Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 82,848 100.0 144,384 100.0 38,224 100.0 594
Single modes 71,199 85.9 139,076 96.3 37,141 97.2 256
Truck 65,553 79.1 104,278 72.2 17,133 44.8 200
For-hire truck 38,208 46.1 52,263 36.2 12,823 33.5 486
Private truck 27,040 32.6 51,474 35.7 4,226 11.1 88
Rail 1,541 1.9 24,661 17.1 18,585 48.6 435
Water 131 0.2 S S S S 1,160
Shallow draft 131 0.2 S S S S 1,160
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,777 2.1 13 23 1,832
Pipeline3 2,198 2.7 9,159 6.3 S S S
Multiple modes 9,529 11.5 593 0.4 719 1.9 925
Parcel, USPS or courier 9,273 11.2 283 0.2 189 0.5 925
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,471
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,752
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3
Other and unknown modes 2,120 2.6 4,716 3.3 364 1.0 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 497 100.0 422 100.0 691
Single modes S S 496 99.7 421 99.7 735
Truck S S S S S S 716
For-hire truck 372 42.7 S S S S 711
Private truck S S 30 6.1 21 5.1 742
Rail S S S S S S 1,136
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,285
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.2 1 0.2 676
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.2 1 0.2 676
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 683

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,947
Single modes S S S S S S 4,178
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,178
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,811
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,811
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 326 100.0 S S S S 1,136
Single modes 182 55.7 S S S S 1,426
Truck 137 42.2 S S S S 964
For-hire truck 134 41.1 S S S S 1,014
Private truck S S S S S S 900
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,413
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,065
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,065
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,143

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,478 100.0 4,896 100.0 950 100.0 185
Single modes 3,311 95.2 4,619 94.4 849 89.4 192
Truck 3,264 93.9 2,984 60.9 572 60.2 193
For-hire truck 1,178 33.9 1,297 26.5 285 30.0 226
Private truck 2,074 59.6 1,657 33.8 284 29.9 172
Rail S S S S 277 29.2 S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,357
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 168
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 168
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 85 2.4 S S S S 298

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,764 100.0 578 100.0 976 100.0 1,616
Single modes 2,577 68.5 348 60.3 543 55.6 1,925
Truck 2,333 62.0 335 57.9 516 52.9 1,474
For-hire truck 1,525 40.5 280 48.5 422 43.3 1,433
Private truck 808 21.5 S S S S 1,524
Rail S S S S S S 1,919
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 239 6.4 S S S S 2,715
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,137 30.2 S S S S 1,542
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,126 29.9 30 5.2 44 4.5 1,542
Truck and Rail 11 0.3 S S S S 1,955
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 50 1.3 S S S S 1,412

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 713 100.0 S S S S 686
Single modes 638 89.5 S S S S 778
Truck 403 56.5 S S S S 614
For-hire truck 347 48.7 S S S S 602
Private truck S S S S S S 692
Rail S S S S S S 807
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 226 31.6 1 0.1 1,755
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 71 9.9 2 0.1 1 0.2 671
Parcel, USPS or courier 71 9.9 2 0.1 1 0.2 671
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 726

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 220 100.0 17 100.0 26 100.0 1,515
Single modes 147 66.7 12 72.2 19 72.4 1,538
Truck 142 64.4 12 72.1 19 72.3 1,553
For-hire truck S S 11 64.7 17 65.3 1,556
Private truck S S S S S S 1,517
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,457
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 72 32.8 4 26.4 7 26.1 1,515
Parcel, USPS or courier 72 32.8 4 26.4 7 26.1 1,515
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,698

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 S S S S 1,388
Single modes S S S S S S 1,353
Truck S S S S S S 1,351
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,351
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,353
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,389
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,389
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,278
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,278
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,278
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 731 100.0 124 100.0 159 100.0 1,351
Single modes 515 70.4 110 88.2 140 87.9 1,473
Truck 386 52.8 102 81.8 128 80.7 1,400
For-hire truck 327 44.7 71 56.9 88 55.6 1,407
Private truck S S S S S S 1,302
Rail S S S S S S 1,243
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,641
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 201 27.5 3 2.6 4 2.6 1,322
Parcel, USPS or courier 201 27.5 3 2.6 4 2.6 1,322
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,245

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,302 100.0 S S S S 938
Single modes 2,038 88.5 S S S S 991
Truck 1,735 75.4 S S S S 925
For-hire truck 1,470 63.8 S S S S 943
Private truck 140 6.1 S S S S 819
Rail S S S S S S 956
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,257
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 178 7.7 7 0.6 6 0.6 910
Parcel, USPS or courier 178 7.7 7 0.6 6 0.6 910
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 777

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,982
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,982
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,982
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 151 100.0 71 100.0 101 100.0 1,512
Single modes 151 99.6 71 99.9 101 99.9 1,509
Truck 145 95.8 66 93.5 92 91.0 1,423
For-hire truck S S 61 86.3 84 83.6 1,421
Private truck S S S S S S 1,419
Rail S S S S S S 1,970
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,271
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1 0.4 S S S S 1,518
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 0.4 S S S S 1,518
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,965 100.0 727 100.0 468 100.0 712
Single modes 1,593 81.1 698 96.0 448 95.6 760
Truck 1,568 79.8 601 82.7 384 81.9 739
For-hire truck 1,355 68.9 584 80.3 374 79.7 743
Private truck S S 17 2.3 10 2.2 725
Rail S S S S S S 616
Water S S S S S S 783
Shallow draft S S S S S S 783
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 7 0.4 S S 1,004
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 353 18.0 14 1.9 11 2.3 700
Parcel, USPS or courier 336 17.1 13 1.8 10 2.1 700
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 837
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 692

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,145 100.0 S S S S 683
Single modes S S S S S S 796
Truck S S S S S S 762
For-hire truck S S S S S S 770
Private truck 113 5.3 S S S S 726
Rail 98 4.6 S S S S 887
Water S S S S S S 1,360
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,360
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 0.1 S S S S 1,251
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 669
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 669
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 809

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,421 100.0 1,305 100.0 849 100.0 607
Single modes 1,362 95.8 1,300 99.7 846 99.7 633
Truck 1,271 89.5 839 64.3 565 66.5 632
For-hire truck 835 58.8 507 38.9 344 40.5 623
Private truck S S S S S S 666
Rail 89 6.3 461 35.3 282 33.2 626
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,553
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 59 4.1 4 0.3 S S 598
Parcel, USPS or courier 59 4.1 4 0.3 S S 598
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 466

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,429 100.0 8,461 100.0 1,214 100.0 188
Single modes 2,206 90.8 8,381 99.1 1,204 99.2 154
Truck 2,138 88.0 7,994 94.5 1,104 91.0 137
For-hire truck 1,362 56.1 7,262 85.8 989 81.5 151
Private truck 776 31.9 732 8.7 115 9.5 130
Rail S S S S S S 260
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,368
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 120 5.0 5 1 0.1 258
Parcel, USPS or courier 120 5.0 5 1 0.1 258
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 183

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,267 100.0 435 100.0 343 100.0 747
Single modes 1,973 87.0 427 98.2 337 98.2 769
Truck 1,963 86.6 411 94.4 318 92.5 761
For-hire truck S S 360 82.9 280 81.6 792
Private truck S S 50 11.5 38 11.0 706
Rail S S S S S S 1,138
Water S S S S S S 1,248
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,248
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,029
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 8 1.8 S S 740
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 8 1.8 S S 740
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 852

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,038 100.0 1,827 100.0 1,285 100.0 557
Single modes 858 82.7 1,805 98.8 1,272 99.0 476
Truck 664 64.0 701 38.4 278 21.6 469
For-hire truck 480 46.3 303 16.6 145 11.3 441
Private truck S S S S S S 516
Rail 81 7.8 202 11.0 125 9.7 600
Water S S S S S S 963
Shallow draft S S S S S S 963
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 5 0.3 3 0.2 588
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 0.3 3 0.2 588
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 597

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 51 100.0 10 100.0 19 100.0 1,850
Single modes 28 55.0 10 95.7 18 95.7 1,785
Truck 28 54.7 10 95.7 18 95.7 1,817
For-hire truck 27 53.7 10 95.4 18 95.4 1,795
Private truck S S S S S S 1,891
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,623
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,856
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,856
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 28 100.0 36 100.0 1,305
Single modes 93 26.4 27 97.6 35 97.6 1,277
Truck S S 27 97.1 35 97.1 1,282
For-hire truck S S 27 97.1 35 97.1 1,282
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,197
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,309
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,309
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 321 100.0 21 100.0 35 100.0 1,663
Single modes S S 13 60.2 21 60.6 1,648
Truck 89 27.8 13 60.0 21 60.4 1,655
For-hire truck 89 27.8 13 60.0 21 60.4 1,655
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,562
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 126 39.2 4 18.7 6 18.6 1,665
Parcel, USPS or courier 126 39.2 4 18.7 6 18.6 1,665
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,616

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,018 100.0 298 100.0 302 100.0 1,045
Single modes 753 73.9 288 96.5 292 96.7 1,068
Truck 625 61.4 201 67.5 203 67.1 1,012
For-hire truck 605 59.4 195 65.3 196 64.8 1,013
Private truck S S S S S S 989
Rail 105 10.4 87 29.0 89 29.6 1,086
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,117
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,025
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,026
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 963
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,081

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 632 100.0 336 100.0 268 100.0 772
Single modes 479 75.7 325 97.0 260 96.8 932
Truck 458 72.5 199 59.4 156 58.0 746
For-hire truck 358 56.7 188 56.1 147 54.7 740
Private truck S S S S S S 771
Rail S S S S S S 855
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 7 1.0 S S S S 1,545
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 111 17.6 4 1.3 3 1.3 750
Parcel, USPS or courier 111 17.6 4 1.3 3 1.3 750
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 848

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 476 100.0 355 100.0 218 100.0 603
Single modes 438 91.9 347 97.8 215 98.5 705
Truck 403 84.6 282 79.4 166 76.1 556
For-hire truck 336 70.5 237 66.7 142 65.1 548
Private truck 67 14.0 45 12.7 24 10.9 572
Rail 30 6.4 65 18.3 49 22.4 724
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,103
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 482
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 482
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 415

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,096 100.0 4,125 100.0 1,244 100.0 311
Single modes 4,379 85.9 4,086 99.1 1,231 99.0 251
Truck 4,208 82.6 2,898 70.2 817 65.6 231
For-hire truck 1,881 36.9 1,829 44.3 532 42.7 256
Private truck 2,325 45.6 1,063 25.8 282 22.7 207
Rail 152 3.0 1,187 28.8 413 33.2 462
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 902
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 665 13.1 29 0.7 11 0.9 396
Parcel, USPS or courier 665 13.1 29 0.7 11 0.9 396
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 183

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 15 100.0 25 100.0 1,359
Single modes 9 59.0 15 99.0 25 99.2 1,332
Truck 5 29.9 6 42.7 10 39.1 1,292
For-hire truck 5 29.9 6 42.7 10 39.1 1,292
Private truck
Rail 4 29.1 9 56.4 15 60.1 1,755
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 40.9 1.0 0.8 1,361
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 40.9 1.0 0.8 1,361
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,252

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 467 100.0 587 100.0 303 100.0 537
Single modes 392 84.0 585 99.6 302 99.6 484
Truck 351 75.2 332 56.6 148 48.9 457
For-hire truck 336 71.9 258 44.0 122 40.2 461
Private truck S S S S S S 395
Rail S S S S S S 631
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,426
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 71 15.3 S S S S 507
Parcel, USPS or courier 71 15.3 S S S S 507
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 710

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 81 100.0 38 100.0 62 100.0 1,677
Single modes 36 43.9 38 99.3 61 99.4 2,126
Truck 26 32.4 S S S S 1,453
For-hire truck 26 32.4 S S S S 1,453
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,720
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,773
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.7 0.6 1,573
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.7 0.6 1,573
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,217

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 121 100.0 6 100.0 11 100.0 1,664
Single modes S S 6 90.0 10 90.0 1,679
Truck S S 6 89.8 10 89.7 1,680
For-hire truck S S 5 85.3 9 85.0 1,680
Private truck S S S S S S 1,801
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,648
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 31 25.4 1 10.0 1 10.0 1,654
Parcel, USPS or courier 31 25.4 1 10.0 1 10.0 1,654
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 550 100.0 129 100.0 180 100.0 1,401
Single modes 291 53.0 95 73.3 130 72.3 1,396
Truck 284 51.7 94 73.1 130 72.1 1,403
For-hire truck 279 50.7 94 72.7 129 71.7 1,404
Private truck S S S S S S 1,395
Rail S S S S S S 1,611
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 6 1.1 1,358
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 249 45.3 10 7.6 14 7.6 1,401
Parcel, USPS or courier 249 45.3 10 7.6 14 7.6 1,401
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,464

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 242 100.0 S S S S 557
Single modes 195 80.8 184 97.2 S S 508
Truck 195 80.7 184 97.2 S S 500
For-hire truck S S 61 32.4 35 29.1 505
Private truck S S S S S S 456
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,047
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.3 0.3 588
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.3 0.3 588
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 675

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 948 100.0 381 100.0 S S 1,420
Single modes 774 81.7 S S S S 1,375
Truck 730 77.0 S S S S 1,367
For-hire truck 666 70.3 S S S S 1,356
Private truck S S S S S S 1,405
Rail S S S S S S 1,436
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 37 3.9 S S S S 1,510
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 172 18.2 S S S S 1,429
Parcel, USPS or courier 130 13.7 3 0.7 4 0.8 1,429
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,378
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,475

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 849 100.0 S S S S 1,138
Single modes 691 81.4 S S S S 1,096
Truck 673 79.3 S S S S 1,094
For-hire truck 592 69.7 S S S S 1,093
Private truck 82 9.6 S S S S 1,106
Rail S S S S S S 1,781
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 0.4 S S S S 1,283
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 158 18.6 3 0.4 3 0.3 1,176
Parcel, USPS or courier 158 18.6 3 0.4 3 0.3 1,176
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 998

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 64 100.0 75 100.0 83 100.0 896
Single modes 55 85.3 74 99.8 83 99.8 913
Truck 45 70.0 13 17.1 12 14.4 888
For-hire truck S S S S S S 903
Private truck S S S S S S 846
Rail 10 15.3 62 82.6 S S 1,148
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.2 0.2 891
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.2 0.2 891
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 976

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 858 100.0 822 100.0 942
Single modes S S 845 98.5 809 98.4 950
Truck S S 833 97.1 796 96.9 942
For-hire truck S S S S S S 946
Private truck 249 6.1 48 5.6 42 5.2 873
Rail S S S S S S 1,129
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 42 1.0 1,125
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 441 10.7 11 1.2 10 1.2 938
Parcel, USPS or courier 426 10.4 10 1.1 9 1.1 938
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,084
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,151

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 25,450 100.0 89,751 100.0 3,330 100.0 40
Single modes 23,040 90.5 85,587 95.4 3,246 97.5 36
Truck 20,624 81.0 72,100 80.3 2,528 75.9 36
For-hire truck 6,557 25.8 28,068 31.3 1,062 31.9 68
Private truck 14,044 55.2 43,593 48.6 1,429 42.9 31
Rail S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S 6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 2,179 8.6 9,053 10.1 S S S
Multiple modes 1,460 5.7 79 S S 87
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,453 5.7 50 4 0.1 88
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 249
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3
Other and unknown modes 950 3.7 S S S S 13

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 202 100.0 175 100.0 386 100.0 2,105
Single modes 168 83.5 174 99.6 385 99.6 2,412
Truck 121 59.9 38 21.7 76 19.6 2,009
For-hire truck 117 58.1 36 20.7 72 18.7 2,009
Private truck S S S S S S 1,997
Rail 38 18.7 136 77.8 309 80.0 2,264
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,957
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 33 16.5 1 0.4 1 0.3 1,981
Parcel, USPS or courier 33 16.5 1 0.4 1 0.3 1,981
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,960

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,056 100.0 438 100.0 513 100.0 1,278
Single modes 834 78.9 425 97.1 497 97.0 1,188
Truck 779 73.7 406 92.9 467 91.1 1,182
For-hire truck 770 72.9 396 90.4 453 88.4 1,172
Private truck 9 0.8 11 2.5 14 2.8 1,430
Rail S S S S S S 1,618
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,252
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 203 19.2 6 1.4 8 1.5 1,282
Parcel, USPS or courier 203 19.2 6 1.4 8 1.5 1,282
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,146

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 48 100.0 S S S S 1,625
Single modes 18 37.0 S S S S 1,582
Truck 18 36.6 S S S S 1,588
For-hire truck 18 36.6 S S S S 1,588
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,399
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 31 63.0 17.3 1 16.6 1,626
Parcel, USPS or courier 31 63.0 17.3 1 16.6 1,626
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 614 100.0 213 100.0 261 100.0 1,028
Single modes 553 90.1 209 98.3 257 98.5 1,060
Truck 487 79.3 101 47.5 105 40.1 1,037
For-hire truck 477 77.7 98 46.0 101 38.7 1,038
Private truck S S S S S S 1,023
Rail 61 9.9 108 50.8 152 58.4 1,418
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,086
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 0.8 2 0.7 1,023
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 0.8 2 0.7 1,023
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 999

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 644
Single modes 86 37.9 S S S S 741
Truck 72 31.8 S S S S 691
For-hire truck 61 27.0 S S S S 688
Private truck S S S S S S 791
Rail S S S S S S 865
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,568
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 1.6 S S 781
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 1.6 S S 781
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 569

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,592 100.0 507 100.0 364 100.0 667
Single modes 2,389 92.1 501 98.9 361 99.1 762
Truck 1,932 74.5 475 93.8 347 95.5 662
For-hire truck 1,705 65.8 401 79.1 296 81.3 690
Private truck 198 7.6 73 14.4 S S 469
Rail S S S S S S 509
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 452 17.4 0.1 1,079
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 204 7.9 6 1.1 3 0.9 614
Parcel, USPS or courier 204 7.9 6 1.1 3 0.9 614
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 466

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,509 100.0 6,978 100.0 2,180 100.0 279
Single modes 9,782 85.0 6,807 97.6 2,136 98.0 286
Truck 9,630 83.7 6,206 88.9 1,876 86.0 273
For-hire truck 6,047 52.5 3,499 50.1 1,020 46.8 278
Private truck 3,488 30.3 2,684 38.5 S S 266
Rail 115 1.0 495 7.1 215 9.8 451
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,303
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,352 11.7 43 0.6 12 0.5 276
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,352 11.7 43 0.6 12 0.5 276
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 220

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 298 100.0 206 100.0 261 100.0 1,403
Single modes 256 86.1 187 90.6 229 87.6 1,796
Truck 236 79.3 160 77.7 189 72.6 1,236
For-hire truck 227 76.2 S S S S 1,246
Private truck S S S S S S 1,175
Rail S S S S S S 1,474
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 20 6.6 S S S S 2,146
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 41 13.8 S S S S 1,219
Parcel, USPS or courier 40 13.3 1 0.3 1 0.3 1,218
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,679
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,342

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 33 100.0 7 100.0 12 100.0 1,633
Single modes 22 66.9 7 96.9 11 96.9 1,624
Truck 22 66.2 7 96.9 11 96.9 1,651
For-hire truck 20 60.1 7 93.9 11 93.8 1,650
Private truck S S S S S S 1,729
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,452
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 32.9 3.1 3.1 1,634
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 32.9 3.1 3.1 1,634
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,562

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 390 100.0 225 100.0 257 100.0 1,142
Single modes 351 90.0 222 98.9 253 98.7 1,116
Truck 318 81.6 222 98.8 253 98.6 1,094
For-hire truck 307 78.6 215 95.7 242 94.3 1,083
Private truck S S S S S S 1,337
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,218
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 9.7 1 0.4 1 0.4 1,148
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 9.7 1 0.4 1 0.4 1,148
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,355

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 379 100.0 138 100.0 306 100.0 2,358
Single modes S S S S S S 2,522
Truck S S 36 26.3 72 23.5 1,970
For-hire truck S S 36 26.3 72 23.5 1,970
Private truck
Rail 19 5.1 S S S S 2,277
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,899
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 121 31.9 S S S S 2,292
Parcel, USPS or courier 97 25.7 1 0.5 2 0.5 2,291
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,391
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 17 4.5 1 0.8 2 0.7 1,808

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 40 100.0 S S S S 1,231
Single modes 18 45.7 11 26.2 S S 1,055
Truck 15 36.6 11 26.1 S S 1,063
For-hire truck 13 31.0 10 23.3 S S 1,064
Private truck S S S S S S 1,058
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,045
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,271
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.4 0.3 1,268
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,752
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 975

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 572 100.0 254 100.0 219 100.0 900
Single modes 463 80.9 245 96.7 211 96.6 891
Truck 457 79.9 206 81.4 177 81.0 872
For-hire truck 433 75.6 199 78.6 170 78.0 860
Private truck S S S S S S 967
Rail S S S S S S 876
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 5 0.8 S S S S 1,297
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 93 16.2 5 2.0 4 2.0 902
Parcel, USPS or courier 86 15.1 3 1.3 3 1.4 902
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 861
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 888

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 210 100.0 14,295 100.0 15,066 100.0 819
Single modes 161 76.6 14,295 100.0 15,066 100.0 968
Truck 24 11.5 S S S S 886
For-hire truck 22 10.7 S S S S 884
Private truck S S S S S S 1,061
Rail 136 65.1 14,132 98.9 14,921 99.0 1,139
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,278
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 804
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 804
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,281

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.