Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 77,576 100.0 136,033 100.0 26,981 100.0 318
Single modes 70,766 91.2 128,962 94.8 25,058 92.9 162
Truck3 60,450 77.9 97,147 71.4 14,114 52.3 139
For-hire Truck 40,366 52.0 43,576 32.0 10,301 38.2 390
Private Truck 20,050 25.8 53,099 39.0 3,768 14.0 67
Rail 7,250 9.3 21,256 15.6 9,328 34.6 523
Water 165 0.2 1,112 0.8 1,072 4.0 875
Shallow draft 165 0.2 1,112 0.8 1,072 4.0 875
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 650 0.8 S S S S 1,544
Pipeline4 2,251 2.9 9,418 6.9 S S S
Multiple modes 5,401 7.0 1,916 1.4 1,160 4.3 628
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,162 6.7 191 0.1 122 0.5 627
Truck and rail 180 0.2 1,706 1.3 1,022 3.8 790
Truck and water S S 12 15 4,265
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3
Other and unknown modes 1,409 1.8 5,154 3.8 763 2.8 S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 34
Single modes S S S S S S 34
Truck3 S S S S S S 34
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 34
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 872 100.0 S
Single modes S S S S 872 100.0 S
Truck3 S S S S S S 39
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 11
Rail
Water S S S S 687 78.8 923
Shallow draft S S S S 687 78.8 923
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 61 100.0 58 100.0 S S S
Single modes 61 100.0 58 100.0 S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S 51
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 51
Rail
Water S S S S S S 916
Shallow draft S S S S S S 916
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 97
Single modes S S S S S S 97
Truck3 S S S S 172 59.8 66
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 167
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 567
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 12

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,563 100.0 1,134 100.0 540 100.0 S
Single modes 2,552 99.6 1,131 99.7 540 100.0 S
Truck3 2,552 99.6 1,131 99.7 540 100.0 S
For-hire Truck 977 38.1 535 47.2 362 67.1 922
Private Truck 1,575 61.5 596 52.5 177 32.9 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 71

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 704 100.0 986 100.0 517 100.0 171
Single modes 694 98.6 981 99.4 509 98.4 174
Truck3 691 98.1 951 96.4 489 94.6 174
For-hire Truck S S 858 87.0 S S 273
Private Truck 166 23.5 93 9.4 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 655
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 834
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,825
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,825
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 76

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,893 100.0 S S 562 100.0 151
Single modes 1,729 91.4 S S 533 94.7 S
Truck3 1,723 91.0 S S 519 92.3 S
For-hire Truck 442 23.4 604 20.3 222 39.5 387
Private Truck 1,281 67.7 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 776
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1,015
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 27 0.9 28 5.1 692
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 690
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,441
Truck and water S S S S S S 157
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 115

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 764 100.0 S S 14 100.0 47
Single modes 746 97.7 S S 14 99.8 47
Truck3 746 97.7 S S 14 99.8 47
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 84
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 56
Single modes S S S S S S 56
Truck3 S S S S S S 56
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 56
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 73 100.0 8,645 100.0 794 100.0 58
Single modes 64 88.0 8,256 95.5 777 97.8 56
Truck3 39 53.6 5,716 66.1 278 35.0 42
For-hire Truck 22 30.7 1,918 22.2 190 24.0 95
Private Truck 17 22.9 3,799 43.9 87 11.0 20
Rail 25 34.3 S S 499 62.8 S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 980
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 980
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 174 100.0 35,128 100.0 2,575 100.0 38
Single modes 161 92.9 32,613 92.8 2,546 98.9 39
Truck3 125 72.0 24,617 70.1 999 38.8 36
For-hire Truck 30 17.4 5,831 16.6 321 12.5 52
Private Truck 93 53.7 18,457 52.5 650 25.3 29
Rail 36 20.9 7,996 22.8 1,547 60.1 221
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 18

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 251
Single modes S S S S S S 251
Truck3 S S S S S S 261
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 261
Private Truck S S S S S S 264
Rail S S S S S S 198
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 103 100.0 34 100.0 22 100.0 695
Single modes 103 100.0 34 100.0 22 100.0 695
Truck3 103 100.0 34 100.0 22 100.0 695
For-hire Truck 103 100.0 34 100.0 22 100.0 695
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 53 100.0 1,907 100.0 S S 141
Single modes 44 83.3 1,631 85.5 100 43.1 62
Truck3 39 72.9 1,464 76.8 70 30.0 43
For-hire Truck 39 72.9 1,463 76.7 70 30.0 43
Private Truck
Rail S S S S S S 182
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 479
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 479
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,488 100.0 12,537 100.0 639 100.0 37
Single modes 3,282 94.1 11,864 94.6 620 97.1 38
Truck3 2,025 58.0 6,588 52.5 253 39.5 37
For-hire Truck 340 9.8 1,232 9.8 S S 31
Private Truck 1,684 48.3 5,356 42.7 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 1,258 36.1 5,276 42.1 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,351 100.0 5,686 100.0 208 100.0 S
Single modes 1,335 98.8 5,588 98.3 203 97.4 S
Truck3 365 27.0 1,570 27.6 91 43.8 S
For-hire Truck 131 9.7 589 10.4 S S 67
Private Truck 234 17.3 980 17.2 48 23.1 S
Rail 0.1 1,637
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S 4,018 70.7 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 54

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,396 100.0 5,899 100.0 2,338 100.0 S
Single modes 1,356 97.1 5,844 99.1 2,335 99.9 S
Truck3 654 46.8 3,362 57.0 503 21.5 S
For-hire Truck 308 22.1 1,922 32.6 368 15.7 200
Private Truck S S S S 135 5.8 S
Rail 702 50.3 2,482 42.1 1,832 78.4 645
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 137
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 39

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 517 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 497 96.3 S S S S S
Truck3 480 92.9 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 325 63.0 S S S S 455
Private Truck S S S S S S 46
Rail S S S S S S 849
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 925
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,135
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,135
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,845 100.0 48 100.0 9 100.0 257
Single modes 3,753 77.4 37 75.7 S S S
Truck3 3,752 77.4 37 75.7 S S S
For-hire Truck 3,478 71.8 25 52.0 4 44.6 S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,481
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 954 19.7 9 18.0 1 15.3 857
Parcel, USPS or courier 954 19.7 9 18.0 1 15.3 857
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 59

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 721 100.0 6,077 100.0 3,091 100.0 202
Single modes 675 93.6 5,600 92.1 2,885 93.3 204
Truck3 294 40.7 2,273 37.4 506 16.4 120
For-hire Truck 265 36.7 2,151 35.4 497 16.1 227
Private Truck S S S S S S 8
Rail 300 41.6 2,859 47.1 1,989 64.3 709
Water S S S S S S 1,053
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,053
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 666
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 666
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 907 100.0 327 100.0 162 100.0 S
Single modes 896 98.8 326 99.6 161 99.8 S
Truck3 883 97.3 322 98.2 154 95.4 S
For-hire Truck 398 43.9 222 67.7 150 93.0 441
Private Truck S S 100 30.6 4 2.4 34
Rail S S S S S S 1,632
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,996
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 5 0.6 1 0.3 0.2 430
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 0.6 1 0.3 0.2 430
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 1 0.2 S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,673 100.0 1,764 100.0 1,437 100.0 345
Single modes 3,524 95.9 1,728 97.9 1,418 98.7 395
Truck3 3,333 90.7 1,427 80.9 1,182 82.3 363
For-hire Truck 3,097 84.3 1,275 72.3 1,113 77.4 678
Private Truck 237 6.4 152 8.6 S S S
Rail 186 5.1 301 17.0 236 16.4 924
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4 0.1 1,830
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 79 2.1 S S S S 790
Parcel, USPS or courier 54 1.5 7 0.4 3 0.2 789
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,480
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 21 1.2 S S 11

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 19
Single modes S S S S S S 19
Truck3 S S S S S S 19
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 19
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 779 100.0 1,642 100.0 381 100.0 104
Single modes 758 97.3 1,630 99.3 378 99.2 95
Truck3 702 90.1 1,461 89.0 243 63.7 90
For-hire Truck 190 24.4 453 27.6 119 31.2 212
Private Truck 512 65.7 1,008 61.4 124 32.5 74
Rail 56 7.2 169 10.3 135 35.5 786
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 505
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 505
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 388

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 571 100.0 1,291 100.0 943 100.0 198
Single modes 570 99.8 1,291 100.0 943 100.0 202
Truck3 181 31.7 389 30.1 136 14.5 109
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 343
Private Truck 76 13.3 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 897
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 88
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 88
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,114 100.0 641 100.0 385 100.0 S
Single modes 1,083 97.2 619 96.6 344 89.3 S
Truck3 1,073 96.3 610 95.1 328 85.2 199
For-hire Truck 796 71.5 470 73.4 269 70.0 419
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,622
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,114
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,197
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 871

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 685 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 478
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1,236
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 89 13.0 S S S S 428
Parcel, USPS or courier 89 13.0 S S S S 428
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,212 100.0 129 100.0 33 100.0 757
Single modes 916 75.6 121 93.7 26 79.8 654
Truck3 901 74.4 121 93.4 26 78.1 354
For-hire Truck 334 27.6 S S 23 68.5 990
Private Truck 565 46.6 83 64.2 3 9.2 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,685
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 283 23.4 7 5.5 6 19.6 887
Parcel, USPS or courier 283 23.4 7 5.5 6 19.6 887
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 13 1.1 1 0.8 S S 27

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,048 100.0 14,932 100.0 3,689 100.0 628
Single modes 1,487 72.6 13,048 87.4 2,564 69.5 211
Truck3 1,479 72.2 12,908 86.4 2,471 67.0 210
For-hire Truck 992 48.5 3,907 26.2 S S 620
Private Truck 486 23.7 S S S S 48
Rail S S S S S S 663
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1,325 8.9 786 21.3 892
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 893
Truck and rail S S 1,289 8.6 751 20.4 759
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,191
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 103 5.0 S S S S 266

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,957 100.0 2,570 100.0 738 100.0 242
Single modes 1,755 89.7 2,347 91.3 593 80.3 149
Truck3 1,704 87.1 2,209 86.0 500 67.7 129
For-hire Truck 847 43.3 1,188 46.2 431 58.4 351
Private Truck 858 43.8 1,021 39.7 69 9.4 52
Rail S S S S S S 568
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,661
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 73 3.7 S S 1 0.2 564
Parcel, USPS or courier 73 3.7 S S 1 0.2 564
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 241

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,836 100.0 S S 947 100.0 319
Single modes 3,354 87.4 S S 908 95.8 250
Truck3 3,315 86.4 S S 872 92.1 208
For-hire Truck 2,261 58.9 S S 759 80.1 580
Private Truck 1,053 27.5 894 8.5 114 12.0 S
Rail S S S S S S 563
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,705
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 374 9.7 20 0.2 S S 723
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 19 0.2 S S 723
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 524
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 108 2.8 S S S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,202 100.0 793 100.0 613 100.0 292
Single modes 6,453 89.6 744 93.8 583 95.1 S
Truck3 6,283 87.2 739 93.2 576 93.9 S
For-hire Truck 5,155 71.6 567 71.5 502 81.9 689
Private Truck 1,128 15.7 171 21.6 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 170 2.4 5 0.6 7 1.1 1,298
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 668 9.3 38 4.7 29 4.7 459
Parcel, USPS or courier 646 9.0 36 4.5 21 3.4 453
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,688
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 81 1.1 S S S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 1,007 100.0 554 100.0 591
Single modes S S 992 98.6 544 98.2 307
Truck3 S S 992 98.5 544 98.1 228
For-hire Truck S S S S 525 94.7 547
Private Truck 986 7.5 154 15.3 19 3.4 87
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1 0.1 1,396
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 947 7.2 12 1.2 9 1.7 791
Parcel, USPS or courier 947 7.2 12 1.2 9 1.7 791
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 3 0.3 S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,411 100.0 S S S S 284
Single modes 7,161 96.6 S S S S 228
Truck3 2,199 29.7 S S S S 217
For-hire Truck 997 13.4 155 10.2 117 6.6 S
Private Truck 1,202 16.2 197 13.0 33 1.9 205
Rail S S S S S S 1,358
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 2,544
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 395
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 395
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,342 100.0 53 100.0 96 100.0 1,144
Single modes 1,234 92.0 52 98.0 S S 1,233
Truck3 794 59.2 10 18.0 7 7.4 681
For-hire Truck 693 51.6 5 8.6 5 5.1 913
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 152 11.3 S S S S 2,176
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,632
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,007
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,002
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,363
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 12 100.0 5 100.0 352
Single modes S S 11 90.9 S S S
Truck3 S S 11 90.9 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 368
Private Truck S S S S S S 64
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,684
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 8.0 9.4 543
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 8.0 9.4 543
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 211
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 211
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 6 1.3 1 1.0 0.1 40

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,162 100.0 406 100.0 275 100.0 537
Single modes 1,771 81.9 395 97.2 267 96.9 295
Truck3 1,763 81.5 395 97.2 267 96.9 289
For-hire Truck 1,332 61.6 234 57.7 215 78.1 618
Private Truck 431 20.0 S S S S 180
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 881
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 380 17.6 11 2.6 8 3.0 732
Parcel, USPS or courier 379 17.5 10 2.4 8 3.0 732
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 137
Single modes S S S S S S 137
Truck3 S S S S S S 282
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 426
Private Truck S S S S S S 206
Rail S S S S S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,689 100.0 1,981 100.0 688 100.0 335
Single modes 7,280 94.7 1,956 98.7 674 98.0 S
Truck3 7,240 94.2 1,954 98.6 673 97.9 S
For-hire Truck 3,431 44.6 580 29.3 276 40.1 455
Private Truck 3,802 49.4 1,371 69.2 396 57.6 S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,233
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 372 4.8 22 1.1 S S 549
Parcel, USPS or courier 372 4.8 22 1.1 S S 549
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 37 0.5 3 0.1 S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 100 100.0 182 100.0 S S 488
Single modes 82 82.8 181 99.7 S S S
Truck3 73 73.5 S S S S 75
For-hire Truck 36 36.5 S S S S S
Private Truck 37 37.0 S S S S 38
Rail S S S S S S 910
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,400
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 652
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 652
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.