Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 102,600 100.0 158,053 100.0 48,620 100.0 1,015
Single modes 86,420 84.2 151,528 95.9 44,383 91.3 487
Truck3 73,655 71.8 132,229 83.7 18,403 37.9 197
For-hire Truck 43,164 42.1 50,583 32.0 14,998 30.8 740
Private Truck 30,267 29.5 81,127 51.3 3,331 6.9 51
Rail 5,272 5.1 17,197 10.9 25,202 51.8 1,572
Water S S 1,626 1.0 158 0.3 679
Shallow draft S S 1,622 1.0 148 0.3 69
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,411
Air (including truck and air) 7,075 6.9 S S S S 2,233
Pipeline4 61 255 0.2 S S S
Multiple modes 11,422 11.1 1,912 1.2 3,643 7.5 1,674
Parcel, USPS or courier 10,352 10.1 264 0.2 375 0.8 1,674
Truck and rail 671 0.7 991 0.6 1,776 3.7 2,522
Truck and water 387 0.4 S S S S 2,456
Rail and water S S S S S S 2,667
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 66
Other and unknown modes 4,757 4.6 4,612 2.9 594 1.2 S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 373
Single modes S S S S S S 388
Truck3 S S S S S S 388
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 388
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 144 100.0 134
Single modes S S S S 144 100.0 134
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail S S S S S S 23
Water 108 56.3 812 52.3 127 88.3 156
Shallow draft 108 56.3 812 52.3 127 88.3 156
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,955 100.0 1,465 100.0 1,570 100.0 2,165
Single modes 1,097 56.1 1,155 78.8 1,141 72.7 S
Truck3 1,019 52.1 1,059 72.3 857 54.6 S
For-hire Truck 735 37.6 785 53.6 833 53.1 1,284
Private Truck 284 14.5 249 17.0 24 1.5 S
Rail S S S S S S 2,825
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 966
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 175 11.9 S S 2,355
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,355
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,673
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,081
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,753
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 765 100.0 4,025 100.0 834 100.0 215
Single modes 708 92.4 3,804 94.5 711 85.2 126
Truck3 692 90.4 3,717 92.4 689 82.6 125
For-hire Truck 488 63.8 2,225 55.3 592 71.0 223
Private Truck S S S S S S 67
Rail S S S S S S 268
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 120 14.3 1,065
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,046
Truck and rail S S S S S S 850
Truck and water S S 45 1.1 114 13.6 2,313
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 37

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,281 100.0 755 100.0 345 100.0 1,029
Single modes 2,094 91.8 715 94.7 307 88.9 S
Truck3 1,989 87.2 709 94.0 291 84.4 S
For-hire Truck 683 29.9 211 28.0 211 61.1 936
Private Truck 1,303 57.1 497 65.8 80 23.2 74
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,698
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 11 1.5 23 6.8 1,832
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,830
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,213
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,351
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 712

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,261 100.0 2,717 100.0 568 100.0 S
Single modes 2,112 93.4 2,602 95.8 286 50.3 S
Truck3 2,112 93.4 2,602 95.8 286 50.3 S
For-hire Truck 575 25.4 S S 151 26.5 S
Private Truck 1,537 68.0 S S 135 23.8 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,189
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,180
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,481
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 593

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,086 100.0 4,169 100.0 2,116 100.0 1,184
Single modes 3,876 94.9 4,005 96.1 1,988 94.0 S
Truck3 3,740 91.5 3,853 92.4 1,652 78.1 S
For-hire Truck 1,743 42.7 1,904 45.7 1,357 64.1 897
Private Truck 1,996 48.9 1,949 46.7 295 13.9 S
Rail 77 1.9 134 3.2 291 13.8 2,280
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,443
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 158 3.9 S S S S 2,677
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,678
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,774
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,666
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 874 100.0 S S S
Single modes S S 873 99.9 S S S
Truck3 S S 873 99.9 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,093
Private Truck S S S S S S 56
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,549
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,526
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,744
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 114
Single modes S S S S S S 114
Truck3 S S S S S S 114
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 114
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 49
Single modes S S S S S S 49
Truck3 S S S S S S 49
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 49
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 984 100.0 S S 589
Single modes S S 858 87.1 S S 509
Truck3 S S 858 87.1 S S 509
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,194
Private Truck 3 6.5 422 42.9 S S 10
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,298
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,298
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,014

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 295 100.0 51,887 100.0 716 100.0 12
Single modes 293 99.2 51,466 99.2 698 97.5 12
Truck3 281 95.2 49,629 95.6 578 80.8 12
For-hire Truck 65 21.9 9,856 19.0 130 18.1 S
Private Truck S S S S 422 58.9 S
Rail 8 2.8 1,165 2.2 107 15.0 225
Water 3 1.2 672 1.3 12 1.7 19
Shallow draft 3 1.2 672 1.3 12 1.7 19
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 34
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 108
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 46

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 99
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 504
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 404
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 404
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 20

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 180
Single modes S S S S S S 135
Truck3 S S S S S S 135
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 135
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 181
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 181
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,516 100.0 7,559 100.0 344 100.0 28
Single modes 2,516 100.0 7,559 100.0 344 100.0 28
Truck3 2,516 100.0 7,559 100.0 344 100.0 28
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 67
Private Truck 1,845 73.3 5,873 77.7 198 57.6 22
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,501 100.0 5,529 100.0 138 100.0 15
Single modes 1,501 100.0 5,529 100.0 138 100.0 15
Truck3 1,456 97.0 5,304 95.9 137 99.1 15
For-hire Truck S S S S 24 17.2 25
Private Truck 1,158 77.2 4,173 75.5 113 82.0 15
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,898 100.0 8,830 100.0 772 100.0 S
Single modes 1,838 96.8 8,776 99.4 666 86.3 S
Truck3 1,600 84.3 8,530 96.6 513 66.5 S
For-hire Truck 1,198 63.1 6,708 76.0 468 60.7 S
Private Truck S S S S S S 17
Rail S S 246 2.8 S S 629
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,784
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,007
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,243
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,390
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 9

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,218 100.0 S S S S 1,587
Single modes 1,048 86.0 S S S S 1,518
Truck3 669 55.0 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 884
Private Truck 417 34.2 S S S S 38
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,501
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,901
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,901
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,259
Single modes S S S S S S 842
Truck3 S S S S S S 710
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,138
Private Truck S S S S S S 116
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,912
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 434 20.0 S S S S 1,412
Parcel, USPS or courier 417 19.2 S S S S 1,410
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,912
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 90 100.0 128 100.0 20 100.0 231
Single modes 90 99.8 128 99.9 20 99.8 177
Truck3 90 99.8 128 99.9 20 99.8 177
For-hire Truck 70 78.4 108 84.4 18 88.7 212
Private Truck S S S S S S 100
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,344
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,344
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 43

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 917 100.0 S S S S 414
Single modes 839 91.5 S S S S 167
Truck3 835 91.1 S S S S 166
For-hire Truck 604 65.9 S S S S 354
Private Truck 231 25.2 320 23.5 S S 47
Rail S S S S S S 539
Water S S S S S S 1,995
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 1,995
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 286
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 955
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 952
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,834
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,722 100.0 951 100.0 512 100.0 343
Single modes 2,421 88.9 904 95.1 452 88.3 194
Truck3 2,402 88.2 903 95.0 450 87.9 167
For-hire Truck 1,075 39.5 492 51.8 364 71.0 S
Private Truck 1,327 48.7 411 43.2 86 16.9 83
Rail S S S S S S 2,007
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,114
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 199 7.3 S S S S 938
Parcel, USPS or courier 171 6.3 8 0.9 7 1.4 933
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,302
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,756
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 207
Single modes S S S S S S 207
Truck3 S S S S S S 207
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 540
Private Truck S S S S S S 81
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,650 100.0 27,555 100.0 28,475 100.0 470
Single modes 10,025 94.1 23,919 86.8 26,778 94.0 451
Truck3 6,512 61.1 12,917 46.9 5,596 19.7 311
For-hire Truck 4,695 44.1 9,787 35.5 4,934 17.3 645
Private Truck 1,796 16.9 3,124 11.3 661 2.3 69
Rail 3,494 32.8 11,000 39.9 21,177 74.4 1,949
Water S S S S S S 2,689
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,689
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,444
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 233 2.2 S S S S 1,523
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 2 1,423
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,629
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,701
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 392 3.7 S S S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,865 100.0 3,877 100.0 3,281 100.0 398
Single modes 1,626 87.2 3,366 86.8 2,595 79.1 369
Truck3 842 45.2 1,546 39.9 650 19.8 S
For-hire Truck 785 42.1 1,433 37.0 647 19.7 S
Private Truck S S S S S S 34
Rail 780 41.8 1,815 46.8 1,939 59.1 1,149
Water S S S S S S 1,727
Shallow draft S S S S S S 33
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,470
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 235 12.6 511 13.2 686 20.9 1,255
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail 220 11.8 472 12.2 587 17.9 1,384
Truck and water 12 0.6 30 0.8 80 2.4 2,458
Rail and water S S S S S S 2,667
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,639 100.0 1,290 100.0 S S S
Single modes 1,607 98.1 1,261 97.8 S S S
Truck3 1,331 81.2 1,103 85.5 S S S
For-hire Truck 816 49.8 642 49.8 S S 478
Private Truck S S S S S S 34
Rail S S S S S S 1,350
Water S S S S S S 64
Shallow draft S S S S S S 64
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,378
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 11 0.6 7 0.5 18 3.0 863
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 699
Truck and rail
Truck and water 10 0.6 7 0.5 18 2.9 2,716
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,060 100.0 124 100.0 133 100.0 1,000
Single modes 552 52.0 89 71.4 94 70.4 S
Truck3 545 51.4 88 71.0 92 69.3 S
For-hire Truck 266 25.0 66 53.3 90 67.5 1,666
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.4 S S 3,020
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 395 37.3 22 18.1 24 18.2 1,336
Parcel, USPS or courier 374 35.3 19 15.0 14 10.5 1,362
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,715
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3
Other and unknown modes 113 10.7 S S S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,483
Single modes S S S S S S 933
Truck3 S S S S S S 928
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,207
Private Truck 1,649 17.9 S S 13 1.3 239
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,011
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 285 3.1 9 0.7 11 1.1 1,831
Parcel, USPS or courier 285 3.1 9 0.7 11 1.1 1,831
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,368 100.0 18,195 100.0 704 100.0 S
Single modes 1,166 85.2 18,152 99.8 694 98.6 S
Truck3 1,155 84.5 18,095 99.5 587 83.3 S
For-hire Truck 383 28.0 5,468 30.1 304 43.1 S
Private Truck 772 56.4 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,896
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,883
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,280
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,280
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 8

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,741 100.0 2,187 100.0 1,546 100.0 440
Single modes 1,660 95.3 2,108 96.4 1,440 93.1 418
Truck3 1,233 70.8 1,273 58.2 534 34.6 365
For-hire Truck 925 53.1 803 36.7 398 25.7 1,080
Private Truck 308 17.7 470 21.5 136 8.8 S
Rail 338 19.4 831 38.0 894 57.9 1,105
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,200
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,213
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,175
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,741
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,769
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,974 100.0 525 100.0 S S 349
Single modes 1,315 66.6 476 90.6 S S S
Truck3 1,303 66.0 475 90.5 S S S
For-hire Truck 529 26.8 172 32.8 S S 753
Private Truck 762 38.6 302 57.5 S S 26
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,510
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 9 1.8 7 4.4 598
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 9 1.7 7 4.2 596
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,753
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,374 100.0 284 100.0 345 100.0 596
Single modes 2,643 78.4 250 88.2 316 91.6 S
Truck3 2,442 72.4 239 84.1 300 87.1 S
For-hire Truck 1,802 53.4 188 66.4 297 86.2 1,065
Private Truck 640 19.0 50 17.7 3 0.9 56
Rail S S S S S S 55
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,249
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 613 18.2 19 6.7 20 5.9 1,032
Parcel, USPS or courier 604 17.9 18 6.4 18 5.4 1,031
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,788
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6
Other and unknown modes 117 3.5 14 5.1 S S 58

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 216 100.0 267 100.0 793
Single modes S S 188 87.1 239 89.6 678
Truck3 S S 180 83.6 219 82.0 406
For-hire Truck S S 137 63.6 199 74.5 860
Private Truck S S S S S S 32
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,159
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,685 15.0 19 8.9 25 9.5 1,077
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,684 15.0 19 8.8 25 9.4 1,077
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,737
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,826 100.0 650 100.0 265 100.0 555
Single modes 2,139 36.7 363 55.8 154 58.2 317
Truck3 2,111 36.2 362 55.6 149 56.5 175
For-hire Truck 1,385 23.8 238 36.6 138 52.1 336
Private Truck 726 12.5 124 19.1 11 4.3 106
Rail S S S S S S 874
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 27 0.5 1 0.2 S S 2,267
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 728 12.5 25 3.9 21 7.8 781
Parcel, USPS or courier 718 12.3 23 3.5 15 5.8 780
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,945
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 262 40.3 S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,124 100.0 S S S S 1,532
Single modes 937 83.4 S S S S 1,416
Truck3 913 81.3 S S S S 1,397
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,555
Private Truck 406 36.1 S S S S 661
Rail S S S S S S 203
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.3 2,166
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,566
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,566
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 77

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,579 100.0 15 100.0 25 100.0 1,703
Single modes 1,267 49.1 6 42.1 S S 2,193
Truck3 S S 5 33.9 S S 1,041
For-hire Truck S S 5 33.8 S S 1,111
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,676
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,245 48.3 6 43.6 10 40.6 1,447
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,245 48.3 6 43.6 10 40.6 1,447
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,343

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 859 100.0 S S S S 880
Single modes 705 82.0 S S S S 506
Truck3 703 81.8 S S S S 468
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 792
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,165
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,601
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,595
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,597
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,756 100.0 863 100.0 427 100.0 1,329
Single modes 2,215 59.0 803 93.0 378 88.5 1,277
Truck3 1,707 45.4 799 92.5 368 86.1 765
For-hire Truck 1,240 33.0 599 69.4 343 80.4 1,273
Private Truck 453 12.1 S S S S 180
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,676
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,384 36.8 30 3.5 48 11.3 1,407
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,379 36.7 29 3.4 47 10.9 1,398
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,002
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,113
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 92 47.2 633 39.3 23 12.4 34
For-hire Truck 83 42.3 486 30.2 21 11.1 43
Private Truck 10 4.9 S S S S 15
Rail S S S S S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,451
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,451
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,847 100.0 3,538 100.0 738 100.0 564
Single modes 10,334 95.3 3,486 98.5 695 94.1 234
Truck3 10,327 95.2 3,485 98.5 695 94.1 202
For-hire Truck 2,243 20.7 473 13.4 209 28.3 477
Private Truck 7,914 73.0 2,938 83.0 444 60.1 147
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,439
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 426 3.9 S S S S 988
Parcel, USPS or courier 381 3.5 S S S S 988
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,156
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 87 0.8 S S 1 0.1 S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 45 100.0 S S S
Single modes S S 30 66.1 S S S
Truck3 S S 18 39.9 S S S
For-hire Truck 27 25.9 7 16.2 S S 1,345
Private Truck S S 11 23.8 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 3,380
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,495
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,080
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.3 S S 1,074
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,736
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.