9 2 0.4
500 to 749 miles 139 9.5 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 132 9.0 3 1.4 4 0.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 365 24.9 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 19 1.3 S S 1 0.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,433 100.0 59 100.0 33 100.0
Less than 50 miles 163 11.4 S S 1.1
50 to 99 miles 218 15.2 8 13.5 1 2.2
100 to 249 miles 272 19.0 10 17.7 2 6.1
250 to 499 miles 148 10.3 5 7.9 2 5.7
500 to 749 miles 137 9.5 6 10.7 S S
750 to 999 miles 132 9.2 3 5.7 4 10.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 341 23.8 11 17.9 17 50.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 19 1.3 S S 1 4.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,600 100.0 33,973 100.0 523 100.0
Less than 50 miles 792 49.5 33,889 99.8 446 85.2
50 to 99 miles 56 3.5 S S 1 0.2
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 1 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.