Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18,921 100.0 88,302 100.0 20,709 100.0 320
Single modes 15,855 83.8 54,082 61.2 19,753 95.4 131
Truck3 13,126 69.4 37,627 42.6 5,398 26.1 115
For-hire Truck 4,799 25.4 12,613 14.3 3,630 17.5 296
Private Truck 8,284 43.8 24,771 28.1 1,724 8.3 85
Rail 2,627 13.9 16,412 18.6 14,353 69.3 958
Water S S S S S S 14
Shallow draft S S S S S S 14
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 74 0.4 S S S S 1,629
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,466 7.7 S S S S 648
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,433 7.6 59 33 0.2 647
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,619
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,252
Rail and water S S S S S S 2,205
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,600 8.5 33,973 38.5 523 2.5 S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,263 100.0 18,966 100.0 10,320 100.0 343
Single modes 2,239 98.9 18,793 99.1 9,950 96.4 343
Truck3 1,250 55.2 9,475 50.0 1,920 18.6 205
For-hire Truck 845 37.3 6,099 32.2 1,560 15.1 275
Private Truck S S S S S S 108
Rail 990 43.7 9,319 49.1 8,030 77.8 962
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,205
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 2,205
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 357

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 979 100.0 3,741 100.0 1,396 100.0 205
Single modes 978 99.9 3,741 100.0 1,396 100.0 203
Truck3 691 70.6 2,476 66.2 559 40.1 180
For-hire Truck 458 46.8 1,654 44.2 435 31.2 402
Private Truck 213 21.7 760 20.3 121 8.7 92
Rail S S S S S S 619
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 572
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 572
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,106

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 310 100.0 1,846 100.0 1,833 100.0 423
Single modes 293 94.6 1,842 99.8 1,833 100.0 443
Truck3 175 56.4 819 44.4 404 22.1 288
For-hire Truck 94 30.5 609 33.0 348 19.0 573
Private Truck S S 211 11.4 S S S
Rail 119 38.2 1,023 55.4 1,429 77.9 1,363
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 271
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 271
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 19

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 297 100.0 89 100.0 S S 114
Single modes 297 100.0 89 100.0 S S 114
Truck3 297 100.0 89 100.0 S S 114
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 332
Private Truck 192 64.6 69 77.6 8 50.3 108
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 650 100.0 1,155 100.0 S S S
Single modes 645 99.2 1,147 99.3 S S S
Truck3 519 79.9 673 58.3 405 36.8 S
For-hire Truck 166 25.5 S S S S 898
Private Truck 353 54.3 289 25.1 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,463
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 420
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 420
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 5 0.8 8 0.7 S S S

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,781 100.0 4,208 100.0 3,205 100.0 98
Single modes 1,779 99.9 4,204 99.9 3,202 99.9 98
Truck3 884 49.7 1,523 36.2 510 15.9 77
For-hire Truck 328 18.4 831 19.7 268 8.4 281
Private Truck 557 31.3 692 16.4 S S 69
Rail 866 48.6 2,641 62.8 2,692 84.0 989
Water S S S S S S 14
Shallow draft S S S S S S 14
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 647
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 598
Truck and rail S S S S S S 713
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 304 100.0 332 100.0 167 100.0 71
Single modes 268 87.9 315 94.9 167 99.7 S
Truck3 224 73.7 197 59.1 S S 69
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 109
Private Truck 217 71.4 174 52.4 S S 69
Rail 43 14.2 119 35.8 S S 1,294
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 37 12.1 S S 0.3 58

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 69
Single modes S S S S S S 64
Truck3 S S S S S S 64
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 64
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 326
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 326
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 40
Single modes S S S S S S 40
Truck3 S S S S S S 40
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 40
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14 100.0 3,675 100.0 S S 26
Single modes 14 100.0 3,675 100.0 S S 26
Truck3 14 100.0 3,675 100.0 S S 26
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 33
Private Truck 14 97.3 3,482 94.7 90 93.4 25
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10 100.0 193 100.0 S S 122
Single modes 10 100.0 193 100.0 S S 122
Truck3 10 100.0 193 100.0 S S 122
For-hire Truck
Private Truck 10 100.0 193 100.0 S S 122
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 109
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 109
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 109
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 345 100.0 39,232 100.0 665 100.0 90
Single modes 50 14.4 6,198 15.8 232 34.8 109
Truck3 40 11.5 5,155 13.1 109 16.3 22
For-hire Truck
Private Truck 40 11.5 5,155 13.1 109 16.3 22
Rail 10 2.9 1,043 2.7 123 18.5 118
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 295 85.6 33,034 84.2 433 65.2 13

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,016 100.0 3,883 100.0 129 100.0 22
Single modes 1,014 99.9 3,877 99.9 129 99.9 22
Truck3 1,014 99.9 3,877 99.9 129 99.9 22
For-hire Truck 180 17.7 632 16.3 37 29.0 58
Private Truck 835 82.2 3,245 83.6 92 70.9 19
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 568 100.0 2,299 100.0 95 100.0 19
Single modes 567 99.8 2,295 99.8 95 99.9 20
Truck3 567 99.8 2,295 99.8 95 99.9 20
For-hire Truck 185 32.6 808 35.2 49 51.7 S
Private Truck 382 67.2 1,486 64.7 46 48.2 18
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 14

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 351 100.0 1,876 100.0 S S S
Single modes 346 98.6 1,855 98.9 S S S
Truck3 329 93.7 1,476 78.7 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 312 88.8 1,351 72.0 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 819
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 554
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 105
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,663
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 142
Single modes S S S S S S 153
Truck3 S S S S S S 153
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 62
Private Truck S S S S S S 154
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 177
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 177
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,179
Single modes S S S S S S 160
Truck3 S S S S S S 149
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 316
Private Truck S S S S S S 108
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 914
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 255 58.3 6 35.9 6 73.9 1,248
Parcel, USPS or courier 255 58.3 6 35.9 6 73.9 1,248
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 195
Single modes S S S S S S 195
Truck3 S S S S S S 195
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 501
Private Truck S S S S S S 52
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 367 100.0 78 100.0 9 100.0 124
Single modes 363 98.8 77 98.5 9 98.3 88
Truck3 363 98.8 77 98.5 9 98.3 88
For-hire Truck 41 11.2 S S 3 33.2 505
Private Truck 322 87.6 70 89.5 6 65.1 75
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3 0.7 0.4 0.9 S
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 0.7 0.4 0.9 S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 2 0.5 S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 339 100.0 138 100.0 55 100.0 S
Single modes 257 75.9 123 89.1 54 97.0 S
Truck3 257 75.9 123 89.1 54 97.0 118
For-hire Truck 155 45.9 69 49.9 44 79.8 S
Private Truck S S 54 39.2 9 17.2 76
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,111
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 49 14.5 S S 1 2.3 S
Parcel, USPS or courier 49 14.5 S S 1 2.3 S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 110
Single modes S S S S S S 110
Truck3 S S S S S S 110
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 110
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 475 100.0 334 100.0 85 100.0 S
Single modes 441 92.9 323 96.7 84 98.3 S
Truck3 441 92.9 323 96.7 84 98.3 S
For-hire Truck 58 12.3 30 9.1 S S 632
Private Truck 383 80.6 293 87.6 53 61.9 178
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1 0.2 0.1 640
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 0.2 0.1 640
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 54 100.0 49 100.0 4 100.0 178
Single modes 53 97.3 48 99.3 4 98.8 180
Truck3 53 97.3 48 99.3 4 98.8 180
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 228
Private Truck 44 81.7 36 74.6 3 70.9 172
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 229
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 229
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 56 100.0 41 100.0 S S 107
Single modes 55 97.9 40 99.5 S S 106
Truck3 55 97.9 40 99.5 S S 106
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 160
Private Truck 25 45.3 11 27.1 S S 102
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1 1.7 S S S S 198
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 1.7 S S S S 198
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 132 100.0 10 100.0 3 100.0 664
Single modes 77 58.4 7 64.7 S S 109
Truck3 77 58.3 7 64.4 S S 101
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 996
Private Truck 65 49.4 6 53.8 S S 53
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,317
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 52 39.2 S S S S 806
Parcel, USPS or courier 52 39.2 S S S S 806
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 3 2.4 S S S S 1,254

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 811
Single modes S S S S S S 456
Truck3 S S S S S S 455
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 735
Private Truck S S S S S S 282
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,726
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 2 32.3 1,064
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 2 32.3 1,064
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 341 100.0 2,907 100.0 124 100.0 S
Single modes 312 91.7 2,890 99.4 123 99.5 S
Truck3 312 91.7 2,890 99.4 123 99.5 S
For-hire Truck 109 32.1 S S S S S
Private Truck 203 59.6 2,545 87.5 92 74.1 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 72
Single modes S S S S S S 83
Truck3 S S S S S S 83
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 61
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 73
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 73
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 393 100.0 129 100.0 67 100.0 241
Single modes 317 80.7 119 92.6 S S 112
Truck3 317 80.7 119 92.6 S S 112
For-hire Truck 148 37.6 S S S S 214
Private Truck 169 43.1 47 36.4 7 9.8 82
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,381
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 47 12.0 4 3.0 S S 876
Parcel, USPS or courier 47 12.0 4 3.0 S S 876
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 29 7.3 6 4.5 1 0.8 S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,312 100.0 384 100.0 276 100.0 S
Single modes 1,889 81.7 358 93.3 259 93.9 S
Truck3 1,821 78.7 345 90.0 244 88.6 S
For-hire Truck 449 19.4 101 26.2 66 24.1 568
Private Truck 1,372 59.3 245 63.8 178 64.6 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,408
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,491
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 278 12.0 16 4.1 15 5.4 482
Parcel, USPS or courier 271 11.7 15 3.9 S S 477
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,282
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,121 100.0 81 100.0 50 100.0 214
Single modes 788 70.3 69 85.8 48 96.5 172
Truck3 773 69.0 69 85.6 48 96.0 166
For-hire Truck 674 60.1 57 70.9 46 92.1 S
Private Truck 99 8.8 S S S S 77
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,371
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 191 17.0 3 3.5 1 2.2 358
Parcel, USPS or courier 191 17.0 3 3.5 1 2.2 356
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,021
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 143 12.7 S S 1 1.4 27

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,658 100.0 238 100.0 168 100.0 225
Single modes 656 39.6 152 63.6 101 60.4 112
Truck3 555 33.5 135 56.8 78 46.6 109
For-hire Truck 277 16.7 75 31.5 58 34.6 256
Private Truck 279 16.8 60 25.3 S S 88
Rail S S S S S S 1,236
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,680
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 271
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 271
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 165 100.0 1 100.0 1 100.0 1,581
Single modes S S S S S S 2,089
Truck3 S S S S S S 716
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 744
Private Truck S S S S S S 329
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,306
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 66 39.6 29.5 41.0 1,341
Parcel, USPS or courier 66 39.6 29.5 41.0 1,341
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,361

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 519
Single modes S S S S S S 80
Truck3 S S S S S S 80
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 261
Private Truck S S S S S S 79
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 718
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 718
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 104 100.0 20 100.0 16 100.0 579
Single modes 94 91.1 19 96.7 15 94.8 312
Truck3 94 91.1 19 96.7 15 94.8 312
For-hire Truck 51 49.7 12 61.5 15 93.4 1,129
Private Truck 43 41.4 7 35.1 1.4 60
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 9 8.9 1 3.3 1 5.2 806
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 8.9 1 3.3 1 5.2 806
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 176 100.0 S S 5 100.0 442
Single modes 130 73.7 S S 4 77.9 186
Truck3 128 72.7 S S 4 77.5 173
For-hire Truck S S 2 4.0 1 13.4 921
Private Truck 105 59.8 S S 3 64.1 118
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,387
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 36 20.3 1 3.1 1 21.2 893
Parcel, USPS or courier 36 20.3 1 3.1 1 21.2 893
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 341
Single modes S S S S S S 341
Truck3 S S S S S S 289
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 316
Private Truck S S S S S S 68
Rail S S S S S S 501
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 870 100.0 405 100.0 43 100.0 169
Single modes 843 97.0 401 99.1 42 97.6 76
Truck3 843 97.0 401 99.1 42 97.6 76
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 103
Private Truck 829 95.4 400 98.8 42 97.1 75
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 23 2.7 S S S S 379
Parcel, USPS or courier 23 2.7 S S S S 379
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 51 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S 40 77.7 S
Truck3 S S S S S S 141
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 107
Private Truck S S S S 3 6.0 145
Rail S S S S S S 1,261
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,038
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,038
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 10

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.