Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 102,600 100.0 158,053 100.0 48,620 100.0
Less than 50 miles 32,919 32.1 106,753 67.5 1,519 3.1
50 to 99 miles 4,722 4.6 7,238 4.6 656 1.3
100 to 249 miles 17,701 17.3 15,488 9.8 3,021 6.2
250 to 499 miles 8,404 8.2 7,016 4.4 3,630 7.5
500 to 749 miles 6,223 6.1 4,573 2.9 4,029 8.3
750 to 999 miles S S 4,878 3.1 5,523 11.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,543 2.5 2,008 1.3 3,587 7.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 7,916 7.7 5,356 3.4 12,360 25.4
2,000 miles or more 10,841 10.6 4,743 3.0 14,296 29.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 86,420 100.0 151,528 100.0 44,383 100.0
Less than 50 miles 28,387 32.8 102,849 67.9 1,487 3.4
50 to 99 miles 4,181 4.8 7,181 4.7 651 1.5
100 to 249 miles 15,721 18.2 15,195 10.0 2,962 6.7
250 to 499 miles 7,221 8.4 6,514 4.3 3,393 7.6
500 to 749 miles 5,024 5.8 4,344 2.9 3,823 8.6
750 to 999 miles S S 4,587 3.0 5,178 11.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,812 2.1 1,927 1.3 3,440 7.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,966 6.9 5,020 3.3 11,576 26.1
2,000 miles or more 7,757 9.0 3,911 2.6 11,872 26.7

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 73,655 100.0 132,229 100.0 18,403 100.0
Less than 50 miles 27,881 37.9 99,054 74.9 1,329 7.2
50 to 99 miles 4,160 5.6 7,108 5.4 640 3.5
100 to 249 miles 14,991 20.4 13,785 10.4 2,667 14.5
250 to 499 miles 6,285 8.5 4,445 3.4 2,048 11.1
500 to 749 miles 2,860 3.9 2,128 1.6 1,631 8.9
750 to 999 miles S S 2,322 1.8 2,347 12.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,323 1.8 690 0.5 1,099 6.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,260 5.8 1,511 1.1 3,240 17.6
2,000 miles or more 3,758 5.1 1,186 0.9 3,401 18.5

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 43,164 100.0 50,583 100.0 14,998 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 27,383 54.1 422 2.8
50 to 99 miles 1,569 3.6 3,454 6.8 312 2.1
100 to 249 miles 7,229 16.7 9,438 18.7 1,841 12.3
250 to 499 miles 4,429 10.3 3,156 6.2 1,478 9.9
500 to 749 miles 2,399 5.6 1,835 3.6 1,404 9.4
750 to 999 miles S S 2,120 4.2 2,149 14.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,235 2.9 601 1.2 951 6.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,158 9.6 1,428 2.8 3,094 20.6
2,000 miles or more 3,704 8.6 1,169 2.3 3,349 22.3

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 30,267 100.0 81,127 100.0 3,331 100.0
Less than 50 miles 17,282 57.1 71,240 87.8 880 26.4
50 to 99 miles 2,589 8.6 3,653 4.5 328 9.8
100 to 249 miles 7,742 25.6 4,339 5.3 824 24.7
250 to 499 miles 1,682 5.6 1,213 1.5 528 15.9
500 to 749 miles 449 1.5 292 0.4 226 6.8
750 to 999 miles 279 0.9 201 0.2 198 5.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 89 0.1 148 4.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 102 0.3 83 0.1 146 4.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 5,272 100.0 17,197 100.0 25,202 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 2,731 15.9 136 0.5
50 to 99 miles 14 0.3 73 0.4 S S
100 to 249 miles 251 4.8 596 3.5 167 0.7
250 to 499 miles 671 12.7 2,066 12.0 1,340 5.3
500 to 749 miles 583 11.1 2,211 12.9 2,183 8.7
750 to 999 miles 820 15.6 2,251 13.1 2,808 11.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 408 7.7 1,237 7.2 2,339 9.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,189 22.5 3,488 20.3 8,280 32.9
2,000 miles or more 1,124 21.3 2,544 14.8 7,937 31.5

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 1,626 100.0 158 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 810 49.8 21 13.2
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 108 30.4 812 49.9 127 80.4
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 1,622 100.0 148 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 810 49.9 21 14.1
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 108 30.7 812 50.1 127 85.9
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 7,075 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 371 5.2 2 1.0 1
250 to 499 miles 252 3.6 S S 5 0.8
500 to 749 miles S S S S 9 1.4
750 to 999 miles 1,393 19.7 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 81 1.2 0.2 1 0.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 516 7.3 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 61 100.0 255 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 48 77.7 255 99.9 S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 11,422 100.0 1,912 100.0 3,643 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,171 10.3 S S 2
50 to 99 miles 380 3.3 12 0.6 1
100 to 249 miles 1,709 15.0 107 5.6 28 0.8
250 to 499 miles 1,038 9.1 91 4.7 49 1.4
500 to 749 miles 1,137 10.0 195 10.2 182 5.0
750 to 999 miles 881 7.7 245 12.8 294 8.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 445 3.9 49 2.6 91 2.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,710 15.0 283 14.8 669 18.4
2,000 miles or more 2,951 25.8 795 41.6 2,326 63.9

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 10,352 100.0 264 100.0 375 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,160 11.2 21 8.1 0.1
50 to 99 miles 380 3.7 12 4.6 1 0.3
100 to 249 miles 1,672 16.2 37 13.9 7 1.9
250 to 499 miles 1,011 9.8 31 11.7 13 3.6
500 to 749 miles 1,059 10.2 18 6.8 14 3.8
750 to 999 miles 748 7.2 24 8.9 27 7.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 404 3.9 13 5.0 S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,403 13.6 37 14.1 80 21.5
2,000 miles or more 2,516 24.3 71 26.9 208 55.4

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 671 100.0 991 100.0 1,776 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 36 5.3 65 6.6 18 1.0
250 to 499 miles 27 4.0 60 6.0 36 2.0
500 to 749 miles 78 11.6 176 17.8 168 9.4
750 to 999 miles 124 18.5 219 22.1 266 14.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 170 25.3 181 18.2 411 23.1
2,000 miles or more 200 29.8 250 25.2 818 46.1

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 387 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 134 34.5 59 10.8 165 11.3
2,000 miles or more 234 60.4 S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,757 100.0 4,612 100.0 594 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,361 70.6 3,769 81.7 29 4.9
50 to 99 miles S S 45 1.0 4 0.6
100 to 249 miles 271 5.7 186 4.0 31 5.3
250 to 499 miles 145 3.1 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 33 0.7 24 4.0
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 239 5.0 54 1.2 115 19.4
2,000 miles or more 134 2.8 36 0.8 97 16.3

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.