Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 18,921 100.0 88,302 100.0 20,709 100.0 320
Less than 50 lbs 1,885 10.0 67 21 0.1 397
50 to 99 lbs 437 2.3 44 11 244
100 to 499 lbs 1,597 8.4 277 0.3 38 0.2 136
500 to 749 lbs 457 2.4 130 0.1 19 143
750 to 999 lbs 237 1.3 104 0.1 19 186
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3,211 17.0 2,292 2.6 323 1.6 130
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 5,089 26.9 11,158 12.6 2,371 11.5 196
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,587 13.7 15,217 17.2 1,974 9.5 138
100,000 lbs or more 3,421 18.1 59,014 66.8 15,932 76.9 806

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 15,855 100.0 54,082 100.0 19,753 100.0 131
Less than 50 lbs 690 4.4 32 4 98
50 to 99 lbs 254 1.6 31 4 120
100 to 499 lbs 1,251 7.9 227 0.4 30 0.2 126
500 to 749 lbs 370 2.3 121 0.2 16 130
750 to 999 lbs 233 1.5 102 0.2 19 0.1 189
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3,102 19.6 2,259 4.2 316 1.6 128
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 4,441 28.0 11,053 20.4 2,293 11.6 192
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,421 15.3 15,199 28.1 1,956 9.9 137
100,000 lbs or more 3,093 19.5 25,059 46.3 15,115 76.5 812

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 13,126 100.0 37,627 100.0 5,398 100.0 115
Less than 50 lbs 656 5.0 32 3 86
50 to 99 lbs 250 1.9 31 4 115
100 to 499 lbs 1,226 9.3 227 0.6 30 0.6 125
500 to 749 lbs 370 2.8 121 0.3 16 0.3 130
750 to 999 lbs 232 1.8 102 0.3 19 0.3 189
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3,087 23.5 2,250 6.0 316 5.8 127
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 4,254 32.4 10,975 29.2 2,240 41.5 189
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,396 18.3 15,140 40.2 1,895 35.1 134
100,000 lbs or more S S 8,750 23.3 S S 192

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,799 100.0 12,613 100.0 3,630 100.0 296
Less than 50 lbs 160 3.3 S S 1 229
50 to 99 lbs S S 2 1 245
100 to 499 lbs 368 7.7 19 0.2 8 0.2 350
500 to 749 lbs 97 2.0 7 5 0.1 648
750 to 999 lbs 43 0.9 7 3 456
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 644 13.4 S S 84 2.3 326
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,916 39.9 3,478 27.6 1,491 41.1 457
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,040 21.7 6,184 49.0 S S 227
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 283

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 8,284 100.0 24,771 100.0 1,724 100.0 85
Less than 50 lbs 496 6.0 27 0.1 2 0.1 64
50 to 99 lbs 193 2.3 28 0.1 3 0.2 103
100 to 499 lbs 858 10.4 207 0.8 22 1.3 102
500 to 749 lbs 273 3.3 114 0.5 11 0.6 96
750 to 999 lbs 189 2.3 95 0.4 16 0.9 167
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,443 29.5 1,841 7.4 232 13.4 99
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,326 28.1 7,421 30.0 725 42.0 87
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,330 16.1 8,823 35.6 542 31.4 64
100,000 lbs or more 177 2.1 6,215 25.1 172 10.0 52

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,627 100.0 16,412 100.0 14,353 100.0 958
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 253
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 162 6.2 S S 53 0.4 1,173
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 25 1.0 59 0.4 S S 1,082
100,000 lbs or more 2,438 92.8 16,309 99.4 14,239 99.2 953

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 14
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 14
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 14
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 14
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 14
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 14
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 74 100.0 S S S S 1,629
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,689
50 to 99 lbs 4 4.9 S S S S 2,071
100 to 499 lbs S S 5.2 18.0 1,454
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,784
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,466 100.0 S S S S 648
Less than 50 lbs 1,077 73.5 27 11.1 17 3.9 653
50 to 99 lbs 160 10.9 9 3.6 7 1.6 779
100 to 499 lbs 180 12.3 20 7.9 7 1.6 318
500 to 749 lbs 15 1.0 S S S S 833
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 214
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,282
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,663
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,323

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,433 100.0 59 100.0 33 100.0 647
Less than 50 lbs 1,077 75.2 27 46.3 17 50.8 653
50 to 99 lbs 160 11.2 9 15.1 7 20.9 779
100 to 499 lbs 180 12.5 20 32.9 7 19.8 311
500 to 749 lbs 15 1.1 S S S S 833
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 214
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,619
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,663
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 713

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 4,252
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 4,189
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 4,282
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,282
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2,205
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,205

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,600 100.0 33,973 100.0 523 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 118 7.4 7 S
50 to 99 lbs 23 1.4 4 S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S 1 0.3 S
500 to 749 lbs S S 5 S
750 to 999 lbs S S 2 S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 102 6.4 32 3 0.6 142
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 90 0.3 S S 401
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 982
100,000 lbs or more 303 18.9 33,784 99.4 447 85.4 28

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.