Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 77,576 100.0 136,033 100.0 26,981 100.0
Less than 50 miles 17,086 22.0 72,721 53.5 1,441 5.3
50 to 99 miles 6,551 8.4 19,711 14.5 1,802 6.7
100 to 249 miles 11,847 15.3 18,405 13.5 3,580 13.3
250 to 499 miles 15,354 19.8 12,027 8.8 5,787 21.4
500 to 749 miles 10,429 13.4 6,264 4.6 5,133 19.0
750 to 999 miles 6,361 8.2 2,909 2.1 3,055 11.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 9,289 12.0 3,860 2.8 5,898 21.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 509 0.7 122 255 0.9
2,000 miles or more 148 0.2 15 30 0.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 70,766 100.0 128,962 100.0 25,058 100.0
Less than 50 miles 15,683 22.2 68,741 53.3 1,380 5.5
50 to 99 miles 6,105 8.6 19,519 15.1 1,764 7.0
100 to 249 miles 10,738 15.2 17,657 13.7 3,387 13.5
250 to 499 miles 14,345 20.3 10,653 8.3 5,074 20.2
500 to 749 miles 9,349 13.2 5,904 4.6 4,844 19.3
750 to 999 miles 5,788 8.2 2,804 2.2 2,941 11.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 8,213 11.6 3,554 2.8 5,404 21.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 438 0.6 117 244 1.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 60,450 100.0 97,147 100.0 14,114 100.0
Less than 50 miles 13,781 22.8 57,590 59.3 1,006 7.1
50 to 99 miles 6,069 10.0 16,332 16.8 1,343 9.5
100 to 249 miles 9,799 16.2 10,775 11.1 2,132 15.1
250 to 499 miles 13,057 21.6 5,400 5.6 2,387 16.9
500 to 749 miles 7,500 12.4 2,883 3.0 2,136 15.1
750 to 999 miles 4,229 7.0 2,038 2.1 2,069 14.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,665 9.4 2,039 2.1 2,866 20.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 266 0.4 79 157 1.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 40,366 100.0 43,576 100.0 10,301 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,215 8.0 20,805 47.7 291 2.8
50 to 99 miles S S 6,628 15.2 546 5.3
100 to 249 miles 6,700 16.6 5,857 13.4 1,164 11.3
250 to 499 miles 11,454 28.4 4,005 9.2 1,786 17.3
500 to 749 miles 6,596 16.3 2,486 5.7 1,849 18.0
750 to 999 miles 3,772 9.3 1,830 4.2 1,855 18.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,975 12.3 1,888 4.3 2,655 25.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 243 0.6 73 0.2 145 1.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 20,050 100.0 53,099 100.0 3,768 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,560 52.7 36,633 69.0 703 18.7
50 to 99 miles 2,719 13.6 9,438 17.8 775 20.6
100 to 249 miles 3,089 15.4 4,869 9.2 958 25.4
250 to 499 miles 1,597 8.0 1,392 2.6 599 15.9
500 to 749 miles 904 4.5 398 0.7 287 7.6
750 to 999 miles 458 2.3 208 0.4 214 5.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 151 0.3 211 5.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 6 12 0.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 7,250 100.0 21,256 100.0 9,328 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 18 0.2 3,095 14.6 415 4.5
100 to 249 miles 376 5.2 4,142 19.5 904 9.7
250 to 499 miles 1,145 15.8 5,241 24.7 2,681 28.7
500 to 749 miles 1,394 19.2 1,904 9.0 1,630 17.5
750 to 999 miles S S 730 3.4 838 9.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,444 33.7 1,508 7.1 2,525 27.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 38 0.2 87 0.9
2,000 miles or more

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 165 100.0 1,112 100.0 1,072 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles 163 99.0 1,112 100.0 1,072 100.0
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 165 100.0 1,112 100.0 1,072 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles 163 99.0 1,112 100.0 1,072 100.0
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 650 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 22 3.4 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 141 21.7 3 9.0 2 6.2
500 to 749 miles 288 44.3 4 15.9 5 13.8
750 to 999 miles 62 9.5 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 103 15.8 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 11 1.8 0.4 0.8
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,251 100.0 9,418 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 1,679 74.6 6,553 69.6 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 5,401 100.0 1,916 100.0 1,160 100.0
Less than 50 miles 619 11.5 26 1.4
50 to 99 miles 388 7.2 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 915 16.9 471 24.6 140 12.1
250 to 499 miles 921 17.0 925 48.3 522 45.0
500 to 749 miles 925 17.1 163 8.5 144 12.4
750 to 999 miles 543 10.0 65 3.4 69 6.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 977 18.1 139 7.3 231 19.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 72 1.3 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 42 0.8 3 0.2 10 0.9

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 5,162 100.0 191 100.0 122 100.0
Less than 50 miles 613 11.9 19 9.9 0.3
50 to 99 miles 384 7.4 15 8.0 1 1.2
100 to 249 miles 904 17.5 36 18.7 7 5.7
250 to 499 miles 872 16.9 34 18.0 15 12.3
500 to 749 miles 904 17.5 28 14.6 21 17.2
750 to 999 miles 534 10.4 22 11.4 22 18.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 885 17.2 34 17.7 49 40.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 45 0.9 2 1.0 4 3.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 180 100.0 1,706 100.0 1,022 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 10 5.4 432 25.3 132 13.0
250 to 499 miles S S 890 52.2 507 49.6
500 to 749 miles S S 135 7.9 123 12.1
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 91 50.8 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 12 100.0 15 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,409 100.0 5,154 100.0 763 100.0
Less than 50 miles 784 55.6 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 193 13.7 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 155 11.0 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 31 2.2 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 100 7.1 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.