Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 494,278 100.0 546,095 100.0 127,152 100.0
Less than 50 miles 117,893 23.9 271,079 49.6 5,760 4.5
50 to 99 miles 56,439 11.4 63,864 11.7 5,956 4.7
100 to 249 miles 99,858 20.2 85,279 15.6 17,891 14.1
250 to 499 miles 103,457 20.9 81,142 14.9 41,885 32.9
500 to 749 miles 45,650 9.2 20,290 3.7 17,011 13.4
750 to 999 miles 28,239 5.7 9,489 1.7 10,790 8.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 16,878 3.4 7,668 1.4 10,812 8.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 13,085 2.6 4,494 0.8 10,244 8.1
2,000 miles or more 12,779 2.6 2,790 0.5 6,803 5.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 421,855 100.0 517,685 100.0 115,000 100.0
Less than 50 miles 96,357 22.8 257,870 49.8 5,503 4.8
50 to 99 miles 52,726 12.5 63,063 12.2 5,885 5.1
100 to 249 miles 90,690 21.5 79,441 15.3 16,169 14.1
250 to 499 miles 89,002 21.1 78,098 15.1 40,484 35.2
500 to 749 miles 36,144 8.6 19,027 3.7 16,082 14.0
750 to 999 miles 23,655 5.6 8,060 1.6 8,754 7.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 14,482 3.4 6,458 1.2 9,127 7.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 8,466 2.0 3,228 0.6 7,083 6.2
2,000 miles or more 10,334 2.4 2,440 0.5 5,912 5.1

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 377,110 100.0 387,982 100.0 68,483 100.0
Less than 50 miles 90,633 24.0 219,486 56.6 4,704 6.9
50 to 99 miles 50,425 13.4 45,901 11.8 4,104 6.0
100 to 249 miles 84,948 22.5 50,764 13.1 9,809 14.3
250 to 499 miles 76,157 20.2 45,100 11.6 18,955 27.7
500 to 749 miles 32,327 8.6 12,301 3.2 8,659 12.6
750 to 999 miles 14,596 3.9 5,356 1.4 5,520 8.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 11,877 3.1 4,272 1.1 5,925 8.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 7,204 1.9 2,654 0.7 5,665 8.3
2,000 miles or more 8,941 2.4 2,147 0.6 5,143 7.5

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 264,450 100.0 230,199 100.0 56,731 100.0
Less than 50 miles 35,728 13.5 104,929 45.6 2,559 4.5
50 to 99 miles 31,020 11.7 24,980 10.9 2,327 4.1
100 to 249 miles 65,078 24.6 35,867 15.6 7,073 12.5
250 to 499 miles 67,065 25.4 40,221 17.5 16,757 29.5
500 to 749 miles 27,289 10.3 11,169 4.9 7,869 13.9
750 to 999 miles 13,685 5.2 4,889 2.1 5,046 8.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 10,462 4.0 3,787 1.6 5,284 9.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 6,117 2.3 2,350 1.0 5,003 8.8
2,000 miles or more 8,003 3.0 2,008 0.9 4,815 8.5

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 112,056 100.0 157,543 100.0 11,590 100.0
Less than 50 miles 54,879 49.0 114,520 72.7 2,143 18.5
50 to 99 miles 19,388 17.3 20,908 13.3 1,776 15.3
100 to 249 miles 19,777 17.6 14,850 9.4 2,725 23.5
250 to 499 miles 8,831 7.9 4,813 3.1 2,165 18.7
500 to 749 miles 4,960 4.4 1,108 0.7 774 6.7
750 to 999 miles 901 0.8 465 0.3 472 4.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,384 1.2 470 0.3 619 5.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,012 0.9 276 0.2 601 5.2
2,000 miles or more S S 134 315 2.7

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 33,146 100.0 72,295 100.0 35,823 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,244 6.8 S S 411 1.1
50 to 99 miles 294 0.9 1,419 2.0 188 0.5
100 to 249 miles 3,370 10.2 13,713 19.0 3,294 9.2
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 2,937 8.9 2,715 3.8 2,260 6.3
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,232 6.7 2,183 3.0 3,197 8.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 654 2.0 567 0.8 1,403 3.9
2,000 miles or more 961 2.9 268 0.4 698 1.9

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,082 100.0 24,486 100.0 8,274 100.0
Less than 50 miles 226 20.8 5,795 23.7 164 2.0
50 to 99 miles S S 8,820 36.0 S S
100 to 249 miles 154 14.2 5,868 24.0 1,877 22.7
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles 537 49.6 4,003 16.3 5,155 62.3
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 927 100.0 19,635 100.0 7,880 100.0
Less than 50 miles 103 11.1 4,706 24.0 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 152 16.4 5,401 27.5 1,795 22.8
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles 537 57.9 4,003 20.4 5,155 65.4
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,453 100.0 124 100.0 173 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 311 9.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 1,091 31.6 51 41.1 25 14.6
500 to 749 miles 342 9.9 8 6.6 8 4.4
750 to 999 miles 224 6.5 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 3 2.6 5 3.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 608 17.6 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 432 12.5 S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 7,065 100.0 32,798 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 3,254 46.1 16,035 48.9 S S
50 to 99 miles S S 6,922 21.1 S S
100 to 249 miles 1,907 27.0 9,081 27.7 S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 50,796 100.0 7,203 100.0 6,841 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,588 9.0 150 2.1 4
50 to 99 miles 3,358 6.6 113 1.6 10 0.1
100 to 249 miles 8,128 16.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 12,537 24.7 627 8.7 315 4.6
500 to 749 miles 9,022 17.8 376 5.2 280 4.1
750 to 999 miles 4,371 8.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,145 4.2 154 2.1 221 3.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,289 8.4 1,037 14.4 2,670 39.0
2,000 miles or more 2,358 4.6 178 2.5 454 6.6

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 46,468 100.0 1,642 100.0 1,050 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,565 9.8 147 8.9 4 0.4
50 to 99 miles 3,358 7.2 113 6.9 10 1.0
100 to 249 miles 7,719 16.6 358 21.8 82 7.8
250 to 499 miles 11,836 25.5 405 24.6 185 17.6
500 to 749 miles 8,575 18.5 270 16.4 191 18.2
750 to 999 miles 3,929 8.5 135 8.2 137 13.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,595 3.4 51 3.1 68 6.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,932 6.3 107 6.5 236 22.4
2,000 miles or more 1,959 4.2 56 3.4 139 13.2

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,195 100.0 1,733 100.0 3,404 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S 128 3.8
500 to 749 miles 447 10.7 106 6.1 89 2.6
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,357 32.4 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 8 100.0 1 100.0 3 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S 3 98.9

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 21,627 100.0 21,207 100.0 5,312 100.0
Less than 50 miles 16,948 78.4 13,060 61.6 253 4.8
50 to 99 miles 355 1.6 688 3.2 61 1.1
100 to 249 miles 1,040 4.8 2,225 10.5 407 7.7
250 to 499 miles 1,919 8.9 2,417 11.4 1,086 20.5
500 to 749 miles 484 2.2 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 252 1.2 1,056 5.0 1,463 27.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 86 0.4 S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.