Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 494,278 100.0 546,095 100.0 127,152 100.0 403
Single modes 421,855 85.3 517,685 94.8 115,000 90.4 198
Truck3 377,110 76.3 387,982 71.0 68,483 53.9 178
For-hire Truck 264,450 53.5 230,199 42.2 56,731 44.6 394
Private Truck 112,056 22.7 157,543 28.8 11,590 9.1 71
Rail 33,146 6.7 72,295 13.2 35,823 28.2 783
Water 1,082 0.2 24,486 4.5 8,274 6.5 273
Shallow draft 927 0.2 19,635 3.6 7,880 6.2 351
Great Lakes S S S S S S 106
Deep draft S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 3,453 0.7 124 173 0.1 1,189
Pipeline4 7,065 1.4 32,798 6.0 S S S
Multiple modes 50,796 10.3 7,203 1.3 6,841 5.4 664
Parcel, USPS or courier 46,468 9.4 1,642 0.3 1,050 0.8 663
Truck and rail 4,195 0.8 1,733 0.3 3,404 2.7 1,698
Truck and water 8 1 3 5,380
Rail and water S S S S S S 380
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 21,627 4.4 21,207 3.9 5,312 4.2 139

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 168 100.0 179 100.0 57 100.0 211
Single modes 168 100.0 179 100.0 57 100.0 211
Truck3 168 100.0 179 100.0 57 100.0 211
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 123
Private Truck 130 77.5 149 83.2 50 89.0 223
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S 137
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 169
Private Truck S S S S S S 43
Rail S S S S S S 463
Water 288 12.6 S S S S 1,213
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,284
Great Lakes S S S S S S 1
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,110 100.0 9,300 100.0 4,799 100.0 468
Single modes 3,093 99.4 9,299 100.0 4,798 100.0 449
Truck3 S S S S S S 446
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 613
Private Truck S S S S S S 67
Rail S S S S S S 633
Water 359 11.6 1,989 21.4 2,455 51.2 1,202
Shallow draft 359 11.6 1,989 21.4 2,455 51.2 1,202
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 933
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 933
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,571 100.0 6,696 100.0 2,346 100.0 263
Single modes 2,490 96.8 6,488 96.9 2,310 98.5 296
Truck3 2,321 90.3 5,814 86.8 1,793 76.4 287
For-hire Truck 1,825 71.0 4,623 69.0 1,522 64.9 354
Private Truck S S 1,191 17.8 S S 187
Rail 169 6.6 674 10.1 517 22.0 1,102
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 90

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,627 100.0 1,098 100.0 S S 188
Single modes 3,621 99.8 1,093 99.6 S S 188
Truck3 3,621 99.8 1,093 99.6 S S 188
For-hire Truck 2,662 73.4 902 82.1 S S 728
Private Truck S S 192 17.5 26 4.5 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,050 100.0 5,433 100.0 3,595 100.0 438
Single modes 8,550 94.5 5,096 93.8 2,822 78.5 399
Truck3 8,470 93.6 5,019 92.4 2,658 73.9 393
For-hire Truck 7,288 80.5 4,062 74.8 2,375 66.1 601
Private Truck 1,181 13.1 S S S S 293
Rail 80 0.9 77 1.4 165 4.6 2,072
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 500 5.5 S S S S 581
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 7 0.1 3 520
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,334
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16,729 100.0 20,965 100.0 6,851 100.0 S
Single modes 16,352 97.7 20,614 98.3 6,063 88.5 S
Truck3 15,796 94.4 18,520 88.3 4,464 65.2 S
For-hire Truck 8,217 49.1 10,646 50.8 3,525 51.4 S
Private Truck 7,578 45.3 7,874 37.6 939 13.7 S
Rail 553 3.3 2,085 9.9 1,599 23.3 887
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 901
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 283
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 1 141
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,428
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 235

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,561 100.0 6,037 100.0 S S S
Single modes 4,541 99.6 6,016 99.7 S S S
Truck3 4,404 96.6 5,751 95.3 S S S
For-hire Truck 2,152 47.2 3,637 60.3 S S 667
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 137 3.0 264 4.4 131 6.7 496
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 28
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 336

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 25
Single modes S S S S S S 25
Truck3 S S S S S S 25
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 25
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 30
Single modes S S S S S S 41
Truck3 S S S S S S 41
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 28
Private Truck S S S S S S 44
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 179 100.0 23,668 100.0 863 100.0 35
Single modes 171 95.4 21,101 89.2 805 93.2 35
Truck3 169 94.9 20,934 88.4 804 93.1 35
For-hire Truck 113 63.3 11,706 49.5 583 67.5 51
Private Truck 56 31.5 9,228 39.0 221 25.6 19
Rail
Water S S S S S S 5
Shallow draft S S S S S S 5
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 8 4.4 2,566 10.8 58 6.8 23

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 534 100.0 87,357 100.0 2,344 100.0 23
Single modes 502 94.2 80,589 92.3 2,207 94.2 24
Truck3 487 91.2 77,174 88.3 1,856 79.2 24
For-hire Truck 268 50.3 41,533 47.5 1,073 45.8 26
Private Truck 218 40.9 35,641 40.8 783 33.4 21
Rail
Water 16 2.9 S S S S 110
Shallow draft
Great Lakes S S S S S S 131
Deep draft S S S S S S 96
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 31 5.8 6,767 7.7 137 5.8 20

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 232 100.0 14,200 100.0 S S 85
Single modes S S 14,180 99.9 S S 58
Truck3 S S S S 472 33.6 51
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 60
Private Truck 36 15.4 2,961 20.9 152 10.8 36
Rail S S S S S S 548
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1
Great Lakes S S S S S S 87
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 581
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 555
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 555
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 202

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 846
Single modes S S S S S S 846
Truck3 S S S S S S 890
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 1,239
Rail S S S S S S 2,626
Water S S S S S S 144
Shallow draft S S S S S S 144
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,577
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,577
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 290

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 635 100.0 26,186 100.0 5,479 100.0 107
Single modes 534 84.1 22,272 85.1 3,051 55.7 99
Truck3 195 30.7 8,309 31.7 709 12.9 93
For-hire Truck 162 25.4 7,179 27.4 562 10.2 91
Private Truck 33 5.2 1,130 4.3 147 2.7 152
Rail S S S S S S S
Water 269 42.3 10,930 41.7 2,196 40.1 209
Shallow draft 269 42.3 10,930 41.7 2,196 40.1 209
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 600
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 496
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 380
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,947
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,163 100.0 42,816 100.0 2,072 100.0 28
Single modes 11,011 98.6 42,418 99.1 2,060 99.4 28
Truck3 5,840 52.3 19,939 46.6 604 29.1 27
For-hire Truck 1,887 16.9 7,737 18.1 277 13.4 36
Private Truck 3,953 35.4 12,202 28.5 326 15.7 24
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,327
Pipeline4 5,172 46.3 22,479 52.5 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 151 1.4 399 0.9 13 0.6 31

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,405 100.0 22,670 100.0 1,187 100.0 24
Single modes 5,272 97.5 22,260 98.2 1,176 99.0 24
Truck3 3,503 64.8 S S S S 24
For-hire Truck 598 11.1 2,473 10.9 59 5.0 23
Private Truck S S S S S S 24
Rail S S S S S S 3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 1,730 32.0 8,767 38.7 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 133 2.5 410 1.8 12 1.0 24

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,661 100.0 11,819 100.0 S S S
Single modes 3,648 99.6 11,818 100.0 S S 105
Truck3 3,303 90.2 S S S S 100
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 298
Private Truck S S 2,104 17.8 145 4.6 S
Rail 268 7.3 1,707 14.4 953 29.9 565
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,130
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,130
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,228 100.0 17,499 100.0 4,498 100.0 319
Single modes 5,917 95.0 17,337 99.1 4,342 96.5 237
Truck3 4,659 74.8 11,442 65.4 1,878 41.8 208
For-hire Truck 3,527 56.6 S S 1,492 33.2 426
Private Truck 1,131 18.2 3,681 21.0 S S 48
Rail 1,114 17.9 S S 2,428 54.0 530
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 949
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 684
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 682
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,201
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 673

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18,226 100.0 S S S S 444
Single modes 11,003 60.4 S S S S S
Truck3 10,672 58.6 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 6,974 38.3 251 4.8 32 1.1 S
Private Truck 3,698 20.3 84 1.6 S S 83
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 1 986
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 6,650 36.5 S S S S 506
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,650 36.5 S S S S 506
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 540

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 144
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 573
Private Truck 272 20.5 693 6.1 43 1.1 33
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,414
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,265
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,648
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16,310 100.0 9,261 100.0 5,585 100.0 466
Single modes 14,902 91.4 8,967 96.8 5,078 90.9 278
Truck3 14,238 87.3 8,191 88.5 4,406 78.9 269
For-hire Truck 11,114 68.1 6,313 68.2 3,422 61.3 415
Private Truck 3,086 18.9 1,855 20.0 977 17.5 S
Rail 634 3.9 774 8.4 671 12.0 1,055
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 954
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,354 8.3 271 2.9 482 8.6 622
Parcel, USPS or courier 839 5.1 56 0.6 37 0.7 620
Truck and rail S S 215 2.3 445 8.0 2,088
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 54 0.3 23 0.3 S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17,480 100.0 6,884 100.0 3,864 100.0 411
Single modes 15,884 90.9 6,652 96.6 3,738 96.7 345
Truck3 15,188 86.9 5,742 83.4 3,008 77.8 333
For-hire Truck 12,524 71.6 4,744 68.9 2,662 68.9 553
Private Truck 2,393 13.7 904 13.1 234 6.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 807
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 3 S S 1,024
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 994 5.7 67 1.0 45 1.2 569
Parcel, USPS or courier 993 5.7 67 1.0 45 1.2 569
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 8,132
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4
Other and unknown modes S S S S 81 2.1 S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 330 100.0 51 100.0 S
Single modes S S 321 97.5 33 65.5 S
Truck3 S S 321 97.5 33 65.5 S
For-hire Truck S S 219 66.5 26 50.8 113
Private Truck S S S S S S 49
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,921
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,921
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,351 100.0 6,850 100.0 1,139 100.0 208
Single modes 4,672 87.3 6,428 93.8 1,042 91.5 148
Truck3 4,642 86.8 6,337 92.5 1,004 88.2 142
For-hire Truck 2,397 44.8 2,482 36.2 710 62.3 384
Private Truck 2,241 41.9 3,849 56.2 284 25.0 65
Rail 25 0.5 90 1.3 S S 883
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,201
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 108 2.0 27 0.4 34 3.0 743
Parcel, USPS or courier 40 0.8 4 4 0.3 741
Truck and rail S S S S 31 2.7 1,334
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,393 100.0 5,455 100.0 1,955 100.0 165
Single modes 4,278 97.4 5,351 98.1 1,927 98.6 164
Truck3 4,171 95.0 5,114 93.7 1,690 86.5 158
For-hire Truck 2,716 61.8 3,131 57.4 1,420 72.6 212
Private Truck S S S S S S 64
Rail 105 2.4 237 4.3 236 12.1 975
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,821
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 206
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 204
Truck and rail S S S S S S 885
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,359 100.0 3,024 100.0 668 100.0 228
Single modes 3,966 91.0 2,987 98.8 649 97.2 S
Truck3 3,920 89.9 2,970 98.2 627 93.8 S
For-hire Truck 2,507 57.5 1,933 63.9 502 75.1 236
Private Truck 1,413 32.4 1,037 34.3 125 18.6 S
Rail S S 17 0.6 S S 1,340
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 609
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 609
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 83

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,630 100.0 2,346 100.0 944 100.0 645
Single modes 4,044 61.0 1,077 45.9 684 72.5 773
Truck3 4,017 60.6 1,074 45.8 677 71.8 741
For-hire Truck 1,705 25.7 761 32.4 377 40.0 517
Private Truck S S S S S S 790
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,748
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,051 30.9 98 4.2 53 5.6 648
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,051 30.9 98 4.2 53 5.6 648
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 306

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22,835 100.0 1,980 100.0 655 100.0 801
Single modes 15,984 70.0 1,680 84.8 509 77.8 551
Truck3 15,966 69.9 1,678 84.7 507 77.4 541
For-hire Truck 14,479 63.4 1,354 68.4 444 67.8 759
Private Truck 1,477 6.5 S S S S 112
Rail S S S S S S 2,448
Water S S S S S S 5
Shallow draft S S S S S S 5
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 11 S S S S 1,030
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3,264 14.3 126 6.4 81 12.3 842
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,264 14.3 126 6.4 81 12.3 842
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,337 100.0 38,417 100.0 7,059 100.0 224
Single modes 8,911 95.4 37,710 98.2 6,393 90.6 192
Truck3 8,870 95.0 36,968 96.2 5,640 79.9 190
For-hire Truck 6,116 65.5 12,001 31.2 4,750 67.3 480
Private Truck 2,753 29.5 24,966 65.0 890 12.6 110
Rail S S S S S S 1,026
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 11 0.1 1 1,167
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 178 1.9 S S S S 709
Parcel, USPS or courier 132 1.4 5 4 707
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,017
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 278

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 24,064 100.0 30,765 100.0 9,247 100.0 364
Single modes 23,241 96.6 30,289 98.5 9,040 97.8 232
Truck3 20,124 83.6 23,405 76.1 6,137 66.4 228
For-hire Truck 15,629 64.9 18,026 58.6 5,446 58.9 430
Private Truck 4,490 18.7 5,378 17.5 689 7.5 81
Rail 3,044 12.7 6,862 22.3 S S 397
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 73 0.3 21 S S 886
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 485
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 485
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 273
Other and unknown modes S S 295 1.0 S S 291

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21,716 100.0 11,025 100.0 4,633 100.0 454
Single modes 17,054 78.5 10,572 95.9 4,447 96.0 377
Truck3 16,123 74.2 9,619 87.2 3,415 73.7 322
For-hire Truck 11,483 52.9 6,268 56.9 2,763 59.6 476
Private Truck 4,640 21.4 S S 652 14.1 123
Rail 528 2.4 S S S S 1,099
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 403 1.9 S S S S 1,194
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3,947 18.2 154 1.4 103 2.2 528
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,934 18.1 137 1.2 78 1.7 527
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,216
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,937
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 716 3.3 299 2.7 83 1.8 96

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 42,635 100.0 7,500 100.0 2,903 100.0 325
Single modes 37,043 86.9 7,067 94.2 2,277 78.4 266
Truck3 34,578 81.1 6,661 88.8 1,826 62.9 233
For-hire Truck 26,667 62.5 4,650 62.0 1,695 58.4 467
Private Truck 7,900 18.5 2,010 26.8 130 4.5 37
Rail 1,949 4.6 390 5.2 405 13.9 1,456
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 516 1.2 16 0.2 S S 1,213
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4,519 10.6 S S S S 512
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,138 9.7 79 1.1 34 1.2 508
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,625
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,870
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,073 2.5 153 2.0 S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 49,244 100.0 5,667 100.0 3,491 100.0 429
Single modes 36,101 73.3 5,024 88.7 S S 298
Truck3 34,777 70.6 4,640 81.9 S S 247
For-hire Truck S S 3,218 56.8 2,288 65.5 598
Private Truck 10,091 20.5 1,422 25.1 S S S
Rail S S S S S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,135 2.3 9 0.2 9 0.3 1,226
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 11,640 23.6 442 7.8 565 16.2 712
Parcel, USPS or courier 11,072 22.5 270 4.8 194 5.6 714
Truck and rail 545 1.1 171 3.0 S S 2,025
Truck and water S S S S S S 8,090
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 58
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 109,215 100.0 23,988 100.0 10,677 100.0 186
Single modes 95,641 87.6 22,663 94.5 10,370 97.1 S
Truck3 76,106 69.7 18,162 75.7 6,299 59.0 S
For-hire Truck 66,902 61.3 14,930 62.2 5,718 53.6 418
Private Truck 9,097 8.3 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,278
Water S S S S S S 9
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 9
Air (including truck and air) 19 1 1 1,166
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3,064 2.8 S S S S 630
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,187 1.1 52 0.2 33 0.3 628
Truck and rail S S S S S S 924
Truck and water S S S S S S 123
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 5
Other and unknown modes 10,510 9.6 S S 37 0.3 S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,761 100.0 152 100.0 106 100.0 986
Single modes 8,286 94.6 149 98.4 103 97.1 868
Truck3 8,008 91.4 95 62.6 50 47.6 807
For-hire Truck S S 78 51.5 44 41.3 750
Private Truck S S S S S S 855
Rail 34 0.4 52 34.4 49 46.0 934
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,397
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 474 5.4 S S S S 1,110
Parcel, USPS or courier 474 5.4 S S S S 1,110
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 839

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,492 100.0 196 100.0 110 100.0 399
Single modes 2,530 56.3 167 85.3 92 84.0 441
Truck3 2,204 49.1 164 83.7 90 82.0 274
For-hire Truck 1,527 34.0 124 63.3 85 77.8 432
Private Truck 677 15.1 40 20.4 5 4.2 S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 14
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 14
Air (including truck and air) S S 3 1.3 2 2.0 1,189
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,902 42.3 19 9.6 12 10.8 392
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,902 42.3 19 9.6 12 10.8 391
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,073
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 386

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,736 100.0 1,771 100.0 954 100.0 690
Single modes 7,848 89.8 1,700 96.0 887 93.0 380
Truck3 7,827 89.6 1,697 95.8 881 92.3 373
For-hire Truck 4,613 52.8 957 54.0 558 58.5 625
Private Truck 3,213 36.8 739 41.8 322 33.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 2,480
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 884
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 862 9.9 64 3.6 57 6.0 898
Parcel, USPS or courier 862 9.9 64 3.6 57 6.0 898
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,925
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14,810 100.0 S S 1,797 100.0 711
Single modes 9,620 65.0 S S 1,718 95.6 452
Truck3 9,408 63.5 S S 1,598 88.9 435
For-hire Truck 5,811 39.2 1,892 32.3 1,182 65.8 786
Private Truck 3,596 24.3 S S 416 23.1 116
Rail S S S S S S 2,550
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 971
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4,977 33.6 114 1.9 75 4.2 804
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,828 32.6 99 1.7 69 3.8 805
Truck and rail S S S S S S 237
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 213 1.4 13 0.2 4 0.2 S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 97
Single modes S S S S S S 86
Truck3 2,921 63.4 10,933 39.4 1,093 41.3 89
For-hire Truck 2,727 59.2 9,676 34.9 1,012 38.2 96
Private Truck 192 4.2 1,251 4.5 81 3.0 52
Rail S S S S S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 124
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 124
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 808

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 25,904 100.0 10,184 100.0 2,005 100.0 314
Single modes 23,375 90.2 9,656 94.8 1,334 66.5 62
Truck3 23,349 90.1 9,643 94.7 1,316 65.6 56
For-hire Truck 6,526 25.2 2,628 25.8 569 28.4 174
Private Truck 16,714 64.5 6,982 68.6 737 36.8 38
Rail S S S S S S 1,495
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,226
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,349 9.1 173 1.7 138 6.9 795
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,327 9.0 158 1.5 123 6.1 795
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,002
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 180 0.7 S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,021 100.0 1,017 100.0 640 100.0 254
Single modes 656 64.3 982 96.6 627 98.0 129
Truck3 484 47.5 381 37.4 S S S
For-hire Truck 257 25.2 221 21.7 48 7.6 313
Private Truck 227 22.3 160 15.7 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,486
Water S S S S S S 1,285
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,285
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 306
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 554
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 554
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.