Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 5.6 9.8 19.3 8.4
Single modes 7.1 1.6 10.1 1.6 19.9 0.9 8.1
Truck 7.2 1.3 14.3 4.2 8.4 6.2 8.0
For-hire truck 10.8 2.4 18.4 3.4 9.6 4.8 4.0
Private truck 7.4 1.9 13.3 3.4 10.1 2.0 14.7
Rail 16.1 0.2 31.7 4.3 38.0 7.3 24.4
Water 47.2 S S S S 22.0
Shallow draft 47.2 S S S S 22.0
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 18.9 0.4 20.2 25.4 6.5
Pipeline 27.3 0.7 25.4 2.2 S S S
Multiple modes 8.6 1.3 25.6 0.1 36.0 0.7 7.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 8.5 1.2 6.3 5.7 7.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 17.0
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.2
Other and unknown modes 23.0 0.7 49.0 1.6 32.6 0.4 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 46.6 48.0 3.1
Single modes S S 46.8 0.6 48.2 0.6 1.7
Truck S S S S S S 1.2
For-hire truck 36.7 12.7 S S S S 1.2
Private truck S S 38.4 7.3 38.5 7.5 18.5
Rail S S S S S S 28.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 24.9 0.4 26.5 0.4 4.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 24.9 0.4 26.5 0.4 4.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 30.4
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.6 S S S S 10.4
Single modes 41.4 12.4 S S S S 11.7
Truck 44.0 11.7 S S S S 3.0
For-hire truck 43.8 11.4 S S S S 2.6
Private truck S S S S S S 28.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.0 29.5 21.8 10.2
Single modes 21.7 2.3 30.5 3.0 19.4 4.5 8.4
Truck 22.2 3.0 15.4 9.2 16.7 7.3 8.3
For-hire truck 14.4 8.5 20.6 7.8 19.0 6.1 10.4
Private truck 32.8 9.5 25.7 7.7 30.8 5.7 8.0
Rail S S S S 41.2 7.4 S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 19.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 19.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 46.3 0.8 S S S S 21.6

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.6 21.5 25.2 3.4
Single modes 18.3 6.6 13.7 11.1 14.4 12.0 7.7
Truck 20.0 6.5 13.6 11.0 14.1 11.9 1.9
For-hire truck 27.1 7.6 18.3 12.1 18.6 12.9 1.5
Private truck 47.2 7.4 S S S S 11.1
Rail S S S S S S 29.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 45.2 2.7 S S S S 1.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 16.6 6.0 S S S S 2.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 16.7 5.9 22.1 1.8 22.7 1.6 2.6
Truck and rail 49.1 0.2 S S S S 25.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 49.2 1.3 S S S S 18.4

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.2 S S S S 12.1
Single modes 20.2 9.9 S S S S 17.5
Truck 21.8 10.7 S S S S 13.5
For-hire truck 24.0 10.6 S S S S 13.6
Private truck S S S S S S 21.2
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 46.9 9.5 46.6 0.1 46.2 0.3 18.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.5 10.0 38.5 10.5 37.5 10.5 8.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.5 10.0 38.5 10.5 37.5 10.5 8.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.5 30.6 30.6 0.6
Single modes 46.6 13.4 40.5 14.2 40.6 14.3 15.0
Truck 48.4 13.3 40.6 14.2 40.7 14.3 15.0
For-hire truck S S 40.1 13.0 40.4 13.1 15.0
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.2 12.6 48.7 13.7 48.5 13.8 0.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.2 12.6 48.7 13.7 48.5 13.8 0.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 48.4 S S S S 10.6
Single modes S S S S S S 21.1
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 27.9
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.7 19.2 20.8 1.7
Single modes 26.0 8.3 20.2 4.6 22.3 4.7 1.4
Truck 28.8 8.7 22.6 6.0 25.4 6.5 2.3
For-hire truck 32.2 8.9 29.4 10.3 32.2 10.2 2.5
Private truck S S S S S S 21.2
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 26.2 8.6 27.6 0.9 26.6 1.1 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.2 8.6 27.6 0.9 26.6 1.1 1.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.4 S S S S 2.5
Single modes 23.5 5.7 S S S S 4.0
Truck 29.2 9.8 S S S S 2.4
For-hire truck 34.8 11.8 S S S S 2.8
Private truck 47.8 7.4 S S S S 18.7
Rail S S S S S S 28.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.4 5.3 35.7 0.7 36.9 0.7 2.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.4 5.3 35.7 0.7 36.9 0.7 2.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 29.8
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 47.2 29.2 30.1 5.8
Single modes 47.5 10.5 29.3 10.5 30.1 10.5 12.4
Truck 49.5 14.3 29.0 14.3 29.0 14.1 15.1
For-hire truck S S 30.1 14.0 29.9 13.8 15.2
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.5 10.5 S S S S 23.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.5 10.5 S S S S 23.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.2 15.3 14.9 1.6
Single modes 26.4 4.4 16.7 3.5 16.4 3.4 2.2
Truck 27.0 4.6 19.8 6.4 19.6 6.6 1.3
For-hire truck 26.6 4.2 19.6 6.3 19.3 6.5 1.3
Private truck S S 40.0 0.6 35.5 0.4 15.8
Rail S S S S S S 28.0
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 49.4 0.1 S S 49.5 18.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 18.3 4.7 18.6 0.8 19.6 0.9 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.7 4.9 21.0 0.8 22.0 0.9 2.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 48.2 S S S S 5.0
Single modes S S S S S S 3.5
Truck S S S S S S 2.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2.6
Private truck 47.0 5.6 S S S S 15.5
Rail 49.4 5.4 S S S S 23.7
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 42.6 0.2 S S S S 23.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.1 15.9 17.1 1.3
Single modes 24.6 1.8 15.9 0.1 17.1 0.1 1.6
Truck 27.4 4.8 31.5 9.7 32.4 9.8 1.8
For-hire truck 15.9 7.7 17.2 7.3 19.4 7.8 2.3
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail 21.9 4.3 25.8 9.6 25.4 9.7 15.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.2 1.8 49.3 0.1 S S 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.2 1.8 49.3 0.1 S S 1.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.8 22.8 27.3 12.7
Single modes 15.1 1.9 23.2 1.6 27.6 0.8 21.3
Truck 14.6 1.8 22.2 2.6 25.3 2.8 9.0
For-hire truck 17.6 6.8 23.3 7.1 27.9 6.4 9.6
Private truck 32.6 6.1 33.7 5.5 34.6 5.2 15.6
Rail S S S S S S 24.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.8 1.6 34.9 0.1 32.8 0.1 7.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.8 1.6 34.9 0.1 32.8 0.1 7.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15.3

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.3 25.0 25.8 1.8
Single modes 45.5 8.8 25.7 2.6 26.5 2.6 2.2
Truck 45.8 8.8 26.3 3.1 27.1 3.5 2.4
For-hire truck S S 32.0 10.0 32.7 9.9 2.9
Private truck S S 48.5 8.5 45.8 8.2 15.4
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft S S S S S S 29.8
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 47.9 2.6 S S 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 47.9 2.6 S S 2.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.1 29.7 39.1 5.8
Single modes 13.8 6.1 30.2 2.4 39.7 2.9 7.2
Truck 18.1 8.9 43.2 12.3 33.6 14.1 7.1
For-hire truck 22.6 10.7 26.6 11.2 24.0 11.7 8.1
Private truck S S S S S S 16.9
Rail 34.5 4.9 36.4 10.9 37.1 12.2 21.6
Water S S S S S S 27.9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 27.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 25.4 0.2 29.1 0.2 6.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 25.4 0.2 29.1 0.2 6.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.1

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.4 41.3 41.3 1.7
Single modes 32.4 11.8 43.5 9.4 43.5 9.4 1.7
Truck 32.7 11.9 43.5 9.6 43.5 9.5 1.4
For-hire truck 33.8 13.1 43.7 13.8 43.7 13.8 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 45.1 44.5 10.6
Single modes 49.0 18.4 46.6 15.0 46.1 15.0 18.4
Truck S S 47.0 15.1 46.4 15.1 18.4
For-hire truck S S 47.0 15.1 46.4 15.1 18.4
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.7 22.2 22.4 0.6
Single modes S S 30.3 11.1 30.7 11.1 0.9
Truck 24.0 10.0 30.4 11.1 30.8 11.1 1.0
For-hire truck 24.0 10.0 30.4 11.1 30.8 11.1 1.0
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.3 10.3 42.0 8.7 42.2 8.8 0.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.3 10.3 42.0 8.7 42.2 8.8 0.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.1 22.2 22.0 3.0
Single modes 17.6 6.2 23.4 4.8 23.2 4.5 2.3
Truck 17.2 6.0 19.5 6.5 20.5 6.5 1.9
For-hire truck 17.8 5.5 20.6 6.6 21.7 6.6 2.0
Private truck S S S S S S 21.1
Rail 45.4 4.4 46.4 6.8 44.5 6.9 18.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.1

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.5 26.4 26.5 2.2
Single modes 16.3 6.0 27.5 2.7 27.6 2.9 9.3
Truck 17.2 6.6 38.6 12.0 39.7 12.1 2.1
For-hire truck 21.1 7.6 41.4 10.7 42.6 10.7 1.9
Private truck S S S S S S 21.2
Rail S S S S S S 23.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 37.1 0.3 S S S S 15.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.8 5.0 25.7 1.7 25.8 1.6 3.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.8 5.0 25.7 1.7 25.8 1.6 3.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.9

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.7 17.7 17.0 7.1
Single modes 17.9 2.7 16.7 1.0 16.3 0.7 8.0
Truck 17.8 3.7 23.3 8.0 23.1 8.4 1.9
For-hire truck 19.6 3.5 22.9 7.2 23.1 7.5 3.5
Private truck 23.6 3.5 33.0 3.8 32.4 3.4 10.9
Rail 46.7 2.2 46.6 8.1 49.7 8.5 19.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 19.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 19.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.9 12.6 13.3 7.0
Single modes 26.4 5.1 12.6 0.3 13.4 0.3 11.5
Truck 26.9 5.1 19.6 8.5 19.9 8.7 11.0
For-hire truck 24.4 8.1 32.9 8.5 32.8 8.0 8.7
Private truck 45.8 9.8 30.9 9.4 27.8 8.9 14.9
Rail 33.4 1.6 32.4 8.6 30.6 8.8 13.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 19.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.5 5.1 46.6 0.2 43.9 0.3 3.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.5 5.1 46.6 0.2 43.9 0.3 3.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.1

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.3 19.6 21.0 2.0
Single modes 18.6 8.4 19.7 10.4 21.0 10.5 12.8
Truck 30.2 11.1 35.9 16.1 35.5 16.4 18.9
For-hire truck 30.2 11.1 35.9 16.1 35.5 16.4 18.9
Private truck
Rail 43.2 9.5 42.7 16.5 42.9 17.1 25.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.5 8.4 28.2 10.4 27.7 10.5 5.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.5 8.4 28.2 10.4 27.7 10.5 5.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.2 33.8 38.3 5.4
Single modes 18.1 6.0 33.9 0.2 38.3 0.3 6.5
Truck 18.9 7.6 25.3 13.6 23.1 15.5 1.6
For-hire truck 17.8 7.3 25.9 15.5 25.6 16.2 1.9
Private truck S S S S S S 26.3
Rail S S S S S S 29.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.8 6.2 S S S S 3.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.8 6.2 S S S S 3.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.6 44.0 46.3 7.2
Single modes 34.8 12.2 44.3 18.5 46.6 17.8 13.5
Truck 43.5 10.8 S S S S 18.5
For-hire truck 43.5 10.8 S S S S 18.5
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 23.6 18.5 20.9 17.8 3.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 23.6 18.5 20.9 17.8 3.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 48.1 32.8 32.4 1.2
Single modes S S 36.7 13.2 36.3 13.2 10.6
Truck S S 36.7 13.2 36.3 13.2 10.6
For-hire truck S S 37.8 12.6 37.4 12.6 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.1 13.5 34.1 13.2 34.8 13.2 1.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.1 13.5 34.1 13.2 34.8 13.2 1.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.2 37.5 36.9 1.2
Single modes 31.8 8.9 46.6 9.9 46.1 10.0 0.9
Truck 33.0 7.8 46.7 9.8 46.3 10.0 1.1
For-hire truck 33.4 8.0 47.1 10.3 46.6 10.4 1.1
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 44.8 2.6 43.0 42.6 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.3 8.3 41.7 6.4 40.0 6.6 1.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.3 8.3 41.7 6.4 40.0 6.6 1.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.2 S S S S 9.1
Single modes 48.6 8.3 49.3 0.7 S S 13.1
Truck 48.6 8.3 49.3 0.7 S S 8.5
For-hire truck S S 32.3 11.9 34.2 12.8 7.7
Private truck S S S S S S 16.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 44.3 0.5 44.4 0.6 11.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 44.3 0.5 44.4 0.6 11.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.1 49.5 S S 0.7
Single modes 18.2 4.7 S S S S 1.8
Truck 18.5 5.8 S S S S 1.8
For-hire truck 19.6 5.9 S S S S 1.7
Private truck S S S S S S 18.4
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 41.6 1.4 S S S S 18.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.3 4.7 S S S S 0.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.2 3.0 13.8 0.8 14.1 0.8 0.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.2 S S S S 1.7
Single modes 33.6 7.9 S S S S 1.6
Truck 34.6 7.8 S S S S 1.6
For-hire truck 34.7 8.2 S S S S 1.6
Private truck 37.2 2.2 S S S S 11.0
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 48.5 0.4 S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.1 7.9 39.8 0.6 40.4 0.6 2.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.1 7.9 39.8 0.6 40.4 0.6 2.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.2 31.7 31.7 3.1
Single modes 45.2 13.7 31.8 12.5 31.8 12.5 11.2
Truck 49.6 14.3 39.2 15.5 40.1 15.9 15.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 26.0
Rail 41.2 12.0 35.8 19.7 S S 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 43.4 11.7 42.5 11.7 11.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 43.4 11.7 42.5 11.7 11.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 47.6 48.5 1.3
Single modes S S 48.0 0.5 48.9 0.5 1.7
Truck S S 48.8 3.9 49.9 4.4 1.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1.6
Private truck 46.2 3.5 33.7 2.6 35.3 2.6 10.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 41.0 1.3 47.7 47.6 4.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.7 7.4 22.8 0.6 21.4 0.5 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.3 7.4 25.1 0.6 23.6 0.5 1.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 7.2 15.4 10.0 10.8
Single modes 7.8 1.9 15.6 2.1 9.7 0.9 7.3
Truck 8.2 2.4 20.2 4.7 9.9 6.2 7.2
For-hire truck 23.4 4.6 31.5 5.5 22.8 7.2 9.0
Private truck 10.0 4.1 17.2 4.8 16.2 4.5 8.5
Rail S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline 27.2 2.6 25.2 3.7 S S S
Multiple modes 32.1 1.5 32.4 S S 6.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.2 1.5 23.4 30.0 6.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.2
Other and unknown modes 27.9 1.0 S S S S 40.7

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.7 21.5 21.4 3.1
Single modes 35.4 10.0 21.6 7.9 21.4 7.9 5.3
Truck 46.7 11.4 39.1 8.8 38.8 8.8 1.3
For-hire truck 48.6 11.7 41.2 8.9 40.9 8.9 1.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 24.4 5.5 21.2 12.5 21.2 12.7 14.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.0 10.0 28.1 7.9 28.3 7.9 1.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.0 10.0 28.1 7.9 28.3 7.9 1.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.4 27.1 25.4 1.6
Single modes 21.2 5.0 27.1 0.9 25.3 0.9 1.9
Truck 21.4 5.4 28.9 3.6 27.4 4.2 2.0
For-hire truck 21.5 5.2 29.1 3.5 27.7 4.1 1.8
Private truck 45.9 0.5 43.0 1.3 43.1 1.6 21.2
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.8 4.9 28.4 1.0 28.8 1.0 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.8 4.9 28.4 1.0 28.8 1.0 1.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.9

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.9 S S S S 0.9
Single modes 38.5 11.3 S S S S 15.1
Truck 39.2 11.5 S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck 39.2 11.5 S S S S 18.3
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.0 11.3 41.2 16.1 40.2 16.2 1.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.0 11.3 41.2 16.1 40.2 16.2 1.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.5 20.1 23.5 1.7
Single modes 25.0 7.3 20.3 1.0 23.8 1.0 2.1
Truck 29.9 11.0 18.2 14.3 18.2 15.7 1.3
For-hire truck 30.9 11.7 18.7 14.5 18.6 15.9 1.4
Private truck S S S S S S 21.2
Rail 48.0 6.8 45.4 14.6 45.4 16.0 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 44.9 0.8 47.5 0.7 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 44.9 0.8 47.5 0.7 1.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 11.8
Single modes 31.3 17.2 S S S S 10.4
Truck 27.2 17.5 S S S S 2.5
For-hire truck 32.2 14.9 S S S S 2.5
Private truck S S S S S S 24.2
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.2 9.2 S S 48.5 4.3 15.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.2 9.2 S S 48.5 4.3 15.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.4 35.3 44.3 4.4
Single modes 26.2 5.4 35.7 0.6 44.7 0.7 7.0
Truck 30.3 6.2 37.8 3.9 46.7 3.7 7.0
For-hire truck 31.1 7.0 36.1 3.4 44.4 3.2 6.0
Private truck 49.5 2.5 49.8 3.0 S S 19.2
Rail S S S S S S 28.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 36.1 6.2 35.4 0.1 35.4 0.2 10.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.0 5.4 25.6 0.6 24.2 0.7 2.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.0 5.4 25.6 0.6 24.2 0.7 2.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.2

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.2 15.7 20.1 2.9
Single modes 15.1 4.7 15.3 0.8 19.6 0.5 3.4
Truck 15.2 4.8 15.9 2.3 22.6 3.0 2.5
For-hire truck 21.6 5.3 15.8 6.7 11.9 7.0 4.5
Private truck 17.2 5.5 31.9 6.0 S S 5.8
Rail 23.2 0.4 37.6 2.7 26.0 3.4 13.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 20.9
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 20.1 3.4 29.0 0.2 28.2 0.1 6.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.1 3.4 29.0 0.2 28.2 0.1 6.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 19.8

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.0 35.8 35.9 4.2
Single modes 35.3 9.8 41.1 13.2 42.4 12.6 9.0
Truck 39.5 15.1 38.2 13.0 38.2 13.1 10.7
For-hire truck 39.9 15.3 S S S S 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 21.2
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 48.5 9.7 S S S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.4 9.8 S S S S 4.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.1 9.7 34.7 9.8 34.4 9.3 4.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.1 41.8 41.1 1.0
Single modes 31.2 9.7 42.4 7.8 41.7 7.7 1.1
Truck 30.9 9.7 42.4 7.8 41.7 7.7 0.9
For-hire truck 29.9 8.8 43.9 7.9 43.2 7.9 0.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.4 9.7 33.0 7.8 32.6 7.7 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.4 9.7 33.0 7.8 32.6 7.7 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.2 46.6 41.7 1.6
Single modes 28.9 2.1 47.1 3.7 42.2 3.7 2.6
Truck 32.6 7.6 47.1 3.7 42.3 3.8 3.1
For-hire truck 31.8 7.4 48.3 5.4 43.6 5.5 3.3
Private truck S S S S S S 23.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.0 2.2 27.8 3.8 27.4 3.8 2.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.0 2.2 27.8 3.8 27.4 3.8 2.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.3 44.4 45.0 4.9
Single modes S S S S S S 5.9
Truck S S 39.5 10.7 40.5 10.7 10.6
For-hire truck S S 39.5 10.7 40.5 10.7 10.6
Private truck
Rail 45.0 4.5 S S S S 18.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.0 11.3 S S S S 5.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.1 11.4 24.7 2.1 23.5 2.6 5.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 46.1 6.3 43.0 1.8 43.8 1.9 25.9

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.2 S S S S 4.9
Single modes 33.4 14.6 37.3 19.5 S S 2.9
Truck 38.0 15.4 37.4 19.0 S S 2.3
For-hire truck 34.4 16.1 36.0 18.8 S S 10.8
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 43.7 6.5 46.8 6.2 15.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.5 21.0 20.6 1.8
Single modes 20.9 4.3 22.3 4.2 21.8 4.0 2.2
Truck 21.3 4.7 18.8 5.6 18.4 5.6 1.5
For-hire truck 19.7 4.4 20.1 6.1 19.7 6.1 2.1
Private truck S S S S S S 21.3
Rail S S S S S S 23.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 48.9 0.9 S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.8 3.4 31.8 2.7 31.1 2.6 4.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.2 3.3 26.2 0.5 26.9 0.5 4.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.0 46.7 47.6 9.9
Single modes 38.8 10.0 46.7 0.3 47.6 0.2 6.0
Truck 40.2 11.9 S S S S 18.9
For-hire truck 38.9 11.9 S S S S 18.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 46.4 11.6 47.2 10.6 48.0 10.6 10.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 41.6 0.3 39.2 0.2 16.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 41.6 0.3 39.2 0.2 16.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.