Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 18,921 15,179 24.7 88,302 87,817 0.6 20,709 27,993 −26 320 247 29.5
Single modes 15,855 13,628 16.3 54,082 52,674 2.7 19,753 27,117 −27.2 131 154 −14.9
Truck 13,126 9,895 32.6 37,627 25,198 49.3 5,398 4,906 10 115 104 10.9
Rail 2,627 3,284 −20 16,412 25,446 −35.5 14,353 21,797 −34.1 958 853 12.4
Water S S S S S S 14
Air (including truck and air) 74 70 5.7 S 1 S S 2 S 1,629 1,945 −16.3
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,466 911 60.9 S 105 S S 116 S 648 633 2.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,433 851 68.3 59 29 101.8 33 17 92.9 647 632 2.3
Truck and Rail S 60 S S 75 S S 98 S 1,619 1,305 24
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4,216
Other and unknown modes 1,600 640 150.1 33,973 35,038 −3 523 761 −31.2 S S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,849 4,784 −19.5 24,642 32,262 −23.6 13,565 22,543 −39.8 227 257 −11.5
Single modes 3,808 4,722 −19.4 24,465 32,045 −23.7 13,195 22,451 −41.2 228 267 −14.8
Truck 2,412 2,436 −1 12,858 13,292 −3.3 2,900 3,309 −12.4 166 161 3
Rail 1,396 2,286 −38.9 11,607 18,753 −38.1 10,295 19,141 −46.2 958 979 −2.1
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 35 S S 38 S 636 915 −30.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 486 580 −16.2
Truck and Rail S S 35 38 1,026
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,205
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,822 2,108 33.9 5,698 3,041 87.4 4,473 2,280 96.2 102 128 −20.3
Single modes 2,775 2,065 34.4 5,670 2,963 91.4 4,465 2,223 100.0.8 106 127 −16.6
Truck 1,712 1,414 21.1 2,396 1,457 64.5 928 687 35.1 88 113 −22.5
Rail 1,035 651 59 3,234 1,506 114.7 3,537 1,537 130.1 1,080 1,013 6.5
Water S S S S S S 14
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 348 870 −60
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 341 871 −60.9
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 713 870 −18.1
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 42 S S 25 S S S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 25 43 −42.3 3,883 S S 121 S S S 251 S
Single modes 25 20 23.1 3,883 S S 121 S S S 71 S
Truck 25 20 23.1 3,883 S S 121 S S S 71 S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 5 S S S S S S 109 913 −88.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S 5 S S S S S S 109 913 −88.1
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 265

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,280 1,853 23.1 47,290 43,837 7.9 1,267 1,603 −21 25 35 −27.5
Single modes 1,977 1,564 26.4 14,225 9,760 45.8 808 1,112 −27.3 24 35 −31.2
Truck 1,950 1,089 79 12,802 4,378 192.4 403 280 43.6 21 34 −37.3
Rail S 96 S 1,423 3,353 −57.6 S 420 S 443 S S
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 554 166 234.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 105 166 −36.3
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,663
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 301 289 4.1 33,049 34,077 −3 434 492 −11.8 8 26 −70.1

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,266 770 64.4 769 533 44.1 165 92 80.6 796 141 462.9
Single modes 925 666 38.8 747 523 42.7 158 90 75.1 123 111 10.7
Truck 908 666 36.3 747 510 46.5 158 60 163.1 121 103 17.1
Rail S S S S S S 2,201
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 934 1,343 −30.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 307 75 311 13 4 203.2 7 1 420 1,113 430 158.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 307 75 311 13 4 203.2 7 1 420 1,113 430 158.5
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 29 S S 6 S 216.8 30 S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 935 849 10.1 449 284 58.2 104 65 60.6 523 363 43.8
Single modes 747 771 −3.1 429 278 54.4 99 63 57.1 187 147 27.2
Truck 747 771 −3.1 428 278 54.4 99 63 57 185 144 28.4
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,341 613 282.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 57 S 5 3 59.5 3 1 126.5 839 886 −5.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S 57 S 5 3 59.5 3 1 126.5 839 886 −5.2
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 22 S S 3 S S S 289 S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,442 1,415 143.3 3,683 3,121 18 603 203 196.5 S 277 S
Single modes 2,856 1,143 149.9 3,626 3,072 18 581 187 210.1 144 162 −11.4
Truck 2,787 1,133 145.9 3,613 3,067 17.8 566 183 209.6 132 106 24.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,408 785 79.3
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,491 2,333 −36.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 393 208 88.6 27 12 126.8 19 12 67.6 427 563 −24.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 386 199 93.8 27 10 179.7 S 7 S 424 563 −24.7
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,651
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4,282
Other and unknown modes S 64 S 30 S S 3 S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,054 1,776 71.9 323 207 56.1 220 S S 253 292 −13.1
Single modes 1,587 1,206 31.7 223 186 19.7 150 S S 146 199 −26.5
Truck 1,448 1,145 26.4 207 186 11.3 126 S S 127 84 51.5
Rail S S S S S S 1,236
Water
Air (including truck and air) 39 60 −35.2 1 −68.7 S 1 S 2,147 1,894 13.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 531 437 21.5 11 8 31.3 5 4 13.1 334 536 −37.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 531 437 21.5 11 8 31.3 5 4 13.1 333 536 −37.8
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4,021
Other and unknown modes S 134 S 88 12 649 S 1 S S 45 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,169 1,313 −11 661 1,261 −47.6 S 240 S 327 329 −0.7
Single modes 1,087 1,205 −9.8 655 1,224 −46.4 S 185 S 128 104 23.1
Truck 1,076 1,199 −10.3 556 1,180 −52.9 88 160 −44.9 122 103 18.5
Rail S 6 S S S S S S S 501 573 −12.6
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,387
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 68 93 −26.3 4 36 −88.1 3 S S 694 822 −15.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 68 78 −12.8 4 4 8.8 3 3 −11.8 694 820 −15.4
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,627
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S 2 S S S S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S S S S S S 51 S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 40 S S S S S
Truck S S S S S S S S S 141 S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,261 361 249
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,038 113 821.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,038 113 821.2
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 10

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.