Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 77,576 100.0 136,033 100.0 26,981 100.0 318
Less than 50 lbs 5,095 6.6 144 0.1 54 0.2 371
50 to 99 lbs 2,625 3.4 104 30 0.1 292
100 to 499 lbs 6,497 8.4 664 0.5 155 0.6 240
500 to 749 lbs 2,158 2.8 364 0.3 79 0.3 218
750 to 999 lbs 1,232 1.6 276 0.2 62 0.2 222
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 14,285 18.4 4,773 3.5 1,349 5.0 266
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 31,648 40.8 48,757 35.8 10,163 37.7 216
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,537 7.1 30,031 22.1 2,383 8.8 79
100,000 lbs or more 8,500 11.0 50,920 37.4 12,706 47.1 453

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 70,766 100.0 128,962 100.0 25,058 100.0 162
Less than 50 lbs 1,911 2.7 64 6 115
50 to 99 lbs 1,911 2.7 65 6 102
100 to 499 lbs 5,244 7.4 572 0.4 111 0.4 189
500 to 749 lbs 1,986 2.8 338 0.3 71 0.3 210
750 to 999 lbs 1,128 1.6 249 0.2 55 0.2 218
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 13,729 19.4 4,546 3.5 1,236 4.9 260
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 31,032 43.9 46,958 36.4 9,595 38.3 212
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,402 7.6 29,291 22.7 2,291 9.1 77
100,000 lbs or more 8,423 11.9 46,880 36.4 11,686 46.6 437

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 60,450 100.0 97,147 100.0 14,114 100.0 139
Less than 50 lbs 1,786 3.0 63 5 72
50 to 99 lbs 1,868 3.1 65 5 87
100 to 499 lbs 4,993 8.3 567 0.6 105 0.7 177
500 to 749 lbs 1,960 3.2 337 0.3 69 0.5 206
750 to 999 lbs 1,124 1.9 248 0.3 55 0.4 216
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 13,542 22.4 4,529 4.7 1,218 8.6 255
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 30,721 50.8 46,583 48.0 9,393 66.6 209
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,853 6.4 28,841 29.7 1,989 14.1 69
100,000 lbs or more 603 1.0 S S 1,274 9.0 249

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 40,366 100.0 43,576 100.0 10,301 100.0 390
Less than 50 lbs 606 1.5 9 2 210
50 to 99 lbs 1,416 3.5 17 3 211
100 to 499 lbs 2,980 7.4 154 0.4 77 0.8 492
500 to 749 lbs 1,087 2.7 100 0.2 50 0.5 507
750 to 999 lbs 670 1.7 74 0.2 42 0.4 553
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 7,708 19.1 1,268 2.9 777 7.5 603
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 23,562 58.4 17,956 41.2 7,029 68.2 418
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,829 4.5 13,268 30.4 1,363 13.2 104
100,000 lbs or more 506 1.3 S S S S 403

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 20,050 100.0 53,099 100.0 3,768 100.0 67
Less than 50 lbs 1,180 5.9 53 0.1 3 58
50 to 99 lbs 452 2.3 48 2 44
100 to 499 lbs 2,013 10.0 413 0.8 27 0.7 65
500 to 749 lbs 873 4.4 237 0.4 19 0.5 78
750 to 999 lbs 454 2.3 174 0.3 13 0.3 73
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 5,823 29.0 3,253 6.1 439 11.7 118
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 7,139 35.6 28,274 53.2 2,332 61.9 88
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,019 10.1 15,462 29.1 615 16.3 38
100,000 lbs or more 97 0.5 5,183 9.8 318 8.5 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 7,250 100.0 21,256 100.0 9,328 100.0 523
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 575
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 426 2.0 283 3.0 745
100,000 lbs or more 5,418 74.7 20,460 96.3 8,852 94.9 496

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 165 100.0 1,112 100.0 1,072 100.0 875
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 6
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 163 99.0 1,112 100.0 1,072 100.0 951

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 165 100.0 1,112 100.0 1,072 100.0 875
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 6
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 163 99.0 1,112 100.0 1,072 100.0 951

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 650 100.0 S S S S 1,544
Less than 50 lbs 125 19.2 1 4.3 2 5.0 1,534
50 to 99 lbs 42 6.5 1 2.4 1 2.5 1,403
100 to 499 lbs 250 38.4 4 12.9 6 15.5 1,691
500 to 749 lbs 26 3.9 1 4.7 2 4.8 1,380
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,571
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 141 21.6 S S S S 1,774
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,057
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,251 100.0 9,418 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 2,239 99.5 9,393 99.7 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 5,401 100.0 1,916 100.0 1,160 100.0 628
Less than 50 lbs 3,057 56.6 72 3.8 47 4.0 622
50 to 99 lbs 674 12.5 33 1.7 23 2.0 696
100 to 499 lbs 1,129 20.9 65 3.4 42 3.6 644
500 to 749 lbs 146 2.7 12 0.7 7 0.6 593
750 to 999 lbs 82 1.5 9 0.4 6 0.5 661
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 126 2.3 S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 163 3.0 S S 328 28.3 1,084
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 485
100,000 lbs or more S S 1,252 65.4 640 55.2 510

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 5,162 100.0 191 100.0 122 100.0 627
Less than 50 lbs 3,057 59.2 72 37.8 47 38.3 622
50 to 99 lbs 674 13.1 33 17.4 23 19.1 698
100 to 499 lbs 1,117 21.6 64 33.5 39 32.1 635
500 to 749 lbs 143 2.8 11 5.9 S S 579
750 to 999 lbs 82 1.6 9 4.5 6 4.6 661
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 468
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 180 100.0 1,706 100.0 1,022 100.0 790
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,363
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 133 73.8 S S S S 1,093
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 485
100,000 lbs or more S S 1,252 73.4 640 62.6 510

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 12 100.0 15 100.0 4,265
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 4,414
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 7,775
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,076
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 762
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 3
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 3
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 3
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 3
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,409 100.0 5,154 100.0 763 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 127 9.0 8 0.2 S
50 to 99 lbs 40 2.9 5 0.1 S S 43
100 to 499 lbs 124 8.8 S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs 22 1.6 S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 430 30.5 218 4.2 S S 403
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 452 32.1 S S 240 31.5 178
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 890

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.