Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 77,576 56,830 36.5 136,033 120,249 13.1 26,981 23,817 13.3 318 341 −6.7
Single modes 70,766 50,271 40.8 128,962 117,395 9.9 25,058 22,861 9.6 162 200 −18.8
Truck 60,450 42,725 41.5 97,147 99,159 −2 14,114 13,564 4.1 139 152 −8.1
Rail 7,250 4,220 71.8 21,256 11,143 90.8 9,328 7,243 28.8 523 687 −23.9
Water 165 285 −42 1,112 1,915 −41.9 1,072 1,839 −41.7 875 959 −8.8
Air (including truck and air) 650 1,782 −63.5 S 110 S S 123 S 1,544 1,312 17.6
Pipeline 2,251 1,259 78.8 9,418 5,068 85.8 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,401 4,572 18.2 1,916 463 313.6 1,160 368 215.1 628 675 −6.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,162 4,401 17.3 191 180 6.1 122 140 −12.7 627 674 −7
Truck and Rail 180 162 10.9 1,706 S S 1,022 182 463.1 790 969 −18.5
Other multiple modes S S S 19 S S 15 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,409 1,988 −29.1 5,154 2,390 115.6 763 588 29.7 S 91 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 4,052 3,200 26.6 9,017 8,687 3.8 1,725 2,912 −40.8 S 108 S
Single modes 4,040 3,034 33.2 9,006 8,282 8.7 1,724 2,874 −40 143 109 31.5
Truck 3,769 2,750 37.1 8,047 6,368 26.4 899 1,035 −13.1 S 108 S
Rail S S S S S S 567
Water 100 285 −65 768 1,915 −59.9 709 1,839 −61.4 923 959 −3.7
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 571 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S S 452 S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 912
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 71 42 69

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,710 2,803 32.3 4,396 2,328 88.8 1,094 655 67.1 126 95 32.4
Single modes 3,518 2,722 29.2 4,339 2,273 90.8 1,056 634 66.6 76 82 −6.9
Truck 3,509 2,680 30.9 4,291 2,105 103.8 1,023 503 103.3 76 81 −6.8
Rail S S S S 168 S S S S 705 800 −11.9
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,002 1,136 −11.8
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 32 S 31 S S 36 S S 694 783 −11.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S 16 S S 2 S S 1 S 690 778 −11.3
Truck and Rail 49 S S 21 S S 32 S S 1,560 1,840 −15.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 157
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 108 S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 377 328 15.1 44,868 50,134 −10.5 3,788 3,457 9.5 47 39 20.9
Single modes 356 324 9.9 41,965 49,650 −15.5 3,741 3,430 9.1 47 39 22.4
Truck 289 275 5.2 31,129 46,127 −32.5 1,636 1,940 −15.7 42 34 24.7
Rail 67 S S 10,836 S S 2,105 1,490 41.3 208 416 −50.1
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 980 70 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 70
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 980
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 18 44 −59.7

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 6,289 5,226 20.3 26,029 20,878 24.7 3,417 2,865 19.2 72 75 −4.9
Single modes 6,017 5,086 18.3 24,928 20,277 22.9 3,258 2,785 17 71 76 −7
Truck 3,083 3,671 −16 12,984 14,269 −9 916 1,892 −51.6 55 73 −25.2
Rail 707 156 352.7 2,649 940 181.9 1,863 801 132.6 553 629 −12.1
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,385
Pipeline 2,227 1,258 77 9,294 5,068 83.4 S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 173 718 −75.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 137 752 −81.8
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 479 639 −25
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 3 110 −97.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 36 S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 10,663 7,132 49.5 11,462 9,169 25 5,312 4,347 22.2 219 301 −27.3
Single modes 9,346 6,406 45.9 10,897 8,786 24 5,071 4,246 19.4 161 162 −0.1
Truck 8,742 5,795 50.9 7,229 5,676 27.4 2,416 1,768 36.7 145 151 −4.1
Rail 506 528 −4.3 3,201 3,109 3 2,264 2,477 −8.6 744 795 −6.5
Water S S S S S S 1,053
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1 S S 1 S 2,026 1,435 41.2
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,052 479 119.8 S 44 S S 37 S 800 626 27.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,017 438 132.4 16 30 −44.9 5 21 −76.8 800 626 27.8
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,031 1,063 −3
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 265 247 7.1 S 339 S S 64 S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 4,362 4,385 −0.5 4,076 4,945 −17.6 2,039 2,594 −21.4 444 500 −11.2
Single modes 3,872 3,452 12.2 4,000 4,739 −15.6 1,979 2,370 −16.5 277 190 45.9
Truck 3,401 3,062 11.1 2,918 3,654 −20.1 1,020 1,236 −17.5 184 155 18.8
Rail 454 368 23.5 1,081 1,073 0.8 958 1,112 −13.9 939 1,031 −8.8
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,649 1,545 6.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 397 820 −51.7 S 65 S S 75 S 717 791 −9.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 379 780 −51.5 25 45 −44.3 12 36 −66.3 715 791 −9.6
Truck and Rail S S S S 19 S S 39 S 2,197 1,979 11
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 93 113 −17.2 36 S S S S S S 106 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 15,044 13,506 11.4 28,831 19,180 50.3 5,987 5,007 19.6 353 373 −5.3
Single modes 13,050 12,327 5.9 26,559 18,842 41 4,648 4,725 −1.6 208 312 −33.4
Truck 12,781 11,966 6.8 26,220 17,955 46 4,419 4,179 5.7 181 227 −20
Rail 51 96 −46.8 317 815 −61.1 199 468 −57.6 611 693 −11.8
Water
Air (including truck and air) 218 265 −17.9 S S S S S S 1,476 1,366 8.1
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,573 765 105.7 1,386 40 S 832 36 S 631 661 −4.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,479 763 93.7 88 39 122.9 66 33 99 627 661 −5.2
Truck and Rail S S 1,289 751 759
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 15 S S 4,422 7,758 −43
Other and unknown modes 421 415 1.5 S 298 S S S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 22,339 13,089 70.7 2,587 1,014 155.3 S 711 S 447 447 −0.1
Single modes 20,651 11,044 87 2,538 928 173.6 S 669 S 274 311 −11.9
Truck S 6,876 S 1,364 548 149.1 705 267 164.3 221 167 32.5
Rail S 2,810 S S 357 S S 381 S 1,385 1,290 7.4
Water
Air (including truck and air) 356 1,358 −73.8 S S S S S S 1,561 1,262 23.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,469 1,519 −3.3 22 34 −33.3 14 28 −49 649 659 −1.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,446 1,519 −4.8 22 34 −34.5 13 28 −52.4 649 659 −1.5
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,363
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 219 526 −58.4 S 52 S 1 S S S 97 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 10,641 6,800 56.5 4,584 3,421 34 1,120 928 20.7 362 439 −17.5
Single modes 9,833 5,619 75 4,547 3,147 44.5 1,098 793 38.4 114 304 −62.5
Truck 9,620 5,461 76.2 2,843 2,305 23.3 1,054 707 49 107 287 −62.8
Rail S 104 S S 840 S S 84 S S S S
Water S S S S S S 6
Air (including truck and air) S 54 S S 1 S S 1 S 1,171 1,122 4.3
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 754 859 −12.2 33 S S 21 111 −80.8 578 578
Parcel, USPS or courier 753 809 −6.8 32 28 15.5 21 19 14.1 578 578
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 602
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 5 679 −99.3
Other and unknown modes 54 322 −83.2 4 94 −95.4 S 23 S S 101 S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 100 360 −72.4 182 S S S S S 488 799 −39
Single modes 82 257 −67.9 181 S S S S S S 209 S
Truck 73 191 −61.7 S 151 S S S S 75 163 −54.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S 910 918 −0.9
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,400
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 652 893 −26.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 652 893 −26.9
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.