Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 77,576 100.0 136,033 100.0 26,981 100.0 318
Single modes 70,766 91.2 128,962 94.8 25,058 92.9 162
Truck 60,450 77.9 97,147 71.4 14,114 52.3 139
For-hire truck 40,366 52.0 43,576 32.0 10,301 38.2 390
Private truck 20,050 25.8 53,099 39.0 3,768 14.0 67
Rail 7,250 9.3 21,256 15.6 9,328 34.6 523
Water 165 0.2 1,112 0.8 1,072 4.0 875
Shallow draft 165 0.2 1,112 0.8 1,072 4.0 875
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 650 0.8 S S S S 1,544
Pipeline3 2,251 2.9 9,418 6.9 S S S
Multiple modes 5,401 7.0 1,916 1.4 1,160 4.3 628
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,162 6.7 191 0.1 122 0.5 627
Truck and rail 180 0.2 1,706 1.3 1,022 3.8 790
Truck and water S S 12 15 4,265
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3
Other and unknown modes 1,409 1.8 5,154 3.8 763 2.8 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 559 100.0 733 100.0 588 100.0 789
Single modes 477 85.4 641 87.4 508 86.3 848
Truck 296 52.9 S S S S 724
For-hire truck 247 44.2 S S S S 724
Private truck S S S S S S 716
Rail S S 126 17.2 114 19.4 910
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,417
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 72 9.9 69 11.7 778
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 0.2 1 0.2 777
Truck and rail S S S S S S 955
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 616

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,099
Single modes S S S S S S 2,883
Truck S S S S S S 1,729
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,793
Private truck S S S S S S 1,472
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,270
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,953
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,953
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 781 100.0 412 100.0 460 100.0 1,016
Single modes 737 94.3 402 97.5 449 97.6 1,026
Truck 640 81.9 254 61.7 248 53.9 1,011
For-hire truck 514 65.8 202 49.0 198 43.2 1,020
Private truck S S S S S S 945
Rail 97 12.4 S S S S 1,340
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,847
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 39 5.0 2 0.6 2 0.5 1,012
Parcel, USPS or courier 39 5.0 2 0.6 2 0.5 1,012
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,061

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,733 100.0 4,294 100.0 924 100.0 218
Single modes 2,545 93.1 4,083 95.1 855 92.5 176
Truck 2,170 79.4 3,196 74.4 551 59.6 173
For-hire truck S S 866 20.2 209 22.6 224
Private truck 849 31.1 2,330 54.3 342 37.0 160
Rail 330 12.1 670 15.6 268 29.0 345
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,162
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 147 5.4 S S 65 7.0 281
Parcel, USPS or courier 141 5.2 4 1 0.1 281
Truck and rail S S S S 63 6.8 313
Truck and water S S S S S S 157
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 141

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,591 100.0 1,334 100.0 2,099 100.0 1,557
Single modes 2,204 85.1 1,219 91.4 1,904 90.7 1,752
Truck 1,792 69.1 735 55.1 1,047 49.9 1,480
For-hire truck 1,675 64.6 672 50.3 956 45.6 1,480
Private truck 116 4.5 S S S S 1,496
Rail 387 14.9 484 36.3 855 40.8 1,773
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 25 1.0 S S 1 2,538
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 374 14.4 S S S S 1,504
Parcel, USPS or courier 291 11.2 8 0.6 12 0.6 1,502
Truck and rail 83 3.2 S S S S 1,785
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,469

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,038 100.0 770 100.0 572 100.0 786
Single modes 954 91.9 641 83.3 470 82.2 761
Truck 753 72.5 363 47.2 242 42.3 700
For-hire truck 590 56.8 291 37.8 189 33.1 693
Private truck 163 15.7 73 9.4 53 9.2 720
Rail 137 13.2 277 36.0 227 39.7 831
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1 0.1 1,528
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 75 7.2 S S S S 796
Parcel, USPS or courier 58 5.6 S S S S 795
Truck and rail S S S S S S 849
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 723

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 100 100.0 12 100.0 18 100.0 1,537
Single modes S S 12 94.3 17 94.0 1,491
Truck S S 11 93.2 17 93.0 1,463
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,459
Private truck S S S S S S 1,473
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,522
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 14 14.3 1 4.4 1 4.6 1,549
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 14.3 1 4.4 1 4.6 1,549
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,573

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,393
Single modes 6 19.7 S S S S 1,303
Truck S S S S S S 1,303
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,303
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,285
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,407
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,407
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,243

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,297
Single modes S S S S S S 1,200
Truck S S S S S S 1,221
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,286
Private truck S S S S S S 1,203
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,158
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,307
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,307
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,357 100.0 323 100.0 421 100.0 1,337
Single modes 1,251 92.2 309 95.8 404 95.9 1,380
Truck 768 56.6 232 71.7 292 69.3 1,311
For-hire truck 649 47.8 218 67.4 275 65.3 1,298
Private truck S S 14 4.3 S S 1,348
Rail S S S S S S 1,477
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 20 1.5 0.1 1 0.2 1,730
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 105 7.7 5 1.7 7 1.7 1,327
Parcel, USPS or courier 102 7.5 4 1.2 5 1.2 1,327
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,261
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,256

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,263 100.0 1,039 100.0 951 100.0 937
Single modes 1,152 91.2 875 84.3 816 85.8 897
Truck 899 71.2 595 57.3 518 54.5 875
For-hire truck 837 66.3 576 55.5 501 52.7 864
Private truck 62 4.9 19 1.8 S S 919
Rail S S S S S S 987
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 10 0.8 S S S S 1,307
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 74 5.9 S S S S 960
Parcel, USPS or courier 74 5.9 S S S S 960
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,075
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 754

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,455
Single modes S S S S S S 4,441
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,441
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,463
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,181
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,688
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 38 100.0 11 100.0 17 100.0 1,534
Single modes 31 81.5 11 95.5 16 94.5 1,493
Truck 31 81.5 11 95.5 16 94.5 1,493
For-hire truck 18 47.9 S S S S 1,520
Private truck S S S S S S 1,421
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,547
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,547
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,731 100.0 776 100.0 549 100.0 759
Single modes 1,457 84.2 761 98.1 538 98.1 729
Truck 1,089 62.9 527 67.9 362 66.0 667
For-hire truck 1,006 58.1 469 60.4 321 58.5 670
Private truck 83 4.8 58 7.5 41 7.5 648
Rail 289 16.7 233 30.0 175 31.9 772
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.2 1 0.3 1,086
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 4 0.5 3 0.5 772
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 4 0.5 3 0.5 772
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 592

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 838 100.0 499 100.0 391 100.0 802
Single modes 726 86.7 494 99.0 388 99.1 798
Truck 670 80.1 206 41.3 161 41.3 770
For-hire truck 599 71.5 188 37.7 147 37.5 762
Private truck S S S S S S 814
Rail 41 4.9 288 57.7 226 57.8 786
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 935
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 55 6.6 2 0.4 2 0.4 804
Parcel, USPS or courier 55 6.6 2 0.4 2 0.4 804
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 723

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 548 100.0 905 100.0 527 100.0 609
Single modes 497 90.7 903 99.8 526 99.8 582
Truck 334 60.9 238 26.3 133 25.3 556
For-hire truck 254 46.3 191 21.1 105 20.0 542
Private truck 78 14.2 45 5.0 27 5.1 603
Rail 154 28.2 665 73.5 392 74.4 601
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,164
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 51 9.3 1 624
Parcel, USPS or courier 51 9.3 1 624
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 619

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,576 100.0 4,140 100.0 981 100.0 228
Single modes 2,389 92.7 4,075 98.4 959 97.7 207
Truck 2,259 87.7 3,533 85.3 767 78.1 204
For-hire truck 1,789 69.5 2,098 50.7 524 53.4 246
Private truck 468 18.2 S S S S 168
Rail 105 4.1 428 10.3 168 17.1 376
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 172 6.7 S S S S 248
Parcel, USPS or courier 172 6.7 9 0.2 2 0.2 248
Truck and rail S S S S S S 389
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 165

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 353 100.0 240 100.0 174 100.0 852
Single modes 316 89.6 232 96.8 168 96.2 779
Truck 242 68.7 123 51.3 88 50.7 781
For-hire truck 183 52.0 93 38.6 68 39.0 800
Private truck 59 16.7 31 12.7 20 11.7 711
Rail 46 13.2 109 45.3 79 45.3 721
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 27 7.7 0.2 0.2 781
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 35 9.8 4 1.5 S S 870
Parcel, USPS or courier 31 8.8 S S S S 870
Truck and rail S S S S S S 934
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 815

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,315 100.0 1,381 100.0 1,045 100.0 544
Single modes 1,198 91.1 1,371 99.3 1,039 99.5 674
Truck 924 70.3 379 27.4 208 19.9 609
For-hire truck 666 50.7 282 20.4 155 14.8 600
Private truck 258 19.6 97 7.0 54 5.1 622
Rail 173 13.1 S S S S 705
Water 92 7.0 719 52.1 642 61.5 893
Shallow draft 92 7.0 719 52.1 642 61.5 893
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,313
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 113 8.6 5 0.3 3 0.2 508
Parcel, USPS or courier 113 8.6 5 0.3 3 0.2 508
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 511

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,813
Single modes S S S S S S 1,747
Truck S S S S S S 1,748
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,748
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,712
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 15.6 S S S S 1,852
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 15.6 S S S S 1,852
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 597 100.0 140 100.0 190 100.0 1,319
Single modes 573 96.0 134 95.8 182 95.9 1,284
Truck 283 47.4 104 74.7 135 71.1 1,278
For-hire truck 281 47.1 104 74.5 135 71.0 1,279
Private truck S S S S S S 1,255
Rail S S S S S S 1,587
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,294
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 23 3.8 1 0.9 2 0.9 1,334
Parcel, USPS or courier 23 3.8 1 0.9 2 0.9 1,334
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,285

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 458 100.0 S S S S 1,661
Single modes 386 84.2 61 35.9 102 35.9 1,608
Truck 172 37.5 36 21.4 59 20.6 1,618
For-hire truck 161 35.1 31 18.6 51 17.9 1,618
Private truck S S S S S S 1,618
Rail S S S S S S 1,781
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,513
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 34 7.5 S S S S 1,677
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 7.5 S S S S 1,677
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,623

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,347 100.0 631 100.0 661 100.0 1,056
Single modes 1,257 93.3 620 98.2 649 98.2 1,029
Truck 912 67.7 292 46.3 303 45.8 1,014
For-hire truck 878 65.2 282 44.7 293 44.3 1,016
Private truck 34 2.5 10 1.7 10 1.5 963
Rail S S 328 51.9 S S 1,034
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,205
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 87 6.4 2 0.4 2 0.4 1,065
Parcel, USPS or courier 87 6.4 2 0.4 2 0.4 1,065
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,048

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 890 100.0 251 100.0 225 100.0 888
Single modes 864 97.1 239 95.0 214 94.9 871
Truck 395 44.3 118 46.9 88 39.2 761
For-hire truck 363 40.8 106 42.1 79 34.9 759
Private truck 31 3.5 12 4.8 10 4.3 778
Rail S S S S S S 961
Water S S S S S S 1,610
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,610
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,556
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 2.5 S S S S 905
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 2.3 1 0.4 1 0.3 904
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,191
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 674

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 359 100.0 333 100.0 169 100.0 583
Single modes 330 91.9 327 98.2 166 98.0 562
Truck 269 75.0 231 69.4 112 66.2 552
For-hire truck 199 55.4 93 27.9 48 28.4 560
Private truck 70 19.5 S S S S 542
Rail S S S S S S 679
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 828
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 25 6.9 1 0.3 1 0.3 590
Parcel, USPS or courier 25 6.9 1 0.3 1 0.3 590
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 575

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,855 100.0 2,901 100.0 857 100.0 327
Single modes 1,721 92.8 2,651 91.4 713 83.2 270
Truck 1,531 82.5 1,828 63.0 377 44.0 233
For-hire truck 1,182 63.7 859 29.6 228 26.6 304
Private truck 345 18.6 S S 148 17.2 187
Rail 189 10.2 S S S S 470
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,033
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 113 6.1 S S S S 367
Parcel, USPS or courier 109 5.9 4 0.1 2 0.2 365
Truck and rail S S S S S S 659
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 20 1.1 S S S S 171

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 76 100.0 113 100.0 1,464
Single modes S S 72 94.7 108 95.2 1,547
Truck S S 70 91.4 104 91.4 1,534
For-hire truck 160 26.6 40 52.1 62 54.4 1,562
Private truck S S S S S S 1,499
Rail S S S S S S 1,676
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,483
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,423
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,423
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,292

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 584 100.0 1,289 100.0 713 100.0 451
Single modes 521 89.1 1,163 90.2 633 88.7 477
Truck 401 68.6 446 34.6 204 28.6 463
For-hire truck 251 43.0 300 23.3 S S 459
Private truck 150 25.7 146 11.3 68 9.6 470
Rail 70 11.9 707 54.8 425 59.6 605
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 418
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 61 10.4 S S S S 443
Parcel, USPS or courier 50 8.6 S S S S 441
Truck and rail S S S S S S 655
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 405

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 203 100.0 36 100.0 49 100.0 1,409
Single modes 166 81.9 31 84.8 42 86.7 1,482
Truck 94 46.6 24 66.9 31 64.4 1,255
For-hire truck 94 46.6 24 66.9 31 64.4 1,255
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,669
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,999
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,383
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,383
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,113

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 27 100.0 8 100.0 13 100.0 1,671
Single modes 21 79.1 S S S S 1,688
Truck 18 66.9 S S S S 1,692
For-hire truck 18 66.9 S S S S 1,692
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,679
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,668
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,668
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,092 100.0 690 100.0 1,061 100.0 1,416
Single modes 1,019 93.3 674 97.7 1,041 98.1 1,392
Truck 542 49.7 S S S S 1,381
For-hire truck 540 49.5 S S S S 1,380
Private truck S S S S S S 1,402
Rail S S S S S S 1,589
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,395
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 68 6.2 2 0.2 2 0.2 1,426
Parcel, USPS or courier 68 6.2 2 0.2 2 0.2 1,426
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,282

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,037 100.0 230 100.0 139 100.0 560
Single modes 945 91.2 226 98.3 137 98.3 574
Truck S S 171 74.4 105 75.7 564
For-hire truck S S 136 59.1 84 60.2 570
Private truck 87 8.4 35 15.3 22 15.5 555
Rail S S S S S S 562
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 655
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 86 8.3 4 1.5 2 1.5 557
Parcel, USPS or courier 86 8.3 4 1.5 2 1.5 557
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 708

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 658 100.0 226 100.0 319 100.0 1,445
Single modes 565 85.8 211 93.4 299 93.8 1,391
Truck 442 67.1 173 76.4 241 75.5 1,366
For-hire truck 430 65.3 146 64.5 205 64.2 1,369
Private truck 11 1.7 S S S S 1,343
Rail S S 32 14.3 50 15.7 1,582
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 25 3.8 S S S S 1,436
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 89 13.6 5 2.2 7 2.2 1,452
Parcel, USPS or courier 89 13.6 5 2.2 7 2.2 1,452
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,386

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 293 100.0 88 100.0 105 100.0 1,203
Single modes 242 82.7 85 97.4 103 97.4 1,124
Truck 230 78.8 71 81.0 80 76.2 1,128
For-hire truck 171 58.4 54 61.2 61 57.5 1,130
Private truck 60 20.4 17 19.8 20 18.7 1,120
Rail S S S S S S 1,567
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,107
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 47 16.2 2 2.1 2 2.1 1,221
Parcel, USPS or courier 47 16.2 2 2.1 2 2.1 1,221
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,082

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 127 100.0 55 100.0 64 100.0 957
Single modes 97 76.8 55 99.6 64 99.7 1,030
Truck 91 71.8 21 37.9 21 33.3 1,021
For-hire truck 87 68.3 18 32.1 18 28.4 1,019
Private truck S S S S S S 1,023
Rail S S S S S S 1,243
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 946
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 946
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,428 100.0 697 100.0 666 100.0 963
Single modes 1,278 89.5 688 98.9 659 98.8 917
Truck 869 60.9 537 77.1 506 76.0 900
For-hire truck 825 57.8 525 75.4 495 74.3 902
Private truck 44 3.1 12 1.7 11 1.7 884
Rail S S 127 18.2 133 20.0 1,081
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 7 0.5 S S S S 1,262
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 146 10.3 6 0.8 5 0.8 974
Parcel, USPS or courier 146 10.3 6 0.8 5 0.8 974
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 994

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 25,450 100.0 89,751 100.0 3,330 100.0 40
Single modes 23,040 90.5 85,587 95.4 3,246 97.5 36
Truck 20,624 81.0 72,100 80.3 2,528 75.9 36
For-hire truck 6,557 25.8 28,068 31.3 1,062 31.9 68
Private truck 14,044 55.2 43,593 48.6 1,429 42.9 31
Rail S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S 6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 2,179 8.6 9,053 10.1 S S S
Multiple modes 1,460 5.7 79 S S 87
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,453 5.7 50 4 0.1 88
Truck and rail S S S S S S 249
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3
Other and unknown modes 950 3.7 S S S S 13

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 492 100.0 129 100.0 251 100.0 1,964
Single modes 394 80.1 126 97.2 243 96.9 1,968
Truck 274 55.8 115 88.8 219 87.3 1,938
For-hire truck 271 55.0 113 87.3 215 85.9 1,928
Private truck S S S S S S 1,944
Rail S S S S S S 2,208
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,075
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 98 19.9 S S S S 1,961
Parcel, USPS or courier 93 19.0 S S S S 1,961
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,339
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,000

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 767 100.0 478 100.0 657 100.0 1,237
Single modes 700 91.3 465 97.3 642 97.7 1,249
Truck 496 64.7 232 48.5 288 43.8 1,239
For-hire truck 467 60.9 210 44.0 264 40.1 1,254
Private truck 30 3.8 S S S S 1,121
Rail S S S S S S 1,532
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,291
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 64 8.4 4 0.8 S S 1,235
Parcel, USPS or courier 60 7.9 2 0.5 3 0.4 1,235
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,551
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,083

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13 100.0 S S S S 1,617
Single modes S S S S S S 1,532
Truck S S S S S S 1,532
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,529
Private truck S S S S S S 1,535
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 43.5 S S S S 1,634
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 43.5 S S S S 1,634
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,535

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 440 100.0 395 100.0 456 100.0 1,086
Single modes 410 93.2 386 97.6 445 97.7 1,095
Truck 282 64.1 295 74.8 313 68.8 1,069
For-hire truck 233 53.0 S S S S 1,070
Private truck S S S S S S 1,065
Rail S S S S S S 1,403
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,455
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 27 6.1 S S S S 1,084
Parcel, USPS or courier 23 5.3 1 0.3 1 0.3 1,083
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,331
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,089

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 123 100.0 69 100.0 S S 716
Single modes 99 80.5 S S S S 811
Truck 96 78.1 31 45.4 22 36.1 738
For-hire truck 59 47.9 16 23.4 11 18.0 746
Private truck 37 30.2 15 22.0 11 18.0 729
Rail S S S S S S 1,033
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,385
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 1.2 1 1.0 655
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 1.2 1 1.0 655
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,173 100.0 1,188 100.0 834 100.0 765
Single modes 963 82.1 781 65.7 S S 719
Truck 841 71.7 336 28.3 199 23.9 616
For-hire truck 763 65.0 316 26.6 186 22.3 600
Private truck 78 6.6 21 1.7 13 1.5 695
Rail S S S S S S 792
Water S S S S S S 1,088
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,088
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 27 2.3 S S S S 937
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 167 14.2 4 0.3 2 0.3 775
Parcel, USPS or courier 167 14.2 4 0.3 2 0.3 775
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 650

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17,055 100.0 18,330 100.0 4,765 100.0 351
Single modes 16,255 95.3 17,310 94.4 4,366 91.6 329
Truck 15,563 91.3 8,145 44.4 2,071 43.5 299
For-hire truck S S 4,469 24.4 1,353 28.4 343
Private truck 1,877 11.0 3,662 20.0 715 15.0 236
Rail 615 3.6 9,163 50.0 2,292 48.1 389
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 72 0.4 1 2 1,525
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 753 4.4 849 4.6 350 7.3 365
Parcel, USPS or courier 712 4.2 29 0.2 11 0.2 364
Truck and rail 13 819 4.5 338 7.1 481
Truck and water S S S S S S 524
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 400

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 296 100.0 110 100.0 131 100.0 1,392
Single modes 282 95.3 110 99.7 131 99.7 1,192
Truck 156 52.7 58 52.2 68 51.4 1,178
For-hire truck 130 44.1 49 44.2 57 43.3 1,135
Private truck S S S S S S 1,224
Rail S S S S S S 1,244
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,995
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 3.4 0.3 0.3 1,496
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 3.4 0.3 0.3 1,496
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,100

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,615
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,612
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,612
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,649

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 602 100.0 184 100.0 235 100.0 1,285
Single modes 528 87.7 181 98.2 231 98.2 1,285
Truck 352 58.5 S S S S 1,304
For-hire truck 294 48.9 S S S S 1,222
Private truck S S S S S S 1,381
Rail S S S S S S 1,479
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,183
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 10.7 3 1.4 3 1.4 1,268
Parcel, USPS or courier 65 10.7 3 1.4 3 1.4 1,268
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,404

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 606 100.0 175 100.0 369 100.0 2,031
Single modes 550 90.8 170 97.1 358 97.0 2,107
Truck 233 38.5 57 32.4 112 30.5 1,975
For-hire truck 215 35.5 53 30.0 104 28.1 1,994
Private truck S S 4 2.4 9 2.3 1,933
Rail 304 50.2 113 64.6 245 66.5 2,195
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 13 2.1 2,892
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 56 9.2 S S S S 2,001
Parcel, USPS or courier 29 4.8 2 1.1 4 1.0 1,999
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,328
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,040

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 51 100.0 S S 64 100.0 1,077
Single modes S S S S 64 99.0 999
Truck S S S S S S 989
For-hire truck S S S S S S 988
Private truck S S S S S S 996
Rail S S S S S S 1,254
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 23.3 S S S S 1,105
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 23.3 S S S S 1,105
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 331 100.0 296 100.0 265 100.0 893
Single modes 276 83.2 292 98.8 262 98.9 924
Truck 226 68.2 139 47.0 116 43.7 824
For-hire truck 204 61.5 129 43.7 108 40.7 823
Private truck 22 6.6 9 3.2 8 3.0 834
Rail 47 14.1 153 51.8 146 55.1 960
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,229
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.4 1 0.4 883
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.4 1 0.4 883
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 787

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,096
Single modes S S S S S S 1,157
Truck S S 74 58.1 76 56.0 1,074
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,076
Private truck S S S S S S 990
Rail S S S S S S 1,097
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,214
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,056
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,056
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.