Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 102,600 100.0 158,053 100.0 48,620 100.0 1,015
Less than 50 lbs 12,282 12.0 307 0.2 285 0.6 1,303
50 to 99 lbs 3,183 3.1 139 60 0.1 436
100 to 499 lbs 14,523 14.2 993 0.6 355 0.7 351
500 to 749 lbs 5,442 5.3 537 0.3 136 0.3 249
750 to 999 lbs 1,795 1.7 539 0.3 163 0.3 301
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 20,241 19.7 9,433 6.0 2,354 4.8 247
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 31,130 30.3 79,674 50.4 13,892 28.6 157
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 7,474 7.3 39,734 25.1 4,521 9.3 116
100,000 lbs or more 6,531 6.4 26,698 16.9 26,853 55.2 1,360

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 86,420 100.0 151,528 100.0 44,383 100.0 487
Less than 50 lbs 5,508 6.4 143 35 736
50 to 99 lbs 1,555 1.8 90 18 190
100 to 499 lbs 12,214 14.1 872 0.6 289 0.7 309
500 to 749 lbs S S 501 0.3 121 0.3 238
750 to 999 lbs 1,675 1.9 513 0.3 149 0.3 288
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17,632 20.4 9,098 6.0 2,257 5.1 246
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 29,529 34.2 77,967 51.5 12,189 27.5 142
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 7,271 8.4 39,385 26.0 4,132 9.3 105
100,000 lbs or more 5,896 6.8 22,959 15.2 25,191 56.8 1,371

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 73,655 100.0 132,229 100.0 18,403 100.0 197
Less than 50 lbs 2,797 3.8 135 0.1 16 191
50 to 99 lbs 1,326 1.8 88 14 149
100 to 499 lbs 8,489 11.5 853 0.6 235 1.3 252
500 to 749 lbs S S 500 0.4 118 0.6 231
750 to 999 lbs 1,670 2.3 513 0.4 147 0.8 285
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17,514 23.8 8,919 6.7 1,758 9.6 224
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 28,759 39.0 77,391 58.5 11,132 60.5 130
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 7,025 9.5 38,955 29.5 3,448 18.7 91
100,000 lbs or more 1,008 1.4 4,875 3.7 1,535 8.3 370

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 43,164 100.0 50,583 100.0 14,998 100.0 740
Less than 50 lbs 1,233 2.9 15 11 831
50 to 99 lbs S S 12 11 843
100 to 499 lbs 5,877 13.6 201 0.4 204 1.4 979
500 to 749 lbs S S 92 0.2 91 0.6 961
750 to 999 lbs 914 2.1 107 0.2 122 0.8 1,135
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 7,603 17.6 1,750 3.5 1,245 8.3 817
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 17,445 40.4 23,463 46.4 9,266 61.8 377
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,542 10.5 21,052 41.6 2,552 17.0 125
100,000 lbs or more 880 2.0 3,890 7.7 1,496 10.0 492

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 30,267 100.0 81,127 100.0 3,331 100.0 51
Less than 50 lbs 1,563 5.2 119 0.1 5 0.1 51
50 to 99 lbs 603 2.0 76 3 0.1 42
100 to 499 lbs 2,601 8.6 652 0.8 30 0.9 45
500 to 749 lbs 1,116 3.7 406 0.5 26 0.8 64
750 to 999 lbs 756 2.5 406 0.5 26 0.8 63
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 9,890 32.7 7,162 8.8 511 15.3 71
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 11,136 36.8 53,606 66.1 1,807 54.2 36
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,475 8.2 17,842 22.0 892 26.8 51
100,000 lbs or more 127 0.4 858 1.1 30 0.9 39

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 5,272 100.0 17,197 100.0 25,202 100.0 1,572
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 457
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 11 0.2 15 S S 1,161
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 523 9.9 515 3.0 994 3.9 1,735
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 244 4.6 428 2.5 685 2.7 1,571
100,000 lbs or more 4,493 85.2 16,239 94.4 23,507 93.3 1,607

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 1,626 100.0 158 100.0 679
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,693
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,162
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 33
100,000 lbs or more S S 1,619 99.6 148 93.6 72

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 1,622 100.0 148 100.0 69
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 33
100,000 lbs or more S S 1,619 99.9 148 99.9 72

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2,411
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,693
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,162
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 7,075 100.0 S S S S 2,233
Less than 50 lbs 2,697 38.1 9 3.8 20 3.2 2,213
50 to 99 lbs S S 2 0.7 4 0.6 2,561
100 to 499 lbs S S 19 8.6 54 8.8 2,780
500 to 749 lbs 72 1.0 1 0.6 4 0.6 2,651
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,624
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 106 1.5 S S S S 2,896
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,750
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 61 100.0 255 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 11,422 100.0 1,912 100.0 3,643 100.0 1,674
Less than 50 lbs 6,458 56.5 151 7.9 S S 1,694
50 to 99 lbs 1,547 13.5 36 1.9 42 1.1 1,166
100 to 499 lbs 2,058 18.0 54 2.8 64 1.7 1,179
500 to 749 lbs 236 2.1 13 0.7 12 0.3 875
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,082
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 73 0.6 29 1.5 52 1.4 1,907
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 561 4.9 570 29.8 1,280 35.2 2,240
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 181 9.4 S S 2,139
100,000 lbs or more 313 2.7 868 45.4 1,570 43.1 1,418

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 10,352 100.0 264 100.0 375 100.0 1,674
Less than 50 lbs 6,452 62.3 151 57.2 S S 1,694
50 to 99 lbs 1,546 14.9 36 13.7 41 11.0 1,164
100 to 499 lbs 2,035 19.7 53 20.0 63 16.7 1,188
500 to 749 lbs 235 2.3 13 5.0 11 3.0 857
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,055
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 315
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 671 100.0 991 100.0 1,776 100.0 2,522
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 3,002
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 4 0.4 S S 2,607
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 429 64.0 416 42.0 900 50.7 2,160
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 18 2.6 41 4.1 17 0.9 383
100,000 lbs or more 213 31.7 530 53.5 850 47.9 1,479

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 387 100.0 S S S S 2,456
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2,975
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 2,597
100 to 499 lbs S S 1 2,392
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,156
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,483
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 61 15.8 17 3.0 39 2.7 2,226
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 131 33.8 151 27.4 371 25.3 2,418
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,943
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,692

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2,667
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,780
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,418

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 66
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 3
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 913
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 5
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 6

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,757 100.0 4,612 100.0 594 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 316 6.6 12 0.3 1 0.1 S
50 to 99 lbs 80 1.7 13 0.3 S
100 to 499 lbs 250 5.3 66 1.4 2 0.4 S
500 to 749 lbs 67 1.4 22 0.5 S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S 15 0.3 S S 234
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 306 6.6 45 7.5 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,039 21.8 1,138 24.7 423 71.1 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S 26 4.4 S
100,000 lbs or more 322 6.8 S S 91 15.3 199

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.