Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 494,278 384,387 28.6 546,095 507,460 7.6 127,152 101,721 25 403 387 4.1
Single modes 421,855 322,789 30.7 517,685 474,428 9.1 115,000 92,534 24.3 198 176 12.2
Truck 377,110 295,097 27.8 387,982 395,426 −1.9 68,483 58,233 17.6 178 149 18.8
Rail 33,146 18,051 83.6 72,295 48,839 48 35,823 29,255 22.4 783 524 49.5
Water 1,082 1,240 −12.7 24,486 9,684 152.8 8,274 4,160 98.9 273 877 −68.9
Air (including truck and air) 3,453 4,032 −14.4 124 199 −37.5 173 173 −0.2 1,189 1,058 12.3
Pipeline 7,065 4,369 61.7 32,798 20,280 61.7 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 50,796 45,825 10.8 7,203 9,858 −26.9 6,841 5,533 23.6 664 620 7.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 46,468 37,110 25.2 1,642 1,347 21.9 1,050 786 33.5 663 618 7.4
Truck and Rail 4,195 8,038 −47.8 1,733 2,074 −16.4 3,404 3,102 9.7 1,698 1,392 22.1
Other multiple modes 134 677 −80.2 S 6,436 S S 1,645 S S S S
Other and unknown modes 21,627 15,772 37.1 21,207 23,174 −8.5 5,312 3,654 45.4 139 74 88.3

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 11,765 13,770 −14.6 46,864 46,207 1.4 S 20,392 S 263 110 138.2
Single modes 11,599 13,395 −13.4 46,138 45,159 2.2 S 19,974 S 270 82 230.3
Truck 8,696 10,635 −18.2 16,443 22,248 −26.1 3,628 3,018 20.2 265 75 253.1
Rail S 1,889 S S 18,770 S S 14,087 S 769 673 14.3
Water 648 856 −24.3 4,889 4,137 18.2 4,965 2,863 73.4 1,208 1,151 4.9
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 995
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 35 S S 11 S S S S S 720 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S 34 S S 7 S S 4 S S 717 S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,975
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4,338
Other and unknown modes S 339 S S 1,036 S S S S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 31,749 28,505 11.4 32,462 29,882 8.6 12,417 8,145 52.5 S 56 S
Single modes 30,852 27,317 12.9 31,753 28,827 10.2 10,850 7,580 43.1 S 49 S
Truck 30,079 26,607 13 29,318 26,226 11.8 8,955 5,911 51.5 S 48 S
Rail 770 709 8.6 2,427 2,601 −6.7 1,895 1,669 13.5 1,002 666 50.4
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 2 S S S S S S 901 745 21
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 186 S S 123 S S 218 S 467 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S 58 S 14 S S 5 4 29.5 382 S S
Truck and Rail S 128 S S 105 S S 215 S 2,380 2,053 15.9
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 65 1,002 −93.5 S 932 S S 346 S 247 S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,032 1,513 34.3 128,897 138,056 −6.6 5,161 7,837 −34.2 36 43 −16.4
Single modes 1,945 1,485 30.9 119,541 136,788 −12.6 4,960 7,799 −36.4 34 42 −19.8
Truck S 1,445 S 108,604 135,505 −19.9 3,184 7,057 −54.9 33 41 −19.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S 556 578 −3.8
Water S S S 8,493 S S S S S 118 283 −58.2
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 581
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S 388 409 −5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S 388 409 −5
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 76 S S 9,355 S S 200 38 423.2 26 S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 20,864 16,299 28 103,491 106,807 −3.1 11,930 7,747 54 S 70 S
Single modes 20,465 14,819 38.1 98,767 86,432 14.3 9,477 5,532 71.3 S 43 S
Truck 12,840 10,142 26.6 51,136 60,384 −15.3 3,970 2,855 39 S 42 S
Rail 377 361 4.5 S 3,118 S 1,099 993 10.7 533 467 14.1
Water 269 S S 10,930 5,258 107.9 2,196 1,001 119.5 209 195 7.3
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,327 538 146.8
Pipeline 6,979 4,073 71.3 31,769 17,672 79.8 S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 661 S S 6,295 S S 1,403 S 998 468 113.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,094 681 60.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 496 114 336.8
Other multiple modes S 624 S S 6,289 S S 1,401 S 602 S S
Other and unknown modes 296 819 −63.9 810 14,080 −94.2 24 S S 25 S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 59,572 51,087 16.6 50,134 42,066 19.2 20,607 14,157 45.6 437 404 8.1
Single modes 48,972 43,294 13.1 44,519 39,250 13.4 16,954 12,570 34.9 239 216 10.9
Truck 46,023 40,514 13.6 36,938 31,046 19 13,088 9,011 45.2 228 202 12.8
Rail 2,360 2,529 −6.7 6,553 S S 3,824 S S 677 S S
Water S S S S S S 859
Air (including truck and air) 506 175 189.1 7 9 −21.1 7 15 −53.2 983 1,166 −15.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 9,310 6,670 39.6 585 744 −21.3 777 1,118 −30.5 542 563 −3.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 8,718 5,985 45.7 297 213 39.5 206 92 123.9 542 561 −3.5
Truck and Rail S 685 S 288 530 −45.7 570 1,025 −44.4 1,993 1,915 4.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 5,201 2,846 82.8
Other and unknown modes 1,291 1,122 15 S S S S S S 476 S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 43,750 29,275 49.4 19,984 18,344 8.9 5,412 5,498 −1.6 658 524 25.5
Single modes 33,115 23,367 41.7 17,845 17,373 2.7 4,845 4,900 −1.1 341 203 68.4
Truck 32,887 22,984 43.1 17,495 17,080 2.4 4,539 4,547 −0.2 328 176 86.1
Rail 183 S S 345 S S 294 S S 1,516 1,003 51.2
Water S S S S S S S S S 5 5 −16.7
Air (including truck and air) 45 273 −83.5 S 17 S S 13 S 1,459 1,195 22
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,848 4,256 37.4 300 402 −25.4 209 422 −50.5 786 681 15.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,757 3,729 54.4 262 257 1.8 154 133 15.6 786 678 15.9
Truck and Rail S 524 S S 144 S 55 285 −80.8 1,370 2,348 −41.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3,621
Other and unknown modes 4,787 1,652 189.9 S 569 S S 176 S 207 S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 97,752 102,135 −4.3 87,707 85,150 3 23,842 26,196 −9 368 484 −23.8
Single modes 86,249 85,779 0.5 85,637 81,913 4.5 22,157 23,632 −6.2 277 256 8.5
Truck 79,694 79,611 0.1 76,652 72,374 5.9 17,017 17,854 −4.7 249 234 6.2
Rail 5,552 5,265 5.5 8,904 9,325 −4.5 S 5,566 S 698 S S
Water S S S S S S 3,130
Air (including truck and air) 1,003 843 19 81 117 −31 117 93 25.8 1,195 952 25.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 9,191 13,695 −32.9 636 1,093 −41.8 761 1,309 −41.8 514 687 −25.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 8,747 12,077 −27.6 396 417 −5 191 S S 513 685 −25.1
Truck and Rail 438 1,592 −72.5 S 534 S S 770 S 2,465 1,429 72.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 4,293 3,487 23.1
Other and unknown modes 2,312 2,661 −13.1 1,433 2,144 −33.2 S 1,255 S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 171,712 105,844 62.2 30,002 14,999 100 14,383 6,878 109.1 342 401 −14.8
Single modes 142,558 83,862 70 28,003 13,576 106.3 13,482 6,106 120.8 214 234 −8.6
Truck 121,095 75,910 59.5 23,061 11,641 98.1 9,155 4,326 111.6 174 160 8.8
Rail S 6,017 S S 1,897 S S 1,747 S 1,196 1,209 −1.1
Water S S S S S S 12
Air (including truck and air) 1,699 1,934 −12.2 14 38 −61.7 16 32 −50.6 1,222 1,000 22.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 17,081 14,850 15 746 731 2.1 850 710 19.6 647 543 19
Parcel, USPS or courier 14,635 9,891 48 343 217 58 242 113 113.6 647 540 19.9
Truck and Rail 2,417 4,937 −51 402 512 −21.6 606 587 3.2 1,108 1,018 8.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 2,698 S
Other and unknown modes 12,073 7,133 69.3 1,253 691 81.2 52 62 −15.4 S 56 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 54,059 33,066 63.5 45,537 22,018 106.8 7,402 4,598 61 505 473 6.7
Single modes 45,444 26,829 69.4 44,500 21,198 109.9 6,335 4,180 51.5 157 315 −50
Truck 43,504 25,559 70.2 27,955 17,120 63.3 4,887 3,507 39.4 149 259 −42.4
Rail S 616 S S 4,068 S S 662 S S 286 S
Water
Air (including truck and air) 197 S S S 11 S S 11 S 1,046 1,217 −14
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 8,188 5,362 52.7 351 450 −22 270 329 −18 812 610 33.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 8,017 5,196 54.3 321 209 53.8 249 121 106.3 812 607 33.8
Truck and Rail S 167 S 30 S S 21 S S S 2,096 S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4,925
Other and unknown modes 428 874 −51.1 S 369 S S 89 S S 84 S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,021 2,893 −64.7 1,017 3,932 −74.1 640 274 133.5 254 286 −11.4
Single modes 656 2,641 −75.2 982 3,912 −74.9 627 261 140.7 129 199 −35.1
Truck 484 1,689 −71.3 381 1,802 −78.9 S 147 S S 173 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,486 S S
Water S S S S S S 1,285
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 306 538 −43.1
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 103 S S 7 S S 8 S 554 558 −0.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S 97 S S 5 S S 2 S 554 557 −0.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,508
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 5,308
Other and unknown modes S S S S 13 S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.