Table B-6. Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table B-6. Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 8.9 9.6 18.0 10.0
Single modes 10.3 1.7 10.3 1.3 18.3 2.2 14.3
Truck 8.5 1.4 6.4 3.2 9.3 3.8 15.4
For-hire truck 12.2 2.0 11.3 2.0 11.1 2.9 10.3
Private truck 7.6 2.4 9.0 3.2 10.5 1.4 13.5
Rail 43.2 1.7 44.1 3.2 38.1 4.3 13.4
Water 32.8 31.4 1.0 39.1 2.1 33.6
Shallow draft 37.2 34.7 0.9 39.5 2.0 26.3
Great Lakes S S S S S S 29.9
Deep draft S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 11.8 0.1 28.8 29.3 5.7
Pipeline 21.2 0.3 23.3 1.8 S S S
Multiple modes 9.1 1.4 33.6 0.5 37.0 1.4 6.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 10.7 1.4 10.1 11.4 0.2 6.2
Truck and rail 32.1 0.3 38.8 42.5 0.5 10.8
Truck and water 49.3 44.2 47.9 24.7
Rail and water S S S S S S 29.8
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 26.2 1.0 29.0 1.4 42.4 2.4 18.5

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.4 31.6 35.7 23.2
Single modes 28.4 31.6 35.7 23.2
Truck 28.4 31.6 35.7 23.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck 42.0 15.1 42.2 15.7 42.9 16.4 27.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck S S S S S S 27.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.4
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 23.5
Water 44.6 13.4 S S S S 27.9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 27.9
Great Lakes S S S S S S 31.6
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 49.3 36.5 31.2 27.6
Single modes 49.4 0.6 36.5 31.2 33.5
Truck S S S S S S 30.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.5
Private truck S S S S S S 28.9
Rail S S S S S S 21.4
Water 47.2 9.7 48.2 11.0 49.0 14.2 25.9
Shallow draft 47.2 9.7 48.2 11.0 49.0 14.2 25.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 28.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.1 35.3 35.2 28.4
Single modes 38.8 1.2 34.5 1.2 34.6 0.6 24.0
Truck 40.5 9.1 39.9 10.7 45.0 13.6 25.3
For-hire truck 38.3 8.9 39.8 11.1 44.1 13.0 24.5
Private truck S S 43.7 5.1 S S 23.9
Rail 42.9 9.8 38.1 11.3 36.0 13.9 22.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 36.4

SCTG 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.0 40.2 S S 44.8
Single modes 40.1 0.3 40.3 0.4 S S 44.7
Truck 40.1 0.3 40.3 0.4 S S 44.7
For-hire truck 43.1 10.4 43.1 9.8 S S 20.3
Private truck S S 43.4 9.5 43.8 5.2 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.7 32.7 38.0 17.8
Single modes 28.8 1.5 30.2 2.1 29.7 6.8 18.6
Truck 29.0 1.5 30.3 2.1 30.0 7.0 18.9
For-hire truck 33.5 6.9 32.8 6.9 32.1 7.9 12.2
Private truck 39.1 7.1 S S S S 24.9
Rail 30.5 0.4 34.2 0.7 38.8 3.0 21.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.8 1.5 S S S S 27.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 42.1 39.4 20.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.6 12.7 27.6 S
Single modes 14.4 1.4 12.6 1.1 19.9 4.2 S
Truck 15.1 2.5 14.2 4.2 23.5 8.0 S
For-hire truck 20.8 6.1 22.5 8.8 28.3 7.8 S
Private truck 20.7 7.3 30.0 9.0 18.7 4.7 S
Rail 24.8 2.2 27.0 4.2 30.6 7.7 21.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 40.3 43.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 35.3

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 44.0 38.0 S S S
Single modes 44.3 0.7 38.1 0.6 S S S
Truck 44.6 2.0 38.2 2.0 S S S
For-hire truck 34.2 13.2 42.9 11.4 S S 23.4
Private truck S S S S S S S
Rail 43.9 2.0 44.5 2.0 49.6 3.3 26.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 46.4
Single modes S S S S S S 46.4
Truck S S S S S S 46.4
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 46.4
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 26.8
Single modes S S S S S S 26.6
Truck S S S S S S 26.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck S S S S S S 27.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.0 21.9 28.1 18.1
Single modes 29.2 2.6 23.5 4.5 27.6 2.7 20.8
Truck 29.6 3.7 24.0 5.1 27.7 2.8 20.8
For-hire truck 40.0 7.9 35.7 8.0 37.0 6.9 27.2
Private truck 29.7 8.7 32.1 8.3 29.7 7.5 31.3
Rail
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft S S S S S S 29.8
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 38.6 2.3 44.7 4.5 42.5 2.7 24.1

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.9 17.7 18.8 15.3
Single modes 18.3 3.3 18.4 3.9 19.7 3.7 15.2
Truck 18.7 3.0 19.0 3.7 21.1 5.3 15.2
For-hire truck 25.1 6.6 27.4 6.5 25.4 5.8 16.8
Private truck 24.6 6.1 23.7 6.4 27.0 7.1 16.7
Rail
Water 48.1 1.5 S S S S 26.1
Shallow draft
Great Lakes S S S S S S 31.6
Deep draft S S S S S S 28.0
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 37.7 3.3 39.5 3.9 39.4 3.7 20.6

SCTG 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 48.5 45.3 S S 27.3
Single modes S S 45.4 0.2 S S 31.0
Truck S S S S 42.0 14.9 25.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 45.8
Private truck 35.4 13.4 45.4 13.2 37.9 12.1 48.0
Rail S S S S S S 30.8
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes S S S S S S 29.9
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 30.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 40.8

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 28.6
Single modes S S S S S S 28.2
Truck S S S S S S 28.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 31.4
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.9 32.8 42.3 15.4
Single modes 31.4 4.8 31.4 4.4 34.3 11.6 18.6
Truck 28.8 12.3 32.7 12.3 26.4 12.9 21.3
For-hire truck 39.5 11.9 41.4 11.8 39.1 11.5 24.8
Private truck 42.0 10.2 41.3 10.3 41.0 7.6 24.6
Rail S S S S S S S
Water 47.2 10.3 46.6 10.3 42.7 9.6 22.8
Shallow draft 47.2 10.3 46.6 10.3 42.7 9.6 22.8
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 35.5
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 29.8
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.0 15.0 24.8 6.6
Single modes 14.4 0.8 15.3 0.6 25.1 1.4 6.7
Truck 25.7 9.2 22.5 9.1 19.9 14.3 7.5
For-hire truck 22.7 3.5 17.6 4.1 14.1 8.8 9.7
Private truck 30.9 7.2 30.8 6.9 35.1 7.9 8.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline 20.2 9.0 23.3 9.0 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 40.6 0.8 40.2 0.6 42.9 1.4 23.9

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.0 28.0 36.1 8.5
Single modes 29.1 3.3 28.9 2.9 36.7 5.0 10.5
Truck 47.8 12.9 S S S S 9.7
For-hire truck 42.2 4.7 41.6 5.7 44.7 7.8 13.0
Private truck S S S S S S 10.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline 40.6 13.2 39.9 13.6 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 42.6 3.3 42.6 2.9 41.5 5.0 26.4

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.1 44.4 S S S
Single modes 40.3 1.8 44.4 S S 46.1
Truck 44.0 11.7 S S S S 43.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 20.6
Private truck S S 37.7 7.5 26.5 5.4 S
Rail 46.1 8.3 32.1 8.1 37.9 14.9 23.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 37.6

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.3 41.0 35.7 22.2
Single modes 30.5 1.8 41.4 1.6 36.9 2.2 29.2
Truck 30.0 5.1 48.4 7.7 39.3 9.4 32.2
For-hire truck 34.0 6.4 S S 42.9 7.5 22.1
Private truck 37.0 8.0 42.3 10.8 S S 26.2
Rail 33.0 4.1 S S 47.6 9.7 22.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.3
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 22.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.3 S S S S 14.1
Single modes 13.7 9.9 S S S S S
Truck 14.3 9.7 S S S S S
For-hire truck 27.1 14.2 42.7 19.5 29.2 19.2 S
Private truck 39.1 7.7 36.1 14.3 S S 23.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 49.1 0.5 43.6 2.1 22.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 45.0 8.2 S S S S 18.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 45.0 8.2 S S S S 18.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.8

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 43.8
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 22.8
Private truck 34.4 13.5 46.1 16.8 41.3 14.9 39.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.4 15.2 19.8 14.3
Single modes 13.9 2.6 15.6 1.5 21.7 5.2 21.9
Truck 14.7 2.6 16.6 3.9 23.2 4.7 22.1
For-hire truck 14.5 4.9 13.3 4.8 19.0 4.4 11.2
Private truck 31.4 4.6 40.9 4.6 49.2 4.6 S
Rail 44.1 2.0 39.8 4.4 37.8 4.4 25.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.7 2.6 38.5 1.4 46.6 4.9 18.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.5 1.4 38.0 0.3 38.9 0.3 18.1
Truck and rail S S 41.5 1.2 47.7 4.7 24.2
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 33.8 41.1 0.1 S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.8 17.6 20.3 10.0
Single modes 12.4 1.6 18.3 1.5 21.0 1.1 14.5
Truck 12.7 2.2 13.1 4.9 14.4 6.9 15.1
For-hire truck 12.2 1.6 13.7 3.8 14.4 5.8 8.1
Private truck 18.8 1.5 20.8 2.8 25.9 2.4 S
Rail S S S S S S 25.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 38.6 S S 19.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.2 1.1 26.6 0.3 32.4 0.5 9.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.2 1.1 26.5 0.3 31.3 0.5 9.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S 45.1 0.9 S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 35.8 28.4 S
Single modes S S 36.4 8.5 32.4 11.5 S
Truck S S 36.4 8.5 32.4 11.5 S
For-hire truck S S 45.4 11.9 34.6 12.8 44.0
Private truck S S S S S S 29.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.9
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 28.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.0 23.0 19.3 24.9
Single modes 15.8 5.3 24.6 4.5 20.1 4.0 26.1
Truck 15.9 5.5 24.9 4.9 20.0 4.9 25.9
For-hire truck 27.3 6.5 23.8 6.3 23.3 6.8 17.6
Private truck 19.3 6.2 35.5 5.9 39.7 6.6 24.4
Rail 47.1 0.2 45.8 0.8 S S 36.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 44.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.1 1.1 48.3 0.1 43.2 0.9 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.6 0.3 45.8 43.1 0.1 23.7
Truck and rail S S S S 45.9 1.0 27.3
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.7 25.8 21.9 36.2
Single modes 20.5 0.9 25.8 1.0 21.7 0.6 37.4
Truck 21.1 1.6 27.2 3.0 23.5 4.7 36.0
For-hire truck 15.6 8.5 20.8 9.4 25.6 7.2 33.5
Private truck S S S S S S 48.0
Rail 31.5 1.3 30.0 3.0 35.3 4.7 21.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 34.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 34.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.9 24.0 24.7 46.8
Single modes 22.7 5.9 24.5 1.9 25.4 1.8 S
Truck 22.8 5.8 24.5 1.9 24.9 1.8 S
For-hire truck 21.9 8.7 30.0 9.8 26.6 5.4 24.7
Private truck 42.3 8.5 47.7 9.9 35.6 4.7 S
Rail S S 46.0 0.4 S S 28.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.7

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.0 49.1 37.9 8.0
Single modes 42.4 10.2 30.4 13.9 46.6 8.7 24.2
Truck 42.6 10.2 30.5 13.8 47.0 8.5 24.2
For-hire truck 24.5 6.6 35.2 12.3 45.1 12.1 17.1
Private truck S S S S S S 30.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.0 8.7 22.0 6.2 18.2 6.8 9.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.0 8.7 22.0 6.2 18.2 6.8 9.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 35.6

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.1 26.6 22.0 11.4
Single modes 18.2 5.4 26.8 3.6 28.4 7.3 12.7
Truck 18.2 5.4 26.8 3.6 28.5 7.2 12.7
For-hire truck 16.1 5.0 28.1 6.4 25.3 7.0 9.6
Private truck 45.6 1.6 S S S S 21.4
Rail S S S S S S 28.5
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 41.8 S S S S 27.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.6 3.5 32.9 2.4 36.0 4.2 12.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.6 3.5 32.9 2.4 36.0 4.2 12.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.5 27.5 40.9 29.5
Single modes 28.7 3.2 28.3 3.9 40.2 4.7 31.7
Truck 28.8 3.2 29.2 4.6 40.5 6.4 31.3
For-hire truck 41.8 6.3 46.0 8.5 43.3 6.0 10.7
Private truck 18.5 6.2 40.8 10.6 28.5 5.8 33.0
Rail S S S S S S 31.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 41.3 44.1 42.6 10.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.5 1.0 S S S S 8.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 49.8 1.0 37.4 47.4 9.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 36.1
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.9

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.0 17.2 22.4 13.8
Single modes 11.7 1.2 17.0 0.7 22.6 1.3 13.6
Truck 11.5 3.0 14.2 4.8 12.4 6.6 14.4
For-hire truck 12.1 4.5 13.4 7.0 12.5 7.1 12.6
Private truck 22.6 2.4 43.3 3.1 38.2 1.2 17.0
Rail 25.4 2.1 37.3 4.3 S S 16.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 32.9 0.1 49.5 S S 20.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.9
Other and unknown modes S S 49.1 0.3 S S 38.7

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.6 24.9 19.0 6.3
Single modes 12.4 4.3 24.7 1.1 19.4 2.0 10.3
Truck 12.9 4.4 24.6 4.4 17.8 7.6 11.3
For-hire truck 15.1 5.5 16.9 7.5 20.8 7.8 8.9
Private truck 23.0 3.8 S S 41.2 4.1 20.9
Rail 47.6 1.3 S S S S 26.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 35.3 0.5 S S S S 5.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.9 4.3 29.1 0.5 28.8 0.6 7.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.1 4.3 33.1 0.5 31.9 0.7 7.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 32.2
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.8
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 26.3 1.7 49.6 0.9 44.2 1.8 45.2

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 10.1 12.0 20.8 17.0
Single modes 12.2 2.8 12.4 1.8 14.7 6.0 16.1
Truck 12.2 2.8 14.0 3.5 13.3 7.2 17.7
For-hire truck 14.3 3.9 11.1 2.9 14.8 5.6 10.6
Private truck 26.0 4.0 28.0 4.5 28.2 3.2 21.7
Rail 33.3 1.4 32.2 2.4 37.4 4.8 24.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 38.1 0.4 41.7 0.1 S S 11.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.1 2.7 S S S S 11.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.6 2.8 9.8 0.2 12.9 0.4 11.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.0
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 27.9 0.8 29.0 0.9 S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.4 41.8 46.4 25.1
Single modes 46.4 6.5 46.4 6.2 S S 40.4
Truck 47.6 7.1 42.6 5.2 S S 40.8
For-hire truck S S 44.7 5.4 49.1 7.0 13.7
Private truck 45.4 4.5 45.1 6.1 S S S
Rail S S S S S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 29.5 1.1 22.3 0.2 22.9 0.2 10.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 17.3 7.0 19.3 6.7 32.7 9.4 10.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 18.9 6.3 20.5 2.0 26.8 2.0 10.4
Truck and rail 47.4 2.0 45.7 5.8 S S 21.7
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.0 29.9 41.4 41.8
Single modes 41.6 5.9 32.0 3.4 43.0 3.7 S
Truck 33.4 5.1 24.5 3.8 30.8 5.8 S
For-hire truck 38.5 6.3 30.4 6.6 34.9 7.0 8.4
Private truck 23.9 3.3 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 14.4
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) 45.2 39.7 46.1 19.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.5 2.0 S S S S 13.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.9 0.8 28.8 0.2 31.1 0.2 13.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 21.4
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 49.5 5.3 S S 46.5 0.4 S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.2 40.7 37.3 17.3
Single modes 40.1 11.9 41.2 11.1 38.0 15.2 21.4
Truck 41.3 12.3 44.6 8.6 44.0 9.0 22.6
For-hire truck S S 45.8 10.0 48.4 9.1 25.7
Private truck S S S S S S 28.4
Rail 44.7 0.3 44.7 8.9 43.9 11.4 26.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.5 11.9 S S S S 14.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.5 11.9 S S S S 14.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.5 19.6 28.8 25.5
Single modes 17.7 6.0 19.1 2.3 29.4 3.4 22.6
Truck 16.9 6.9 19.4 2.8 30.5 4.4 45.2
For-hire truck 15.9 7.2 27.8 7.4 33.2 7.4 24.3
Private truck 49.1 5.3 39.3 8.0 30.6 3.9 S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S 41.6 1.3 44.6 1.7 19.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.1 6.2 23.3 2.3 15.4 4.0 28.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.1 6.2 23.3 2.3 15.4 4.0 28.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.5

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.4 13.6 17.6 9.7
Single modes 23.1 5.1 14.1 1.7 18.0 3.1 26.2
Truck 23.1 5.2 14.1 1.7 18.0 3.1 26.8
For-hire truck 23.3 7.7 22.8 9.9 27.9 9.2 16.6
Private truck 43.6 8.5 26.6 10.5 34.0 10.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 35.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.9 5.1 41.9 1.7 38.0 3.1 7.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.0 5.1 42.0 1.7 38.1 3.1 7.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.9 S S 38.5 8.8
Single modes 19.4 7.0 S S 40.4 2.9 20.4
Truck 19.9 7.3 S S 36.8 2.9 21.0
For-hire truck 26.8 6.1 47.3 10.4 44.6 7.1 10.7
Private truck 15.7 3.4 S S 42.5 8.0 48.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.4 7.0 32.7 2.3 33.0 2.8 5.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.0 7.1 27.5 2.1 32.3 2.7 5.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 39.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 30.8 0.5 37.2 0.3 37.9 0.2 S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 19.5
Single modes S S S S S S 23.1
Truck 46.2 8.0 36.6 13.3 43.7 13.0 19.0
For-hire truck 49.9 8.8 42.3 11.2 47.9 10.2 22.0
Private truck 38.3 7.8 42.2 10.3 41.4 10.5 29.8
Rail S S S S S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.3

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.3 15.8 27.9 24.7
Single modes 16.4 2.7 16.7 2.9 17.5 9.6 38.2
Truck 16.4 2.7 16.7 3.0 17.9 9.9 34.1
For-hire truck 14.7 3.4 16.1 4.2 13.5 7.1 23.2
Private truck 20.6 4.9 22.1 5.5 26.5 6.6 31.1
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.7 2.6 32.0 0.6 38.1 2.5 10.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.8 2.6 33.2 0.6 39.1 2.6 10.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 18.7 0.2 S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.2 37.2 47.7 27.8
Single modes 26.7 11.9 39.1 6.5 48.9 3.4 47.0
Truck 33.3 12.1 27.6 13.3 S S S
For-hire truck 42.8 9.1 35.2 10.7 37.3 18.4 36.0
Private truck 47.6 9.8 31.9 7.0 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 28.1
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft S S S S S S 29.8
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 40.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 28.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.