Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 24,047 100.0 82,075 100.0 17,319 100.0 430
Single modes 19,640 81.7 48,013 58.5 16,738 96.6 255
Truck 16,886 70.2 36,231 44.1 5,735 33.1 217
For-hire truck 8,926 37.1 11,269 13.7 3,767 21.7 639
Private truck 7,924 33.0 24,861 30.3 1,953 11.3 105
Rail 2,352 9.8 11,734 14.3 10,994 63.5 1,013
Water S S S S S S 14
Shallow draft S S S S S S 14
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 373 1.6 S S 8 2,065
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,282 13.6 128 0.2 105 0.6 738
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,026 12.6 87 0.1 58 0.3 736
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,007
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,458
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,125 4.7 33,934 41.3 476 2.7 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,585
Single modes S S S S S S 1,794
Truck 40 5.9 29 2.5 44 1.9 1,505
For-hire truck 40 5.9 29 2.5 44 1.9 1,505
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,950
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,376
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,376
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,227
Single modes S S S S S S 1,771
Truck S S S S S S 1,771
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,771
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,427
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,427
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 79 100.0 102 100.0 1,073
Single modes S S 78 99.1 102 99.2 1,187
Truck S S 35 44.7 42 41.1 1,188
For-hire truck 130 53.5 29 37.5 35 33.7 1,180
Private truck S S S S S S 1,261
Rail S S S S S S 1,313
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,101
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,031
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,030
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,560
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,335

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 150 100.0 271 100.0 1,888
Single modes S S 145 97.2 S S 2,070
Truck S S S S S S 1,832
For-hire truck S S 30 19.8 53 19.5 1,871
Private truck S S S S S S 1,786
Rail S S S S S S 1,962
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,739
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 4 2.4 6 2.3 1,805
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 4 2.4 6 2.3 1,805
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,607

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 109 100.0 S S S S 736
Single modes 82 74.7 S S S S 891
Truck 82 74.7 S S S S 888
For-hire truck 82 74.7 S S S S 888
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,367
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 725
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 725
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 48 100.0 3 100.0 6 100.0 1,766
Single modes 30 61.9 S S S S 1,990
Truck 30 61.8 S S S S 1,871
For-hire truck 29 59.8 S S S S 1,871
Private truck S S S S S S 1,884
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,057
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,646
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,646
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,662
Single modes S S S S S S 1,619
Truck S S S S S S 1,619
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,619
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,681
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,681
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,392
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,392
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,392
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 75 100.0 S S S S 1,971
Single modes S S S S S S 2,112
Truck 31 40.7 S S S S 2,120
For-hire truck 31 40.7 S S S S 2,120
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,168
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,609
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 15.2 S S S S 1,860
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 12.7 S S S S 1,860
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,987
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,149

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 232 100.0 75 100.0 137 100.0 1,436
Single modes 212 91.3 74 97.9 134 98.2 1,436
Truck 184 79.4 43 57.2 72 52.8 1,424
For-hire truck 176 76.0 42 55.3 70 51.3 1,422
Private truck S S S S S S 1,472
Rail S S 31 40.7 62 45.3 1,981
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,843
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 14 6.1 1 1.1 1 0.9 1,434
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 4.7 0.7 1 0.5 1,434
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,897
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,789

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,034
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,034
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,034
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 65 100.0 S S S S 1,043
Single modes S S S S S S 1,330
Truck 25 39.0 S S S S 1,003
For-hire truck 21 32.7 S S S S 979
Private truck S S S S S S 1,026
Rail S S S S S S 1,591
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,630
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 962
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 962
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,156

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,127 100.0 S S S S 801
Single modes 1,895 89.1 S S S S 934
Truck 1,148 54.0 S S S S 888
For-hire truck 1,042 49.0 S S S S 831
Private truck 106 5.0 34 0.6 26 0.5 959
Rail S S S S S S 937
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,265
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 170 8.0 S S 10 0.2 772
Parcel, USPS or courier 170 8.0 S S 10 0.2 772
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 936

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 731 100.0 S S S S 1,078
Single modes S S S S S S 1,436
Truck S S S S S S 1,004
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,007
Private truck S S 18 7.5 17 8.0 969
Rail S S S S S S 1,224
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,179
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 920
Parcel, USPS or courier 42 5.7 1 0.4 1 0.4 921
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 916
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,212

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,201 100.0 749 100.0 552 100.0 652
Single modes 1,025 85.4 717 95.7 518 93.9 624
Truck 907 75.5 343 45.8 215 38.9 613
For-hire truck 409 34.1 168 22.5 111 20.1 648
Private truck 497 41.4 175 23.3 104 18.8 577
Rail 112 9.4 373 49.8 302 54.8 808
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,506
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 670
Parcel, USPS or courier 40 3.3 2 0.3 1 0.3 667
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,133
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 564

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 417 100.0 116 100.0 95 100.0 982
Single modes 401 96.0 115 99.2 94 99.1 1,282
Truck 181 43.4 87 75.0 65 68.5 783
For-hire truck 147 35.3 59 50.7 45 47.6 787
Private truck S S S S S S 746
Rail S S S S S S 1,042
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,771
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 16 4.0 S S S S 857
Parcel, USPS or courier 16 4.0 S S S S 857
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 640

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 125 100.0 71 100.0 82 100.0 1,239
Single modes 107 85.8 69 98.2 80 98.0 1,186
Truck 93 73.9 S S 61 75.4 1,185
For-hire truck 82 65.1 S S S S 1,185
Private truck S S S S S S 1,182
Rail S S S S S S 1,229
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,256
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,256
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,710
Single modes S S S S S S 1,808
Truck S S S S S S 1,772
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,772
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,446
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,927
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,591
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,591
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7 100.0 S S S S 2,011
Single modes S S S S S S 2,022
Truck S S S S S S 1,988
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,988
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,082
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.3 0.2 2,005
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.2 0.2 2,021
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 711
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,996

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 32 100.0 S S S S 1,606
Single modes S S S S S S 1,688
Truck S S S S S S 1,688
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,688
Private truck S S S S S S 1,656
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,580
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,580
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,716

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 19 100.0 S S S S 1,781
Single modes 8 41.3 S S S S 1,803
Truck 8 41.3 S S S S 1,803
For-hire truck 8 41.3 S S S S 1,803
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 51.6 4.5 4.2 1,779
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 51.6 4.5 4.2 1,779
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,770

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 463 100.0 132 100.0 130 100.0 1,102
Single modes S S 128 97.1 126 97.2 1,030
Truck S S 120 90.9 116 88.9 1,029
For-hire truck S S 82 62.7 87 66.6 1,060
Private truck S S S S S S 839
Rail S S S S S S 1,213
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,143
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,143
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 768
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,130

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,810 100.0 4,943 100.0 1,385 100.0 387
Single modes 2,088 74.3 4,923 99.6 1,377 99.4 303
Truck 1,981 70.5 3,808 77.0 791 57.1 298
For-hire truck 1,307 46.5 1,389 28.1 413 29.8 340
Private truck 675 24.0 S S 377 27.3 271
Rail 104 3.7 1,113 22.5 585 42.2 533
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 0.1 S S S S 668
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 619 22.0 11 0.2 5 0.3 442
Parcel, USPS or courier 619 22.0 11 0.2 5 0.3 442
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 102 3.6 9 0.2 4 0.3 281

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 41 100.0 28 100.0 41 100.0 1,388
Single modes 40 97.4 28 99.7 40 99.7 1,360
Truck 36 86.2 16 58.1 22 54.2 1,358
For-hire truck 31 75.8 14 52.1 20 48.6 1,356
Private truck S S S S S S 1,401
Rail S S S S S S 1,601
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,482
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,482
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 345 100.0 339 100.0 364 100.0 964
Single modes 240 69.7 334 98.3 359 98.4 846
Truck 232 67.3 S S S S 840
For-hire truck 193 56.1 S S S S 853
Private truck S S S S S S 784
Rail S S S S S S 1,058
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,591
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 100 29.0 S S S S 990
Parcel, USPS or courier 100 29.0 S S S S 990
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,031

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 136 100.0 590 100.0 332 100.0 437
Single modes 130 95.6 590 99.9 332 99.9 396
Truck 100 73.4 285 48.2 91 27.3 378
For-hire truck 55 40.3 S S S S 401
Private truck 45 33.1 114 19.3 33 9.8 370
Rail 30 22.2 305 51.7 241 72.6 831
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5 3.5 S S 547
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 3.5 S S 547
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 146

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 149 100.0 91 100.0 51 100.0 559
Single modes 134 89.9 91 99.6 51 99.6 644
Truck 134 89.9 91 99.6 51 99.6 644
For-hire truck 113 75.7 83 90.5 46 90.2 659
Private truck S S S S S S 521
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 15 10.1 0.4 0.4 522
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 10.1 0.4 0.4 522
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,591
Single modes S S S S S S 3,032
Truck 2 4.0 S S S S 1,569
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,580
Private truck S S S S S S 1,397
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,268
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 21.3 S S S S 1,480
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 21.3 S S S S 1,480
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,578

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 100.0 1 100.0 1,860
Single modes S S S S S S 1,780
Truck S S S S S S 1,780
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,832
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 33.3 33.4 1,861
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 33.3 33.4 1,861
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 146 100.0 23 100.0 37 100.0 1,659
Single modes 77 52.6 22 95.9 36 95.7 1,692
Truck S S 22 95.7 36 95.6 1,616
For-hire truck S S 21 93.7 35 93.8 1,617
Private truck S S S S S S 1,439
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,957
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,653
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,653
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4 100.0 S S S S 1,277
Single modes S S S S S S 1,647
Truck S S S S S S 1,281
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,352
Private truck S S S S S S 1,242
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,992
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1 32.3 S S S S 1,253
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 32.3 S S S S 1,253
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 308 100.0 69 100.0 99 100.0 1,581
Single modes S S 68 98.4 96 97.6 1,450
Truck S S 68 98.4 96 97.6 1,449
For-hire truck S S 68 98.1 96 97.2 1,447
Private truck S S S S S S 1,536
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,937
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 103 33.4 1 1.6 S S 1,636
Parcel, USPS or courier 100 32.3 1 1.0 1 1.1 1,531
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,458
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 439 100.0 88 100.0 152 100.0 1,585
Single modes 401 91.5 87 99.3 151 99.3 1,594
Truck 397 90.4 68 77.9 115 75.4 1,595
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,584
Private truck S S S S S S 1,666
Rail S S S S S S 1,926
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,323
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 13 2.9 0.4 1 0.4 1,570
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 2.9 0.4 1 0.4 1,570
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,912

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,384 100.0 64,595 100.0 2,173 100.0 58
Single modes 7,159 85.4 30,667 47.5 1,722 79.3 53
Truck 6,902 82.3 28,475 44.1 1,407 64.7 53
For-hire truck 1,766 21.1 6,914 10.7 579 26.6 94
Private truck 5,122 61.1 21,466 33.2 821 37.8 48
Rail 220 2.6 2,149 3.3 314 14.5 159
Water S S S S S S 14
Shallow draft S S S S S S 14
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 190
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 377 4.5 25 2 0.1 105
Parcel, USPS or courier 377 4.5 25 2 0.1 105
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 849 10.1 33,904 52.5 449 20.6 23

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 483 100.0 91 100.0 106 100.0 1,154
Single modes 419 86.8 90 98.6 105 98.6 1,156
Truck 389 80.5 84 92.4 97 91.6 1,154
For-hire truck 376 77.8 77 84.7 89 84.1 1,151
Private truck S S S S S S 1,248
Rail S S S S S S 1,330
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 64 13.2 1 1.4 1 1.4 1,153
Parcel, USPS or courier 64 13.2 1 1.4 1 1.4 1,153
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 127 100.0 55 100.0 64 100.0 957
Single modes 97 76.8 55 99.6 64 99.7 1,030
Truck 91 71.8 21 37.9 21 33.3 1,021
For-hire truck 87 68.3 18 32.1 18 28.4 1,019
Private truck S S S S S S 1,023
Rail S S S S S S 1,243
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 946
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 946
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 91 100.0 S S S S 1,480
Single modes S S S S S S 1,519
Truck S S S S S S 1,464
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,443
Private truck S S S S S S 1,662
Rail S S S S S S 1,817
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,043
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.5 1 0.4 1,474
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.5 1 0.4 1,474
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 274 100.0 101 100.0 162 100.0 1,480
Single modes 182 66.2 99 98.6 160 98.7 1,516
Truck 180 65.6 98 97.3 158 97.3 1,514
For-hire truck 174 63.6 88 87.3 142 87.2 1,513
Private truck 6 2.0 S S S S 1,617
Rail S S S S S S 1,638
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,723
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 1.1 2 1.0 1,450
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 1.1 2 1.0 1,450
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,528

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22 100.0 S S S S 1,740
Single modes S S S S S S 1,934
Truck S S S S S S 1,911
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,900
Private truck S S S S S S 1,971
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,990
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 34.2 25.2 23.4 1,732
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 34.2 25.2 23.4 1,732
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,973

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 96 100.0 S S S S 1,532
Single modes 84 87.4 S S S S 1,589
Truck 83 87.2 S S S S 1,627
For-hire truck 68 71.0 S S S S 1,627
Private truck S S S S S S 1,621
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,336
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 12.6 0.3 0.3 1,526
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 12.6 0.3 0.3 1,526
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 377 100.0 285 100.0 99 100.0 355
Single modes 263 69.6 279 97.8 97 97.6 348
Truck 258 68.3 260 91.4 82 82.8 347
For-hire truck S S 127 44.7 44 44.5 378
Private truck 78 20.6 133 46.7 38 38.2 327
Rail S S S S S S 809
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 234
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 93 24.6 2 0.7 1 0.7 359
Parcel, USPS or courier 93 24.6 2 0.7 1 0.7 359
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 246

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 297 100.0 S S S S 1,348
Single modes 245 82.5 S S S S 1,629
Truck S S S S S S 1,242
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,251
Private truck S S S S S S 1,197
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,868
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 52 17.5 3 4.9 S S 1,265
Parcel, USPS or courier 45 15.1 S S S S 1,265
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,488
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 514 100.0 337 100.0 553 100.0 1,381
Single modes 355 69.0 336 99.6 551 99.6 1,480
Truck 218 42.5 103 30.6 132 23.9 1,370
For-hire truck 172 33.4 77 22.8 101 18.3 1,309
Private truck S S S S S S 1,266
Rail 134 26.1 S S S S 1,803
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,053
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,368
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,368
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 40 100.0 S S S S 1,072
Single modes 22 54.5 S S S S 1,080
Truck 22 54.5 S S S S 1,080
For-hire truck 22 54.5 S S S S 1,080
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 18 45.5 S S S S 1,071
Parcel, USPS or courier 18 45.5 S S S S 1,071
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,741
Single modes S S S S S S 1,895
Truck S S S S S S 1,895
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,742
Private truck S S S S S S 1,943
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,677
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,677
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,956

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 87 100.0 40 100.0 62 100.0 1,584
Single modes 76 87.5 39 99.0 62 98.9 1,547
Truck 76 87.5 39 99.0 62 98.9 1,547
For-hire truck 63 72.4 32 80.8 50 79.9 1,551
Private truck S S S S S S 1,538
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1.0 1 1.1 1,589
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1.0 1 1.1 1,589
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 73 100.0 S S S S 1,272
Single modes 14 19.4 S S S S 1,514
Truck S S S S S S 1,323
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,323
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,333
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,789
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 59 80.6 S S S S 1,262
Parcel, USPS or courier 59 80.6 S S S S 1,262
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,324
Single modes S S S S S S 1,316
Truck S S S S S S 1,295
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,295
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,717
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,334
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,334
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 785 100.0 810 100.0 531 100.0 612
Single modes 743 94.6 807 99.7 529 99.7 572
Truck 704 89.7 469 57.9 248 46.7 562
For-hire truck 349 44.4 309 38.1 167 31.4 641
Private truck 348 44.3 158 19.5 80 15.1 504
Rail S S 339 41.8 281 53.0 833
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,242
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 39 4.9 2 0.3 2 0.3 632
Parcel, USPS or courier 39 4.9 2 0.3 2 0.3 632
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 916

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 31 100.0 110 100.0 76 100.0 606
Single modes 26 84.5 110 99.8 76 99.9 645
Truck 26 82.8 104 94.6 71 94.3 645
For-hire truck 14 44.6 96 86.8 67 87.9 680
Private truck S S S S 5 6.4 528
Rail S S S S S S 726
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 596
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 596
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 462

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.