Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 6.5 7.8 30.0 11.7
Single modes 5.4 2.1 12.3 6.1 31.1 1.2 14.9
Truck 5.7 3.6 13.3 6.1 6.2 8.4 16.7
For-hire truck 8.3 2.9 18.4 2.4 7.4 5.6 12.4
Private truck 7.0 2.5 13.7 4.5 12.4 3.6 19.9
Rail 33.2 2.9 46.2 4.7 49.5 9.0 12.5
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 36.0 0.5 S S 49.5 6.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 18.0 1.5 21.4 27.0 0.3 8.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.5 1.7 16.0 8.6 8.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 24.4
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 20.2 0.8 17.4 6.1 20.2 1.2 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 11.3
Single modes S S S S S S 15.5
Truck 46.1 17.0 38.8 18.0 37.7 18.2 21.2
For-hire truck 46.1 17.0 38.8 18.0 37.7 18.2 21.2
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 24.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 28.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 19.1
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 26.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 26.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 39.6 40.9 11.0
Single modes S S 39.8 5.9 41.1 5.6 10.8
Truck S S 31.8 11.8 32.4 12.2 10.7
For-hire truck 38.6 10.7 32.8 12.5 33.6 13.0 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 26.1
Rail S S S S S S 23.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 48.7 49.3 3.1
Single modes S S 50.0 2.3 S S 6.2
Truck S S S S S S 1.6
For-hire truck S S 22.2 16.5 22.8 16.6 1.9
Private truck S S S S S S 18.3
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 45.2 1.6 45.6 1.6 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 45.2 1.6 45.6 1.6 1.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.5 S S S S 6.9
Single modes 37.2 16.9 S S S S 25.6
Truck 37.2 17.0 S S S S 21.5
For-hire truck 37.2 17.0 S S S S 21.5
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 8.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 8.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.5 45.5 45.6 2.9
Single modes 46.1 16.1 S S S S 21.2
Truck 46.1 16.0 S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck 48.2 16.6 S S S S 21.2
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.4
Single modes S S S S S S 25.9
Truck S S S S S S 25.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 29.9
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.2 S S S S 2.7
Single modes S S S S S S 3.4
Truck 38.4 8.6 S S S S 3.1
For-hire truck 38.4 8.6 S S S S 3.1
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.5 12.1 S S S S 3.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.3 12.3 S S S S 11.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.5 24.4 25.5 4.5
Single modes 37.1 7.2 24.8 4.9 26.0 5.2 6.0
Truck 45.0 12.3 38.9 13.3 41.5 13.5 5.0
For-hire truck 46.8 11.7 40.3 12.7 42.9 12.9 5.5
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S 44.4 14.2 44.3 14.8 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.8 4.5 42.6 1.0 47.2 1.4 15.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.7 1.8 46.5 0.2 45.6 0.2 15.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.5 S S S S 10.5
Single modes S S S S S S 17.0
Truck 38.2 17.2 S S S S 15.6
For-hire truck 43.7 17.1 S S S S 15.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.7 S S S S 5.5
Single modes 33.0 7.4 S S S S 5.9
Truck 20.8 10.5 S S S S 4.6
For-hire truck 22.6 10.0 S S S S 4.1
Private truck 47.0 4.0 37.5 7.2 35.7 7.2 19.0
Rail S S S S S S 21.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.0 4.5 S S 46.0 2.7 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.0 4.5 S S 46.0 2.7 3.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.9 S S S S 5.6
Single modes S S S S S S 8.6
Truck S S S S S S 3.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 4.0
Private truck S S 49.0 11.8 47.9 11.4 18.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.0 8.1 45.5 1.7 46.4 1.5 11.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.9

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.8 23.0 26.7 3.5
Single modes 21.1 4.4 24.5 4.8 28.9 5.8 4.7
Truck 24.7 8.9 29.1 12.1 29.0 13.3 5.1
For-hire truck 26.4 9.6 25.6 10.1 26.6 11.0 4.7
Private truck 40.2 10.7 39.2 7.7 40.2 7.2 13.7
Rail 46.7 9.4 38.5 13.0 45.7 13.9 22.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.9 1.6 24.5 0.4 23.9 0.4 3.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.2 33.2 35.4 9.1
Single modes 36.9 8.6 33.7 6.7 35.8 6.1 9.7
Truck 34.1 12.7 24.8 10.5 24.0 11.5 3.1
For-hire truck 41.8 12.1 32.8 10.8 31.3 11.3 3.4
Private truck S S S S S S 21.4
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.1 8.6 S S S S 3.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.1 8.6 S S S S 3.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.9 37.4 36.4 2.7
Single modes 35.5 11.7 38.5 10.7 37.6 11.1 4.8
Truck 40.9 11.2 S S 49.1 12.6 4.8
For-hire truck 48.2 13.1 S S S S 11.4
Private truck S S S S S S 26.0
Rail S S S S S S 28.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 21.1
Single modes S S S S S S 21.2
Truck S S S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.1
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.9 S S S S 15.8
Single modes S S S S S S 23.6
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 43.2 14.9 40.0 14.9 21.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 49.3 10.6 48.6 10.6 21.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 44.3 S S S S 1.9
Single modes S S S S S S 10.6
Truck S S S S S S 10.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.0 S S S S 2.4
Single modes 39.1 11.6 S S S S 18.4
Truck 39.1 11.6 S S S S 18.4
For-hire truck 39.1 11.6 S S S S 18.4
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.1 11.5 26.3 18.0 25.4 18.0 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.1 11.5 26.3 18.0 25.4 18.0 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 47.1 25.7 27.3 3.9
Single modes S S 26.8 3.0 28.4 3.3 4.5
Truck S S 29.8 7.0 32.6 8.8 4.7
For-hire truck S S 41.5 13.4 43.1 13.1 4.9
Private truck S S S S S S 19.6
Rail S S S S S S 30.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 11.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 11.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.0 32.7 21.9 4.5
Single modes 17.9 5.6 32.8 0.3 22.1 0.3 7.7
Truck 18.4 4.7 43.1 6.9 28.4 10.3 7.8
For-hire truck 23.0 7.0 25.0 9.6 29.2 8.4 3.3
Private truck 41.5 7.1 S S 47.4 9.5 11.3
Rail 38.2 2.0 39.1 7.0 39.7 10.5 18.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 46.1 S S S S 19.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.7 5.8 25.8 0.1 33.0 0.1 6.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.7 5.8 25.8 0.1 33.0 0.1 6.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 48.2 1.1 35.7 0.2 41.4 0.2 23.2

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.4 29.0 29.9 15.1
Single modes 34.5 1.0 29.0 0.1 29.9 0.2 15.0
Truck 37.7 7.2 35.6 11.8 34.4 12.3 15.0
For-hire truck 39.3 8.3 34.2 11.6 32.1 12.1 15.1
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 26.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 26.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.5 42.4 43.5 5.2
Single modes 33.4 11.0 43.4 6.1 44.4 5.9 7.0
Truck 32.8 10.5 S S S S 7.1
For-hire truck 31.1 11.5 S S S S 12.5
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.1 11.1 S S S S 6.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.1 11.1 S S S S 6.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.6 16.1 23.5 6.8
Single modes 17.6 2.0 16.1 23.5 6.0
Truck 19.4 6.6 30.3 12.7 32.4 13.5 5.2
For-hire truck 42.7 10.2 S S S S 18.0
Private truck 22.6 12.5 39.6 11.7 43.3 12.0 8.5
Rail 38.1 6.6 34.6 12.6 34.7 13.5 12.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.5 1.9 S S 38.0 29.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.5 1.9 S S 38.0 29.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.1 39.7 41.0 5.0
Single modes 38.8 6.2 39.8 0.4 41.2 0.4 4.6
Truck 38.8 6.2 39.8 0.4 41.2 0.4 4.6
For-hire truck 37.6 7.3 42.1 9.7 43.5 9.8 4.8
Private truck S S S S S S 24.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 45.7 6.2 33.3 0.4 31.1 0.4 6.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 45.7 6.2 33.3 0.4 31.1 0.4 6.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 10.7
Single modes S S S S S S 22.9
Truck 42.7 11.4 S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.8 17.5 S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.8 17.5 S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 43.6 45.4 15.1
Single modes S S S S S S 23.7
Truck S S S S S S 23.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 43.6 13.3 42.8 13.3 18.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 43.6 13.3 42.8 13.3 18.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.5 34.7 33.8 2.4
Single modes 42.6 13.4 36.6 4.7 35.7 4.9 2.8
Truck S S 36.6 4.6 35.8 4.9 2.2
For-hire truck S S 37.8 6.2 36.8 6.1 2.4
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.6 S S S S 23.5
Single modes S S S S S S 25.4
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.8 16.8 S S S S 26.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.8 16.8 S S S S 26.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.2 41.5 43.3 3.6
Single modes S S 42.0 11.5 43.5 11.1 3.7
Truck S S 42.0 11.5 43.5 11.1 3.7
For-hire truck S S 42.2 11.5 43.7 11.1 3.8
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.3 14.0 37.2 11.5 S S 3.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.3 14.2 32.2 11.6 32.0 11.4 2.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 44.5 48.3 49.6 1.8
Single modes 49.1 11.1 48.6 3.8 49.9 3.9 2.0
Truck 49.3 12.1 42.6 7.2 42.7 7.7 2.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.0 7.5 21.5 3.8 21.1 3.9 3.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 21.0 7.5 21.5 3.8 21.1 3.9 3.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.6 8.9 13.9 10.5
Single modes 13.2 2.2 15.3 6.6 17.6 4.8 9.0
Truck 14.1 2.7 16.4 6.0 21.0 5.0 9.0
For-hire truck 25.0 2.6 28.5 2.2 32.9 4.4 9.9
Private truck 11.4 3.4 14.5 4.5 15.4 2.5 10.2
Rail 27.7 0.9 28.1 1.3 25.2 4.0 17.3
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 19.8 0.7 46.3 23.7 15.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 19.8 0.7 46.3 23.7 15.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 21.5 2.2 17.4 6.6 21.5 4.7 15.0

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.3 41.7 41.9 2.2
Single modes 46.0 10.3 42.3 1.3 42.5 1.2 1.9
Truck 42.9 9.4 42.2 7.0 42.0 7.3 1.9
For-hire truck 42.5 8.9 41.0 6.7 40.7 7.1 2.0
Private truck S S S S S S 23.7
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.5 10.3 34.1 1.3 33.3 1.2 3.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.5 10.3 34.1 1.3 33.3 1.2 3.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.6 29.9 32.1 5.4
Single modes 38.8 11.0 29.8 0.3 32.1 0.3 4.9
Truck 42.8 12.9 39.6 18.2 37.1 19.2 4.9
For-hire truck 45.0 12.6 36.9 16.7 35.2 17.5 5.2
Private truck S S S S S S 28.0
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.2 S S S S 10.7
Single modes S S S S S S 18.4
Truck S S S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 49.6 19.2 49.8 19.2 15.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 49.6 19.2 49.8 19.2 15.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.7 25.7 26.8 1.4
Single modes 18.4 7.8 26.1 2.1 27.2 2.4 1.8
Truck 19.0 7.6 27.0 8.6 28.1 8.7 1.9
For-hire truck 19.7 7.0 28.2 8.2 29.6 8.3 2.0
Private truck 44.0 1.5 S S S S 25.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 21.1 1.9 19.3 2.1 2.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 21.1 1.9 19.3 2.1 2.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 49.6 S S S S 10.8
Single modes S S S S S S 21.1
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.0 14.8 45.0 17.6 44.8 17.9 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.0 14.8 45.0 17.6 44.8 17.9 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.9 S S S S 10.8
Single modes 34.7 12.5 S S S S 15.1
Truck 34.8 12.4 S S S S 15.1
For-hire truck 42.6 13.1 S S S S 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.7 12.5 47.8 10.5 49.8 10.5 15.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.7 12.5 47.8 10.5 49.8 10.5 15.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.5 24.6 24.6 5.8
Single modes 34.1 9.4 25.1 2.3 24.8 1.8 6.1
Truck 35.1 9.9 26.9 5.4 23.4 6.9 5.7
For-hire truck S S 36.8 10.6 33.6 11.7 9.0
Private truck 19.0 9.1 38.7 10.8 37.9 11.3 10.2
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.0 7.8 21.1 0.8 25.2 1.0 7.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.0 7.8 21.1 0.8 25.2 1.0 7.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.6

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.9 S S S S 8.9
Single modes 49.3 11.4 S S S S 9.1
Truck S S S S S S 4.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 4.0
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.5 11.4 48.9 9.3 S S 3.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.0 11.6 S S S S 3.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.1 37.1 42.6 2.1
Single modes 20.5 9.8 37.0 0.2 42.5 0.2 3.5
Truck 27.8 12.0 16.8 16.0 15.4 17.0 2.9
For-hire truck 28.9 10.6 16.1 14.3 16.0 15.0 1.6
Private truck S S S S S S 26.0
Rail 46.7 9.7 S S S S 21.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.1 S S S S 1.6
Single modes 44.7 13.6 S S S S 11.0
Truck 44.7 13.6 S S S S 11.0
For-hire truck 44.7 13.6 S S S S 11.0
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.5 13.6 S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.5 13.6 S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.4
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.6 30.4 30.4 2.8
Single modes 31.7 7.0 30.7 1.2 30.7 1.2 2.8
Truck 31.7 7.0 30.7 1.2 30.7 1.2 2.8
For-hire truck 33.1 8.0 34.6 8.4 34.0 8.4 2.3
Private truck S S S S S S 28.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 36.1 1.2 34.8 1.2 15.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 36.1 1.2 34.8 1.2 15.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.3 S S S S 3.3
Single modes 48.2 11.6 S S S S 17.4
Truck S S S S S S 15.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 15.1
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.1 11.6 S S S S 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.1 11.6 S S S S 3.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.6
Single modes S S S S S S 23.7
Truck S S S S S S 23.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.8
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 28.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.1 16.8 17.7 4.5
Single modes 13.2 1.8 16.8 0.2 17.8 0.3 5.4
Truck 14.3 3.0 22.4 10.7 21.9 11.8 5.7
For-hire truck 21.4 8.3 37.6 9.3 36.2 10.1 4.4
Private truck 20.1 6.9 21.1 4.7 22.5 4.4 6.6
Rail S S 32.0 10.8 32.5 12.0 18.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.4 1.9 37.8 0.2 41.5 0.3 7.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.4 1.9 37.8 0.2 41.5 0.3 7.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.2 28.4 33.6 4.5
Single modes 28.2 7.0 28.4 0.2 33.6 0.1 7.1
Truck 29.3 8.1 30.4 5.0 36.2 5.8 7.2
For-hire truck 34.1 9.9 33.8 7.8 39.3 9.2 7.9
Private truck S S S S 47.7 8.3 22.3
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 6.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 6.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.