Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 494,278 100.0 546,095 100.0 127,152 100.0 403
Less than 50 lbs 41,131 8.3 1,024 0.2 460 0.4 480
50 to 99 lbs 13,701 2.8 809 0.1 246 0.2 308
100 to 499 lbs 39,040 7.9 4,624 0.8 1,271 1.0 280
500 to 749 lbs 14,368 2.9 2,530 0.5 654 0.5 266
750 to 999 lbs 9,545 1.9 2,088 0.4 547 0.4 256
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 114,219 23.1 38,692 7.1 12,174 9.6 309
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 202,161 40.9 246,353 45.1 51,933 40.8 221
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 22,831 4.6 89,044 16.3 7,176 5.6 76
100,000 lbs or more 37,281 7.5 160,931 29.5 52,690 41.4 351

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 421,855 100.0 517,685 100.0 115,000 100.0 198
Less than 50 lbs 11,044 2.6 361 62 160
50 to 99 lbs 6,473 1.5 481 66 138
100 to 499 lbs 28,832 6.8 3,869 0.7 930 0.8 230
500 to 749 lbs 12,140 2.9 2,328 0.4 520 0.5 226
750 to 999 lbs 9,104 2.2 1,992 0.4 523 0.5 257
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 101,146 24.0 32,172 6.2 9,142 7.9 267
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 194,354 46.1 242,026 46.8 48,498 42.2 212
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 21,887 5.2 80,066 15.5 6,433 5.6 75
100,000 lbs or more 36,877 8.7 154,390 29.8 48,825 42.5 343

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 377,110 100.0 387,982 100.0 68,483 100.0 178
Less than 50 lbs 9,812 2.6 351 50 118
50 to 99 lbs 5,773 1.5 475 0.1 59 124
100 to 499 lbs 28,202 7.5 3,853 1.0 914 1.3 226
500 to 749 lbs 11,683 3.1 2,322 0.6 508 0.7 221
750 to 999 lbs 9,096 2.4 1,992 0.5 522 0.8 257
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 97,434 25.8 31,327 8.1 8,574 12.5 255
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 191,745 50.8 239,289 61.7 46,225 67.5 204
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 20,697 5.5 78,047 20.1 5,739 8.4 70
100,000 lbs or more 2,668 0.7 30,327 7.8 S S 180

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 264,450 100.0 230,199 100.0 56,731 100.0 394
Less than 50 lbs 2,187 0.8 81 33 412
50 to 99 lbs 1,621 0.6 86 42 490
100 to 499 lbs 14,282 5.4 1,630 0.7 745 1.3 454
500 to 749 lbs 6,828 2.6 1,261 0.5 435 0.8 350
750 to 999 lbs 4,255 1.6 1,012 0.4 442 0.8 433
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 63,281 23.9 14,303 6.2 6,463 11.4 437
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 154,601 58.5 148,146 64.4 38,875 68.5 288
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 44,835 19.5 4,376 7.7 93
100,000 lbs or more 2,350 0.9 S S S S 217

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 112,056 100.0 157,543 100.0 11,590 100.0 71
Less than 50 lbs 7,613 6.8 271 0.2 17 0.1 62
50 to 99 lbs 4,151 3.7 389 0.2 17 0.1 43
100 to 499 lbs 13,905 12.4 2,222 1.4 169 1.5 78
500 to 749 lbs 4,855 4.3 1,061 0.7 73 0.6 69
750 to 999 lbs 4,841 4.3 980 0.6 80 0.7 80
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 34,098 30.4 16,999 10.8 2,104 18.2 118
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 36,682 32.7 90,969 57.7 7,255 62.6 79
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,601 5.0 33,182 21.1 1,318 11.4 39
100,000 lbs or more 310 0.3 11,471 7.3 557 4.8 82

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 33,146 100.0 72,295 100.0 35,823 100.0 783
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2,647
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,167
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3,193 9.6 347 0.5 516 1.4 1,478
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,434 7.3 1,964 2.7 2,183 6.1 1,075
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 960 2.9 977 1.4 658 1.8 658
100,000 lbs or more S S 69,007 95.5 32,466 90.6 388

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,082 100.0 24,486 100.0 8,274 100.0 273
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 5
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 12
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 167
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,127
100,000 lbs or more 1,009 93.2 24,473 99.9 8,261 99.8 378

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 927 100.0 19,635 100.0 7,880 100.0 351
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 5
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 167
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,127
100,000 lbs or more 880 94.9 19,624 99.9 7,866 99.8 402

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 106
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 106

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 12
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 96

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,453 100.0 124 100.0 173 100.0 1,189
Less than 50 lbs 1,231 35.7 10 7.7 12 6.7 1,192
50 to 99 lbs 700 20.3 6 5.0 7 4.2 1,129
100 to 499 lbs 604 17.5 15 12.4 16 9.4 999
500 to 749 lbs S S 5 4.2 S S 2,343
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,314
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 404 11.7 29 23.6 41 23.9 1,415
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 47 1.4 S S S S 1,995
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 486
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 7,065 100.0 32,798 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 6,642 94.0 30,583 93.2 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 50,796 100.0 7,203 100.0 6,841 100.0 664
Less than 50 lbs 28,474 56.1 596 8.3 395 5.8 671
50 to 99 lbs 6,851 13.5 299 4.2 179 2.6 597
100 to 499 lbs 8,809 17.3 556 7.7 328 4.8 583
500 to 749 lbs S S 120 1.7 S S 1,086
750 to 999 lbs 316 0.6 S S S S 317
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 45 0.6 S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 3,156 6.2 1,344 18.7 S S 1,992
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,203
100,000 lbs or more 153 0.3 S S 2,701 39.5 1,248

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 46,468 100.0 1,642 100.0 1,050 100.0 663
Less than 50 lbs 28,454 61.2 595 36.3 395 37.6 671
50 to 99 lbs 6,851 14.7 299 18.2 179 17.0 597
100 to 499 lbs 8,809 19.0 556 33.9 328 31.3 582
500 to 749 lbs S S 120 7.3 S S 1,080
750 to 999 lbs 316 0.7 S S S S 317
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 109
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,195 100.0 1,733 100.0 3,404 100.0 1,698
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,439
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 530
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 3,151 75.1 1,342 77.4 S S 1,996
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,222
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,421

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 8 100.0 1 100.0 3 100.0 5,380
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 4,998
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 4,925
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 8,090
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 5,176
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 123
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 380
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 380

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 58
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 4
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 324
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 116
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 161
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,774

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 21,627 100.0 21,207 100.0 5,312 100.0 139
Less than 50 lbs 1,614 7.5 67 0.3 S S S
50 to 99 lbs 378 1.7 29 0.1 1 33
100 to 499 lbs 1,399 6.5 199 0.9 S S S
500 to 749 lbs 218 1.0 S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S 27 0.1 2 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 12,584 58.2 6,475 30.5 S S 486
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 4,652 21.5 2,982 14.1 703 13.2 241
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 406 1.9 8,833 41.6 417 7.9 S
100,000 lbs or more S S 2,514 11.9 S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.